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Chapter 1 - What Is Industrial and Organizational Psychology?
Terms in this set (25)
industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology
The application of psychological principles, theory, and research to the work setting.
Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP)
An association to which many I-Opsychologists, both practitioners and researchers, belong. Designated as Division 14 of the American Psychological Association (APA).
Field of psychology that addresses issues such as recruitment, selection, training, performance appraisal, promotion, transfer, and termination.
human resources management (HRM)
Practices such as recruitment, selection, retention, training, and development of people (human resources) in order to achieve individual and organizational goals.
Field of psychology that combines research from social psychology and organizational behavior and addresses the emotional and motivational side of work.
human engineering or human factors psychology
The study of the capacities and limitations of humans with respect to a particular environment.
A model that uses scientific tools and research in the practice of I-O psychology.
TIP (The Industrial Organizational Psychologist)
Quarterly newsletter published by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology; provides I-O psychologists and those interested in I-O psychology with the latest relevant information about the field.
Program that requires individuals to work in return for government subsidies.
Accomplishing work tasks from a distant location using electronic communication media.
Team that has widely dispersed members working together toward a common goal and linked through computers and other technology.
A well-known intelligence test designed for testing one individual at a time. Originally developed by Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon in 1905, the Binet-Simon test was updated starting in 1916 by Lewis Terman and colleagues at Stanford University, which led to the test's current name.
A movement based on principles developed by Frederick W. Taylor, who suggested that there was one best and most efficient way to perform various jobs.
time and motion studies
Studies that broke every action down into its constituent parts, timed those movements with a stopwatch, and developed new and more efficient movements that would reduce fatigue and increase productivity.
Australian psychologist Elton Mayo proposed that this mental state resulted from the mind-numbing, repetitive, and difficult work that characterized U.S. factories in the early 20th
Research done at the Hawthorne, Illinois, plant of the Western Electric Company that began as attempts to increase productivity by manipulating lighting, rest breaks, and work hours. This research showed the important role that workers' attitudes played in productivity.
Human Relations Movement
The results of the Hawthorne studies ushered in this movement, which focused on work attitudes and the newly discovered emotional world of the worker.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Federal legislation that prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, which define what are known as protected groups. Prohibits not only intentional discrimination but also practices that have the unintentional effect of discriminating against individuals because of their race, color, national origin, religion, or sex.
American Psychological Association (APA)
The major professional organization for psychologists of all kinds in the United States.
A system in which individuals share meanings and common ways of viewing events and objects.
Manager or professional assigned to work in a location outside of his or her home country.
A culture that values the group more than the individual.
A culture that values the individual more than the group.
A culture that minimizes distances between individuals.
A culture that accepts and depends upon distances between individuals.
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