Against All Odds

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Towering over the East River, the Brooklyn Bridge is one of New York City's famous landmarks. Nowadays, many people take it for granted, but back in the 1800s it was something people only dreamt of.
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Terms in this set (25)
However, he was involved in a ferry accident later that year and died of an infection not long after. It looked like his ambitious plan was destined to fail shortly after it had been launched.๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜, ๊ทธ๋Š” ๊ทธํ•ด ๋ง ํ•œ ์—ฐ๋ฝ์„  ์‚ฌ๊ณ ์— ํœ˜๋ง๋ ธ๊ณ  ์˜ค๋ž˜์ง€ ์•Š์•„ ๊ฐ์—ผ์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ๋งํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์˜ ์•ผ์‹ฌ ์ฐฌ ๊ณ„ํš์€ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜์ž๋งˆ์ž ์‹คํŒจํ•  ์šด๋ช…์ธ ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ณด์˜€๋‹ค.Luckily, John's role as chief engineer was succeeded by his son, Washington Roebling. Because he had built bridges with his father and studied bridge construction in Europe, he believed in John's dream.๋‹คํ–‰ํžˆ๋„, ์ˆ˜์„ ์—”์ง€๋‹ˆ์–ด๋กœ์„œ์˜ John์˜ ์—ญํ• ์€ ๊ทธ์˜ ์•„๋“ค์ธ Washington Roebling์ด ์ด์–ด๊ฐ”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š” ์•„๋ฒ„์ง€์™€ ํ•จ๊ป˜ ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋“ค์„ ๊ฑด์„คํ–ˆ์—ˆ๊ณ  ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์—์„œ ๊ต๋Ÿ‰ ๊ฑด์„ค์„ ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ–ˆ์—ˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—, ๊ทธ๋Š” John์˜ ๊ฟˆ์„ ๋ฏฟ์—ˆ๋‹ค.At that time, the foundations for the bridge's two towers were being built in the East River, which was extremely difficult and dangerous work.๋‹น์‹œ์—, ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ์˜ ๋‘ ๊ฐœ์˜ ํƒ‘์„ ์œ„ํ•œ ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜์ด ์ด์ŠคํŠธ ๊ฐ•์—์„œ ์ง€์–ด์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋Š”๋ฐ, ์ด๋Š” ๊ต‰์žฅํžˆ ์–ด๋ ต๊ณ  ์œ„ํ—˜ํ•œ ์ž‘์—…์ด์—ˆ๋‹ค.Workers had to stay at the bottom of the river in a waterproof box with little light and constant danger. Many died or were permanently injured by a serious disease called "*the bends," including Washington Roebling.๋…ธ๋™์ž๋“ค์€ ๋ฐฉ์ˆ˜ ์ฒ˜๋ฆฌ๋œ ํ•จ ์•ˆ์—์„œ ๋ถˆ๋น›๋„ ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์—†์ด ๋Š์ž„์—†๋Š” ์œ„ํ—˜์„ ์•ˆ์€ ์ฑ„ ๊ฐ•๋ฐ”๋‹ฅ์— ๋จธ๋ฌผ๋Ÿฌ์•ผ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. Washington Roebling์„ ํฌํ•จํ•œ ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์ฃฝ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜, "์ž ํ•จ๋ณ‘"์ด๋ผ ๋ถˆ๋ฆฐ ์‹ฌ๊ฐํ•œ ๋ณ‘์— ์˜ํ•ด ์˜๊ตฌ์ ์ธ ๋ถ€์ƒ์„ ๋‹นํ–ˆ๋‹ค.In 1872, he developed this disease and was unable to move easily or visit the construction sites throughout the rest of the project.1872๋…„, ๊ทธ๋Š” ์ž ํ•จ๋ณ‘์— ๊ฑธ๋ ธ๊ณ  ๋‚จ์€ ๊ฑด์„ค ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„ ๋‚ด๋‚ด ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ๊ฑฐ๋™ํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ณต์‚ฌ ํ˜„์žฅ์„ ๋ฐฉ๋ฌธํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์—ˆ๋‹ค.Other people would have quit at that point, but not Washington. He continued to supervise the bridge building for years by watching it through a telescope from his bedroom.๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด๋ผ๋ฉด ๊ทธ ์‹œ์ ์—์„œ ํฌ๊ธฐํ–ˆ๊ฒ ์ง€๋งŒ, Washington์€ ์•„๋‹ˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Š” ์นจ์‹ค์—์„œ ๋ง์›๊ฒฝ์œผ๋กœ ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ ๊ฑด์„ค์„ ์ง€์ผœ๋ณด๋ฉฐ ์ˆ˜๋…„๊ฐ„ ๊ณ„์†ํ•ด์„œ ๊ฐ๋…ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.However, there were still many things he could not do despite all his efforts. Once again, the project seemed likely to be abandoned.ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๊ทธ์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ๋…ธ๋ ฅ์—๋„ ๋ถˆ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋Š” ์ผ๋“ค์ด ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ๋งŽ์•˜๋‹ค. ๋˜๋‹ค์‹œ, ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ ๊ฑด์„ค์€ ํฌ๊ธฐ๋  ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ณด์˜€๋‹ค.To everyone's amazement, yet another Roebling stepped in to save the bridge. This time, it was Washington's wife, Emily Warren Roebling.๋†€๋ž๊ฒŒ๋„, ๊ฑฐ๊ธฐ์— ๋˜ ํ•œ ๋ช…์˜ Roebling์ด ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ตฌํ•ด๋‚ด๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ๋•๊ณ  ๋‚˜์„ฐ๋‹ค. ์ด๋ฒˆ์—” Washington์˜ ์•„๋‚ด, Emily Warren Roebling์ด์—ˆ๋‹ค.She believed in what her family had started, and she was determined to see it through.๊ทธ๋…€๋Š” ๊ทธ๋…€์˜ ๊ฐ€์กฑ์ด ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋˜ ์ผ์„ ๋ฏฟ์—ˆ๊ณ , ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๋๊นŒ์ง€ ํ•ด๋‚ด๊ฒ ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ฒฐ์‹ฌํ–ˆ๋‹ค.Before marriage, she knew almost nothing about engineering. As her husband's health failed, though, Emily began passing his instructions to the assistant engineers and bringing back their construction reports.๊ฒฐํ˜ผ ์ „์— ๊ทธ๋…€๋Š” ๊ณตํ•™ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๊ฑฐ์˜ ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ์•Œ์ง€ ๋ชปํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋‚จํŽธ์˜ ๊ฑด๊ฐ•์ด ์•…ํ™”๋˜์ž, Emily๋Š” ๋‚จํŽธ์˜ ์ง€์‹œ๋ฅผ ๋ณด์กฐ์—”์ง€๋‹ˆ์–ด๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ์ „๋‹ฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ ๊ฑด์ถ• ๋ณด๊ณ ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ๋Œ์•„์˜ค๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๋‹ค.In the process, she naturally picked up a lot of information about bridge building. With his assistance, she also studied higher mathematics and engineering so hard that she became an expert in them without ever going to college.๊ทธ ๊ณผ์ •์—์„œ ๊ทธ๋…€๋Š” ์ž์—ฐ์Šค๋ ˆ ๊ต๋Ÿ‰ ๊ฑด์„ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋งŽ์€ ์ง€์‹์„ ์Šต๋“ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. Emily๋Š” ๋˜ํ•œ ๋‚จํŽธ์˜ ๋„์›€์œผ๋กœ ๊ณ ๋“ฑ ์ˆ˜ํ•™๊ณผ ๊ณตํ•™ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ์„ ๋งค์šฐ ์—ด์‹ฌํžˆ ๊ณต๋ถ€ํ•ด์„œ ๋Œ€ํ•™์— ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ ๋„ ๊ทธ ๋ถ„์•ผ์˜ ์ „๋ฌธ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค.By the time the bridge was finished in 1883, Emily was carrying out many of the chief engineer's duties, which was unprecedented for a woman in those days. Many people praised her contributions to the project, and she became the first person to cross the bridge.1883๋…„ ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ์™„๊ณต๋  ๋ฌด๋ ต์—๋Š”, Emily๋Š” ์ˆ˜์„ ์—”์ง€๋‹ˆ์–ด์˜ ์—…๋ฌด ์ค‘ ๋‹ค์ˆ˜๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜ํ–‰ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ์ด๋Ÿฐ ์ผ์€ ๊ทธ ๋‹น์‹œ ์—ฌ์„ฑ์—๊ฒŒ ์ „๋ก€๊ฐ€ ์—†๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ ๊ฑด์„ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ทธ๋…€์˜ ๊ณตํ—Œ์— ์ฐฌ์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋ƒˆ๊ณ , ๊ทธ๋…€๋Š” ๊ทธ ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฑด๋„ˆ๋Š” ์ฒซ ๋ฒˆ์งธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ๋˜์—ˆ๋‹ค.It was the moment she, Washington, John, and everyone else who built the bridge had worked so hard for.๊ทธ๊ฑด ๊ทธ๋…€์™€ Washington, John, ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋ฐ–์— ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฑด์„คํ•œ ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์—ด์‹ฌํžˆ ์ผํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๋ชฉํ‘œํ–ˆ๋˜ ์ˆœ๊ฐ„์ด์—ˆ๋‹ค.To this day, the Brooklyn Bridge stands as evidence of the Roebling family's persistence. These amazing people made incredible sacrifices and overcame all obstacles to complete a project that seemed impossible to others.์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€๋„, ๋ธŒ๋ฃจํด๋ฆฐ ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ๋Š” Roebling ๊ฐ€๋ฌธ์˜ ๋ˆ๊ธฐ์˜ ์ฆ๊ฑฐ๋กœ ์„œ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์ด ๋†€๋ผ์šด ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์—„์ฒญ๋‚œ ํฌ์ƒ์„ ์น˜๋ฅด๊ณ  ๋ชจ๋“  ์žฅ์• ๋ฅผ ๊ทน๋ณตํ•˜์—ฌ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ๋Š” ๋ถˆ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋ณด์˜€๋˜ ๊ณ„ํš์„ ์™„์ˆ˜ํ•˜์˜€๋‹ค.Not only did they prove their doubters wrong, but they also achieved an accomplishment that inspired us to do the impossible.๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋‹ค๋ฆฌ ๊ฑด์„ค์„ ์˜์‹ฌํ•˜๋˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ํ‹€๋ ธ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ฆ๋ช…ํ–ˆ์„ ๋ฟ๋งŒ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ, ๋˜ํ•œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ ๋ถˆ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•œ ์ผ์„ ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๊ณ ๋ฌดํ•˜๋Š” ์—…์ ์„ ์ด๋ค˜๋‹ค.