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Study sets matching "1 behavioral ecology"

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Study sets matching "1 behavioral ecology"

15 terms
Behavioral Ecology 1
Behavior
Behavioral ecology
nature (innate)
Nurture(learned)
the observable respond of organisms to internal or external s…
studies how behavior contributes to the differential survival…
behavior controlled by genes, born with them
Animals may also develop in a rich social environment and hav…
Behavior
the observable respond of organisms to internal or external s…
Behavioral ecology
studies how behavior contributes to the differential survival…
93 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Charles Darwin
Karl von Frisch
William D. Hamilton
Konrad Z. Lorenz
Wrote many books on theory of evolution (natural selection),…
He studied bees and determined the meaning of the waggle danc…
His studies contributed to the development of a gene-centric…
One of the founders of modern ethology --> worked with theory…
Charles Darwin
Wrote many books on theory of evolution (natural selection),…
Karl von Frisch
He studied bees and determined the meaning of the waggle danc…
168 terms
Behavioral Ecology Test 1
aristotle
Tinbergen
Dugatkin
movement
first Greek to write about the behaviors of animals
wrote that Animal Behavior = total movements made by an intac…
wrote that Animal Behavior = coordinated responses of whole l…
receive info thru senses and then send signals thru muscles t…
aristotle
first Greek to write about the behaviors of animals
Tinbergen
wrote that Animal Behavior = total movements made by an intac…
59 terms
Behavioral Ecology 1
3 foundations of behavioral ecology
important figures of ecology
important figures of evolution
important figures of ethology
ecology, evolution, animal behavior
haeckel, macarthur
wallace... darwin... mendel... fisher... halbain... wright
tinbergen, lorenz (imprinting), Von Frisch "dance language of…
3 foundations of behavioral ecology
ecology, evolution, animal behavior
important figures of ecology
haeckel, macarthur
40 terms
Behavioral Ecology 1/3
stotting
evolution
3 criteria of evolution
variation
-savannah ungulates jump up to 2 meters high when fleeing fro…
"Descent with modification" ~Darwin... -property of a population…
1. variation... 2. heritability... 3. natural selection
organisms are varied within species, not just between
stotting
-savannah ungulates jump up to 2 meters high when fleeing fro…
evolution
"Descent with modification" ~Darwin... -property of a population…
68 terms
BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY 1
levels of causation
proximal level
ultimate level
Tinbergen's 4 "why" questions
proximal and ultimate level
HOW a certain behavior occurs (ex: development, neurobiology,…
survival or reproductive value of a behavior (ex: evolution).…
ways to address different behaviors... mechanistic, development…
levels of causation
proximal and ultimate level
proximal level
HOW a certain behavior occurs (ex: development, neurobiology,…
161 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam #1
Stodding
Sumerians and Ecology
Evolution
Population Genetics
-behavior exhibited by antelopes... -jump in the air when a pred…
>5000 years ago... -had descriptions of many species... -100 birds…
-beginning of the field of behavioral ecology... -described as a…
-changes in allele frequencies throughout time
Stodding
-behavior exhibited by antelopes... -jump in the air when a pred…
Sumerians and Ecology
>5000 years ago... -had descriptions of many species... -100 birds…
34 terms
Behavioral Ecology Lecture 1
Mechanism, Acquisition, Adaptive Signi…
Instinct
Fixed Action Pattern (FAP)
Sign Stimulus (SS)
Four aims of behavioral ecology
A behavior pattern that reliably develops in most individuals…
An innate, highly stereotyped response that is triggered by a…
The effective component of an action or object that triggers…
Mechanism, Acquisition, Adaptive Signi…
Four aims of behavioral ecology
Instinct
A behavior pattern that reliably develops in most individuals…
18 terms
Behavioral Ecology 1
organismal behavior
awareness, survival benefit
50, 50
behavior
what an organism does and how it does it basically
behaviors evolve over time based on what two things?
organisms are what percent genetics and what percent experien…
what can be influenced by an organism's interactions with oth…
organismal behavior
what an organism does and how it does it basically
awareness, survival benefit
behaviors evolve over time based on what two things?
143 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Scientific study of animal behavior
Evolution
Descent with modification
Population genetics
first sumerians, then greeks- aristotle, then modern fields o…
idea developed by Darwin that deals with change over time, us…
change over the course of generations, in the properties of p…
changes in allele frequencies through time (eye color)
Scientific study of animal behavior
first sumerians, then greeks- aristotle, then modern fields o…
Evolution
idea developed by Darwin that deals with change over time, us…
147 terms
Behavioral Ecology Test 1
Theory of Acquired Characteristics
Assumptions of Darwin's evolution by n…
Evolution by natural selection is a pr…
Natural selection acts on (relative/ab…
Would pass on traits acquired in lifetime, developed by Lamarck
1. Variation within species... 2. Heritability... 3. Survival and r…
populations, individuals
relative, absolute (traits don't need to be absolute or perfe…
Theory of Acquired Characteristics
Would pass on traits acquired in lifetime, developed by Lamarck
Assumptions of Darwin's evolution by n…
1. Variation within species... 2. Heritability... 3. Survival and r…
Behavioral Ecology Test 1
Primary literature
Secondary Literature
Peer Review
Animal Behavior
original source of scientific information
report that summarizes and interprets the primary literature
editors of scientific journals use experts to help decide to…
any internally coordinated or externally visible pattern of a…
Primary literature
original source of scientific information
Secondary Literature
report that summarizes and interprets the primary literature
16 terms
Behavioral Ecology
Behavioral Ecology
Ethology
Imprinting
Anthropomorphism
The study of the ecological and evolutionary basis for animal…
The scientific study of how animals behave, particularly in n…
The process by which environmental patterns or objects presen…
Attributing human characteristics to an animal or inanimate o…
Behavioral Ecology
The study of the ecological and evolutionary basis for animal…
Ethology
The scientific study of how animals behave, particularly in n…
97 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
instinct
fixed action pattern
sign stimulus
innate releasing mechanism
a behavior pattern that reliably develops in most individuals…
an innate highly stereotyped response that is triggered by a…
the component that triggers a fixed action pattern
neurosensory mechanism that releases the response
instinct
a behavior pattern that reliably develops in most individuals…
fixed action pattern
an innate highly stereotyped response that is triggered by a…
26 terms
Behavioral Ecology Lecture 1
3 foundations of behavioral ecology
What were Ernst Haeckel's contribution…
Robert MacArthur's contribution to eco…
Two key figures in ecology?
1-ecology... 2-evolution... 3-study of animal behavior (ethology)
Coined word "ecology"
introduced mathematical approach to understanding ecological…
Ernst Haeckel... Robert MacArthur
3 foundations of behavioral ecology
1-ecology... 2-evolution... 3-study of animal behavior (ethology)
What were Ernst Haeckel's contribution…
Coined word "ecology"
146 terms
Behavioral Ecology: Exam 1
Stotting
Cheetah Conservation
Ancient Animal Behavior
Basic Definition of Evolution
-A defense mechanism for antelope... -Advertises the antelope's…
-Direct implication for conservation... -Cheetah reproduction in…
-Cave paintings are a good example of how animal history has…
-Changes in allele frequencies through out time... -Decent with…
Stotting
-A defense mechanism for antelope... -Advertises the antelope's…
Cheetah Conservation
-Direct implication for conservation... -Cheetah reproduction in…
53 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Proximate Explanation
Ultimate Explanation
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Causation: stimuli, molecular, genetic ... Development: age, role
Survival Value: survival, reproduction... Evolutionary History:…
The process of postulating and testing hypotheses through att…
A possible explanation for a phenomenon
Proximate Explanation
Causation: stimuli, molecular, genetic ... Development: age, role
Ultimate Explanation
Survival Value: survival, reproduction... Evolutionary History:…
22 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Timbergen's Four Questions
Proximate explanation
Ultimate explanation
3 Goals of Behavioral Ecology
Causation... Development or ontogeny... Adaptive advantage or funct…
Explanation that includes causal and developmental factors... Ex…
Explanation that includes factors influencing adaptive advant…
Understanding both the proximate and ultimate explanations of…
Timbergen's Four Questions
Causation... Development or ontogeny... Adaptive advantage or funct…
Proximate explanation
Explanation that includes causal and developmental factors... Ex…
32 terms
Behavioral Ecology 1
Behavioral Ecology
Proximate or Mechanistic Causation
Ultimate or evolutionary Causation
Territories
The study of how organisms respond to particular stimuli from…
How actions occur in terms of neurological, hormonal, genetic…
Why actions occur-based on evolutionary consequences and hist…
Feeding area
Behavioral Ecology
The study of how organisms respond to particular stimuli from…
Proximate or Mechanistic Causation
How actions occur in terms of neurological, hormonal, genetic…
20 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
When Timbergen first reported his find…
Alleles are defined as:
Neurons possess fibers called dendrite…
Learning is best defined as:
Females sometimes abandon a particular male for another male…
Alternative forms or variants of the same gene.
Receive electrochemical information from other cells in the n…
A relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of an e…
When Timbergen first reported his find…
Females sometimes abandon a particular male for another male…
Alleles are defined as:
Alternative forms or variants of the same gene.
67 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Four aims of behavioral ecology
Historical foundations of behavioral e…
Instinct
Fixed action pattern
1. mechanism (causation)... 2. acquisition (ontogeny) ... 3. adapti…
1. ethology... 2. comparative psychology... 3. comparative physiolo…
a behavior pattern that reliably develops in most individuals…
an innate, highly stereotyped response that is triggered by a…
Four aims of behavioral ecology
1. mechanism (causation)... 2. acquisition (ontogeny) ... 3. adapti…
Historical foundations of behavioral e…
1. ethology... 2. comparative psychology... 3. comparative physiolo…
90 terms
Behavioral Ecology Review 1
What are Tinbergen's Four Questions?
Based on Tinbergen's Four Questions, w…
Definition of behavioral ecology
Linkage
1) What is the physiological causation of the behavior?... 2) Ho…
Proximate: 1) Causation (mechanistic); 2) Ontogeny (developme…
The study of the fitness consequences of behavior
Beneficial gene linked to another that reduces fitness. Obsta…
What are Tinbergen's Four Questions?
1) What is the physiological causation of the behavior?... 2) Ho…
Based on Tinbergen's Four Questions, w…
Proximate: 1) Causation (mechanistic); 2) Ontogeny (developme…
72 terms
Behavioral Ecology #1
Charles R. Darwin
William D. Hamilton
Karl von Frisch
Lloyd Morgan
Evolutionary Biology... British naturalist... Natural selection, se…
Evolutionary Biology... British Evolutionary biologist... Kin selec…
Comparative Physiology... Austrian physiologist... Honeybee waggle…
Comparative Psychology ... British psychologist... Morgan's canon... O…
Charles R. Darwin
Evolutionary Biology... British naturalist... Natural selection, se…
William D. Hamilton
Evolutionary Biology... British Evolutionary biologist... Kin selec…
54 terms
Behavioral Ecology 1
Four Aims of Behavioral Ecology
Proximate vs ultimate
Historical Foundations
Foundations of Behavior... Natural Select…
Mechanism (Causation)-physiology of how behavior occurs... Acqui…
proximate = how do animals behave -> immediate causes... -mechan…
A. Ethology -> field of animal behavior... B. Comparative Psycho…
Natural Selection - animal with traits that offered reproduct…
Four Aims of Behavioral Ecology
Mechanism (Causation)-physiology of how behavior occurs... Acqui…
Proximate vs ultimate
proximate = how do animals behave -> immediate causes... -mechan…
45 terms
Behavioral Ecology 1
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
fitness
stabilizing selection
the process by which differential reproductive success causes…
contributions: evolution occurs(at population level)... -describ…
an organism's genetic contribution to the next generation
No evolution. occurs in a stable environment that favors the…
Natural Selection
the process by which differential reproductive success causes…
Charles Darwin
contributions: evolution occurs(at population level)... -describ…
28 terms
L-1 Behavioral Ecology
Instinct
Fixed Action Pattern (FAP)
Sign Stimulus (SS)
Innate Releasing Mechanism (IRM)
(Aclock)A behavior pattern that reliably develops in most ind…
An innate, highly stereotyped response that is triggered by a…
The effective component of an action or object that triggers…
A special (hypothetical) nuerosensory mechanism that releases…
Instinct
(Aclock)A behavior pattern that reliably develops in most ind…
Fixed Action Pattern (FAP)
An innate, highly stereotyped response that is triggered by a…
16 terms
Behavioral Ecology #1
behaviors evolve over time based on
organisms are 50%/50%
behavior can be influenced by an organ…
outward behaviors
awareness and survival benefit
genetics and experience
interaction with other organisms
obeservable
behaviors evolve over time based on
awareness and survival benefit
organisms are 50%/50%
genetics and experience
85 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam #1
Tinbergen's 4 questions
Proximate
Ultimate
Darwin
1. What is the mechanism that causes behavior?... 2. When does t…
Explanations involving the mechanisms of behavior and their d…
Explanations analyzing the value or diversity of behavior. Be…
His insight into sexual selection was initially met with cont…
Tinbergen's 4 questions
1. What is the mechanism that causes behavior?... 2. When does t…
Proximate
Explanations involving the mechanisms of behavior and their d…
49 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam #1
Natural Selection
Fitness
Evolution
Darwinism
Only organisms well equipped to survive and reproduce will pa…
1. High fitness means you are successful at passing your heri…
Proven and measurable fact
NOT survival of the fittest... The idea that natural selection i…
Natural Selection
Only organisms well equipped to survive and reproduce will pa…
Fitness
1. High fitness means you are successful at passing your heri…
15 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam #1
Morgan's Canon
ethology
comparative psychology
theory of inheritance by acquired char…
the simplest psychological process possible should be used to…
biology of behavior under NATURAL CONDITIONS (can study genet…
biology of behavior in LAB STUDIES using model organisms (can…
included the idea that animals "adapted" to their environment…
Morgan's Canon
the simplest psychological process possible should be used to…
ethology
biology of behavior under NATURAL CONDITIONS (can study genet…
30 terms
Behavioral Ecology (Part 1)
Behaviorism
Ethology
Karl von Frisch
Konrad Lorenz
Study of animal behavior as a consequence of experience; usua…
Study of animal behavior in their natural environment.
Dance language in honey bees.
Studied imprinting.
Behaviorism
Study of animal behavior as a consequence of experience; usua…
Ethology
Study of animal behavior in their natural environment.
11 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam #1
Morgan's Canon
ethology
comparative psychology
theory of inheritance by acquired char…
the simplest psychological process possible should be used to…
biology of behavior under NATURAL CONDITIONS (can study genet…
biology of behavior in LAB STUDIES using model organisms (can…
included the idea that animals "adapted" to their environment…
Morgan's Canon
the simplest psychological process possible should be used to…
ethology
biology of behavior under NATURAL CONDITIONS (can study genet…
133 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam #1
Stotting? Use?
Breeding cheetahs in captivity?
Aristotle?
Sumerians?
Running and/or hopping. Thought it actually happened for visi…
In the wild they are pretty solitary, until mating season. In…
Wrote early books on animal behavior.
Description of many species on clay tablets.
Stotting? Use?
Running and/or hopping. Thought it actually happened for visi…
Breeding cheetahs in captivity?
In the wild they are pretty solitary, until mating season. In…
LS 1 Behavioral Ecology
study of behavioral ecology then versu…
innate vs learned
why does "flexibility" make studying b…
fixed action pattern (FAP)
then: distribution and abundance ... now: evolution of behaviors
innate: no prior experience... learned: developed over time and…
we like to think relationships are repeatable, but if results…
an action once started must be done to completion ... highly inf…
study of behavioral ecology then versu…
then: distribution and abundance ... now: evolution of behaviors
innate vs learned
innate: no prior experience... learned: developed over time and…
83 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Stotting Springbok
Why study animal behavior?
Oldest science
Backyard behavior
-To alert other animals and confuse predators- wrong... -Thought…
-It's cool... -Direct Implications for Conservation- ... 1) Bears-…
-Cavemen were interested in animal behavior... -Cave paintings u…
-Squirrels, birds, rabbits in the backyard--basic familiarity
Stotting Springbok
-To alert other animals and confuse predators- wrong... -Thought…
Why study animal behavior?
-It's cool... -Direct Implications for Conservation- ... 1) Bears-…
95 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Springbok Stotting Behavior
Evolution
Conservation
History of Behavioral Ecology
the springbok perform this behavior as a way to ADVERTISE the…
general -- change ... can also be known as -- change in allele f…
Behavior Ecology has direct implications for ______________
humans have always been interested in animal behavior (i.e. -…
Springbok Stotting Behavior
the springbok perform this behavior as a way to ADVERTISE the…
Evolution
general -- change ... can also be known as -- change in allele f…
116 terms
Behavioral ecology exam 1
Evolution
Lamarck
Darwin
Natural selection
descent with modification... changes in allele frequencies
adaptation - acquired characteristics are heritable (giraffes)
natural selection (mechanism for evolutionary change)... - varia…
property of populations/species... acts on relative (not absolut…
Evolution
descent with modification... changes in allele frequencies
Lamarck
adaptation - acquired characteristics are heritable (giraffes)
179 terms
Behavioral Ecology exam 1
stodding
behavioral ecology
evolution (Darwin's def.)
evolution (pop bio def.)
behavior of antelope, advertising their fitness to discourage…
study of animal behavior from an evolutionary perspective
descent with modification
change in allele frequencies of a population over time
stodding
behavior of antelope, advertising their fitness to discourage…
behavioral ecology
study of animal behavior from an evolutionary perspective
23 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Tinbergen's four questions
Causation
Development or ontogeny
function
Causation; development or ontogeny; function; evolutionary hi…
cause of the behavior at that moment (hormones and neurology)
How the behavior develops or changes over the individuals lif…
What is the advantage of the behavior
Tinbergen's four questions
Causation; development or ontogeny; function; evolutionary hi…
Causation
cause of the behavior at that moment (hormones and neurology)
53 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Lamarck
Darwin
Natural Selection
Morgan's Cannon
animals adapt to their environment... acquired traits could be p…
evolution by natural selection... organisms varied within specie…
pertains to populations/species (not indivs)... acts on relative…
the simplest psychological process possible should be used to…
Lamarck
animals adapt to their environment... acquired traits could be p…
Darwin
evolution by natural selection... organisms varied within specie…
88 terms
Behavioral Ecology Midterm 1
transgenerational inheritance
natural selection
crickets and parasitoid fly
individual learning
involves natural selection, individual learning, and cultural…
involves selecting certain genes, behavior can behavior can e…
natural selection: crickets evolved a single point mutation t…
behavior changes over a course of experience ex: grasshopper
transgenerational inheritance
involves natural selection, individual learning, and cultural…
natural selection
involves selecting certain genes, behavior can behavior can e…
115 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Why do salamanders in high predation a…
Guppies in high and low predation area…
Are disease and parasites an abiotic o…
Are competition and predation abiotic…
Predators are gape limited
Lose
Biotic
Biotic
Why do salamanders in high predation a…
Predators are gape limited
Guppies in high and low predation area…
Lose
30 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Evolution
Lamarck
Evolution by Natural Selection (defini…
fundamental level of selection
change - descent with modification, changes in allele frequen…
champion of evolutionary thought - theory of inheritance by a…
1) Variation... 2) Heritability... 3) Differential Survival and Rep…
individual
Evolution
change - descent with modification, changes in allele frequen…
Lamarck
champion of evolutionary thought - theory of inheritance by a…
245 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Stotting Springbok
Implications of animal behavior for co…
Cheetah conservation
General history of behavioral ecology
The initial theory was that they stot to get better visibilit…
Knowing foraging habits can affect conservation
In the wild, cheetahs are solitary and males and females don'…
Interests in animal behavior have long roots in hunting, surv…
Stotting Springbok
The initial theory was that they stot to get better visibilit…
Implications of animal behavior for co…
Knowing foraging habits can affect conservation
48 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Scientific Study of Animal Behavior
Evolution (definition)
Lamarck's Ideas
Darwin's Evolution by Natural Selectio…
Sumerians:... Clay tablets > 5000 years... Descriptions of many spe…
-Means changes in allele frequencies overtime... -Descent with m…
-Includes idea that animals are "adapted" to their environmen…
-Variation: must be variation and leads to differences in sur…
Scientific Study of Animal Behavior
Sumerians:... Clay tablets > 5000 years... Descriptions of many spe…
Evolution (definition)
-Means changes in allele frequencies overtime... -Descent with m…
89 terms
Behavioral Ecology - Exam 1
Behavioral Ecology
History/early study of animal behavior
Evolution
Lamarck
-study of animal behavior and its' development through evolut…
-sumerian clay tablets... -greeks: aristotle ... -Darwin
-CHANGE... -biological context: descent w/modification over the…
-recognized adaptation to environments in animals... -incorrect…
Behavioral Ecology
-study of animal behavior and its' development through evolut…
History/early study of animal behavior
-sumerian clay tablets... -greeks: aristotle ... -Darwin
110 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Theory of Inheritance by Aquired Chara…
Requirements for evolution by natural…
Natural selection: populations vs indi…
Natural selection: relative vs absolut…
First theory of evolution; proposed my Lamarck; individual an…
1. Variation... 2. Heritability... 3. Differential survival and rep…
property of population/species, not individuals
acts on relative traits; trait need not be perfect, only better
Theory of Inheritance by Aquired Chara…
First theory of evolution; proposed my Lamarck; individual an…
Requirements for evolution by natural…
1. Variation... 2. Heritability... 3. Differential survival and rep…
104 terms
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
instinct
fixed actin pattern
sign stimulus
innate releasing mechanism
a behavior pattern that reliably develops in most individuals…
an innate, highly stereotyped response that is triggered by a…
the effective component of an action or object that triggers…
a special neurosensory mechanism that releases the reaction a…
instinct
a behavior pattern that reliably develops in most individuals…
fixed actin pattern
an innate, highly stereotyped response that is triggered by a…
19 terms
Behavioral Ecology Part 1 and 2
Innate Behavior
Ethology
Fixed Action Pattern
Behavioral Ecology
These are behaviors that an organism is born with. The behavi…
The science concerned with how an organism behaves in its nat…
This is a behavior, that once it is initiated, it must be car…
The study of behavior as it relates to evolving within an env…
Innate Behavior
These are behaviors that an organism is born with. The behavi…
Ethology
The science concerned with how an organism behaves in its nat…
Behavioral Ecology Exam 1
Problems with looking at behaviors
Inference of mind from behavior
Imposition of social norms
Ethology
1. anecdote... 2. anthropomorphism... 3. inference of mind from beh…
egg-rolling: egg must be there in the beginning to continue t…
naturalistic fallacy: if it is "natural," it is good... moralist…
biological study of behavior, 1930s-ish
Problems with looking at behaviors
1. anecdote... 2. anthropomorphism... 3. inference of mind from beh…
Inference of mind from behavior
egg-rolling: egg must be there in the beginning to continue t…
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