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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Cytotoxic
  2. Angiotensinogen
  3. What arteries supply the pons
  4. Describe Adverse Effects of Zidovudine (AZT)
  5. What is the drug of choice for Cryptosporidium parvum infection in the HIV/AIDS population?
  1. a Paromomycin and Nitazoxanide
  2. b prohormone produced by the liver then converted by renin to angiotensin I, then that is converted by ACE to angiotensin II which is a vasoconstrictor
  3. c Anemia and Neutropenia
    Myalgia (muscle pain)
    Toxicity to bone marrow
  4. d ponitine arteries (from basilar)
  5. e cellular swelling - direct tissue damage or by inadequate blood supply (low o2 and glucose) - Na/K pump is starved of ATP and ionic gradients are dissipated and cells swell - increased intracellular water and Ca, and Na and K efflux - can be caused by hypoxia, water intoxication, ischemia and trauma

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Mesencephalon (Ventral - interpeduncular fossa)
  2. This is the highest-produced estrogen during pregnancy
  3. 1) Dacarbazine, Procarbazine
    2) yes
    2A) In the liver.
    3) methylate DNA, cause breaks.
    3A) O6 of guanine
    4) Dacarbazine - myelo/n&v; Procarbazine is very carcinogenic/terato. Bad for fertility, which is relevant b/c used in young people's hodgkin.
    5) Temozolomide O6, N7
  4. Ventral - basilar groove, middle cerebral peduncles, CN V-VIII; dorsal - superior cerebellar peduncles, middle cerebellar peduncles, sulcus limitans, rostral (ponitine) rhomboid fossa; lateral - cerebellar peduncles
  5. mutation in both copies of p53 most likely; mutation in RB1 or of one copy of BRCA1/BRCA2 in half of sporadic breast ca.

5 True/False questions

  1. Demyelinationloss of myelin sheath - MS, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Transverse myelitis, Alexander disease, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome and central ponitine myelinosis, (pernicious anemia/B12 deficiency can lead to spinal cord degeneration)


  2. CerebellumControls body coordination and balance. situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans


  3. The BrainOrgan in our bodies that most directly controls our thoughts, emotions and motivations


  4. Progressive demyelinating neuroinflammatory disease, HTLF-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP)-65 mV


  5. What are the causes of brain edema other than hydrocephalusVasogenic or cytotoxic edema