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Social Studies Chapter 7-10
Terms in this set (71)
the natural features on the surface of the Earth. (Water, land, and plant)
The shape and elevation of surface features
the plants of a place or region
an occurrence in which very strong winds blow sand around very forcefully in the desert
paper made from papyrus reeds that was used in ancient times
located in Southwest Asia. Flows from the Lebanon Mountain, through the Sea of Galilee, into the Dead Sea.
The longest river in the world, flowing through eastern Africa to a delta in northeaster Egypt
long channel of salty water between Africa and Southwest Asia.
Salt lake that creates a boarder between Israel and Jordan
Sea of Galilee
large freshwater lake found in northern Canaan
large body of water north of Africa
a piece of land shaped like a triangle that is formed when a river splits into smaller rivers before it flows into an ocean
a ruler of ancient Egypt
a written agreement by which two or more states agree to peaceful relation
a body treated for burial with preservatives in the manner of the ancient Egyptian
a length of time
"Pyramid Age" of Egypt when pharaohs set up a strong central government.
Period of Reunification in Egypt. Many great artistic achievements.
"Golden Age" of Egypt with peace and stability. Built massive monument.
something that has been built
the government or controlling power
Located in Giza, the center of a huge complex of temples and monuments.
the period of time someone rules, usually royalty
a secret plan made for a specific purpose, to bring about a certain outcome
A small temple made of hard white stone.
A great temple built into a cliff above the Nile River.
Tall, thin monument.
Mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a man.
A famous boy Egyptian pharaoh whom historians call "King Tut"
Egyptian pharaoh best known as the architect of a famous pyramid
Unified Egypt and encouraged the growth of the arts.
One of Egypt's first female pharaohs. Known for art, architecture, and trade.
Reigned Egypt for more than 60 years. Best known for military leadership and building monuments.
Holiday uniting the different levels of Egyptian society in honor of the pharaoh and the god Amon-Re
Outline showing the positions of social classes according to their status in a society
The symbol based language of Ancient Egypt
A large stone coffin
Method of preserving a dead body
An embalmed corpse of an Ancient Egyptian
An existence after death
A way of life that offers much more than what is necessary
Oversees the wealth of a group or nation
Showing no special favor to either side in a dispute
Advised the Pharaoh and supervised other government officials.
Largest social class which provided unskilled labor, like farming or building
Highly skilled craftsmen, but had little social status.
Respected in society for recording information for government and religious leaders
Powerful group in charge religious temples, rituals, and ceremonies.
Powerful and wealthy Egyptians who carried out the orders of the Pharaoh
Importance in a society
A group in a society that is ranked by factors such as wealth, property, and rights
A ruler of ancient Egypt
A society along the Nile River, south of Egypt, from about 2000 B.C.E. to 350 C.E.
One of a Kind
Another name for the kingdom of Kush. Comes from Nub, the Egyptian word for gold.
To create something secure and longstanding
A powerful leader of Kush who conquered Egypt around 730 B.C.E.
A city on the Nile River that became the center of Kushite culture and industry
A family or group that rules for several generations
Kushite leaders of Egypt who ruled for nearly a century; revived Egypt to past glory.
Beautiful temple built during the age of the Black Pharaohs, modeled after the temples at Abu Simbel
Capital city of Kush that was destroyed by Egypt around 590 B.C.E.
Drove the Kushites out of Egypt from 671 to 650 B.C.E.
To move goods or people from one place to another
Industrial materials supplied by nature
Spoken and written language of the people of Kush
A powerful female leader who co-ruled Kush with her husband and sons
One of the greatest kandakes, she defended Kush from being conquered by the Romans.
Defeated the Kingdom of Kush in 350 C.E.
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