Study sets matching "1 ap biology"

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Study sets matching "1 ap biology"

66 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
32 terms
AP Biology Semester 1
Evolution: artificial selection
Evolution: natural selection
Evolution: sexual selection
Evolution: genetic drift
humans select desirable traits & selectively breed individual…
--> indvs w/ best traits for environment survive & reproduce…
traits don't give obvious survival advantages; only in sexual…
--> small populations, loss of genetic variation
Evolution: artificial selection
humans select desirable traits & selectively breed individual…
Evolution: natural selection
--> indvs w/ best traits for environment survive & reproduce…
17 terms
Biochemistry 1 - AP Biology
Polar Molecule
Hydrophilic
Nonpolar Molecule
Hydrophobic
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Water loving
A symmetrical or balanced molecule with no charge; hydrophobi…
Water fearing
Polar Molecule
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
67 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
Adaptation
Animal (characteristics)
Binomial nomenclature
Biodiversity
A species modification in structure, function, or behavior th…
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
Scientific name of an organism, the first part designates the…
Total number of species, variability of their genes, & commun…
Adaptation
A species modification in structure, function, or behavior th…
Animal (characteristics)
Multicellular, eukaryote undergoes dvlpmnt to achieve final f…
AP Biology Chapter 1
Evolution
DNA
Biology
Emergent properties
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
The scientific study of life
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Evolution
Evolution is the process of change that has transformed life…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid: a long linear polymer found in the nuc…
26 terms
AP Biology - Biochemistry #1
polar covalent bond
polar
cohesion
adhesion
a strong bond present between the oxygen and hydrogen within…
a molecule that has an uneven distribution of electrons, so t…
a result of hydrogen bonding, water molecules are attracted t…
a result of hydrogen bonds and van der waals forces, water is…
polar covalent bond
a strong bond present between the oxygen and hydrogen within…
polar
a molecule that has an uneven distribution of electrons, so t…
33 terms
AP Biology: Big Idea 1
natural selection
evolutionary adaptation
artificial selection
fitness
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
Humans modifying species for desired traits through selective…
better chance of surviving in a given environment and will le…
natural selection
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
evolutionary adaptation
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
AP Biology: Unit 1
Why are water molecules polar?
What are the 4 properties of water?
Cohesive behavior
Adhesion
uneven distribution of electrons between hydrogen and oxygen
cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion…
the linking of like molecules; water molecules stick together…
water molecules stick to other molecules
Why are water molecules polar?
uneven distribution of electrons between hydrogen and oxygen
What are the 4 properties of water?
cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion…
330 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Exam Vocabulary Set
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
stroma
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membra…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Chapter 1 - AP Biology
Eukaryotic Cell
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Deductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule, consisting…
A type of logic in which specific results are predicted from…
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
Eukaryotic Cell
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule, consisting…
AP Biology Semester 1
matter
element
compound
essential elements
anything that takes up space and has mass
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
a chemical element required for an organism to survive, grow,…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
62 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Final
Anabolic
Archaea
Bacteria
Biology
A process in which large molecules are built from small molec…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls contai…
Study of life
Anabolic
A process in which large molecules are built from small molec…
Archaea
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1-5
What's the difference between a prokar…
Difference between starch and cellulose
Secondary protein structure
Storage polysaccharides
Prokaryotes don't have nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
starch has alpha glycosidic linkages whereas cellulose has be…
interaction of backbone, hydrogen bonding causing alpha helix…
starch, glycogen- alpha glycosidic linkages
What's the difference between a prokar…
Prokaryotes don't have nucleus or other membrane bound organe…
Difference between starch and cellulose
starch has alpha glycosidic linkages whereas cellulose has be…
59 terms
AP Biology, Ch. 1
Biology
Order
Evolutionary adaption
Response to the environment
Study of life
Highly organized structure that characterizes life
changes over time through generations by the reproductive suc…
property of life where the plant/animal respond to environmen…
Biology
Study of life
Order
Highly organized structure that characterizes life
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
biology
organisms
Biological Order
structure
"the study of life"
A living thing that is highly organized
A recognizable pattern that every organism should have.
A "building-up" of something from different parts.
biology
"the study of life"
organisms
A living thing that is highly organized
AP BIOLOGY: UNIT 1
abiotic
biomass
protobiont
enzymes
non-living
dry weight of an organism
first life form
biological catalyst for chemical reactions
abiotic
non-living
biomass
dry weight of an organism
354 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Exam Vocabulary Set
autotroph
heterotroph
chloroplast
mesophyll
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
An organelle found only in plants and photosynthetic protists…
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and…
autotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules without eatin…
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
78 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Review
matter
atoms
electrons
ion
any substance in the universe that has mass and occupies space
small particles that make up all matter
negatively charged subatomic particles that are transferred a…
a charged particle
matter
any substance in the universe that has mass and occupies space
atoms
small particles that make up all matter
180 terms
AP Biology Semester 1
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO; store energy
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO; composed of glycerol…
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON; structure, transport…
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP; Made up of many nuc…
Carbohydrates
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO; store energy
Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO; composed of glycerol…
74 terms
AP Biology Semester 1 Review
Monosaccharides
Polysaccharides
Carbohydrate
Lipids
Simple sugars; monomers of carbohydrates
3 or more monosaccharides; cellulose, starch, glycogen
Polymer made of monosaccharides; carbon sources
Long-term energy storage
Monosaccharides
Simple sugars; monomers of carbohydrates
Polysaccharides
3 or more monosaccharides; cellulose, starch, glycogen
55 terms
AP Biology Quarter 1 Review
explain the difference between organic…
building blocks of carbs, lipids, prot…
bond created between carbs, lipids, pr…
an example of carbs, lipids, proteins…
organic contain both carbon and hydrogen. inorganic contain o…
monosaccharides, 3 fatty acids and a glycerol, amino acids, a…
glycosidic linkage, ester linkage, peptide bonds, and hydroge…
starch, fat, transport, and DNA
explain the difference between organic…
organic contain both carbon and hydrogen. inorganic contain o…
building blocks of carbs, lipids, prot…
monosaccharides, 3 fatty acids and a glycerol, amino acids, a…
AP Biology Semester 1 Final
Polar molecule/ WATER
Hydrogen bonding
All life occurs in
H2O molecules form hydrogen bonds with…
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
attraction b/w a H atom & a partial (+) charge & another atom…
water.
water
Polar molecule/ WATER
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Hydrogen bonding
attraction b/w a H atom & a partial (+) charge & another atom…
222 terms
AP Biology Semester 1
photosynthesis
chloroplasts
2 stages of photosynthesis
light reactions
the conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
the sites of photosynthesis in plants (leaves)
light reactions (photo) and the Calvin Cycle (synthesis)
-occur in the thylakoid membranes... -solar energy is converted…
photosynthesis
the conversion of light energy to chemical energy that is sto…
chloroplasts
the sites of photosynthesis in plants (leaves)
AP Biology Unit 1
How many natural elements are there?
What are the four main elements that m…
What element is all life based on?
What elements make up the rest?
92
hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen
carbon
potassium, phosphorus, sulfur, calcium (kpsc-king Phillip sin…
How many natural elements are there?
92
What are the four main elements that m…
hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen
AP Biology Unit 1 Water
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
adhesion
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
Water molecules sticking to other surfaces.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
electronegativity
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
AP biology Q1
Stanley Miller
Amino Acids
Breathable Oxygen
King of electronegativity
This man duplicated the atmosphere and lightning of early lif…
Building blocks of proteins
Missing from the early earths atmosphere (volcanic gas)
Oxygen is the king bc there is a very strong force between (f…
Stanley Miller
This man duplicated the atmosphere and lightning of early lif…
Amino Acids
Building blocks of proteins
5 terms
AP Biology Review: Exam #1
Vacuoles
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
Cell Fractionization
Taxonomy Classification
Formed by phagocytes (freshwater protists) that pump access H…
Focus a beam of electrons onto surface giving 3-D Images
Takes cell apart and separates the major organelles.
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum ... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
Vacuoles
Formed by phagocytes (freshwater protists) that pump access H…
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
Focus a beam of electrons onto surface giving 3-D Images
64 terms
AP Biology - 1 Biochemistry
元素
痕量元素
原子
质子
elements
trace elements
atom
protons
元素
elements
痕量元素
trace elements
65 terms
AP biology semester 1
transpiration
photosynthesis
carbohydrates
cellular respiration
The process by which water is lost through a plant's leaves
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
...
transpiration
The process by which water is lost through a plant's leaves
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
68 terms
AP Biology Big Idea #1
Fitness
Directional Selection
Disruptive Selection
Stabilizing Selection
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
Occurs when conditions favor individuals on both extremes of…
Acts against extreme phenotypes and favors intermediate varia…
Fitness
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Directional Selection
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
112 terms
AP BIOLOGY TOPIC 1
matter
element
compound
Which four elements make up 96% of liv…
anything that takes up space and has mass
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
substance consisting of two or more elements combined in a fi…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
68 terms
AP Biology Big Idea #1
Fitness
Directional Selection
Disruptive Selection
Stabilizing Selection
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
Occurs when conditions favor individuals on both extremes of…
Acts against extreme phenotypes and favors intermediate varia…
Fitness
The contribution an individual makes to the gene pool of the…
Directional Selection
Most common when a population's environment changes or when m…
153 terms
AP Biology S1
T-Independent Antigens
Neutralization
Immunoglobins
Opsonization
Antigens that can stimlate antibody production only with help…
An immune reponse in which an antibody binds to and blocks th…
One of the class of proteins comprising the anitbodies
An immune response in which the binding of antibodies to the…
T-Independent Antigens
Antigens that can stimlate antibody production only with help…
Neutralization
An immune reponse in which an antibody binds to and blocks th…
97 terms
Pre-AP Biology Unit 1
List Characteristics of living things
Science
Biology
Organism
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
The study of all things living
An individual plant, animal, or single cell life form
List Characteristics of living things
1. One or more cells... 2. Source of energy... 3. Can respond to th…
Science
Study of stytematic study through observations and expirements
36 terms
AP Biology Test #1
element
compound
four elements that make up 96 % of all…
essential element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio
carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
elements that an organism needs to survive and reproduce
element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
compound
a substance consisting of two or more elements in a fixed ratio
30 terms
AP Biology Semester Final - 1
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Catabolism
Anabolism
CREATE a bond while LOSING a water molecule
BREAK a bond while GAINING a water molecule
Breaking down molecules into smaller pieces (starch to glucose)
Creating larger molecules from smaller molecules (glucose to…
Dehydration Synthesis
CREATE a bond while LOSING a water molecule
Hydrolysis
BREAK a bond while GAINING a water molecule
112 terms
AP BIOLOGY TOPIC 1
matter
element
compound
Which four elements make up 96% of liv…
anything that takes up space and has mass
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
substance consisting of two or more elements combined in a fi…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
70 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
21 terms
AP Biology 1-5
Evolution
Biology
emergent properties
Systems Biology
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
study of life
An emergent property is a property which a collection or comp…
An approach that attempts to model the dynamic behavior of wh…
Evolution
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
Biology
study of life
63 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
C, H, O, N, P, S
Trace elements
Chemical bonds
Covalent bonds
Elements that make up 96% of living matter
Elements required by an organism in only small quantities
Interactions between valence electrons of different atoms
Valence electrons are shared between two atoms to create this…
C, H, O, N, P, S
Elements that make up 96% of living matter
Trace elements
Elements required by an organism in only small quantities
101 terms
AP Biology Unit 1
cohesion
adhesion
specific heat
hydrogen bonding
molecules stick together
attraction between different substances
amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for 1 g of subst…
water's high specific heat is a result of ___
cohesion
molecules stick together
adhesion
attraction between different substances
7 terms
AP Biology 1.1
7 properties of life
order
reproduction
growth and development
order, reproduction, growth/development, energy processing, r…
living cells are the basis of this complex organization
organisms reproduce their own kind
inherited information in the form of DNA controls the pattern…
7 properties of life
order, reproduction, growth/development, energy processing, r…
order
living cells are the basis of this complex organization
81 terms
AP Biology Unit 1 Vocabulary Review
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
202 terms
AP Biology: Unit 1
What is an atom?
What composes an atom?
What is a proton?
What is an electron?
smallest unit of matter that retains it properties
neutrons, protons, electron
a positively charged particle inside of the nucleus
a negatively charged particle surrounding the nucleus
What is an atom?
smallest unit of matter that retains it properties
What composes an atom?
neutrons, protons, electron
24 terms
Molecular Genetics, Pt. 1 - AP Biology
Griffith
Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty
Hershey and Chase
Rosalind Franklin
Bacterial Transformation: Scientist who revealed that harmles…
Isolated and purified bacterial transformation factor and pro…
Carried out experiments that lent strong support to the theor…
Carried out X-ray crystallography analysis of DNA that showed…
Griffith
Bacterial Transformation: Scientist who revealed that harmles…
Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty
Isolated and purified bacterial transformation factor and pro…
32 terms
AP Biology: Big Idea 1 - MUST KNOW!
natural selection
evolutionary adaptation
artificial selection
fitness
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
Humans modifying species for desired traits through selective…
better chance of surviving in a given environment and will le…
natural selection
A population can change over time if individuals with more fi…
evolutionary adaptation
An accumulation of inherited characteristics that enhance org…
49 terms
AP Biology Exam #1
9+2 Arrangement of Micortubules
communtiy
base pairs
biosystem
This arrangement refers to the 9 fused pairs of microtubules…
interaction between living things
adenine with thymine; guanine with cytosine
A living organism or a system of living organisms that can di…
9+2 Arrangement of Micortubules
This arrangement refers to the 9 fused pairs of microtubules…
communtiy
interaction between living things
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
molecules
organelles
cells
tissues
atoms joined together
complex molecules build these little structures
the basic unit of life
cells that function together
molecules
atoms joined together
organelles
complex molecules build these little structures
40 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1
archaea
bacteria
bioinformatics
biology
one of two prokaryotic domains, the other being bacteria
one of two prokaryotic domains, the other being archaea
the use of comps, software, and mathematical models to proces…
the scientific study of life
archaea
one of two prokaryotic domains, the other being bacteria
bacteria
one of two prokaryotic domains, the other being archaea
24 terms
AP Biology: Macromolecules part 1
Ester Linkage
Saturated fatty acids
Unsaturated fatty acids
Phospholipid
Joins 3 fatty acids to a glycerol, creating a triacylglycerol
Fatty acids with single bonds, hydrogen at every possible pos…
Fatty acids with double and single bonds, without hydrogens a…
2 fatty acids attached to a glycerol, with a phosphate group…
Ester Linkage
Joins 3 fatty acids to a glycerol, creating a triacylglycerol
Saturated fatty acids
Fatty acids with single bonds, hydrogen at every possible pos…
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