What are the grapes of the Alsace?
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What is Le Mistral?The northern wind that runs through the Rhone Valley.What are the current highly regarded vintages of the Northern Rhone?1999, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2010.What is the Sirocco?The southern wind that runs through the Rhone ValleyWhat are the soils of the Southern Rhone?Alluvial clays in Gigondas to alluvial deposits and river rock stones (galets) in Châteauneuf-du-PapeWhat is the longest river in France?The LoireWhat is Vendange Tardive (VT)?Late harvest wines from the Loire.What are the current highly regarded vintages of the Loire?2005, 2007, 2008.What are the grapes of New South Wales?White: Semillon Chardonnay Riesling. Red: Shiraz.What are the grapes of Victoria?White: Chardonnay Riesling Muscat. Red: Pinot Noir Shiraz Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Cabernet Franc.What are the soils of Victoria?Mix of alluvial, volcanic, granite, clay, and sand.What are the GIs of New South Wales?Hunter Valley Hilltops Mudgee Tumbarumba Orange.What are the notable GIs of Victoria?Yarra Valley Rutherglen (stickies). Other GIs: Heathcole Bendigo Morninton Peninsula Geelong Murray Darling.Where did Penfold's Grange originate?AdelaideWhere is terra rossa found in wine production?La Mancha in Spain Coonawarra in South Australia.What are the GIs of South Australia?Barossa Valley Eden Valley McLaren Vale Clare Valley Coonawarra Adelaide Hills Langhorne Creek Riverland.What are the notable vintages of South Australia?2005, 2006, 2010.What are the GIs of Western Australia?Margaret River Mount Barker Frankland River Peel Perth Hills Swan District Swan Valley.What are the grapes of Tasmania?White: Chardonnay Gewurztraminer Riesling Red: Pinot NoirWhat are the notable GIs of Tasmania?Hobart Launceston Piper's River Coal River Tamar River.What are the primary grapes of New Zealand?White: Sauvignon Blanc Chardonnay Riesling Gewurztraminer Muller-Thurgau. Red: Pinot Noir Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Syrah.What are the regions of the North Island (New Zealand)?Hawkes Bay Auckland (First wine region in NZ) Waikato Gisborne (Poverty Bay) WairarapaWhat is the driest region in NZ?Hawkes BayWhat are the grapes of Hawkes Bay?White: Chardonnay Red: Merlot Cabernet Sauvignon SyrahWhat are the soils of Hawkes BaySandy alluvial over gravel Gimblett Gravels sub-region - limestoneWhat is the climate of Hawkes Bay?Moderate ContinentalWhat are the two best districts of Auckland?Kumeu-Huapai WaihekeWhat is the climate of Auckland?Very warm maritime - humidWhat are the best grapes of Auckland?Cabernet Sauvignon MerlotWhat style of wines is Waikato known for?Botrytis affected dessert winesWhat is the primary grape of Gisborne?ChardonnayWhat is the main grape of Wairarapa?Pinot NoirWhat are the grapes of the South Island (NZ)?White: Sauvignon Blanc* Chardonnay Riesling Pinot Gris Red: Pinot Noir* SyrahWhat are the soils of the South Island (NZ)?Volcanic (Canterbury) Gravel alluvial with sandstone (Marlborough)What are the grapes of Marlborough?White: Sauvignon Blanc Red: Pinot NoirWhat is the soil of Marlborough?Alluvial gravelWhat is the climate of Marlborough?Dry - sunny climate, protected from Westerly winds by the South Alps and Easterlies by the southern tip of the North IslandWhat are two notable sub-regions of Marlborough?Awatere Valley Wairau ValleyWhat is important about Central Otago's location?The most southerly wine region in the world.What is the important grape of Central Otago?Pinot NoirWhat is the climate of Central Otago?Continental: Cool, high sunshine intensity Dry during growing season Protected north slope has best aspectWhat is the soils of Central Otago?Alluvial Outcroppings of chalk and limestone loamsWhat white grape has the most potential in Central Otago?RieslingWhat does AOP mean?Appellation d'Origine ProtegeeWhat are the AOP levels for France?Vin de France IGP AOPWhat does IGP stand for?Indication Geographique ProtegeeWhat percentage of French wines are Vin de France?18%What are the restrictions of Vin de France wines?Yields of 90 hl/ha Alcohol levels (8% minimum -15% maximum Winemaking Practices, including acidification and use of oak chips No place of origin specified Blend of regions allowed Variety and vintage allowedWhat are the zone levels of IGP/Vin de Pays?Regional (Pays d'Oc) Departmental LocalWhat is the percentage of French wines that are IGP/Vin de Pays?35%What are some of the things allowed in IGP/Vin de Pays?Hybrids are allowed 85% from stated regionWhat does the AOP cover in France?Former AOC and most VDQSWhat percentage of French wine is AOP?50% of all French wine (close to 500 total)What criteria does the AOP regulate?Geographical boundaries Grape varieties Yields Potentials alcohol levels Viticultural and vinifacation methods Quality of finished productWhat are the five district sub-regions of Burgundy?Chablis Cote de Or (Cote de Nuits/Cote de Beaune) Cote Chalonnaise MaconnaisWhat original law is Burgundy vine ownership based on, and what is the essence of the law?Napoleonic Code and inheritance lawsWhat is the difference between a Negociant and a Domaine?Negociants are merchants who do not own the vineyard land, but will buy grapes and/or finished wine for blending and bottling under their own label Domaine is the estate where the entire process from growing grapes to bottling and aging the wine happens.What is the soil of Burgundy?Northern: Chalk and Clay/Marl Southern: GraniteWhat is the Burgundy AOC pyramid?It is a breakdown of quality classification from lowest to highest. Regional Appellations: 56% Village: 30% Premier Cru: 12% Grand Cru: 2% (Pic is wrong)What is the soil of Chablis?Kimmeridgian Clay/limestoneWhat are the AOCs of Chablis?Petit Chablis Chablis Chablis Premier Cru Chablis Grand Cru