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Wine in Ribera del Duero, Rioja & Catalunya
Terms in this set (158)
Spanishwinelover.com, Guildsomm, wine-searcher.com, riberadelduero.es,insiderioja.wordpress.com, es.riojawine.com, thespanishacquisition.com, spanish-wines.org
Where is Ribera del Duero
Center North West Spain, Castilla y Leon
What is another name for Duero
Douro, in Portugal
Where is the first estate in Spain to be replanted on american rootstocks post phylloxera? Name
Ribera del Duero, Dehesa de los Canonigos
When was Ribera del Duero acted as a DO?
July the 21th, 1982
Climate and climate influences of Ribera del Duero
Continental with low to medium rainfall, hot and dry summer with considerable diurnal range, long and harsh winter, influence of the altitude
Name the two mountain ranges bordering the Ribera del Duero valley
Sierra de la Demanda
Sierra de Guadarrama
Climate hazards of Ribera del Duero
Spring and early autumn frost, short growing season make it difficult to ripen the grapes on cool vintages
Geology of Ribera del Duero
Sedimentary valley with geological layers cause by the river erosion, different soil types broadly correspond to main provinces
East to west, three main provinces of Ribera del Duero and their main city
Soria, San Esteban de Gormaz
Burgos, Aranda de Duero
Valladolid, Valbuena de Duero
Top estates of Ribera del Duero
Vega Sicilia, Tinto Pesquera, Dominio de Pingus,Hacienda Monasterio, Finca Villacreces, Bodegas Alion, Arzuaga, Emilio Moro, Matallana of Telmo Rodriguez
Soils of Soria
Clay, limestone and known for reddish silt
Soils of Burgos
Limestone, gravel, known for sandy conglomerates, clay, silt
Soils of Valladolid
Higher proportion of chalk/limestone, sand, gravel, loam
What are moorland characteristics'?
Low growing vegetation on low nutrients, acidic soils
It is the top soil at the original river level
Present in Ribeira del Duero
Total surface planted in vines in Ribera del Duero?
22300ha - including 14500 planted after 1990
Grape variety in Ribera del Duero?
Synonym for Tempranillo in Ribera del Duero?
Tinta del Pais
Total production of Ribera del Duero as of 2014?
Which part of Ribera del Duero concentrates the most vines?
None, eastern and western part account almost for the same percentage of vines, though the western part saw its share increasing from 22% to 49% since 1989
Which part of Ribera del Duero hosts the top estate of Vega Sicilia?
Valladolid, western part
Vintage history of Ribera del Duero
2007, 2008, 2013 cool and difficult vintages
2010, 2015 great vintage
Foundation year of Vega Sicilia? Founder?
1864, Eloy lecanda
Top wine of Vega Sicilia?
Unico, and Unico Reserva Especial
First release of Unico?
Event leading to international recognition of Vega Sicilia?
Unico acclaimed at 1917 and 1918 Barcelona World's Fair
Hungarian brand of Vega Sicilia?
Oremus, in Tokaji
Premium wine flavor, texture, aspect profile in Ribera del Duero?
Deep red, might show some age
black and blue fruit with age evolution
likely to show game and other tertiary aromas
high mineral dimension
firm tannin structure
Which grape variety and % to qualify as red DO wine in Ribera del Duero?
75% min Tempranillo, balance possible with CS, Merlot, Malbec up until 95% min, then Garnacha or Albillo
Which grape variety and % to qualify as rosé DO wine in Ribera del Duero?
50% min of any of the authorized red varieties
Name the only white grape variety in Ribera del Duero? Use? Albillo, for white wine that don't qualify as DO or in blended with reds as a softener
Quality levels of wine within the Ribera del Duero DO?
Joven: less than 1 year in barrel
Crianza rosé: released 18 months after vintage, min 6 months in barrel
Crianza red: released 1st october of second year after vintage, min 1 year in barrel
Reserva: released 1st october of third year after vintage, min 1 year in barrel
Gran Reserva: released 1st october of fifth years after vintage, 2 years in barrel and 3 in bottle
Spain's 2nd most expensive wine?
Pingus, created 1995 by Peter Sisseck
Location of Rioja
North-East-North Spain, mainly Rioja administrative region, small northermost part in Navarra & Pais Vasco
Geographical feature of la Rioja
Ebro river running through it, Sierra de la Demanda and Sierra de Cantabria mountain ranges surround it
Which mountains provides a rainshadow effect to la Rioja
Cantabrian mountain, shelters from cold, wet influence from Atlantic Ocean
Origin of the name Rioja?
Oja, small tributary of the Ebro
What is a "calimocho" or "kalimotxo"?
Traditionnally, red rioja and coke, also called "Rioja libre"
When was the first spanish poetry written?
13th century, by Gonzalo de Berceo, about Rioja wine
What happened in 1787 in Rioja?
Creation of the "Real Junta de Cosecheros" ("Royal Association of the Harvesters) with the objective of growing better quality grape and increasing the wine quality in order to export up north
Which other european region had a strong influence on winemaking in Rioja? Why?
Bordeaux, starting XIX° - Because of the Phylloxera, negociants started sourcing from Rioja and influenced the winemaking.
When was la Rioja promoted to DO?
When was la Rioja promoted to DOCa?
Three sub-regions of la Rioja
Oriental formerly Baja (since april 12th of 2018)
Origin of the name "Alavesa"?
From the Basque region "Alava" where it is entirely located
Requirement for a wine to be labelled as coming from a sub-zone in la Rioja?
100% of grape and wine coming from the zone
Requirement for a wine to be labelled as coming from a single estate in la Rioja?
20% lower yield
must be manually harvested
approved by Consejo Regulador
vines min 35yrs old
winery working on the vineyard since min 10 yrs
General climate and climate influences of la Rioja?
Warm mediterranean, with oceanic influence from the north tempered by rainshadow effect
Soil and climate of la Rioja Oriental aka Baja?
Drier and warmer climate with alluvials and rich ferrous clay soils
Soil and climate of la Rioja Alta?
More oceanic influence leads to more rainfall and lower temperature; soils of yellow calcareous clay and reddish ferrous clay
Soil and climate of la Rioja Alavesa?
More oceanic influence leads to more rainfall and lower temperature; soils of calcareous clay
Which characteristics has the wine of each sub-region of La Rioja?
Rioja Alavesa: more freshness
Rioja Oriental: more extraction and abv
Rioja Alta: more structure, acidity, minerality
What is likely to change in la Rioja the year(s) to come?
Introduction of subdivisions in villages
Which organisms have authority on wine regulation in Spain?
The regulatory board or "consejo regulador" - one per DO,DOCa
Which white grapes are authorised in la Rioja?
Viura, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo must account together for min 50% - as well as Malvasia, Garnacha Blanca, Tempranillo Blanca, Maturana Blanca, Turruntes
Synonym for Viura in la RIoja
Which red grapes are authorised in la Rioja?
Tempranillo - as well as Garnacha, Mazuelo, Graciano, Maturana Tinta must account altogether for min 95% if destemmed or else 85%
Aging qualifications for red Rioja?
Crianza: min 2 yrs including 1 years in barrel
Reserva: min 3 yrs with 1 years in barrel and 6 months in bottle
Gran Reserva: min 5 yrs with 2 yrs in barrel and 2 years in bottle
Aging qualifications for white and rosé Rioja?
Crianza: 2yrs including 6 months in barrel, rest in stainless steel or bottle.
Reserva: min 2 yrs with 6 months in barrel, stainless steel excluded
Gran Reserva: min 4 yrs with 6 months in barrel
Name of the wine produced according to traditionnal method in la Rioja?
Vino Espumosa Calidad
What are the conditions to qualify as a Vino Espumosa Calidad?
Same location from the primary fermentation to the labelling
No additions, coloring, filtrations
Transfer method allowed for bottle smaller than 75cl and larger than 3L
What is a Vino Espumosa Gran Añada?
Comes entirely from a single vintage
Aging qualification for Vino Espumoso Calidad?
Vino Espumoso: min 15 months on lees
Reserve: 24 months on lees
Gran Reserve: 36 months on lees
Sweetness level of Vino Espumosa Calidad?
Brut Nature: <3g per L RS
Extra Brut: 3g to 6g per L RS
Brut: 12g per L RS Max
Total wine production of la Rioja?
280 to 300ML, 90% red
Traditional style of Rioja red wine?
American oak, muted red fruit, soft tannins and good acidity
Modern style of Rioja red wine?
French oak, riper and darker fruit, more extraction
Traditional style of Rioja white wine?
Wood-toned, oxidative and textural
Modern style of Rioja white wine?
Clean and fruity
Top producers and top wines of la Rioja
Lopez de Heredia (Viña Tondonia Res. - W&R; & G.Res.)
La Rioja Alta S.A (G.Res. 904 & 890 & Viña Ardanza Res.)
Marques de Murrieta (Castillo d'Ygay G.Res.)
CVNE (G.Res. & Res. Imperial)
Artadi (Viña El Pison)
Telmo Rodriguez & Remelluri (Altos de Lanzaga, Las Beatas; Lindes de Remelluri)
Benjamin de Rothschild & Vega Sicilia (Macan)
Vintages of la Rioja since 2000
Less good: 2014,2013, 2003, 2002, 2000
Synonym for Carignan in Rioja
Location of Catalonia
North-east of Spain
Capital of Catalonia
Which city in Catalonia has the same name as an Australian grape variety?
Synonym for Tempranillo in Catalonia
Ull de Llebre, hare's eye
Where is Picpoul native from? A synonym in this region?
Synonym for Carignan in Catalonia
Synonym for Mourvedre in Catalonia
Synonym for Xarel-lo in Alella
Synonym for Malvasia in Penedès
Geography of Catalonia
Bordered by Mediterranean sea on the east, Pyrenees mountain on the north, Ebro river going through
With which region Catalonia shares a common heritage?
Languedoc, split in 17th when offered to France by king of Spain
Where, when and by whom was first introduced methode traditionnelle in Spain?
Catalonia, San Sadurni d'Anoia in Alt-Penedès, 1872s by José Raventos
When did Rene Barbier first planted vines?
Climate of Catalonia and climate influences
Warm Mediterranean with moderate rainfall. Cooler areas on elevated sites, continental influence as we enter the land
DOs and DOQ of Catalonia, north to south, east to west
Pla de Bages DO
Costers del Segre DO
Conca de Barbera DO
Terra Alta DO
When was Catalunya acted as DO? Why?
1999, to provide a general DO for wine outside of any of the other 11
Location and date of creation of Emporda DO
1975, Northestern corner of Spain, bordering Banyuls in France
Style produced in Emporda
Rosé wines from Cariñena
traditionnally heavy sweet wine from sun-dried Garnacha
Origin of the name "Emporda"
Emporiae, ancient greek name for the zone
Climate influence in Empora
The strong wind "Tramontana" coming from the Pyrénées Mountains, moderating the warmth, but potentially damaging the vine
Soils in Empora
Loose and noticeable lime content
Location and date of creation of Pla de Bages DO
1995, 50km Northwest of Barcelona
Origin of the name "Pla de Bages"
Derivates from plain and Bacchus, roman god of wine
Climate of Pla de Bages
High diurnal range, more continental than rest of Catalonia, cooler in Alt Bages (upper part)
Soil of Pla de Bages
More lime content in Alt Bages, alluvials in Pla des Bages
Style produced in Pla de Bages
Best known for Picapoll, Macabeo, Parellada in cooler areas.
Ull de Llebre, garnacha in warmer sites
white and red international varieties
Location and date of creation of Costers del Segre DO
1988, Inland of Catalonia
Origin of the name "Costers del Segre"
Means banks of Segre - a tributary of the Ebro
Name and location of the largest private winery in Spain
Raimat, western extremity of Costers del Segre, one of the most innovative spanish winery, founded 1914
Climate of Costers del Segre DO
Semi-arid and continental, marked season, high diurnal range
Sub-regions of Costers del Segre DO, north to south
Artesa de Segre
Valls del Riucorb
Style produced in Costers del Segre DO
Grapes produced for Cava in cooler areas
Ull de Llebre, Garnacha, International varieties, Trepat, Monastrell on warmer sites
Which DO was the first to authorized international grape varieties in Catalonia?
Costers del Segre DO
Location and date of creation of Alella DO
1953, northeast of Penedès, on the coast
Climate of Alella DO
Mediterranean, with variation according to topography (60 to 250m)
Soil of Alella DO
Granite, granite sands, limestone
Style produced in Alella DO
Mainly crip, dry, floral white wine from Xarel-lo aka Pansa Blanca, provides for Cava, Garnacha Blanca, Viura, Chard & Sav
Some red and rosé based on Monastrell, Garnacha, Tempranillo, CS, Merlot, Syrah
Sweet wine: Dolç Mataro, Xarel-lo dessert wine
What is threatening the vineyards of Alella?
Expansion of Barcelona's suburbs
Location and date of creation of Penedès DO
1960, directly west of Barcelona
Climate of Penedès DO
Mediterranean, warm summers, mild winters, moderate rainfall, notable variation according to topography
Three climatic sub-zones of Penedès and styles
Baix Penedes - low lying warmer areas, full body red wines of Garnatxa and Monastrell. Some white sweet fortified white Malvasia de Sitges
Medio Penedes - Ull de Llebre thriving there
Alt Penedes - altitude-cooled hills, one of highest wine making area in Europe, freshest white wines
Soil of Penedès DO
calcareous and clay like, with higher proportion of sand in lower part
Style produced in Penedès DO
Red from Garnacha, Cariñena, Monastrell & Tempranillo. Some Merlot & CS.
White from Macabeo, Parellada, Xarel-lo and Chardonnay
Top producer of Penedès DO
What characterises the Sparkling Espumoso labelled Penedès?
Produced exclusively from organic grapes.
Might be made from ancestral method, aged on lees for four years and undisgorged.
Location and date of creation of Cava DO
1970, The DO is stylewise and artificially encompasses producers of Cava - Aragon, Navarra, Rioja, Pais Vasco, Valencia and Extremadura also produces Cava (less than 5%)
Origin of the name Cava
From the stone cellars in which the wine is matured
What percentage of Cava is produced in Penedès?
Which innovations in the traditional method were originated in Catalonia?
Gyropalette, dosage levels
Imported to Champagne
Grapes authorized for Cava?
Parellada, Xarel-lo, Macabeu, Chard, PN, Garnacha Tinta, Monastrell, Trepat & Malvasia (Subirat).
Aging on lees requirement for Cava
9 months for basic
15 months for Reserva
30 months for Gran Reserva
Sweetness level of Cava
Brut nature 0-3g/L
Extra brut 0-6g/L
Extra Dry/Sec 12-17g/L
Style produced from Cava DO
Traditional grape varieties give earthy (attributed to Xarel-lo) and citrus tinged grape, Chard. & PN better suited for lee aging and autolysis
What mark do the bottles of Cava always bear?
A four pointed star on the cork
Top producers of Cava DO
Gramona, Recaredo, Raventos
Location and date of creation of Conca de Barbera DO
1985, between Tarragona and Costers del Segre
Origin of the name Conca de Barbera
"Conca" means basin
Climate of Conca de Barbera DO
Mediterranean with continental influences because of the hills surrounding the area
Influence of altitude
Soil of Conca de Barbera DO
high proportion of limestone and slate at higher altitude
Style produced in Conca de Barbera DO
Production of Macabeo, Parellada, Chard & Trepat for Cava
Red from Garnacha, Mazuelo, Ull de Llebre, CS, Merlot
Location and date of creation of Tarragona DO
1947, split in two both sides of Monsant DO, formerly part of it
Origin of the name Tarragona
From the city of the same name
Name of two different part of Tarragona DO
Tarragona Campo by the sea
Ribera d'Ebre, sheltered by the Serra de Montalt
Climate of Tarragona DO
Mediterranean in Tarragona Campo
Greater temperature variation in Ribera d'Ebre
Soil of Tarragona DO
Calcarous, stony and alluvial in Ribera d'Ebre
Calcareous and granitic in Tarragona Campo
Style produced in Tarragona DO
Traditionnally sweet fortified: Moscatell de Tarragona, Garnatxa de Tarragona, Vino Rancio (oxidized), Vimblanc (from overripe grapes)
Some white for Cava
Some red from Garnacha, Cariñena, Ull de Llebre
Location and date of creation of Monsant DO
2001, formerly known as Falset, inbetween two subzones of Tarragona and surrounding Priorat
Climate of Monsant DO
High diurnal variation between warm day and cooler night
Soil of Monsant DO
Licorella: high in granite and slate
Style produced in Monsant DO
Red from Garnacha and Cariñena. Ull de Llebre, CS, Merlot, Syrah.
Vi Ranci (oxidative & fortified)
Mistelas (vin de liqueur)
Top producer from Monsant DO
René Barbier (Espectacle del Montsant)
Location and date of creation of Priorat DOQ/DOCa
1954 DO, 2000 DOQ, 2009 DOCa, heart of Monsant DO
Climate of Priorat DOQ/DOCa
Mediterranean with continental edge, mountainous area
One of driest, warmest areas in Spain
Soil of Priorat DOQ/DOCa
Llicorella, slate and squartz soil
According to the legend, with which 4 winemaker René Barbier revolutionized wine making in Priorat?
Barbier - Clos Mogador
Glorian - Clos Erasmus
Carles Pastrana - Clos de l'Obac
Álvaro Palacios - Clos Dofí
Pérez - Clos Martinet
How many winemakers were actually part of the adventure of the clos Priorat wine?
Fernando Garcia - Clos Setien
Toni Basté - Clos Basté Krüg
Antonio Rosario - Clos Ballesteros
Adrian Garsed - Clos Garsed
Luc Van Iseghem - CLos dels Llops
are often forgotten...
Which year was the clos Priorat wine released?
1989, single wine under five different labels
Style produced in Priorat DOQ/DOCa
Classically red from old vine Garnacha & Cariñena, very low yields, concentrated licorice, tar and brandied cherry, aged min 12 months in oak
Top producers of Priorat
René Barbier, Alvaro Palacios, Clos Mogador, Clos Erasmus, Costers del Siurana, Mas Martinet
What was established in 2009 in Priorat?
12 village authorised
Vintage of Priorat
Excellent: 2015, 2010, 2001
Less good: 2011, 2008
Location and date of creation of Terra Alta DO
1972, south west of Catalonia
Origin of the name Terra Alta DO
High land, highest altitude in Catalonia
Which painter enjoyed the landscapes of Terra Alta?
Climate of Terra Alta DO
Mix mediterranean and continental, long hot summer and cold winters
Moderating influence of El Cierzo, dry wind from the Ebro valley
Soil of Terra Alta DO
Clay and coastal limestone
Style produced in Terra Alta DO
White from Cava and international varietals
Red from traditional spanish and international varietals
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