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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Estriol
  2. Corticotropin Releasing Hormone
  3. Ghrelin
  4. Aldosterone
  5. Melatonin
  1. a a hunger-arousing hormone secreted by an empty stomach
  2. b signals the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) from the pituitary
  3. c "salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+ by the kidneys. Na+ retention promotes water retention, which promotes a higher blood volume and pressure
  4. d a major estrogen during pregnancy, the estrogen synthesized by the placenta
  5. e targets the brain to control circadian rhythms and circannual rhythms, and may be involved in maturation of sex organs

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. secreted by gastrointestinal tract; enhance glucose-stimulated release of insulin; inhibit glucagon
  2. enzyme that is produced by the kidney; important for blood pressure and volume regulation; catalyzes the conversion of circulating angiotensinogen to angiotensin I
  3. causes thyroid gland cells to secrete T3 and T4; stimulates thyroid growth
  4. Produced by the thymus gland during childhood, this hormone stimulates T-lymphocyte development and differentiation.
  5. neurotransmitter found in several brain areas, most notably the hypothalamus, that stimulates eating behavior and reduces metabolism, promoting positive energy balance and weight gain

5 True/False questions

  1. Hepcidina protein secreted by fat cells, when abundant causes the brain to increase metabolism and decreases hunger.


  2. Adrenocorticotropic Hormonepromotes water retention, in high concentrations is also a vasoconstrictor. both of these effects raise the blood pressure


  3. Serotonina neurotransmitter involved in sleep, depression; precursor of melatonin


  4. Leukotrienesfatty molecules of the immune system that regulate inflammation, especially in the lungs; they are heavily involved in the problems associated with asthma and bronchitis


  5. Insulin-Like Growth Factoraffects size of an individual by promoting cell division, protein synthesis, and bone growth


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