Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills - state standards for what students should know and be able to do. In regards to TEKS, the State Board of Education chooses and nominates parents, teachers, business and industry leaders, and different employers to be members of the TEKS review committees. TEKS are done by subject and grade level. Areas of TEKs include: English, Language Arts and Reading, Science, Mathematics, Social Studies, Physical Education, Health Education, Fine Arts, and more. An instructional approach that engages ELLs above the beginner level in developing grade-level content-area knowledge, academic skills, and increased English proficiency. In these classes, teachers use clear, direct, simple English and a wide range of scaffolding strategies to communicate meaningful input in the content area to students. Learning activities that connect new content to students' prior knowledge, that require collaboration among students, and that spiral through curriculum material, offer ELLs the grade-level content instruction of their English-speaking peers, while adapting lesson delivery to suit their English proficiency level.
Mainstreaming ESL Students:
Sheltered Instruction, is a teaching style founded on the concept of providing meaningful instruction in the content areas (social studies, math, science) for transitioning Limited English Proficient (LEP) students toward higher academic achievement as a student reaches fluency in English. In this way students are constantly being put in the (main) student population.
They are: communicative view of language, structural view of language, and interactional view of language. The structural view of language is associated with a system with organizationally related elements for the transmission of meaning. Elements under this view include: phonological units (phonemes), grammatical units (phrases, sentences, clauses), grammatical operations (adding, transforming elements, joining elements, shifting), and lexical items (structure words and function words).