Proficiency Expert Unit 6
Terms in this set (55)
(v) to damage something badly. synonym = devastate
e.g. The country was r_______d by civil war.
(v) to become or to make something become smaller, weaker, etc. e.g. The world´s natural resources are rapidly d______ing.
(adj) very different from each other and of various kinds
e.g. People from d_______ cultures should be able to get on.
(adj) a long distance away
e.g. They went on expeditions to the f__-f____ corners of the world
(adj) covered with dirt. e.g. He´s got g_____ hands.
(adj) fresh and clean, as if new
¨The car is in pristine condition.¨
(adj) dirty or no longer pure; no longer pleasant or safe to eat, drink or use
¨This drinking water is t______¨
(adj) (of a place) beautiful because it has not been changed or built on
e.g. ¨Wiltshire is an county of beautiful u_____ countryside.¨
(n) a feeling of sadness mixed with pleasure and affection when you think of happy times in the past
e.g. I felt a sense/wave/pang of n_______ when I saw that photo again.
(n) A v is a person who has no home or job and who travels from place to place.
(n) the ability of people or things to feel better quickly after something unpleasant, such as shock, injury, etc.
e.g. He showed great courage and r______ in fighting back from a losing position to win the game.
see the sights
(expr) To see the important/ famous places
set your sights on
If you want to achieve something, you s____ y____ s____ o_ it.
a sight to behold
If something is very impressive, it is _ s_____ t_ b_____
out of sight
If you can´t see something, it is o___ o__ s_____
lose sight of
If you forget about something, you l___ s___ o_ it. For example, if you forget about your friends and become obsessed with earning lots of money, you l___ s___ o_ what is really important.
look a sorry sight
If a place is very messy, it l____ _ s_____ s____
middle of nowhere
I grew up in a very remote place. The nearest town was 30 minutes away by car. It really was in the m____ o_ n______.
off the beaten track
Places which are not commonly visited by tourists are o___ t___ b______ t_____.
ends of the Earth
Sometimes we refer to places which are very far away as being at the e____ o_ t___ E______.
out in the sticks
I got offered a job in a tiny village, far from anything interesting. Naturally, I turned it down because I didn´t want to move to live and work o___ i_ t___ s_____.
(often disapproving) a place that is away from the places where most things happen, and is therefore not affected by events, progress, new ideas, etc.
¨This place is a boring r____ b_____.¨
Places far from towns or cities are o___-o_-t___-w____.
the back of beyond
Another way to say a very remote and isolated place is t___ b____ o_ b_____.
If you aim to achieve something, you s___ o___ to do it. For example, some athletes s___ o___ to break world records when they start training.
(phrasal verb) to start doing something
She s___ a____ the business of cleaning the house.
(phrasal verb) to move something to one side until you need it / to save or keep money or time for a particular purpose
e.g. She tries to s___ a_____ some money every month.
(phrasal verb) to make somebody/something different from or better than others
e.g. Her elegant style s____ her a____ from other journalists.
(phrasal verb) To create/start something, like a business
(phrasal verb) to delay the progress of something/somebody by a particular time
e.g. The bad weather s____ b____ the building programme by several weeks.
(phrasal verb) to start a journey
(v) to get great pleasure from something; to want very much to do or have something
e.g. I r____ a fight/challenge/debate
(adj) filled with something unpleasant
e..g The situation was f____ with danger/difficulty/problems
(v) To relax = to u_____
(n) a holiday/vacation that is organized by a company at a fixed price and that includes the cost of travel, hotels, etc.
(v) to advise or try hard to persuade somebody to do something
e.g. She u____d him to stay.
(v /n ) (formal) to support something publicly
e.g. The group does not a_______ the use of violence.
(n) expert knowledge or skill in a particular subject, activity or job
e.g. professional/scientific/technical, etc. e_______
(n) a room or building in which things are made or repaired using tools or machinery / a period of discussion and practical work on a particular subject, in which a group of people share their knowledge and experience
e..g a drama w________
(n) the general conditions in which an event takes place, which sometimes help to explain that event
e.g. It was against this b______ of racial tension that the civil war began.
(adj) attractive in an unusual or old-fashioned way.
e.g. I think Hondarribi is a quaint town.
(adj) full of people moving about in a busy way
e.g. A b_______ city centre
(v) to help something to happen or develop.
synonym = encourage. e.g. The campaign seeks to p______ awareness of environmental issues.
(adj) spreading in an untidy way
e.g. Andover is an example of a modern s________ town, which is rapidly growing.
(adj) (of land or soil) not good enough for plants to grow on it
e.g. a b____ desert.
(n) a set of surroundings; the place at which something happens
e.g. a rural/an ideal/a beautiful/an idyllic, etc. s______
(n) a difficulty or problem that delays or prevents something, or makes a situation worse
e.g. The team suffered a major s______ when their best player was injured.
(n) the skill with which somebody makes something, especially when this affects the way it looks or works
e.g. Our buyers insist on high standards of w_______ and materials.
(n) the process by which the surface of something is gradually destroyed through the action of wind, rain, etc.
e.g. The e_____ of the coastline by the sea.
(n) A l________ something, such as a large building, that you can see clearly from a distance and that will help you to know where you are. It is also used for buildings which are considered to be historically important.
(n) the fact of putting people or things together, especially in order to show a contrast or a new relationship between them
e.g. The j_______ of opposing viewpoints in this essay is rather interesting.
(adj) reminding you of somebody/something
e.g. The way he laughed was strongly r_______ of his father.
(adj) (of plants, gardens, etc.) growing thickly and strongly in a way that is attractive; covered in healthy grass and plants
e.g. Hampshire is famous for its l_____ green countryside.
(adj.) (of the landscape) not level or smooth and having rocks rather than plants or trees. e.g. Dover is famous for its r_____ cliffs
When it is very dry and there is no water, there is a d________.
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