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Ch 12, 13
Terms in this set (70)
1. ____ is the actual, physical movement of goods and people between two points.
2. There are ____ modes of transportation.
3. A 3,047 meter (10,000 foot) runway is significant because it ____.
a. is generally viewed as adequate for accommodating the largest existing wide-body aircraft
4. Rail gauge refers to ____.
d. the distance between the inner sides of two parallel rail tracks
5. In the United States, ____ account for the largest share of ton-miles and ____ account for the majority of freight revenues.
d. railroads; truck
6. ____ is generally the fastest form of transportation for shipments exceeding 600 miles.
7. Consignees are ____.
c. receivers of freight
8. Dimensional weight ____.
a. considers a shipment's density
9. Which of the following is not likely to move by air transportation?
e. all are likely to move by air
10. Less-than-truckload motor carriers ____.
b. operate through a series of terminals
11. Truckload carriers focus on shipments of greater than ____ pounds.
12. Each of the following is true, except ____.
c. a truckload shipment involves only one customer
13. Hours-of-service (HOS) rules and speed limits have long been justified in the motor carrier industry on the basis of ____.
d. safety concerns
14. The primary advantage for motor carriers is ____.
15. ____ is the most reliable form of transportation.
16. ____ pipelines carry crude oil from gathering-line concentration points to the oil refineries.
17. ____ have a level of market concentration and dominance that is not found in the other modes.
18. Which mode is not the "best" or "worst" on any of the six attributes (e.g., capability, flexibility, etc.) that were used to compare the modes?
19. Inland waterways in the United States are dredged to a depth of ____ feet, which tends to be the minimum depth required for most barges.
20. A ____ raises or lowers barges so that they can meet the river's level as they move upstream or downstream.
21. The predominant commodity moved by barge transportation is ____.
22. ____ transportation occurs when two or more modes work closely together in an attempt to utilize the advantages of each mode while at the same time minimizing their disadvantages.
23. What container size is often used to rank water ports and measure containership capacity?
c. 20 foot container
24. The primary advantage to land bridge service is ____.
b. reduced transit times
25. Freight forwarders ____.
d. consolidate the shipments of several shippers
26. Shippers' associations ____.
b. function in a manner similar to freight forwarders
27. A transportation broker _____.
a. looks to match a shipper's freight with a carrier to transport it
28. Firms that specialize in carrying packages that weigh up to 150 pounds are called ____.
c. parcel carriers
29. What is the largest transportation company (by revenues) in the United States?
c. United Parcel Service
30. In the United States, commercial airline pilots must retire at age ____.
31. The U.S. ____ is the federal government body with primary responsibility for transportation safety regulation.
d. Department of Transportation
32. With respect to U.S. economic regulation, the ____ has primary responsibility for resolving railroad rate and service disputes, reviewing potential rail mergers, and some jurisdiction over motor carriers, domestic water transportation, and pipelines.
a. Surface Transportation Board
33. Common carriers of transportation have ____ obligations.
34. Which of the following is not a legal classification of carriers?
e. all of the above are legal classifications
35. Private transportation is most prevalent in the ____ industry.
1. ____ refers to the buying and controlling of transportation services by either a shipper or consignee.
a. transportation management
2. In general terms, ____ accounts for about 6% of U.S. gross domestic product.
3. ____ signifies the price charged for freight transportation.
4. Which of the following is not one of the three primary factors that transportation rates are based upon?
5. Weight times rate equals ____.
b. transportation cost
6. A(n) ____ rate refers to a specific rate for every possible combination of product, weight, and distance.
7. A(n) ____ rate simplifies each of the three primary rate factors—product, weight, and distance.
8. Which of the following is not a factor used to determine a product's classification?
e. all of the above are factors used to determine a product's classification
9. The National Motor Freight Classification currently has 18 separate ratings, or classes, that range for Class 50 to Class ____
10. ____ refers to how heavy a product is in relation to its size.
11. ____ refers to how easy a commodity is to pack into a load.
12. Liability for loss and damage is one factor used to determine a product's freight classification. Which of the following is not a loss and damage consideration?
b. ability to load freight on top of a commodity
13. With respect to a commodity's freight classification, shippers tend to prefer a ____ classification number and carriers tend to prefer a ____ classification number.
b. lower, higher
14. In the class rate system, freight rates are expressed in dollars or cents per ____.
15. Suppose that a particular item is Class 200 according to the National Motor Freight Classification. What is the relationship between this item's rate and the rate for an item in Class 100?
d. the class 200 rate is higher than the class 100 rate
16. Which of the following is not a possible payment option (terms of sale) for U.S. domestic shipments?
a. FOB origin, freight collect and charged back
17. With FOB destination, freight prepaid ____.
c. the seller pays the freight charges and owns the goods in transit
18. Which of the following tends to be the most important factor in carrier selection?
e. none of the above
19. A(n) ____ refers to a transportation manager who purchases a prespecified level of transportation service and is indifferent to the mode and carrier used to provide the transportation service.
d. amodal shipper
20. The most important single transportation document is the ____.
b. bill of lading
21. Each of the following is true, except ____.
b. the bill of lading adds to the complexity of the transportation manager's job
22. An order bill of lading is used ____.
c. when a shipment is started before the buyer is known
23. An invoice submitted by the carrier requesting to be paid is ____.
a. a freight bill
24. What is the time limitation within which a freight claim must be filed?
c. nine months from delivery date
25. Which of the following is false?
d. shippers or carriers are entitled to a product's full retail value when filing a freight claim
26. If a product destroyed or damaged in transit is intended to be placed into general replacement inventory, then the retailer would likely receive ____.
d. the wholesale price, plus freight if previously paid
27. Small shipments are defined as those that ____.
c. weigh more than 150 pounds but less than 500 pounds
28. Which of the following statements is false?
e. all of the above are true
29. Demurrage charges are collected by railroads, ____, and ____.
b. water carriers, pipelines
30. Which of the following statements is false?
a. detention is similar to demurrage, except that detention applies to pipelines
31. U.S. freight railroads currently allow ____ hours of free time for unloading railcars and ____hours of free time for loading railcars.
c. 48, 24
32. ____ can be defined as the process of determining how a shipment will be moved between origin and destination.
33. A ____ provides a variety of shipment information such as shipment preparation, freight invoicing, a list of preferred carriers, and a list of which carrier or carriers to use for shipments moving between two points.
b. routing guide
34. ____ refers to determining a shipment's location during the course of its move.
35. ____ refers to rapidly moving a shipment through a carrier's system.
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