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Terms in this set (23)
(If + present simple, present simple.)
Often used to describe scientific facts, real word, general truth, scientific facts
if clause (condition) , Main clause (result)
If you heat ice, it melts.
Ice melts if you heat it.
Ask Pete if you're not sure what to do.
If you want to come, call me before 5:00.
Meet me here if we get separated.
I may finish that letter if I have time.
If he calls you, you should go.
If you buy my school supplies for me, I will be able to go to the park.
If public transport is efficient, people stop using their cars.
If you mix red and blue, you get purple.
If Bill phones, tell him to meet me at the cinema.
If you freeze water, it becomes a solid.
Plants die if they don't get enough water.
If my husband has a cold, I usually catch it.
When you heat ice, it melts.
Ice melts when you heat it.
If it rains, the grass gets wet.
(If + simple present, simple future)
If this thing happens , that thing will happen.
refers to a possible condition and its probable result. These sentences are based on facts, and they are used to make statements about the real world, and about particular situations. We often use such sentences to give warnings.
You can also use modals in the main clause instead of the future tense to express the degree of certainty, permission, or a recommendation about the outcome.
If it rains, you will get wet.
You will get wet if it rains.
Nobody will notice if you make a mistake.
If you drop that glass, it will break.
If you drop that glass, it might break.
You will miss the bus if you don't hurry.
If I have time, I'll finish that letter.
What will you do if you miss the plane?
If Sally is late again I will be mad.
I will be mad if Sally is late again.
If you don't hurry, you will miss the bus.
If I were 20, I would travel the world.
If I were you, I would give up smoking.
If I were a plant, I would love the rain.
(If + simple past, present conditional or present continuous conditional
If this thing happened that thing would happen. (but I'm not sure this thing will happen) ORthat thing would be happening.
the time is now or any time and the situation is hypothetical.It is correct, and very common, to say "if I were" instead of "if I was" (subjunctive mood).you can also use modals in the main clause instead of "would" to express the degree of certainty, permission, or a recommendation about the outcome.
If you went to bed earlier you would not be so tired.
If it rained you would get wet.
We might buy a larger house if we had more money
He could go to the concert if you gave him your ticket.
If he called me, I couldn't hear.
If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring.
If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.
If I were taller, I would buy this dress.
If I spoke Italian I would be working in Italy.
If the weather wasn't so bad, we would go to the park. (But the weather is bad so we can't go.)
If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone a chicken. (But I am not the Queen.)
If + past perfect perfect conditional or perfect continuous conditional If this thing had happened that thing would have happened. (but neither of those things really happened) OR that thing would have been happening.
used to refer to a time that is in the past, and a situation that is contrary to reality. The facts they are based on are the opposite of what is expressedused to refer to an unreal past condition and its probable past result.he if clause uses the past perfect, and the main clause uses the perfect conditional.
If you had studied harder you would have passed the exam.
If it had rained you would have gotten wet.
I would have bought you a present if I had known it was your birthday.
If you'd given me your e-mail, I'd have written to you.
If you had given me your e-mail, I would have written to you.
If I'd known you were in hospital, I'd have visited you.
If I had known you were in hospital, I would have visited you.
I'd have bought you a present if I'd known it was your birthday.
If I had known you were coming I would have baked a cake. (But I didn't know and I didn't bake a cake.)
I would have been happy if you had called me on my birthday. (But you didn't call me and I am not happy.)
If I had worked harder I might have passed the exam.
You could have been on time if you had caught the bus.
If he called you, you could go.
If you bought my school supplies for me, I might be able to go to the park.
I would have believed you if you hadn't lied to me before.
If you hadn't lied to me before, I would have believed you.
If I had worked harder I would have passed the exam. (But I didn't work hard, and I didn't pass the exam.)
You would have gotten wet if it had rained.
You would have passed your exam if you had worked harder.
If you had worked harder, you would have passed your exam.
If I had accepted that promotion I would have been working in Milan.
If it had rained, you would have gotten wet.
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