Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Democracy, Consent, and Legitimacy, what makes a democracy?
Terms in this set (43)
What is legitimacy broadly?
What does legitimacy give the government authority to do?
demand obedience from its citizens
why do citizens consent?
they see the state as legitimate
what is an example of the government demanding obedience from its citizens
What is legitimacy like in Hong Kong?
- one country, two systems
- delayed election
- security law
- freedom of speech and press
What are the 3 ways of legitimising power?
traditional authority, charismatic authority and legal-rational authority
what is traditional authority?
monarchies, idea that it is legitimate because it is the way things work (because I say so)
what is charismatic authority?
based on personality, claims to have the correct behaviour to be in charge
What is legal-rational authority?
authority based on a clearly defined set of rules, authority is in the law not the leader
Who is an example of charismatic authority?
Who is an example of legal-rational authority?
What are the three steps to democratic legitimacy?
Consent, process of compromise and feedback system (they are a loop)
What is consent?
Giving right to govern
What is the process of compromise?
occurs in voting and institutions
what is the feedback system?
do what people want and they vote
What are ways to justify non-democratic legitimacy?
•Ability to deliver the goods
What is an example of non-democratic legitimacy?
What did Churchill say democracy was?
"Democracy is the worst form of government except all the other forms"
What is the basic definition of democracy?
rule by the people
What are the three qualifiers for the people to be given power in a democracy?
- which people?
- how do the people exercise their power?
- what do people have rule over?
What are the three qualifications of the majority rule?
•Super majority (60 out of 100 votes to stop a debate and move to vote)
What are the restrictions on who can vote?
•Economic (land holders)
How many states have restrictions on criminals in regard to voting?
48 states and DC have some restrictions
What was the original rule in practice to do with voting?
white land holding males over 21
What was eliminated in regard to voting in 1850?
What did the 15th amendment revise in 1870?
any male, any race
What did the 19th amendment revise in 1920?
women can vote
What did the 24th amendment revise in 1964?
abolished voting fees
What did the voting rights act revise in 1965?
created bilingual ballots, abolished literacy tests
What did the 26th amendment revise in 1971?
lowered age to 18
What was the literacy test used for in voting?
used to discriminate against Irish catholics and African Americans
What is an argument for ID laws?
prevents voter fraud
What is an argument against ID laws?
makes it more difficult for people to vote (discriminates), little in-person voting so no point
What are 2 ways people exercise their power?
government by the people, government for the people
what is government by the people?
direct democracy, representative democracy, civil society
What is an example of a direct democracy?
UK, voting to leave the EU
What is ghost voting and an example?
Legislatures voting for other legislatures who are not there. Ukraine
What is government for the people?
What is an example of a otalitarian democracy?
The People's Democratic Republic of North Korea
What do people have rule over?
Elections- electing officials (representatives) and referendums/ Ballot Measures
What are the restrictions in what people have rule over?
- Constitutional Restrictions
- Referendums/ Ballot Measures
- Law Making Abilities
What kind of democracy are liberal democracies?
what are 3 factors of liberal democracies?
•Separation of State and Civil Society (separation of church and state)
•Constitutional Protections (protection of minority rights, first amendment freedoms)
Other sets by this creator
History exam 3
Compare and contrast the dynastic cycle of the Rom…
What is Greek panhellenism and particularism and w…
HIST 103 EXAM 2