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TOEFL - Medium
Terms in this set (50)
the running of something or an organization (business, school, government, etc); the person or people in charge of running an organization
> The university administration cancelled all school events after a bad storm left most buildings without electricity.
alternative (noun adjective)
other possibility or option different, other than the main option
> The menu includes alternatives for students who don't eat meat. Many words in these flashcards have alternative definitions.
"yearly; happening every year
> Everyone in Manchester was excited about the annual game between the city's two soccer teams.
"a set way of thinking or a set feeling about something or someone
> Zach always has a positive attitude when he has to deal with a problem at work.
attribute (verb noun)
"to give an event or person credit for something, like a work of art or a speech a quality or feature that is an important part of something
> The museum director attributed the recently discovered painting to Van Gogh. All of his movies have a few attributes in common: for example, there is little conversation and a lot of music.
"control or responsibility over something (people, area, laws, etc)
> Only Congress has the authority to make and pass laws for the country.
"to have knowledge of
> As Helen drove away form the gas station, she wasn't aware that her lights were off until she turned onto a dark street.
"something good coming from an action, agreement, idea, plan, etc.
> The president flew around the country, talking about the benefits of the new health care law.
"a group of people living or working together
> The Spanishspeaking community within New York City includes millions of people.
concentrate (verb verb)
"to focus attention on something to come together into a smaller space
> You must learn to concentrate to be successful on the test. The protests concentrated in the city parks.
"an argument, long battle, or difference of opinions
> The conflict in Syria has forced many people to leave the country.
"large enough or important enough to get special notice
> A considerable number of popular sports were invented in only the last 100 years.
contribute (verb verb)
"to give something (often money), to help reach a goal to add to the cause of something bigger
> Over the past three years, my parents have not contributed to my university tuition. I smoked a lot when I was younger, and that's contributed to my health problems today.
correspond (verb verb)
"to be a close match to send letters back and forth
> This new paint for the room does not correspond to the old paint. My mother and father corresponded for almost two years before meeting in person.
"to argue, usually in a formal, polite way
> Watching the presidential debates on TV did not help me decide who to vote for.
decline (verb verb noun)
"to politely say no to an invitation or offer to become less, fewer, or smaller (usually of something good)
a slow continuous loss of value, power, or strength
> I declined dinner because I had plans to eat with my family instead. For ten years, the number of fish in the river has declined.
Many people say that America is in decline.
"clearly different from
> There are at least five distinct types of turtle living on the island.
"to give out something
> The teacher distributed tests to the class, and the students were happy to see they did well.
"a part of something, usually part of an idea
> The element of his speech that I didn't like was at the end, when he talked about religion.
"to make something possible
> The classes in college will enable you to find a good job.
> Rashim used a chart to find that his 6.7 GPA in his home country was equivalent to a 3.2 GPA in the United States.
"to determine roughly the value or number of something, to guess a number using some information
> Be careful to not forget any costs for the year when you estimate your budget.
"to show or reveal something that was hidden
> The politician's crimes were exposed and he was forced to leave his position.
"at the beginning
> My initial plan was to study until midnight and wake up late, but then I fell asleep early.
"found or happening inside (a body, organization, etc)
> The US government has had lots of problems ever since internal messages were published on news websites.
"to figure out or explain the meaning of something
> The students could not interpret the extremely old book because the pages were hard to read.
"to spend money, energy, or time on something hoping for good results later to spend money in the hopes of making more money, usually in property, financial shares, or some other activity
> If you want to learn another language, you will have to invest a lot of your free time. Jamie invested in an education company that he thought would succeed and make him rich.
> Juan was surprised at how much labor was needed to finish his project on time.
layer (noun verb)
"something that covers something else to put something on top of something else
> Layers of paint on the steel bridge will protect it from rust. Sebastian layered the sandwich with all my favorite meats and cheeses.
link (verb noun)
"to create a connection between two or more things a connection between two things
> The news story linked the president's success with the improved economy. What is the link between success in life and in education?
"a system of connected pieces (especially for transportation or communication)
> The typhoon destroyed the network of roads, which has made it hard to bring supplies and first aid to the town.
"a belief; an idea
> I think the professor's notion of fun was different from the students' notion of fun.
"to get or secure something
> After lots of looking, Jorge obtained a job and apartment in New York City.
philosophy (noun noun)
"the study of knowledge or a set of theories knowledge and thought a basic idea of a person or organization that affects their actions
> Philosophy has always tried to answer the question ""What is the meaning of life?"" My philosophy is that if you can do something today, you shouldn't wait until tomorrow.
potential (noun adjective)
"possible ability that might be used in the future having the ability to do something in the future
> Wind and solar energy have the potential to replace oil. China is potentially the next world leader.
"exact; carefully defined
> Because the pirates weren't certain of the precise location of the gold, they dug holes all over the island.
"happening or being before
> The new CEO of Yahoo called the prior CEO of the company to get a better understanding of the company.
"to begin or continue with some action
> We will not proceed with the construction until someone tells us it is safe to build here.
range (noun verb)
"the distance between two things (like area, time, or intelligence) to be between a set minimum and maximum
> The range of scores on the test was big. In the company, the age of people ranges from 25 to 75.
"to have control over a process so that it functions properly
> Parents regulate the amount of time kids spend playing games on their phones.
"to live in a place
> I reside in California.
"a job or function; a position
> Student class president is an important role.
"to attach something so that is won't come off
> Please tightly secure the surfboards on top of the car.
shift (verb noun)
"to move something a short distance a small change in position or direction
> Please help me shift the table so it is easier for people to sit down. The recent shift that the coach made is helping the team win more games.
"the location of something
> The people of the city voted for a site downtown as the location of the new sports stadium.
"not likely to change, fall, or move secure (as in employment, finances, housing, etc)
> Make sure the ladder is stable before you climb up it!
"the rank or social class of someone or something the current situation that something is in
> The status of women has slowly improved over the past 100 years, and it continues to improve. What's the status of the new library? Are they finished building it yet?
"to help something continue, to keep going
> No animals or plants can sustain life without water.
"a set of beliefs or a culture that is passed from family to family over a long period of time
> Chris's favorite tradition is eating ham on Christmas.
"to be a different size, amount, or character when compared to something else in a similar group
> The restaurants in this area vary greatly in quantity and price.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
TOEFL - Easy
TOEFL - Hard
EAL Vocabulary Group 5
EAL Vocabulary Group 7
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Said Amir Arjomand
ELS San Diego Level 105/106 February 2014
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