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City Challenge- Case study
Terms in this set (19)
Between 1991 and 1997 the urban policy was what type of schemes and a what led policy?
Partnership schemes and competition-led policy.
An example of partnership schemes and competition-led policy between 1991 and 1997 is what?
City challenge was a scheme where cities had to compete with each other for what?
Government regeneration grants.
City challenge was a local authority led scheme which formed partnerships between what?
The private sector, local communities and the local authority.
The strategies of city challenge focused on tackling what?
Social, economic and environmental problems in run-down parts of the city.
One success of city challenge was the fact that local authorities had to bid for funding , why?
As it was judged to have resulted in more successful regeneration schemes.
One success of city challenge was that it gave equal importance to what and 1997 data revealed that city challenge had improved what (give specific facts)?
Gave equal importance to buildings, people and values. 1997 data revealed that City Challenge had improved over 40,000 houses, created 53,000 jobs and reclaimed 2,000 hectares of derelict land.
One failure of city challenge was what in relation to resources?
Resources were thinly spread over large areas.
One failure of city challenge was what in relation to the need for funding?
Areas which had previously received government funding based on need no longer received funding because their bid was unsuccessful.
One failure of city challenge was what in relation to preparing for the bidding?
Money was lost preparing bids by local authorities who did not win funding.
To gain funding for city challenge a local authority had to come up with a what and what did it have to form and finally what did it submit to the central government?
Had to come up with an imaginative project and form a partnership in its local inner city area with the private sector and the local communities. The partnership then submitted a 5 year plan to central government in competition with other inner city areas.
What was a key feature of the most successful schemes?
Combined social aims, economic and environmental outcomes.
What were the features of city challenge areas?
High long-term youth unemployment, low skills base, poor levels of educational attainment and increasing areas of derelict land.
One failure of city challenge was what in relation to criteria?
No information was published about criteria.
Name four key problems Hulme, Manchester faced.
Of the 5,500 dwellings, 98% were council owned and over half the dwellings were part of a deck access system, there was low levels of families and a disproportionate number of single owned houses, high levels of single parents and social difficulties and some evidence that the local authority had used the area to dump some of its unfortunate residents.
What did the plans drawn up ion 1992 aim to do to improve the area of Hulme, Manchester?
To build 3,000 new homes, with new shopping areas, roads and community facilities.
What progress had been made by 1995 in Hulme, Manchester?
50 hectares of land had been reclaimed, the majority of the former deck access flats had been demolished, 600 new homes for rent had been built, and more than 400 home had been improved and refurbished. The main shopping area was totally refurbished, including the addition of ASDA, a new community centre was built, crime in the area had reduced and a greater social mix was living in the area.
What has been done to change the reputation that Hulme, Manchester gained in the 1970s and 1980s?
A green area, the Birley fields changed to office blocks and partly retained as urban parkland. The office development houses companies such as Michelin and the University of Manchester data centre. The Moss side sports centre and leisure complex was upgraded for the 2002 commonwealth games, it has a gym and other sporting facilities.
Give examples of companies/organisations involved in the regeneration of the area of Hulme, Manchester.
The Guiness Trust and Bellway Homes worked in close collaboration with each other and with Manchester City Council.
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