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Slavery & age of exploration
I and s
Terms in this set (24)
What is the difference between trade, slave and the slave trade?
trade = exchanging one thing for another
A slave is a person that does work as a servant towards others against their will
Slave trade is the term used to describe how slaves were exported from Africa to the Americas
What is a conquistador? How were they linked to the slave trade?
Conquistadors were the knights, soldiers and explorers of the Spanish and the Portuguese Empires. During the Age of Discovery, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa, and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes.
Why was the slave trade so profitable?
because slaves were heavily needed for mass produced and farmed goods made in the Americas. These farms and plantations needed a lot of labour hence why slaves were needed. It was profitable because the slave dealers would get money from goods in the Americas to bring to Europe And sell at a high price as well as get money from the slave auction itself.
What was the slave triangle? How did it get its name?
the triangular trade route was the trade route used to export slaves to the Americas. It is named this because it is triangular in shape once all the points in each location contributing to this trade route forms a triangle from Europe, to Africa, and to the Americas and back to Europe again.
Why did owners have their slaves included in portraits of themselves?
Back then owning slaves symbolised wealth and higher status so having a slave in a portrait of themselves is a way of showing their status and rank
What was life was like on a slave ship?
inhuman and cramped. Barely any room, chained up food limited, etc
How and why were slaves cleaned up before they were sold?
So they would look presentable in auction. People wanted younger and healthier looking slaves because they would make their investment worth it due to a higher life expectancy in healthier individuals.
Why sort of jobs did slaves do? (Think about in the fields as well as in the plantation owner's homes)
farming and pulling out crops and taking care of children
What was the a scramble
The slaves that didn't get sold at auction put into an enclosure and buyers would offer a price for them.
What was the Underground Railroad?
an informal network of people that helped fugitive slaves make their way to the North
When did slavery end?
Why was slavery abolished?
mass movement against slavery lead to Parliament abolishing it in 1807
What did Protestants protest about? Who started the reformation?
Martin Luther decided that the Catholic Church was corrupt and too powerful. The Protestant religion protested against the catholic church's excessive power. The reformation in England started when king Henry the eighth wanted a divorce and used the Protestant religion to reform England's religion and became head of church.
How many wives did King Henry VIII have? What were their names and what happened to each of his wives?
Catherine of Aragon (divorced), Anne Boleyn (beheaded), Jane Seymour (died), Anne of Cleves (divorced), Catherine Howard (beheaded), Catherine Parr (survived)
Why did Henry VIII fall out with the Pope?
Because he won't grant him a divorce due to the Catholic faith
What was the dissolution of the monasteries?
the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries, in England, Wales and Ireland, expropriated their income
King Edward VI (1537 - 1553)
Edward VI comes to the throne in England at the age of 9 (in 1547) after the death of his father, Henry VIII. Edward was the son of Henry's third wife, Jane Seymour. Edward kept England separated from the Church of Rome and the pope's power. Edward maintained his father's tradition by being recognized as the supreme head of the Anglican Church. Edward died at the age of 15 and named his 17 year old cousin, Lady Jane Grey, to succeed him. However, after ruling for only 9 days Jane would be overthrown by Edward's older half-sister, Mary, and later executed at the Tower of London.
Lady Jane Grey
Before Edward VI died, he made this woman the next in line to take the throne in England, depriving Mary I of her rightful rule. Days after her crowing, she was removed and beheaded. Mary I became queen.
Queen Elizabeth I
1533-1603 (ruled 1558-death)
*Protestant successor to Queen Mary (England)
*Popular leader and the first woman to successfully hold the throne
*Invested in English raids on the Spanish New World; Spain responded with the Spanish Armada
*Established Protestantism in England and encouraged English business
What did slave ships carry to trade with in Africa?
Cloth, alcohol, ironwork and guns
What were the main British ports involved in the slave trade?
Liverpool, Bristol and London
What kind of goods did the slave ships carry on the final stage of the Triangular Trade?
Sugar, tobacco, cotton and rum
How were slaves captured in Africa?
Most slaves were sold to the Europeans by other Africans
Where was the Slave Coast?
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