5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- What arteries supply the pons
- Describe Adverse Effects of Zidovudine (AZT)
- What is the drug of choice for Cryptosporidium parvum infection in the HIV/AIDS population?
- a Paromomycin and Nitazoxanide
- b prohormone produced by the liver then converted by renin to angiotensin I, then that is converted by ACE to angiotensin II which is a vasoconstrictor
- c Anemia and Neutropenia
Myalgia (muscle pain)
Toxicity to bone marrow
- d ponitine arteries (from basilar)
- e cellular swelling - direct tissue damage or by inadequate blood supply (low o2 and glucose) - Na/K pump is starved of ATP and ionic gradients are dissipated and cells swell - increased intracellular water and Ca, and Na and K efflux - can be caused by hypoxia, water intoxication, ischemia and trauma
5 Multiple choice questions
- Mesencephalon (Ventral - interpeduncular fossa)
- This is the highest-produced estrogen during pregnancy
- 1) Dacarbazine, Procarbazine
2A) In the liver.
3) methylate DNA, cause breaks.
3A) O6 of guanine
4) Dacarbazine - myelo/n&v; Procarbazine is very carcinogenic/terato. Bad for fertility, which is relevant b/c used in young people's hodgkin.
5) Temozolomide O6, N7
- Ventral - basilar groove, middle cerebral peduncles, CN V-VIII; dorsal - superior cerebellar peduncles, middle cerebellar peduncles, sulcus limitans, rostral (ponitine) rhomboid fossa; lateral - cerebellar peduncles
- mutation in both copies of p53 most likely; mutation in RB1 or of one copy of BRCA1/BRCA2 in half of sporadic breast ca.
5 True/False questions
Demyelination → loss of myelin sheath - MS, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Transverse myelitis, Alexander disease, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome and central ponitine myelinosis, (pernicious anemia/B12 deficiency can lead to spinal cord degeneration)
Cerebellum → Controls body coordination and balance. situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
The Brain → Organ in our bodies that most directly controls our thoughts, emotions and motivations
Progressive demyelinating neuroinflammatory disease, HTLF-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) → -65 mV
What are the causes of brain edema other than hydrocephalus → Vasogenic or cytotoxic edema