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LCA ICT - General Theory Questions
Terms in this set (46)
Name three storage devices
CD's, Floppy Disks, Hard Drive
What are Input devices?
These Devices read incoming Data and pass it on to the CPU
Examples of input devices
Keyboard, Disk Drive, Scanner, Barcode Reader, Voice Recognition, and Digital Camera
What are Output devices?
These accept information from the CPU and displays the results for the user
Examples of Output devices
printer, monitor, speaker, earphones
Name the two types of printers + their advantages
Inkjet printer is cheaper & laser printer is faster.
What is an operating system?
A program that acts as an link between a user of a computer and the computer hardware
Examples of operating systems
Apple iOS, Windows OS, Android OS
What do the letters USB stand for?
Universal Serial Bus
What do the letters PPM stand for?
Pages per minute
What do the letters DPI stand for?
Dots per inch
What do the letters WYSIWYG stand for?
What you see is what you get - a system for editing documents that shows you onscreen what the document will look like when printed
Name four storage sizes & know their acronyms
Kilobyte (KB), Megabyte (MB), Gigabyte (GB), Terabyte (TB)
Types of Software
system software and application software
Name 3 types of hardware & their uses
Mouse used to navigate a computer, a keyboard is used to enter data, a monitor is used to view what is happening on a computer
Two methods of computer housekeeping
Antivirus checks, backing up data
Three ways of storing data & examples of where to store
In the cloud - Google Drive, locally on your PC, externally on a portable hard drive
Advantages of a stand alone network
More private, more secure
Advantages of a Computer network
Easier to share information, easier to access your documents on more than one device
Names three types of computer
Personal computer (PC), Tablet computer, laptop
What do the following letters mean LAN?
Local Area Network - a network that connects computers within a limited area such as a school or office
What do the following letters mean WAN?
Wide Area Network. It can be very large covering large corporations and can even span the globe.
What do the following letters mean WLAN?
Wireless Local Area Network
What are peripheral devices?
Is an external device that connects to the computer but isn't necessary for the running of a computer
Examples of peripheral devices
Printer, headset, speakers
What do the letters RAM stand for?
Random access memory
What do the letters ROM stand for?
Read Only Memory
What do the letters CPU stand for & how to measure its speed
Central processing unit, can be measured through checking the system settings & processor speed
What do the letters VDU stand for?
Visual display unit
Example of a VDU
What do the letters VDE stand for?
Voice data entry
Examples of VDE
What do the letters DVD stand for?
Digital versatile disk
What do the letters CD stand for?
What do the letters PC stand for?
What do the letters OCR stand for?
Optical character recognition
What do the letters ATM stand for?
Asynchronous transfer mode
What do the letters HDD stand for?
Hard disk drive
What is Wifi/Bluetooth & explanation
A way of connecting to a network and sending/receiving information using radio waves
What are Attachments
Files or documents that are sent with an email
What is copying & moving & how
Taking one piece of text and copying it into another place, use control + C to copy & control + V to paste
What is backing up data & how
Saving your data in a second place like the cloud to keep data safe
What is disk formatting & how
Preparing a device for storage & use, insert the device, right click on it, click format to access the wizard
How to insert a photo
Click insert, choose either online photos to search for an image or click from storage to access your PC files, click the photo you want to use, click insert, move the photo to where you want to place it on the document
What is copyright?
A legal right that prevents others from misusing someone's work without permission
What is a File & a folder?
A file is an object that stores information on a computer, a folder is a collection of files
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