Study sets matching "1 gross anatomy"

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Study sets matching "1 gross anatomy"

19 terms
Gross Anatomy Week 1
Uncovertebral joint (Joint of Lushka)
Nucleus pulposus
Annulus fibrosus
Facet joints (innervation)
-uncus and vertebra... -found in cervical region... -saddle joint... -…
-more cartilaginous... -gelatinous... -collagen, proteoglycans and…
-fibrocartilage attached to vertebral bodies... -layers of fibro…
-innervated by branches off dorsal rami... -each branch supplies…
Uncovertebral joint (Joint of Lushka)
-uncus and vertebra... -found in cervical region... -saddle joint... -…
Nucleus pulposus
-more cartilaginous... -gelatinous... -collagen, proteoglycans and…
176 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Myology
Functions of skeletal muscle
Muscular system depends on other syste…
Fasciculi
Branch of Anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscle system
-Movement (locomotion)... -Stability (posture, hold bones in pla…
-Skeletal (musculoskeletal system)-movement... -Respiratory, dig…
Muscle fibers grouped into bundles
Myology
Branch of Anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscle system
Functions of skeletal muscle
-Movement (locomotion)... -Stability (posture, hold bones in pla…
48 terms
D1 Gross Anatomy
Directional Terminology - What are the…
Directional Terminology - What are the…
Where are the following planes?... Media…
Proximal
1. Posterior... 2. Lateral... 3. Distal ... 4. Inferior... 5. Caudal... 6. D…
1. Anterior... 2. Medial... 3. Proximal... 4. Superior... 5. Cranial... 6. S…
(Parasaggital is another that we need to know, just know that…
Closer to the structure's origin
Directional Terminology - What are the…
1. Posterior... 2. Lateral... 3. Distal ... 4. Inferior... 5. Caudal... 6. D…
Directional Terminology - What are the…
1. Anterior... 2. Medial... 3. Proximal... 4. Superior... 5. Cranial... 6. S…
136 terms
Gross Anatomy Quiz 1
How is the cranium divided?
How is the neurocranium divided?
What is endochondral osteogenesis and…
What is intramembranous osteogenesis a…
Neurocranium = brain case ... Viscerocranium = facial skeleton
Calvaria = walls and roof of the neurocranium ... Basicranium =…
Endochondral Osteogenesis is when bones are formed by ossifyi…
Intramembranous Osteogenesis is when bone forms directly form…
How is the cranium divided?
Neurocranium = brain case ... Viscerocranium = facial skeleton
How is the neurocranium divided?
Calvaria = walls and roof of the neurocranium ... Basicranium =…
Gross anatomy 1
Central Nervous system
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve Fiber
Neurolemma
-Consists of brain and spinal cord... -Integrates and Coordinate…
-everything that isnt CNS... -conducts impulses to or away from…
-Consists of Axon its neurolemma and surrounding connective t…
-Consists of cell membranes of schwann cells immeditately sur…
Central Nervous system
-Consists of brain and spinal cord... -Integrates and Coordinate…
Peripheral Nervous System
-everything that isnt CNS... -conducts impulses to or away from…
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Innervation of Trapezius
Function of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
Spinal Accessory Nerve
Elevates and depresses the scapula (depending on which part o…
Proximal Attachment of Trapezius
Medial ⅓ Superior Nuchal Line, ... Nuchal Ligament, ... Spinous Pro…
Distal Attachment of Trapezius
Lateral ⅓ Clavicle, ... Acromion, ... Spine of Scapula
92 terms
Gross Anatomy Week 1
Support weight of body, Movement in co…
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Long, Short, Flat, Irregular and Seasm…
What are the seven primary functions of bone?
This is the division of the skeleton that consists of the sku…
This is the division of the skeleton that consists of the app…
Please name the 5 categories of bone based on shape!
Support weight of body, Movement in co…
What are the seven primary functions of bone?
Axial Skeleton
This is the division of the skeleton that consists of the sku…
116 terms
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Levator Scapulae innervation
Rhomboid Minor innervation
Rhomboid Major innervation
Splenius Cervicis innervation
C3, C4, and C5
C4, C5
C4, C5
C4-C8
Levator Scapulae innervation
C3, C4, and C5
Rhomboid Minor innervation
C4, C5
17 terms
Gross Anatomy Week 1 - Palpation
External occipital protuberance
Mastoid process
C2
C3-5
posterior aspect of cranium
behind the ear
first prominence felt inferior to external occipital protuber…
-hard to find... -best palpated with neck relaxed
External occipital protuberance
posterior aspect of cranium
Mastoid process
behind the ear
29 terms
FMS1 Gross Anatomy
Axillary line
Midclavicular line
Transcristal (or supracristal) place
Anastomosis
line descends vertically down lateral side of the body from t…
horizontal (transverse, axial) plane that passes through the…
communication between two vessels of the arterial, venous, or…
Axillary line
line descends vertically down lateral side of the body from t…
Midclavicular line
30 terms
Gross Anatomy 1
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Fibrous Joints
Suture
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
The portion of the skeleton that attaches to the axial skelet…
- Suture ... - Syndesmosis ... - Gomphosis
an immovable joint that is found in the cranium
Axial Skeleton
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
Appendicular Skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that attaches to the axial skelet…
Gross Anatomy Week 1
Vertebral Column
Kyphotic Curve
Lordotic Curve
T6-T7
33 Vertebrae ... -7 Cervical... -12 Thoracic... -5 Lumbar... -5 Sacral (f…
- Concave Anteriorly... - Primary Curve (there at birth)
- Concave anterior... - secondary curve
Apex of thoracic kyphotic curve
Vertebral Column
33 Vertebrae ... -7 Cervical... -12 Thoracic... -5 Lumbar... -5 Sacral (f…
Kyphotic Curve
- Concave Anteriorly... - Primary Curve (there at birth)
137 terms
Gross Anatomy Quiz 1
Define myology
Each skeletal muscle is considered what?
What is the specific function of skele…
Skeletal muscle comprises what percent…
Branch of anatomy which deals with the muscular system
an organ, composed of all tissue types
production of voluntary movement (or contractility)
40-50%
Define myology
Branch of anatomy which deals with the muscular system
Each skeletal muscle is considered what?
an organ, composed of all tissue types
142 terms
Gross Anatomy Chapter 1
anatomy
regional approach
systemic approach
anatomical position
includes the structures that can be seen grossly, or without…
each region of the body is studied separately and all aspects…
each system of the body is studied and followed throughout th…
the standard reference position of the body used to describe…
anatomy
includes the structures that can be seen grossly, or without…
regional approach
each region of the body is studied separately and all aspects…
100 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
Skeletal Muscle - Communication
Integumentary System Uses for Skeletal…
Muscle Fibers (cell)
Type I Muscle Fibers
- Speech... - Facial Expression... - Writing
- Protection... - Elimination of heat produced by muscular contr…
Muscles are composed of hundreds to hundreds of thousands of…
- Are muscles that are a darker red in color.... - Found in post…
Skeletal Muscle - Communication
- Speech... - Facial Expression... - Writing
Integumentary System Uses for Skeletal…
- Protection... - Elimination of heat produced by muscular contr…
62 terms
Pelvis 1- Gross Anatomy
hips bones or ox coxae
sacrum
coccyx
What are the three bones of the pelvis?
What are the green dots?
What is the blue dot?
What is the pink dot?
ilium, ischium, pubis
hips bones or ox coxae
What are the green dots?
sacrum
What is the blue dot?
19 terms
Gross Anatomy Week 1
Uncovertebral joint (Joint of Lushka)
Nucleus pulposus
Annulus fibrosus
Facet joints (innervation)
-uncus and vertebra... -found in cervical region... -saddle joint... -…
-more cartilaginous... -gelatinous... -collagen, proteoglycans and…
-fibrocartilage attached to vertebral bodies... -layers of fibro…
-innervated by branches off dorsal rami... -each branch supplies…
Uncovertebral joint (Joint of Lushka)
-uncus and vertebra... -found in cervical region... -saddle joint... -…
Nucleus pulposus
-more cartilaginous... -gelatinous... -collagen, proteoglycans and…
69 terms
Gross Anatomy Palpation Practical 1
External occipital protuberance
Mastoid process
C2
C3-5
posterior aspect of cranium
behind the ear
first prominence felt inferior to external occipital protuber…
-hard to find... -best palpated with neck relaxed
External occipital protuberance
posterior aspect of cranium
Mastoid process
behind the ear
224 terms
Gross Anatomy 1- Exam 1
which end of the clavicle is flat
which end of the clavicle is rounder
what does the clavicle articulate with…
what does the clavicle articulate with…
acromial
sternal
sternum and 1st costal cartilage
acromion process of scapula
which end of the clavicle is flat
acromial
which end of the clavicle is rounder
sternal
88 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Palpation
Tensor Fascia Lata muscle
Sartorius muscle
Rectus femoris
Vastus medialis
Origin: ASIS... Insertion: Iliotibial tract of Fascia Lata... Inner…
Origin: ASIS... Insertion: Medial tibia by Pes Anserine ... Innerva…
Origin: AIIS & superior lip of acetabulum... Insertion: Tibial t…
Origin: Medial lip of linea aspera of femur ... Insertion: Tibia…
Tensor Fascia Lata muscle
Origin: ASIS... Insertion: Iliotibial tract of Fascia Lata... Inner…
Sartorius muscle
Origin: ASIS... Insertion: Medial tibia by Pes Anserine ... Innerva…
256 terms
Gross Anatomy Test 1
What are the 3 main approaches to stud…
Regional Anatomy
Systemic Anatomy
Clinical (Applied) Anatomy
Regional, Systemic, Clinical (applied)
Based on organization of the body into parts (head, neck, tru…
Approach to an anatomical study organized by organ systems th…
-emphasizes aspects of the structure and function of the body…
What are the 3 main approaches to stud…
Regional, Systemic, Clinical (applied)
Regional Anatomy
Based on organization of the body into parts (head, neck, tru…
Gross Anatomy Test 1
Erector Spinae
Paraspinal
Paravertebral
Transversospinalis
Iliocostalis, Longissimus, Spinalis
Erector spinae and transversospinalis
Semispinalis, Multifidis, Rotatores
Semispinalis, Multifidis, Rotatores
Erector Spinae
Iliocostalis, Longissimus, Spinalis
Paraspinal
Erector spinae and transversospinalis
180 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Terminology 2016
Superior
Inferior
Cranial
Caudal
Nearer to topmost part of cranium (skull)
Nearer to the sole of the foot
Toward the head or cranium
Towards the feet or tail region (coocyx)
Superior
Nearer to topmost part of cranium (skull)
Inferior
Nearer to the sole of the foot
Gross Anatomy 1 Terminology
Superior
Inferior
Cranial
Caudal
nearer to topmost part of the cranium
nearer to the sole of the foot
toward the head or cranium
towards the feet or tail region
Superior
nearer to topmost part of the cranium
Inferior
nearer to the sole of the foot
29 terms
GROSS ANATOMY 1: Arthrology
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diathrosis
Syndesmosis
Immoveable joint
Little movement joint
Highly moveable joint
Considerable space between bones... United by an interosseous me…
Synarthrosis
Immoveable joint
Amphiarthrosis
Little movement joint
228 terms
Gross Anatomy Test 1
What planes are oriented vertically an…
What planes are oriented vertically an…
What plane passes through the center o…
Which planes divide the body into supe…
Coronal Planes
Sagittal Plane
Median Sagittal Plane
Transverse, Horizontal (axial planes)
What planes are oriented vertically an…
Coronal Planes
What planes are oriented vertically an…
Sagittal Plane
Gross Anatomy Lecture#1
Anatomical position
Prone
Supine
Directional terms
standing erect, arms at sides, PALMS forward, feet slightly a…
Face down
Face up
Right-R... Left-L
Anatomical position
standing erect, arms at sides, PALMS forward, feet slightly a…
Prone
Face down
Gross Anatomy Lab 1
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Action
Trapezius Nerve Supply
Occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, spinous processes…
Upper: Lateral third clavicle... Middle: spine scapula ... Lower tr…
Upper: Elevation of scapula, upward rotation of scapula ... Midd…
spinal accessory nerve/cranial nerve XI
Trapezius Origin
Occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, spinous processes…
Trapezius Insertion
Upper: Lateral third clavicle... Middle: spine scapula ... Lower tr…
240 terms
Gross Anatomy - Muscles for Exam 1
Trapezius Origin
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Nerve
Trapezius Action
Ligamentum nuchae... Spinous processes of C7-T12... External Occipi…
Spine of the scapula... Acromion Process... Lateral 1/3 of the clav…
Spinal Accessory (CN XI)... Ventral Rami of C3 and C4
Head Extension... Retraction... Upward Rotation... Depression... Elevation
Trapezius Origin
Ligamentum nuchae... Spinous processes of C7-T12... External Occipi…
Trapezius Insertion
Spine of the scapula... Acromion Process... Lateral 1/3 of the clav…
136 terms
Gross Anatomy Test 1
Brachium or bracchium (Lat)
Brakhus
Kephale
Parietal, from Paries (Lat)
Arm
Short
Head
Wall
Brachium or bracchium (Lat)
Arm
Brakhus
Short
54 terms
1. Gross Anatomy of Brain
cerebral hemispheres with interhemisph…
thalamus and hypothalamus... "between bra…
cerebrum (telencephalon) and diencepha…
mesencephalon
Telencephalon:
Diencephalon:
What is forebrain?
Midbrain:
cerebral hemispheres with interhemisph…
Telencephalon:
thalamus and hypothalamus... "between bra…
Diencephalon:
74 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Thoracic Limb
The innervation and functions of the S…
The innervation and functions of the D…
The innervation and functions of the B…
The innervation and functions of the S…
-cranial pectoral n. (C7, C8)... -adduction
- caudal pectoral n. (C8, T1)... - pulls the trunk cranially, dr…
- accessory n. (CN XI), and ventral branches of cervical spin…
- accessory n., and ventral branches of cervical spinal nn.... -…
The innervation and functions of the S…
-cranial pectoral n. (C7, C8)... -adduction
The innervation and functions of the D…
- caudal pectoral n. (C8, T1)... - pulls the trunk cranially, dr…
8 terms
GROSS ANATOMY 1: Osteology
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Irregular bones
Tubular with a medullary cavity; found in the limbs
Cube shaped, like the carpals and tarsals. Good for sliding a…
Sandwich shaped structures, like ribs, sternum, and skull. Go…
Like vertebrae and many bones of the skull
Long bones
Tubular with a medullary cavity; found in the limbs
Short bones
Cube shaped, like the carpals and tarsals. Good for sliding a…
147 terms
NYCC-Gross Anatomy 1
Gross Anatomy
Histology
Embryology
Morphology
anatomy at the macroscopic level
microscopic anatomy, cellular and tissue level
developmental anatomy
the study of shape
Gross Anatomy
anatomy at the macroscopic level
Histology
microscopic anatomy, cellular and tissue level
133 terms
Gross Anatomy 1- Forearm
what is the first rule about the forearm
which forearm bone is lateral
which forearm bone is medial
what does the radius articulate with d…
2 bones (radius lateral, ulna medial)
radius
ulna
scaphoid and lunate
what is the first rule about the forearm
2 bones (radius lateral, ulna medial)
which forearm bone is lateral
radius
77 terms
Gross Anatomy Lecture 1
The Upper Extremity is divided into wh…
The Pectoral Girdle is part of the sho…
Glenohumeral joint is where:
Where are flexor nerves located?
Shoulder, Arm, Forearm, and Hand
Clavicles and Scapulae
the humerus interacts with the scapula
anterior portion of the arm
The Upper Extremity is divided into wh…
Shoulder, Arm, Forearm, and Hand
The Pectoral Girdle is part of the sho…
Clavicles and Scapulae
18 terms
GROSS ANATOMY 1: Movement
Translocation
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Gliding movement... Simplest type of motion... Surfaces glide over…
Decrease the size of the angle between articulated bones
Increase the size of the angle between articulated bones
Movement away from the midline of body (limbs)
Translocation
Gliding movement... Simplest type of motion... Surfaces glide over…
Flexion
Decrease the size of the angle between articulated bones
65 terms
Gross Anatomy midterm 1
Ossification centers of long bones
Ossification centers of short bones
Humerus- proximal epiphysis
Scapula
1. Diaphysis- shaft... 2. Metaphysis- proximal to epiphysis; reg…
ex. carpal... only 1 ossification center
Would be open... (10-15 mo)
Open or closed... supraglenoid tubercle (3-7mo)
Ossification centers of long bones
1. Diaphysis- shaft... 2. Metaphysis- proximal to epiphysis; reg…
Ossification centers of short bones
ex. carpal... only 1 ossification center
84 terms
Gross Anatomy 1
Introduction
Anatomy
Surface anatomy
3 types of sectionings
....
the science of the structure and function of the body. It is…
=the study of the living body at rest and in action and is us…
1) longitudinal section: seperates hte body from left to righ…
Introduction
....
Anatomy
the science of the structure and function of the body. It is…
25 terms
Gross Anatomy Terms 1
Superior
Medial
Cranial
Anterior
Towards the head (humans)
Towards the midline
Towards the head ... (Animals)
Towards the front of the body... (Humans)
Superior
Towards the head (humans)
Medial
Towards the midline
Gross Anatomy 1 Lecture
Regional Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Median (midsagittal)
sagittal (parasagittal)
study of anatomical structure within a given region of the body
-subject erect... -head, eyes, and toes forward... -arms by the sid…
equal halves down the center of the body
non equal halves down the long side of the body
Regional Anatomy
study of anatomical structure within a given region of the body
Anatomical Position
-subject erect... -head, eyes, and toes forward... -arms by the sid…
89 terms
Gross Anatomy Lab 1
fibrous pericardium
serous pericardium
larynx
thyroid cartilage
fibrous pericardium
serous pericardium
91 terms
Gross Anatomy #1
Anatomical Position
Frontal/lateral/Coronal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Transverse Plane
Body is standing straight, facing forward, upper limbs at sid…
Divides body into front & back portions
Divides body into left and right portions
Divides body into top & bottom portions
Anatomical Position
Body is standing straight, facing forward, upper limbs at sid…
Frontal/lateral/Coronal Plane
Divides body into front & back portions
Gross Anatomy 1 - Thorax
Pectoralis major origin
Pectoralis major insertion
Pectoralis major innervation
Pectoralis major action
Sternal half of clavicle, sternum to 7th rib, cartilages of t…
Humerus
Pectoral nerves (medial and lateral)
Moves arm (flexes and adducts arm, rotates arm medially)
Pectoralis major origin
Sternal half of clavicle, sternum to 7th rib, cartilages of t…
Pectoralis major insertion
Humerus
15 terms
Gross Anatomy 1-Bones
Articulates with the glenoid fossa
Indistinct area immediately distal to…
Anteriorly inferior to the head, the r…
Large Projection lateral to the Head o…
Head of the Femur
Anatomical Neck
Lesser Tubercle
Greater Tubercle
Articulates with the glenoid fossa
Head of the Femur
Indistinct area immediately distal to…
Anatomical Neck
251 terms
Gross anatomy #1
Mastoid Process of skull
occipital bone of skull
external occipital protuberance
superior nuchal line
Mastoid Process of skull
occipital bone of skull
Gross Anatomy Exam 1
Myology
The specific function of skeletal muscle
Functions of skeletal muscle ______, s…
Skeletal muscle depends on the _______…
Branch of anatomy that deals with skeletal muscle
movement and contractility
movement, opening & closing passageways, Heat
musculoskeletal system
Myology
Branch of anatomy that deals with skeletal muscle
The specific function of skeletal muscle
movement and contractility
159 terms
Gross Anatomy Unit 1
List the functions of skeletal muscle
How much of the total body weight does…
What is myology?
What is the specific function of skele…
1. Movement... 2. Stability... 3. Communication... 4. Control of Body…
40-50%
The branch of anatomy that deals with the skeletal muscular s…
Production of voluntary movement (contractility)
List the functions of skeletal muscle
1. Movement... 2. Stability... 3. Communication... 4. Control of Body…
How much of the total body weight does…
40-50%
61 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 (skeletal)
Coronal suture
Lambdoidal suture
Squamous suture
Sagittal suture
Between the frontal and parietal bones
Between parietal and occipital bones
Between parietal and temporal bones
Down the middle of the parietal bone
Coronal suture
Between the frontal and parietal bones
Lambdoidal suture
Between parietal and occipital bones
45 terms
Gross Anatomy 1 Final NYCC
meningeal nerve
dorsal ramus
Medial branch
lateral branch
innervates the mininges, the vessels associated with the meni…
provides motor innervation to epaxial muscles... passes dorsall…
This branch of the Dorsal ramus from T6 up are cutaneous as w…
This branch of the dorsal ramus from T7 down are cutaneous as…
meningeal nerve
innervates the mininges, the vessels associated with the meni…
dorsal ramus
provides motor innervation to epaxial muscles... passes dorsall…
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