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Exam - Ch 21 Hair coloring
Terms in this set (75)
The layer of the hair that gives the hair the majority of its strength and elasticity is the
In individual hair strands, hair texture is determined by the
If the cuticle is lifted, allowing the hair to take color quickly, the hair is said to have
Haircolor levels are arranged on a scale from
1 to 10
Hair color tones can be described as
warm, cool, or neutral
Warm tones that are described as sandy or tan are considered
Which color will help balance orange tones in the hair?
Pure or fundamental colors that cannot be created by combining other colors are called
The strongest and only cool primary color
Red added to blue-based colors will cause them to appear
A _____ color is achieved by mixing a secondary color and its neighboring primary color.
In traditional color theory, when all three primary colors are present in equal proportions, the resulting color is ______ depending on the saturation of the pigment.
black or dark muddy gray
A primary and secondary color positioned directly opposite each other on the color wheel are considered
Temporary haircolor pigment molecules do not penetrate the cuticle layer because they have _____ pigment molecules.
Traditional semipermanent haircolor only lasts _____ depending on how frequently the hair is shampooed.
four to six weeks
Which type of haircolor is formulated to deposit but not lighten color?
Which type of haircolor lightens and deposits color at the same time and in a single process because it is more alkaline than demipermanent colors and is usually mixed with a higher-volume developer?
To provide maximum lift in a one-step color service, which volume of peroxide is recommended?
During the decolorizing process, natural hair can go through as many as
Overlapping color can cause breakage and create
a line of demarcation
The three forms of hair lighteners are
oil, powder, and cream
In _____ selected strands are picked up from a narrow section of hair with a zigzag motion of the comb, and lightener or color is applied only to these strands.
For clients with 80 to 100 percent gray, which haircolor is generally more flattering?
A blond shade
To cover unpigmented hair on a salt-and-pepper head, the color formulation should be _____ than the natural level.
one to two levels lighter
The process of treating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration of color is known as
When performing a lightener retouch, new growth is lightened,
To produce a haircolor that looks natural, how many primary colors must be present?
The best way to obtain pale blond results is to use
When hair is violet, it is recommended that you use ______ to balance it.
When hair is blue, it is recommended that you ____ use to balance it.
Selecting _____ base colors creates brighter colors
Demipermanent haircolor ______ color.
deposits but does not lift
During a haircolor consultation, you should
Jook at the client directly
Traditional semipermanent, demipermanent, and permanent haircolor products that are used primarily on pre-lightened hair to achieve pale and delicate colors are
When performing a patch test, which color should you use?
The same color that will be used for the haircolor service
Hair that has previously received a color service will have
a greater degree of porosity
Underlightened hair will appear to have more ______ than the intended color.
red, yellow, or orange
The term _____ or hue, refers to the balance of color.
Which of these is a coloring technique that requires two separate procedures in which the hair is pre-lightened before the depositing color is applied?
The melanin that gives blond and red colors to the hair is called
The powdered persulfate salts added to the haircolor to increase its lightening ability is called
The technique called _______ refers to a combination of equal parts of a prepared permanent color mixture and shampoo used during the last five minutes of a haircolor service and worked through the hair to refresh the ends.
a soap cар
Which of these terms refers to varying degrees of warmth exposed during a permanent color or lightening process?
Which of these is a technique of coloring strands of hair darker than the natural color?
What is the unit of measurement used to identify the lightness or darkness of a color?
Predisposition test, also known as a _____ identifies a possible allergy in a client.
A(n) ______ is a chemical compound that lightens hair by dispersing, dissolving, and decolorizing the natural hair pigment.
Which of these measures the concentration and strength of hydrogen peroxide?
Colors obtained from the leaves or bark of plants are called
A ____ is a non-ammonia color that adds shine and tone to the hair.
The term _______ means it is difficult for moisture or chemicals to penetrate the hair.
Which of the following is used to recondition damaged, overly porous hair and equalize porosity so that the hair accepts the color evenly from strand to strand and from scalp to ends?
Which of these is an oxidizing agent that, when mixed with an oxidation haircolor, supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop the color molecules and create a change in natural hair color?
Hydrogen peroxide developer
A _____ is used to equalize porosity and deposit color in one application to provide a uniform contributing pigment on pre-lightened hair.
Which of these is a process that involves taking a narrow, 1/8-inch (0.3 centimeter) section of hair by making a straight part at the scalp, positioning the hair over the foil, and applying lightening or color?
The system for understanding color relationships is called
the law of color
The term _____ refers to the first time the hair is colored.
Which type of melanin lends black and brown colors to hair?
A quick lightener, also known as _____ is a powdered lightener.
an off-the-scalp lightener
Haircolors containing metal salts that change hair color gradually by progressive buildup and exposure to air, creating a dull, metallic appearance, are called
A(n) _____ is a test performed to determine how the hair will react to the color formula and how long the formula should be left on the hair.
When identifying natural levels for a haircolor service, your most valuable tool is the
The medium primary color is
Which type of color adds subtle color results?
Which of these is a role of the alkalizing ingredient in permanent haircolor?
To raise the cuticle of the hair
Henna is an example of
What is the standard hydrogen peroxide volume?
A release statement is not considered to be
a legally binding contract
The technique that involves pulling clean, dry strands of hair through a perforated cap with a thin plastic or metal hook is called
A ______ contains no ammonia, requires no developer, and is gentle on the scalp and hair.
Colors prepared by combining permanent haircolor, hydrogen peroxide, and shampoo are called
Coating compounds such as hair sprays, styling agents, and some conditioners can interfere with
A daily shampoo and blowdry, an occasional permanent wave, or a few days in the pool can cause the artificial pigment in red hair to
oxidize and fade
A _______ consistency provides the best control during the application of lightener as part of a double- process haircoloring service.
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