"You shall have no other gods before me" (Exodus 20:3)
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 36
Terms in this set (36)
"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made. (John 1:1-3)"Explanation- The word is Jesus, suggesting to us that the son was also apart of creation."So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them."Explanation- The creation of mankind, made in image of God."Then the Lord God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being."Explanation- God breathed life into Adam, Christians believe that they have a non-physical, spiritual dimension that connects them with God."Is he able, but not willing? Then he is malevolent. Is he both able and willing? Then whence cometh evil? Is he neither able nor willing? Then why call him God?" (The ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus (341-270BC))Explanation- wrote about the contradictions between the characteristics of God and the presence of evil and suffering. He described God as malevolent, meaning 'cruel'.one of Jesus' disciples, Simon Peter, says to him, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God."Explanation- Jesus is the messiah, the annotated one."Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.' This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: 'Love your neighbour as yourself.'"Explanation- Jesus believed was the most important, shows agapeThe Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37)Explanation- showing agape love"Jesus told his followers: You have heard that it was said, 'Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.' But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also" (Matthew 5:38-9)Explanation- Jesus did have different ideas from those in the Old Testament when it came to the subject of revenge. He told his followers that their love for one another must be unconditional and that they must never seek revenge, to love your enemies.Jesus comforts his disciples: "Do not let your hearts be troubled ... I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am" (John 14:1-3)Explanation- Jesus himself explained that he would return.Jesus had said to his disciples: "Truly I tell you, some who are standing here will not taste death before they see the Son of Man [Jesus] coming in his kingdom" (Matthew 16:28)Explanation- The early Church and even Jesus' disciples firmly believed that he would return to make his final judgement shortly after he had ascended into Heaven."I am the resurrection and the life. The one who believes in me will live, even though they die; and whoever lives by believing in me will never die."Explanation- Christians believe that his crucifixion and his resurrection meant that there is the possibility of eternal life for all human beings who are judged to be good. Therefore, death is not to be feared for those who have lived morally and done God's will."It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell" (Matthew 5:29)Explanation- Jesus taught that Hell is a place to be greatly feared."purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven (Catechism of the Catholic Church 1030)Explanation- The Catechism of the Catholic Church explains what Purgatory is."For where two or three gather in my name, there am I with them."Explanation- For many Christians, worshiping together as a community is very important. As Jesus said he would be there."God is spirit, and his worshippers must worship in the Spirit and in truth" (John 4:24)Explanation- the importance of the Holy Spirit in Christian worship."Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, 'Take and eat; this is my body.' Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, 'Drink from it, all of you. This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.'" (Matthew 26:26-28)Explanation-"No one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit."Explanation- After his resurrection, Jesus told his followers that they too should be baptised. Following this instruction, baptism is practiced by nearly all Christian denominations. Many Christians believe that baptism cleanses people of original sin."baptise in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit" (Matthew 28:19)Explanation- The priest repeats Jesus' instruction when baptising a baby.Nicodemus asks Jesus, "How can someone be born when they are old?". Jesus replies, "You must be born again" (John 3:4, 7)Explanation- This shows that baptism (being "born again") was practiced on adults (people who are "old"), rather than infants."For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.' This is a profound mystery - but I am talking about Christ and the church. However, each one of you also must love his wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband." (Ephesians 5:31-33)Explanation- St Paul teaches that a married couple become 'one flesh', meaning that the union is a lifelong commitment, with the wife being obedient to her husband. According to this teaching, the husband should care for the wife just as God cares for the people of the Church.Jesus says: "I am the resurrection and the life. The one who believes in me will live, even though they die" (John 11:25)Explanation- Christian funerals are often seen as 'celebrations of life' because this person's soul is believed to be joining God in Heaven."If anyone has material possessions and ignores his brother in need, how can he love God?" (1 John 3:17)Explanation- Jesus taught that a person who ignores those in need cannot love God."Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit."Explanation- Jesus told his disciples that they should spread his message throughout the world and should try to convert people to Christianity."I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me" (John 14:6)Explanation- Jesus explained to his followers that the only way to achieve salvation was through belief in him. Therefore, many Christians strongly believe that Jesus has given Christians the responsibility to evangelise."Love your neighbour as yourself" (Mark 12:31)Explanation- many Christians are involved in charity work where they can put this into action."A new command I give you: love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another."