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Study sets matching "1 molecular biology cellular"

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Study sets matching "1 molecular biology cellular"

92 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology Exam: 1
The levels of organization of multicel…
What is an emergent property
5 kingdoms
3 Domains
The Cell: Basic Unit of Life... Tissue: A collection of cells... Or…
A property thet a collection or complex system has, but the i…
Fungi, Plantae, Animalia, Protists
Archea, Bacteria, and Eukaryotic
The levels of organization of multicel…
The Cell: Basic Unit of Life... Tissue: A collection of cells... Or…
What is an emergent property
A property thet a collection or complex system has, but the i…
239 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology 1
Atoms
Neutron
Proton
Electron
All living things and other matter are composed of
Part of an atom with neutral charge
Part of an atom with positive charge
Part of an atom with negative charge
Atoms
All living things and other matter are composed of
Neutron
Part of an atom with neutral charge
56 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Test 1
Hydrogen Bond
Nonpolar covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
Ionic Bond
The bond responsible for cohesion and adhesion of water molec…
The bond between two oxygen atoms in O2
The bond between H and O atoms within one molecule of water.
The bond between elements with very different electronegativi…
Hydrogen Bond
The bond responsible for cohesion and adhesion of water molec…
Nonpolar covalent bond
The bond between two oxygen atoms in O2
120 terms
Clep biology - Cellular and molecular biology (Part 1)
Cell
Antoibe van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Cell theory
The smallest and most basic unit of structure for all living…
First observer of cells under the microscope... Constructed fir…
The first scientist to use the term "cells". ... The first to d…
(Matthias Schleiden and Theodor Schwann)... 1. All living thing…
Cell
The smallest and most basic unit of structure for all living…
Antoibe van Leeuwenhoek
First observer of cells under the microscope... Constructed fir…
25 terms
Biology Praxis: Molecular and Cellular 1
Atomic Structure
Organic Matter
Hydrogen bonds
Ionic Bonds
Center nucleus has protons(+) and neutrons, out side the nucl…
all life needs CHONP and trace minerals.
The attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to a…
Atomic Structure
Center nucleus has protons(+) and neutrons, out side the nucl…
Organic Matter
all life needs CHONP and trace minerals.
55 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Test 1
Hydrogen Bond
Nonpolar covalent bond
Polar covalent bond
Ionic Bond
The bond responsible for cohesion and adhesion of water molec…
The bond between two oxygen atoms in O2
The bond between H and O atoms within one molecule of water.
The bond between elements with very different electronegativi…
Hydrogen Bond
The bond responsible for cohesion and adhesion of water molec…
Nonpolar covalent bond
The bond between two oxygen atoms in O2
74 terms
Unit 1 Cellular and Molecular Biology
Why study biology?
Why do we use biology?
Why study cellular and molecular biolo…
What are the fundamental basis of life?
It helps us understand the nature of life and the mechanisms…
To improve the environment or bettering the quality of life.…
All life is better understood at a cellular and molecular level
DNA, RNA, proteins and cellular mechanisms.
Why study biology?
It helps us understand the nature of life and the mechanisms…
Why do we use biology?
To improve the environment or bettering the quality of life.…
26 terms
Molecular & Cellular Biology - Part 1
H2, O2
ionic
hydrophobic
basic
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
Water, being a polar molecule, is attracted to other polar mo…
The pH scale measures how acidic or _______ a substance is on…
H2, O2
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
ionic
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
66 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology Unit 1
Cell Theory
Hans & Zacharias Janssen
Robert Hooke
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Original Tenets... 1. The cell is the smallest unit of life... 2. A…
First Compound Microscope 1595
Coined the Term Cell 1665, cork drawing "like a honey-comb",…
Father of Microbiology late 1600's, coined the term "Anamolec…
Cell Theory
Original Tenets... 1. The cell is the smallest unit of life... 2. A…
Hans & Zacharias Janssen
First Compound Microscope 1595
30 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Lecture 1
Homologous Chromosomes
Sister Chromatids
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Controls passage of materials into and out of cells
Contains hereditary material (DNA), helps regulate the cell's…
Homologous Chromosomes
Sister Chromatids
55 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Exam 1
Microtubules
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
Purines
Pyrimidines
thickest filaments- form hollow tubes-are reorganized in divi…
1. Nitrogen containing ring (base- bases accept a H+ in acidi…
adenine (A) and guanine (G) - double ring structure (6 member…
cytosine (C), thymine (T) and uracil (U) (only RNA) - have a…
Microtubules
thickest filaments- form hollow tubes-are reorganized in divi…
What are the three parts of a nucleoti…
1. Nitrogen containing ring (base- bases accept a H+ in acidi…
132 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Exam 1
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes
Acid
water hating
water loving
Prokaryotes- simple structure, smaller usually, no membrane b…
any compound that can donate a proton (H+). The carboxyl and…
Hydrophobic
water hating
Hydrophilic
water loving
220 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology - Exam 1
Half-life
Octet Rule
Polar covalent bonds
Types of noncovalent bonds
Speed of half the decay of a radioactive element
Atoms want to achieve a full outer shell
When one atom in a covalent bond is more electronegative than…
Ionic... Hydrogen... Hydrophobic... Vander Waals
Half-life
Speed of half the decay of a radioactive element
Octet Rule
Atoms want to achieve a full outer shell
36 terms
Test 1 Cellular and Molecular Biology
Which scientist is credited with the p…
A very low Km value may indicate:... a. s…
The patch clamp technique is used to:…
Which of the following types of membra…
e. Virchow
c. both of the above
d. detect ion flux across a segment of cell membrane
c. transverse diffusion (flipping) from one leaflet to another
Which scientist is credited with the p…
e. Virchow
A very low Km value may indicate:... a. s…
c. both of the above
22 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Test 1
What are the 4 types of macromolecules
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis Reaction
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Requires energy... A water molecule is removed between each bond
Releases energy.... 1 water molecule is added for every bond tha…
Consists of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen... Glucose... Galactose... Fr…
What are the 4 types of macromolecules
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Dehydration Reaction
Requires energy... A water molecule is removed between each bond
60 terms
Molecular and cellular biology Exam 1
Polar Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Non-Polar Covalent Bond
Hydrophobic
Unequal sharing of electron pairs
Formed by an electrical attraction between ions bearing oppos…
Equal sharing of electron pairs
Water-hating
Polar Covalent bond
Unequal sharing of electron pairs
Ionic bond
Formed by an electrical attraction between ions bearing oppos…
322 terms
Molecular & Cellular Biology - Review
H2, O2
ionic
hydrophobic
basic
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
Water, being a polar molecule, is attracted to other polar mo…
The pH scale measures how acidic or _______ a substance is on…
H2, O2
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
ionic
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
10 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology Day 1
Robert Hooke
Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek
Theodor Schwann
The cell theory of life
The first person to identify cells when he was actually looki…
The first person to identify living cells.
A scientist who came up with the cell theory of life.
A theory that consist of 3 parts explaining cells.
Robert Hooke
The first person to identify cells when he was actually looki…
Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek
The first person to identify living cells.
86 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology Examen 1
double helix
complementary strands
gene expression
chromosomes
two polynucleotide chains in DNA are held together by hydroge…
a consequence of base pairing requirements is that each stran…
the process by which the nucleotide sequence of a gene is tra…
in eukaryotic cells, very long double stranded DNA molecules…
double helix
two polynucleotide chains in DNA are held together by hydroge…
complementary strands
a consequence of base pairing requirements is that each stran…
7 terms
Unit 1 Cellular and Molecular Biology
PCR primers
Smooth ER
Rought ER/Golgi Apparatus
hnRNA
starts as a starting point for DNA replication
Smooth ER is devoted almost exclusively to the manufacture of…
The Golgi apparatus packages proteins/other materials for use…
Pre-mRNA comprises the bulk of heterogeneous nuclear RNA (hnR…
PCR primers
starts as a starting point for DNA replication
Smooth ER
Smooth ER is devoted almost exclusively to the manufacture of…
63 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology Review (1)
True or False: ... A sphingolipid is an a…
True or False: ... In the sodium potassiu…
True or False: ... Plasmolysis occurs whe…
True or False: ... The sodium potassium p…
True
False; 3Na+ and 2K+
True
True
True or False: ... A sphingolipid is an a…
True
True or False: ... In the sodium potassiu…
False; 3Na+ and 2K+
32 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology Test 1
Aspartic acid
Glutamic acid
Arginine
Lysine
D
E
R
K
Aspartic acid
D
Glutamic acid
E
101 terms
Molecular Cellular Biology Exam 1
nucleotide
DNA
RNA
polarity (5', 3')
a nucleoside phosphorylated at one or more of its pentose hyd…
a polynucleotide with a specific sequence of deoxyribonucleot…
a polyribonucleotide of a specific sequence linked by success…
the fact that the replication of a DNA strand can only travel…
nucleotide
a nucleoside phosphorylated at one or more of its pentose hyd…
DNA
a polynucleotide with a specific sequence of deoxyribonucleot…
27 terms
Cellular and molecular Biology Test 1 Part 2
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Nuclear Envelope
Chromatin
No membrane bound organelles... Usually unicellular... Small riboso…
More complex... Membrane bound organelles
Membrane closing the nucleus... protien pores allow Material to…
DNA plus proteins that make chromosomes
Prokaryote
No membrane bound organelles... Usually unicellular... Small riboso…
Eukaryote
More complex... Membrane bound organelles
215 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology: Praxis
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Electrons
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
positively charged atomic particle
atomic particle with no charge
tiny, negatively charged particles that balance out the protons
Nucleus
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
Proton
positively charged atomic particle
20 terms
cellular and molecular biology 1-5
which of the following types of cells…
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells gener…
about 25 of the 92 natural elements ar…
oxygen has an atomic number of 8 and a…
archaea
ribosomes
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
approximately 16 daltons
which of the following types of cells…
archaea
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells gener…
ribosomes
121 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology Exam 1
What does DNA stand for?
What is DNA composed on?
What are the four types of nitrogenous…
Nucleotide:
deoxyribonucleic acid
Two long polymers of nucleotides called strands. Each strand…
A, C, G, T
phosphate, sugar, nitrogenous base
What does DNA stand for?
deoxyribonucleic acid
What is DNA composed on?
Two long polymers of nucleotides called strands. Each strand…
Cellular and Molecular Biology Test 1
Phospholipids are most commonly assemb…
what is phospholipid name for choline?
what is phospholipid name for serine?
what is phospholipid name for ethanola…
2 long-chain fatty acids... 1 glycerol (the backbone)... 1 phosphat…
phosphatidyl-choline
phosphatidylserine
phosphorylate-ethanolamine
Phospholipids are most commonly assemb…
2 long-chain fatty acids... 1 glycerol (the backbone)... 1 phosphat…
what is phospholipid name for choline?
phosphatidyl-choline
47 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
Cell Cycle
Parts of the Cell
Interphase
G1 phase
Cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell... Stages:... 1.…
Nucleus... Plasma Membrane... Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)... Ribosomes…
Consists of G1 phase, S phase (synthesis), and G2 phase
Goes from the end of previous mitosis through the beginning o…
Cell Cycle
Cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell... Stages:... 1.…
Parts of the Cell
Nucleus... Plasma Membrane... Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)... Ribosomes…
36 terms
Bio 344: Cellular Molecular Biology - Exam 1
For an uncharged molecule, the directi…
The net driving force for a charged mo…
When this transporter moves both ions…
Membranes lipids are _________ molecul…
Concentration, membrane potential
Electrochemical
Symport, antiport
amphiphilic
For an uncharged molecule, the directi…
Concentration, membrane potential
The net driving force for a charged mo…
Electrochemical
45 terms
Biology 1 EOC Review: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell Membrane
Structures Found in Plant Cells but NO…
Cell that lacks a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles; does…
Cell that has a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles (ex. pl…
(Plasma membrane) Controls what goes in and out of a cell; se…
Cell wall, chloroplast, central vacuole
Prokaryotic Cell
Cell that lacks a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles; does…
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell that has a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles (ex. pl…
68 terms
Clep Biology Cellular and Molecular Biology Chapter 1
Facilitated transport can be different…
the cell is the basic unit of function…
which of the following cannot freely d…
during a hydropathy analysis of a prot…
active transport requires an energy source
subcellular components cannot regenerate whole cells
glocose
protein is likely to be an intergral protein
Facilitated transport can be different…
active transport requires an energy source
the cell is the basic unit of function…
subcellular components cannot regenerate whole cells
45 terms
Biology 1 EOC Review: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell Membrane
Structures Found in Plant Cells but NO…
Cell that lacks a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles; does…
Cell that has a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles (ex. pl…
(Plasma membrane) Controls what goes in and out of a cell; se…
Cell wall, chloroplast, central vacuole
Prokaryotic Cell
Cell that lacks a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles; does…
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell that has a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles (ex. pl…
51 terms
Biology CLEP - Molecular and Cellular Biology
Carbohydrates
1 Molecule Carbohydrate
2 Molecule Carbohydrate
3+ Molecule Carbohydrate
Made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Carbohydrates
Made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
1 Molecule Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
17 terms
Molecular and cellular Biology
Chemistry
Atomic number
Element
Elements have...?
the study of matter
the number of protons found in the nucleus
the basic substrate of matter, the simplest unit
a nucleus that contains a unique number of protons and neutrons
Chemistry
the study of matter
Atomic number
the number of protons found in the nucleus
17 terms
Molecular and cellular Biology
Chemistry
Atomic number
Element
Elements have...?
the study of matter
the number of protons found in the nucleus
the basic substrate of matter, the simplest unit
a nucleus that contains a unique number of protons and neutrons
Chemistry
the study of matter
Atomic number
the number of protons found in the nucleus
65 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
6 Properties of Water
Mole
Acid
Base
1. Polar covalent- it has a positively charged side and a neg…
6 X 10^23 of a substance. Concentration is measured by molarity
proton donor
proton acceptor; a substance that reduces (removes) the hydro…
6 Properties of Water
1. Polar covalent- it has a positively charged side and a neg…
Mole
6 X 10^23 of a substance. Concentration is measured by molarity
127 terms
Cellular and Molecular Biology
The Cell
Organism
Light Microscope
Antonio van Leeuwenhoek
The smallest and most basic unit of living things
A living thing
Invented in the mid 1600s that allowed scientist to observe a…
Observed tiny organisms using a light microscope.
The Cell
The smallest and most basic unit of living things
Organism
A living thing
22 terms
biology: Molecular and Cellular 4
DNA
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Phosphate group - Deoxyribose - nitrogen base. Its a double h…
Phosphate group - ribose - nitrogen bases. single stranded. b…
Carries instructions from polypeptide synthesis from nucleus…
Forms an important part of both subunits of the ribosome.
DNA
Phosphate group - Deoxyribose - nitrogen base. Its a double h…
RNA
Phosphate group - ribose - nitrogen bases. single stranded. b…
239 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology
Atoms
Neutron
Proton
Electron
All living things and other matter are composed of
Part of an atom with neutral charge
Part of an atom with positive charge
Part of an atom with negative charge
Atoms
All living things and other matter are composed of
Neutron
Part of an atom with neutral charge
12 terms
1 - cellular and molecular biology - 1 cells and orangelles
cell membrane
nucleus
nucleolous
cytoskeleton
controls passage of materials into and out of cells (selectiv…
contains hereditary material (DNA), helps regulate cell's act…
nonmembranous structure involved in production of ribosomes
maintains cell shape, anchors orangelles, directs traffic and…
cell membrane
controls passage of materials into and out of cells (selectiv…
nucleus
contains hereditary material (DNA), helps regulate cell's act…
26 terms
Study Guide Exam 1 Cellular and Molecular Biology
Isotopes
Tetrahedron
Organic Chemistry
Prokaryote
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
4-sided space triangle (basically a triangular pyramid)
Study of all chemicals containing carbon
A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bound nucleus…
Isotopes
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Tetrahedron
4-sided space triangle (basically a triangular pyramid)
215 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology: Praxis
Nucleus
Proton
Neutron
Electrons
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
positively charged atomic particle
atomic particle with no charge
tiny, negatively charged particles that balance out the protons
Nucleus
central region of atom that makes up the bulk mass
Proton
positively charged atomic particle
Molecular and Cellular Biology: Enzymes
The Laws of Thermodynamics
energy
chemical reaction
exergonic reaction
Energy has been expressed in terms of reliable observations k…
Physicists define energy as the ability to do work; in this c…
To initiate a chemical reaction, a type of "spark," referred…
Any chemical reaction in which energy is released... the produc…
The Laws of Thermodynamics
Energy has been expressed in terms of reliable observations k…
energy
Physicists define energy as the ability to do work; in this c…
8 terms
Molecular & Cellular Biology - Part 5
Pairs of similar chromosomes are calle…
Cells that reproduce by mitosis give r…
Meiosis
Homologous chromosomes
homologous chromosomes. Homologous chromosomes, sometimes cal…
meiosis give rise to haploid cells. Meiosis is a different ki…
A form of cell division happening in sexually reproducing org…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
Pairs of similar chromosomes are calle…
homologous chromosomes. Homologous chromosomes, sometimes cal…
Cells that reproduce by mitosis give r…
meiosis give rise to haploid cells. Meiosis is a different ki…
293 terms
Applied Cellular and Molecular Biology
What is Life?
Three key features of life
Development of Genetic Information
Miller-Urey Experiment
A self-sustaining chemical system capable of Darwinian Evolut…
Genetic Information... Regulation (Membranes)... Metabolism
Simple Chemistry... Nucleic Acids... Replication... Accurate Replicati…
Experiment that simulated early Earth's atmosphere. Discovere…
What is Life?
A self-sustaining chemical system capable of Darwinian Evolut…
Three key features of life
Genetic Information... Regulation (Membranes)... Metabolism
111 terms
Molecular Cellular Biology Lab Exam 1
Ocular (eyepiece)
Body tube
revolving nosepiece
objectives
pair of lenses nearest the eyes, magnify 10x
supports the ocular and revolving nosepiece with its magnifyi…
rotating structure with four objectives mounted on it
lenses nearest the specimen
Ocular (eyepiece)
pair of lenses nearest the eyes, magnify 10x
Body tube
supports the ocular and revolving nosepiece with its magnifyi…
Molecular and Cellular Biology: Cells
Cells
organs
Organ Systems
Robert Hooke
One of the basic tenets of biology is that all living things…
One of the first scientists to observe cells was Englishman R…
Cells
One of the basic tenets of biology is that all living things…
organs
124 terms
Study Guide For Test 1: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Order from smallest to largest:... __ mar…
What forms 4 covalent bonds?
What is a polar covalent bond?
What type of bond is found between H a…
3... 2... 1... 5... 4
Carbon... Explanation: Because carbon has 6 electrons, it has 4…
A polar covalent bond is a type of chemical bond where a pair…
Polar Covalent Bond... Covalent because: Electrons are shared bu…
Order from smallest to largest:... __ mar…
3... 2... 1... 5... 4
What forms 4 covalent bonds?
Carbon... Explanation: Because carbon has 6 electrons, it has 4…
25 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic units of life
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains DNA.
cell
basic units of life
cell theory
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
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