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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Activin
  2. Prolactin
  3. Orexin
  4. Amylin
  5. Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
  1. a plays a critical role in preventing abnormal consciousness transitions, particularly into REM sleep; may stimulate hunger
  2. b antagonist to inhibin: enhances FSH biosynthesis and secretion, and participates in the regulation of the menstrual cycle
  3. c targets the mammary glands stimulating them to produce breastmilk
  4. d signals the release of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary
  5. e Works w/ insulin & glucagon to maintain normal blood sugar

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a protein secreted by fat cells, when abundant causes the brain to increase metabolism and decreases hunger.
  2. a hunger-arousing hormone secreted by an empty stomach
  3. Function not well understood; secreted by adipocytes (fat cells) and may communicate signal low blood sugar; recently associated with the development of insulin insensitivity
  4. promotes water retention, in high concentrations is also a vasoconstrictor. both of these effects raise the blood pressure
  5. promotes the utilization of fat by the body and is a precursor to the endorphins

5 True/False questions

  1. Calcitriolsteroid hormone produced by the kidneys in response to the presence of PTH; stimulates calcium and phosphate ion absorption in the digestive tract; the active form of Vitamin D


  2. Epinephrineadrenaline; activates a sympathetic nervous system by making the heart beat faster, stopping digestion, enlarging pupils, sending sugar into the bloodstream, preparing a blood clot faster


  3. IncretinsHormone produced by the pancreas that is released when stimulated by elevated glucose levels. This hormone decreases blood sugar levels by accelerating the transport of glucose into the body cells where it is oxidized for energy or converted to glycogen or fat for storage.


  4. Prostacyclinshave an immediate, short-term localized effect, involved in inflammation and pain, blood flow, and blood clotting, as well as other factors


  5. Gastrinsreleased by the stomach in the presence of food; gastrin promotes muscular activity of the stomach as well as secretion of hydrochloric acid, pepsinogen, and mucus