Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Tsarist Russia: Social Developments 1894 -> 1914
Terms in this set (28)
How many factory workers by 1913?
What was the urban population by 1917?
What fraction of the population living in St Petersburg are peasants by birth in 1914?
What were the problems with urban worker's housing?
Lived in Barracks that were dangerously overcrowded and unsanitary
Had to eat in canteens and wash communally
Many had no water or sewage systems
Excrement set in piles in back yards to be collected by wooden carts at night
How many inhabitants died of Cholera in 1908-09?
What fraction of women made up the total industrial workforce by 1914?
What Workers legislation was introduced by 1914?
1885- Prohibited night time employment of women and children
1886- Workers need contracts overseen by factory boards to be employed
1892-Employment of children under 12 forbidden and female labour banned in mines
1897- Hours of work reduced to 11 1/2
1903- More efficient system of factory inspection
1912- Sickness and accident insurance
1914- Factory hours reduced to 10 (but did not apply to workshops)
What was the rise in primary school provision between 1905 and 1914?
What percentage of children are in full time education by 1914?
When were trade unions legalised?
The Lena Goldfields Massacre, where 270 striking workers were killed and 250 injured.
What event radicalised many workers in 1912?
How many strike stoppages were there in 1914?
What percentage of farming continued using the Strip method by 1914?
How many peasants made use of the government scheme to promote migration to Siberia?
3.5 million out of 97 million.
Where did commercial farming actually prosper?
Parts of the Baltic, western Ukraine, the Kuban and northern Caucasus to the south and in western Siberia. (Backwards farming largely concentrated in the Russian heartland.)
How did peasants lives remain hard?
Large proportion of population turned down as unfit for military service
Mortality rates higher than any other European country, and too few doctors for the large rural population
Teachers in short supply
Still around 60% illiteracy by 1914
Remained at bottom of social ladder
What parts of the peasant identity remained by 1914?
Sense of community continued, as did their loyalty to the Church and Tsar with little blemishes
Which areas did the nobility invest in after Emancipation?
Became involved in industrial enterprises or financial speculation
Others served in government office or with strong military connections, retaining much of their former influence and lifestyle
How did Nicholas II encourage noble influence like his father?
Local Zemstva power retained
Nobility regularly appointed to provincial governorships and vice governorships
Each province + district of the Empire had its own noble assembly that met once a year
Which upper class group first met in May 1906, showing them determined to retain their property rights and traditional interests?
The "United Nobility"
What changes fuelled the growing middle class?
Industrialisation and development of Russia's infrastructure made opportunities for enterprising
Growth of education
Demand for more administrators in factories and urban work places
Deeper social mobility
Found natural home in the Zemstva councils, in town and state Dumas
How did urbanisation cause change in the urban population?
Former peasants alienated from their families and roots, losing their former identity and loyalty to the Tsar
Began to associate with others who lived and worked in close proximity, sharing grievances and becoming clear targets for radicalisation (left unsolved by failure of Tsarist government to respond to effects of social change)
Which organisation set up in December 1908 campaigned for a female franchise?
The First All Russian Congress of Women: Attended by 1035 delegates in St Petersburg
What was government expenditure in primary education in 1896?
5 million roubles
What was primary education budget in 1914?
82 million roubles
How many children between 8 and 11 in primary education by 1911?
6.5 million children (44% of that age group, but only 1/3 were girls)
How many newspapers published weekly by 1914?
How did greater literature availability lead to radicalisation?
Could be obtained cheaply on mass, and so radical literature was easily hidden and sneaked into the country by groups such as the Social Democrats and other Marxists
Other Quizlet sets
Exam 1 - John Launder
Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Dep 2004 Ch 6 Practice Questions
Edexcel GCSE Physics Waves