USA: 1920s

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Aims of the Republican Party?- Wanted government to play a small role in the lives of citizens. - Therefore allowing businesses to grow + succeed.Aims of the Democratic Party?- Wanted government to play a larger role. - In order to tackle social problemsIn ____, America claimed that they would remain _____ in WW11914. Impartial/wouldn't pick sides.Who was the president in WW1?Woodrow WilsonWilson declared war on Germany and its allies in _____________1917, 2nd of AprilHow was WW1 beneficial to American economy?Created demand for American goods in Europe.In WW1 How much did factory production grow by?35%, largest area was the steel industryHow much steel was produced by 1910?26.1 Million tonnesWhat natural resources grew in production?Coal, petrol and gas.What consumer good grew?American cigarettes became very popular in Europe.How was agriculture effected by the war?Due to fighting in war there was a global demand for agricultural goods.At the beginning of Europe's recovery, America supplied _______ of the world's _______ and _________ of its cotton.30% of world's wheat. 55% of its cotton.Prices for agricultural goods rose by ______ during the war.25%Average income of a farmer increased by _______30%The use of ________ on farms, _________ sales drastically.Machinery. Increased.Number of workers increased by ________ during the last two years.1.3 Million.More opportunities for _______ and _________ ____________ to gain industrial and workforce jobs, needing to replace men who fought in Europe.Women. Black Americans.European farming recovered by _______. Demand for _________ and industrial products from USA declined.1920. Agricultural.________ re-entered the work force. Many new works (mainly women) lost their wartime jobs.Soldiers.The increased number of _______ ___________ caused race riots.Black workers.After 1922 America experienced an __________ ______.Economic boom.________ allowed people to ____ ____ _________.Credit. Buy new things.Increased popularity in ________ and __________.Stocks and Shares.New ___________ methods allowed factories to produce goods at a __________ rate.Production, faster.Unemployment was low, not rising above ____% until 1929.3.7%Who introduced mass production techniques?Henry Ford.How long did it previously take to build a Model T car?12 hours.In 1925, on Ford's most efficient day, a Model T car was produced every ____ ________.10 secondsThe result of mass production was a tremendous drop in _______.Price.Increase in car ownership caused the _________ to boom, as car construction required products of other industries, and demand for cars boosted use of _______ and _________.Economy. Roads. Petrol.Hire purchase meant that the customer paid for the product in _____________.Instalments.In 1929 ___% of cars and ___% of electrical devices75. 50.Companies advertised through _______ in newspapers and ________ stations.Posters. Radio.By ______ $2__________ a year was spent on advertising.1929. $2 billion.By 1929 ____,____ people were employed in the advertising industry.600,000More production meant more ______, meaning people had more _______ to spend. Meaning higher _______.Jobs. Money. DemandMarketing and advertising encouraged ______________.Consumerism.Between 192__ and 192__, _______ million ordinary Americans became involved in buying shares.1927. 1929. 1.5 MillionAmericans had more money to spend and more __________ time. Their average income had risen by ___% but they worked fewer hours.Leisure. 30%Young, ________ and free-_________ women decided to become flappers in the 1920s.Single. Free-spirited.Flappers challenged traditional ideals of femininity by ___________ and ____________ their hair, as well as wearing __________ and _________ skirts.Cutting and colouring. Makeup and short.Flapper and Clara Bow influence led to more girls having ___________ sex and going on dates without _______________.Premarital. Chaperones.Flapper lifestyles was only for those who could _________ it. It excluded many ________ and racial __________ groups.Afford. Ethnic, Minority.Farmers ___________ from huge prices during WW1, however in the 1920s as demand fell so did prices.BenefitedFarmers could no longer ________ their farms, in 1924 alone, ___________ people lost their farms.Afford. 600,000The demand for farmers goods ______ whilst their production rates _______.Fell. Rose.(Farmers) Prohibition reduced demand for ________, and cotton was replaced with _______.Wheat. Rayon.Other countries placed ________ on American imports, so they became harder to sell outside the country.Tariffs.By the end of the 1920s, the number of farmers had been reduced by __ Million in ____ years.1 million. Ten years.Oil began to replace coal. In 1920, _____ million tonnes of coal was mined, this fell to ____ million tonnes in 1930.568 million. 518 million.Effects of decline: wages were ____. Employment was unstable, in Indiana ___% of workers were unemployed in their lives.Cut. 72%.As older industries declined, workers suffered. It was difficult to find ___________ ________ as they would need to travel to another _______.Alternative work. Region.