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ORIGINS OF PSYCHOLOGY - WUNDT
Terms in this set (6)
1879 Wundt opened his first lab dedicated to psychology, in germany.
he marked beginning of scientific psychology, separating it from philosophical roots.
his aim was to analyse nature of human consciousness, and attempted to study mind in controlled conditions (introspection)
tried to develop theories on mental processes such as language and perception.
his co-workers and him recorded their experiences of various sounds and objects. they would divide it into 3 categories: thoughts, images and sensations, (eg given ticking metronome)
isolating structure of consciousness is known as structuralism. stimuli presented was always in same order, and same instructions given to everyone
his methods were systematic and well controlled in a lab environment. this means extraneous variables are not a factor. procedures were standardised.
EVALUATION: Subjective data
his research would be considered unscientific today. Wundt relied on participants self reporting mental processes, which is subjective, they may have also hidden from him.
difficult to establish laws of behaviour from this data
this means some of his work doesnt meet scientific enquiry and is flawed
EVALUATION: Wundts contribution
produced first academic journal for psychological research.
also wrote first textbook
father of modern psychology
Wundt's pioneering research set basis for approaches (especially behaviourist and cognitive)
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