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J.R.R. Tolkien; Angus Wilson
Terms in this set (36)
J.R. Tolkien prominent works?
The Hobbit; The Lord of the Rings
_______________n, in full John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (born January 3, 1892, Bloemfontein, South Africa—died September 2, 1973, Bournemouth, Hampshire, England), English writer and scholar who achieved fame with his children's book The Hobbit (1937) and his richly inventive epic fantasy The Lord of the Rings (1954-55).
At age four J.R.R. Tolkien, with his mother and younger brother, settled near Birmingham, England, after his father, a bank manager, died in South Africa. In 1900 his mother converted to Roman Catholicism, a faith her elder son also practiced devoutly. On her death in 1904, her boys became wards of a Catholic priest. Four years later Tolkien fell in love with another orphan, Edith Bratt, who would inspire his fictional character _____________. His guardian, however, disapproved, and not until his 21st birthday could Tolkien ask Edith to marry him. In the meantime, he attended King Edward's School in Birmingham and Exeter College, Oxford (B.A., 1915; M.A., 1919). During World War I he saw action in the Somme. After the Armistice he was briefly on the staff of __________________________.
Lúthien Tinúviel; The Oxford English Dictionary (then called The New English Dictionary)
For most of J.R.R. Tolkien adult life, he taught English language and literature, specializing in Old and Middle English, at the Universities of Leeds (1920-25) and Oxford (1925-59). Often busy with academic duties and also acting as an examiner for other universities, he produced few but influential scholarly publications, notably a standard edition of ___________________ (1925; with E.V. Gordon) and a landmark lecture on Beowulf (____________, 1936).
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight; Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics
J.R.R. Tolkien had completed a translation of Beowulf in 1926, and it was posthumously published, along with classroom lectures he had given on the subject, some of his notes, and an original short story inspired by the legend, as B_____________ (2014). He also published an edition of the _____________ (1962).
Beowulf: A Translation and Commentary; Ancrene Wisse
In private, J.R.R. Tolkien amused himself by writing an elaborate series of fantasy tales, often dark and sorrowful, set in a world of his own creation. He made this "legendarium," which eventually became _____________, partly to provide a setting in which "___________" languages he had invented could exist. But his tales of Arda and Middle-earth also grew from a desire to tell stories, influenced by a love of myths and legends.
The Silmarillion; Elvish
To entertain J.R.R. Tolkien's four children, he devised lighter fare, lively and often humorous. The longest and most important of those stories, begun about 1930, was ________, a coming-of-age fantasy about a comfort-loving "hobbit" (a smaller relative of Man) who joins a quest for a dragon's treasure. In 1937 The Hobbit was published, with pictures by the author (an accomplished amateur artist), and was so popular that its publisher asked for a sequel. The result, 17 years later, was Tolkien's masterpiece, ____________, a modern version of the heroic epic.
The Hobbit; The Lord of the Rings
A few elements from J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit were carried over, in particular a magic ring, now revealed to be the One Ring, which must be destroyed before it can be used by the terrible Dark Lord, Sauron, to rule the world. But The Lord of the Rings is also an extension of Tolkien's _________ tales, which gave the new book a "history" in which ______; _______; ________; _______ were already established.
Silmarillion; Elves, Dwarves, Orcs, Men
Contrary to statements often made by critics, J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings was not written specifically for children, nor is it a trilogy, though it is often published in three parts: __________; ______________________; _____________________. It was divided originally because of its bulk and to reduce the risk to its publisher should it fail to sell. In fact it proved immensely popular. On its publication in paperback in the United States in 1965, it attained cult status on college campuses. Although some critics disparage it, several polls since 1996 have named The Lord of the Rings the best book of the 20th century, and its success made it possible for other authors to thrive by writing fantasy fiction. It had sold more than 50 million copies in some 30 languages by the turn of the 21st century.
The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, and The Return of the King
A film version of J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings by New Zealand director Peter Jackson, released in three installments in 2001-03, achieved worldwide critical and financial success. Jackson then adapted The Hobbit as a trilogy comprising the films ________________________________________________
An Unexpected Journey (2012), The Desolation of Smaug (2013), and The Battle of the Five Armies (2014).
In ____________ the text of J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings was carefully corrected for a 50th-anniversary edition
Several shorter works by J.R.R. Tolkien appeared during his lifetime. These included a mock-medieval story, ________________(1949) ; ____________ (1962), poetry related to The Lord of the Rings; Tree and Leaf (1964), with the seminal lecture "_________" and the tale "_________"; and the fantasy ______________ (1967).
Farmer Giles of Ham; The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and Other Verses from the Red Book; On Fairy-Stories; Leaf by Niggle; Smith of Wootton Major
J.R.R. Tolkien in his old age failed to complete ___________, the "prequel" to The Lord of the Rings, and left it to his youngest son, _________, to edit and publish (1977).
The Silmarillion; Christopher
Subsequent study of his father's papers led Christopher to produce J.R.R. Tolkien's ____________________________ (1980); ______________ (1983-96), which traces the writing of the legendarium, including _______, through its various stages; and _________________ (Narn I Chin Hurin: The Tale of the Children of Hurin), published in 2007, one of the three "Great Tales" of The Silmarillion in longer form.
Unfinished Tales of Númenor and Middle-earth; The History of Middle-earth, 12 vol.; The Lord of the Rings, The Children of Húrin
Christopher also edited J.R.R. Tolkien's ____________ (2017), which centres on the romance between a man and an elf and was inspired by Tolkien's relationship with his wife, and ________________ (2018), the third of the "Great Tales," about an Elvish city resisting the reign of a dark lord; both books contain various retellings of the stories, including the original versions that were written in 1917.
Beren and Lúthien; The Fall of Gondolín
Among other posthumous works by J.R.R. Tolkien's are ____________________ (1976; also published as Letters from Father Christmas), _________________ (1981), the children's stories __________(1982) and ________________ (1998), and ____________________ (2009), two narrative poems drawn from northern legend and written in the style of the Poetic Edda. The Fall of Arthur (2013) is an unfinished verse exploration of Arthurian legend inspired by the Middle English Morte Arthure.
The Father Christmas Letters; The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien; Mr. Bliss; Roverandom; The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún
____________ (born Aug. 11, 1913, Bexhill, East Sussex, Eng.—died May 31, 1991, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, Eng.), British writer whose fiction—sometimes serious, sometimes richly satirical—portrays conflicts in contemporary English social and intellectual life.
Sir Angus Wilson,
Angus Wilson was the youngest of six sons born to an upper-middle-class family who lived a shabby-genteel existence in small hotels and boarding houses, chiefly in London. This unsettled world on the fringe of society is featured in many of his short stories, and he describes it in his autobiographical ______________ (1963).
Angus Wilson was educated at Westminster School, London, and Merton College, Oxford, and then worked as a cataloger at the British Museum Reading Room. His mother died when he was 15 years old, and he and his father developed a close companionship that left an emotional void at the latter's death in 1939. A nervous breakdown while working for the Foreign Office during ___________ led him to conclude that he had kept himself in a state of childlike innocence about the world and that it was necessary to become an adult, no matter how painfully. Several of the central characters in his novels and stories are also faced with this problem. He returned to the British Museum after the war, becoming deputy to the superintendent of the Reading Room until he left in 1955 to devote himself to writing. He was professor of English literature at the University of East Anglia (1966-78), becoming emeritus thereafter.
World War II
Angus Wilson's ________________ (1969) is a collection of early stories.
Death Dance: 25 Stories
Angus Wilson's first novel, ______________* (1952), is regarded by some critics as his best. Before that he had already been noticed by the reading public with the stories collected as ______________ (1949) and _____________ (1950).
Hemlock and After; The Wrong Set; Such Darling Dodos
Angus Wilson's ____________* ; _____________ offer acute pictures of a wide array of characters, chiefly learned or propertied, in British life.
Anglo-Saxon Attitudes (1956); The Old Men at the Zoo (1961)
Angus Wilson's _____________________* (1958) is a psychological portrait.
The Middle Age of Mrs. Eliot
Later novels of Angus Wilson include __; ________; _______.
Late Call (1964), As If By Magic (1973), Setting the World on Fire (1980)
Angus Wilson's __________________________; ________________ are notable biographies.
The World of Charles Dickens (1970) and The Strange Ride of Rudyard Kipling (1977)
Angus Wilson was knighted in?
________________ is a 1952 novel by British writer Angus Wilson; it was his first published novel after a series of short stories. The novel offers a candid portrayal of ____________ life in post-World War II England.
Hemlock and After; gay
In Angus Wilson's Hemlock and After, the character _____________, a prominent writer who has been given financial aid to start a writer's colony at Vardon Hall, faces a failing marriage, attempts to come to grips with his homosexuality and lives next door to a procuress for pedophiles.
Major characters of Angus Wilson?
Bernard Sands, the protagonist; a homosexual. Ella, Bernard's wife. Elizabeth, the Sands's daughter. James, the Sands's son.
________________ is a satirical novel by Angus Wilson, published in 1956. It was Wilson's most popular book, and many consider it his best work
The novel Anglo-Saxon Attitudes by Angus Wilson deals with the significance of two connected events that happened on the same day, long before the opening of the novel. The first was the excavation of an ancient and valuable archaeological idol, a phallic figure unearthed from the tomb of an Anglo-Saxon bishop ________________, known as the "_____________". Gerald has long been haunted by a drunken revelation by his friend Gilbert, who was involved with this excavation, that the whole thing was a hoax perpetrated to embarrass Gilbert's father. Gilbert told Gerald that he put the idol there. Gerald, while feeling that his friend was telling the truth, pushed the matter to the back of his mind and tried to forget about it. He now feels ashamed that he, a history professor, has never had the courage to try to resolve the matter one way or another. The second is that ________________ fell in love with Dollie, Gilbert's fiancée, and had an affair with her when his friend went off to fight in World War I. When Gilbert was killed at the front, Dollie refused to marry Gerald. He ended up marrying a Scandinavian woman named Inge but continued his affair with Dollie, who became an alcoholic. Gerald and Inge later separated. Anglo-Saxon Attitudes is full of side-plots and coincidences and contains a host of eccentric characters. Some of these characters are Gerald's family. Robin his eldest son, is a womaniser who cannot decide whether to leave his wife or his mistress. Kay has an unhappy marriage and a deeply embittered view of her father, whom she appears to blame for everything that has gone wrong in her life, including her withered hand (which was actually caused by her mother). Gerald's estranged wife, Inge is a grotesquely deluded woman who cannot bring herself to acknowledge her younger son John's homosexuality or her daughter's physical disability. Gerald feels responsible for Dollie's plight and for those of his children. He feels that the knowledge of his complicity over the Melpham affair has drained his morale and made him withdrawn and indecisive. The novel begins with him resolving to make good the 'bloody shameful waste' of his life, by investigating the Melpham affair and making peace with Dollie. He also attempts to develop better relationships with his grown-up children and with Inge. By the novel's end, Gerald achieves a measure of peace with his past. He persuades Dollie to come forward with a letter from Gilbert's father's colleague, Canon Portway, proving that the Melpham incident was a hoax; then he and Dollie begin a platonic friendship. He gives up on achieving good relations with his family.
Eorpwald; Melpham excavation; Gerald Middleton
_________________________ is a novel by Angus Wilson, first published in 1958. It won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for that year, and has been regularly reprinted ever since.
The Middle Age of Mrs Eliot
The Middle Age of Mrs Eliot by Angus Wilson describes the fortunes of ____________, a happy and active woman, the wife of a barrister, who finds herself a widow in reduced circumstances after the shocking murder of her husband abroad. Her attempts to rebuild her life are placed in contrast with the self-isolation of her brother, ____________, who lives with his dying partner Gordon at a commercial nursery in Sussex. Angus Wilson conceived the idea for the story in September 1957, while visiting Thailand, which is possibly the model for the fictional country of Badai.
Meg Eliot; David
The Middle Age of Mrs Eliot by Angus Wilson - the first edition dust jacket was designed by?
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