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PSYC348 - Demography, SLT/SISLT and Addiction
Terms in this set (72)
A family is defined as...
A social system involving commitment and interaction that provides group identification and support for its members.
Definitions of family differ for ... and ...
Statistics NZ and Psychological definitions
There is more ... continuity in families compared to ... continuity.
Psychological ... Demographic
Aggressive behaviour is intended to cause...
physical or psychological harm
Bandura challenged previous theorists by extending beyond.... and considering...
Behaviourism (reward and punishment) ... Modelling/observational learning
The two main influences on Bandura's Classic Experiment procedure were
1. Exposure to model
2. Aggression Priming
Banduras study on imitation found that imitation was differentially influenced by the ... of the model
The effects if exposure to a model could be due to what 3 effects?
- Learning a new behaviour
Healthy social modelling is shown to...
- Diminish aggression
- Promote prosocial functioning
- Promote standards of conduct (morals) which include empathy, sharing and altruism
What factors influence the outcome of social modelling?
- Status of model
- Relatability of model
- Similarity of model
- Perceived competence of model
- Reinforcing consequences
Social learning may be promoted by what factors?
- Multiple demonstrations across tasks
- Task analysis and sub-task development
- Sequential demonstrations
- Coping rather than mastery models
- Developmental appropriateness
Learning by social modelling is a result of what processes?
- Attentional processes
- Representational processes
- Production processes
- Motivational processes
.... and .... are key factors to social learning theory...
Self-efficacy and agency
Bandura takes a ... perspective to SLT
In what 3 ways is self-efficacy generated?
- Mastery experiences (most effective)
- Social modelling
- Social persuasion (turns to self-fulfilling prophecy)
Self efficacy is not universally applicable but...
The PSOC scale stands for
Parental Sense of Competence
What is PCI?
a non profit organisation set up to improve parental self-efficacy and evoke the notion of exemplary models.
What 3 observational learning principles are used in PCI?
Ecological validity, representativeness and generality
Social models must be
Positive, competent and relatable
Gerald Patterson developed the... which core principles/processes of learning behaviour are...
Social interactional social learning theory (SISLT) ...
Coercion, escalation, reinforcement and compliance
ABC's stand for...
Antecedents, Behaviour, Consequences
what is social learning?
Changes in behaviour or learning that occur as a function of contingencies that characterise social interactions
Patterson has 2 main questions in his theory.. this are...
How (what are the mechanisms that result in change?)
Content (What behaviours are modelled and reinforced/punished?)
Patterson differed from Bandura as he considered ...
Role of family ecology and contextual variables.
By age of ..., all children are thought to have acquired some antisocial behaviour. This raises the questions of...
3-4. Why do some children perform antisocial behaviours at higher rates than others?
Patterson was a ... theorist, which meant he believed 'trivial' antisocial behaviours were ....
Patterson's clinical research strategy involved... processes of data collection.
Multi-agent and multi-method
He transformed his data into ... by developing a coding system.
Through .... and ...., he observed family interactions
Functional analyses and quantitative models
.... are the fundamental mechanisms by which aggression emerges and stabilises over time. This is known as .... theory.
Coercive interactions. Coercion theory.
The use of aversive behaviours or stimulus by one member of a dyad contingent on the behaviour of another person
Something we want to escape from (avert)
Coercion is a behaviour trap because..
one member gets positive reinforcement while one gets negative reinforcement
What is the underlying principle of escalation theory? What does this result in?
Less delayed (quicker) reinforcers are more reinforcing that delayed ones.
Results in child increasing intensity and aversiveness of demand rapidly because parent is more likely to comply.
The ... trap explains why aversive behaviours may continue and be difficult to overcome.
Antisocial behaviour may be ... / ...onset or ... / .... onset.
Early onset / life course persistant
late onset / adolescent limited
There are 4 stages in Pattersons ... model.
The first is ... and is most important as ...
1. Discipling and monitoring
Failure to uphold results in failure of basic socialisation in child.
Antisocial is/is not identifiable before school entry?
Antisocial children are ... times more likely to engage in unprovoked aggression.
2 to 5 x more likely
What is the first antidote too coercion? This is facilitated by ...
- Compliance (of children).
One instruction at a time
Start over stop format (positive over negative)
(best when combined with reinforcement for compliance I.e. reward/ praise)
This antidote to coercion should then extend into...
The developmental sequence (that helps to avoid coercion) is ...
Compliance, Cooperation, rule following.
Parents of antisocial children have been found to be...
Less skilled in managing antisocial behaviour
Antisocial children may experience high rates of punishment as they are...
Shut out of positive social groups and form negative attitudes towards adults and school.
Stage 3 of the Vile weed model talks about
Deviant peer groups (In adolescence)
Antisocial development in early ages may be evident in ...
Tantrums and lack of compliance
Life course persistent aggression makes up ... % of antisocial children
Antisocial developmental pathways may be...
Overt (Aggression), Covert (stealing, lying) or Authority conflicting (Oppositional defiance/ conduct disorder)
The Positive Parenting Programme (Triple P) consists of ... (5) levels of support.
- Primary care
What 3 measures are used in Triple P?
ECBI - child problem behaviour
DASS - Parent psychological wellbeing
PSOC - Parent sense of competence
Triple P modalities include:
Individual vs. group
Face-to-face vs distance
Results of a child's behavioural assessment are presented to parents with an approach called...
Guided participation (results, prognosis/causes, treatments).
Highest level (for most severe cases) of Triple P is the...
Enhanced level (level 5)
Webster-Stratton developed the ... interventions
incredible years is a comprehensive set of curricula designed to promote...
The tiers of incredible years paradigm begins with... , then goes to...
universal, disadvantaged, Behavioural issues and diagnosed clinical problems.
Project Early ChCh is an intervention for...
Groups are divided into ages...
Children who are developing along an antisocial pathway and have been identified by the NZ advisory group on Conduct Problems.
3-7, 8-12 and 13-17.
Project early advocates that .... interventions are most effective and cost effective.
Family systems may be...
Opoids are highly addictive. They...
Sedate the CNS while mimicking endorphins.
The most commonly used opioid substitution treatment is known as... This is especially recommended for opioid dependent ... women.
Methadone maintenance treatment. Pregnant.
Neonatal Abstinente Syndrome (NAS) is..
Withdrawal from in utero opioid exposure.
Symptoms of NAS include
Disorganised/ highpitch cry
Poor sucking/feeding reflex
When compared with non-ME (methadone exposed) infants, ME infants are at increased risk of ...
Low birth weight
Small head circumference
MMT takes a ' ' approach by ... Some positives are...
Harm-reduction by suppressing withdrawal with a substance that occupies the opiate receptors.
Improved behavioural stability
Fewer obstetric complications
Increase contact with healthcare specialists.
Through the... , prenatal ME may have direct negative effects on the baby in later life.
Through , prenatal ME may have indirect negative effects on the baby in later life.
Due to ... prenatal ME may have genetic and epigenetic negative effects on the baby in later life.
Differences in tendency to be addicted, temperament, genetic predispositions,
The MIP study showed that ME at 18mths and 2 yr follow up assessments appeared to have resulted in ...
Higher rates of cognitive delay
Early language and communication difficulties
Decreased social competence
The ' ...' Model describes the transactional relationship between ME children and their caregivers that may further result in negative outcomes.
Mip study follow ups at 4.5 yrs showed that ME children had... than non-ME children.
Lower IQ (but still in normal range)
Poor physical wellbeing and development
Toilet training problems
Visual-motor skill problems
At age 9.5, children demonstrated...
Lower effortful control and reactive control (executive function). More educational delay More behavioural problems.
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