Terms in this set (18)
Instruments used in baroque
Harpsichord, cello, organ, violin family
The pairing of the fellow with a harpsichord or organ
Repeating melodic pattern(ostinato). Usually played on the cello or organ. New layers are added gradually thickening texture. They use variations which means they take an original tune and add notes in between. Famous piece is Pachabel's canon.
A group of soloists play with an orchestra. Share duties of solo melodies. Later turns to concerto which means one Soloists with the orchestra.
Means little return. ABCADEA, commonly used in concertos
ABACADA, played in autumn by Vivaldi
Musical device used in instrumental or vocal music. A time is performed and answered using the same tune a fifth higher or fourth lower(sequence) by a second voice. Then can be imitated by two voices
Introductory show off bit made up of arpeggios, ascending and descending scales, and swiftly repeated chords
high female voice, subject then counter subject, then a free part, the. Subject
Lowest female voice, after subject from soprano it answers, counter subject and free parr
Fancy, melodies from an opera are linked together in sequence. Piano uses improvisatory pieces. It is contrapuntal meaning it is polyphonic. Contrast in mood and style
highest male voice part, after the first subject and answer, it starts a subject, gives countersubject, and then a free part.
lowest male voice, answers the subject from alto, and then gives a counter subject
Harpsichord chord solo(harpsichord sonata), or solo instrument accompanied by a harpsichord and cello for example violin sonata. Usually has 3-4 contrasting movements(large sections)
Used for any topic. Uses solo, duets, trios, quartets, choruses, instrumentals
Sung in the concert hall or charge, or in bible stories. Sung in native tounge.
Characteristics of baroque
Uses dotted rhythms
Terrace dynamic meaning sudden changes
Figured bass meaning keyboard players would read numbers to produce chords
Use of major and minor
Use of basso continuo.
Telemann, Corelli, albinoni, Scarlatti