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us history test 1
Terms in this set (44)
The first Americans arrived on the North American continent approximately
12-20 thousand years ago
Agriculture arose in North America (and western hemisphere more generally
Nearly simultaneously as in Asia/eastern hemisphere
The crops most commonly grown by Native Americans, also called the "Three Sisters," include all of the following except
What is the best term to describe Native American ancestry/descent?
What was the name of the largest city in the Mississippian Empire?
What is the name of the Native American group who lived in Chaco Canyon?
Most Native Americans understood property rights as primarily relating to which of the following concepts?
Under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, the Portuguese emerged as an early sea power. Which of these inventions contributed to Portuguese sea-faring?
Christopher Columbus sailed under the flag of which nation?
What was the name of the first native group that Columbus encountered?
Hernan Cortes relied on a native woman to conquer the Aztecs. What did he call her?
Dona Marina/La Malinche
Which of the following proved essential to the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs?
All of the above(Native dissension, Smallpox, persuasion)
In the 130 years after contact, approximately what proportion of Native Americans had died?
All of the following crops were first introduced to Europe through the Columbian Exchange except
What was the name of the most powerful Native American group in sixteenth-century Florida?
What was the first permanent European settlement in the current American Southwest?
The writings of which Spanish missionary most directly led to the development of the Black Legend?
Bartolome de las Casas
The Northwest Passage allegedly promised a water-route to
The Headright Policy promised which of the following?
50 acres for anyone paying the passage of an English immigrant to Virginia
What proved to be the salvation of Jamestown
Which of the following European countries offered the most religious liberty?
The Dutch used what kind of labor to construct New Amsterdam?
England's so-called "Golden Age," that included the works of Shakespeare, occurred under the reign of which monarch?
Which of the following best describes the economic activity of the Dutch in New Netherlands?
Trade with Indians
Justification from African slavery partly derived from interpretations of a biblical curse placed on Noah. This curse was known as _______?
Curse of Ham
Jamestown was established in a disastrous location. What proved to be the worst aspect of the location?
brackish tidal water
In the late sixteenth century, England went to war with which nation?
When did slavery first emerge in Virginia?
The Dutch sold 20 Africans to Virginia colonists
The expansion of the Iroquois pushed many Algonquian-speaking Indians into the "middle ground," located in what region?
Who led the Pueblo Revolt?
The Spanish king adopted which of the following policies for enslaved Africans who escaped English territory to St. Augustine, Florida?
Slaves escaping from the English were freed
Puritans derived their theology primarily from which system of Christian thought?
Puritans led the revolt against King Charles I in what is now called
The Glorious Revolution
What was the most common means for colonists to acquire Native American slaves?
What is the term that slaves used for the voyage across the Atlantic?
Enslaved Africans sold in North America differed from most slave communities. What was the most important distinction?
higher percentage of women
Most slaves were taken from which region in Africa?
What is the current estimate of the number of Africans forcibly relocated from Africa to the New World? (i.e., not just to English colonies, but to whole "New World".)
11 to 12 million
Slave status was tracked through which family member?
What was a motivating factor in the creation of colonies such as Maryland, Connecticut, and Rhode Island?
Bacon's Rebellion and King Phillip's War occurred at approximately the same time, in Virginia and Massachusetts respectively. Both conflicts grew out of which of the following causes?
Desires for democracy
What crop led to the creation of large plantations and great wealth for the elite in the Carolinas?
The English survived the Yamasee War by developing an alliance with what powerful group?
The Walking Purchase of 1737 seized land from Indians in which colony?
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