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Study sets matching "1 spinal anatomy"

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Study sets matching "1 spinal anatomy"

289 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 1
What are the four basic tissues of the…
What is the function of each type of b…
What is the primary constituent of the…
What types of glycoaminoglycans predom…
epithelial, muscle, neural and connective tissue
osteoblast - form bone; osteocyte - maintain or nurture bone;…
glycosaminoglycans
chondroitin sulfates, keratin sulfates & hyaluronic acid
What are the four basic tissues of the…
epithelial, muscle, neural and connective tissue
What is the function of each type of b…
osteoblast - form bone; osteocyte - maintain or nurture bone;…
36 terms
Spinal Anatomy: Week 1
primary functions of the spine (5)
axial skeleton (3)
appendicular skeleton (4)
regions of the spine (5)
-support of the body... -protection & conduit of the pinal cord…
-spine... -skull... -thoracic cage
-shoulder girdle... -upper extremities... -pelvis... -lower extremities
-Cervical—neck... -Thoracic—mid-‐back... -Lumbar—low back... -Sacral—b…
primary functions of the spine (5)
-support of the body... -protection & conduit of the pinal cord…
axial skeleton (3)
-spine... -skull... -thoracic cage
27 terms
Spinal Anatomy - Modual 1
Primary Function of the Spine
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton Connects via the
Maintains erect posture, Protects and directs the spinal cord…
Spine, skull, Thoracic cage
Shoulder girdle, upper extremeities, pelvis, lower extremities
Scapulae and clavical; Sacroiliac joints; Various muscle and…
Primary Function of the Spine
Maintains erect posture, Protects and directs the spinal cord…
Axial Skeleton
Spine, skull, Thoracic cage
240 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 1
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
the part is above another or closer to the head (cranial)
the part is below another or towards the feet (caudal)
towards the front
Toward the back
Superior
the part is above another or closer to the head (cranial)
Inferior
the part is below another or towards the feet (caudal)
233 terms
Spinal Anatomy exam 1
Spine has how many vertebrae
cervical vertebrae #
thoracic verterbrae #
Lumbar vertebrae #
24
7
12
5
Spine has how many vertebrae
24
cervical vertebrae #
7
14 terms
Anatomy practical 1-spinal cord
Posterior (dorsal) median sulcus
Anterior (ventral) median fissure
central canal
posterior horn
#7?
Posterior (dorsal) median sulcus
#7?
Anterior (ventral) median fissure
34 terms
Spinal Anatomy Practical 1
Trapezius
Latissimus Dorsi
Levator Scapulae
Rhomboid Major
Spinal accessory nerve, C1-C5 cord levels
Thoracodorsal nerve, ventral rami C6-C8
Dorsal scapular nerve, ventral ramus C5 plus ventral rami C3,…
Dorsal scapular nerve, ventral ramus C5 plus ventral ramus C4
Trapezius
Spinal accessory nerve, C1-C5 cord levels
Latissimus Dorsi
Thoracodorsal nerve, ventral rami C6-C8
273 terms
Spinal Anatomy- Exam #1
Axial Skeleton-
Appendicular Skeleton-
Functions of bone-
What is the primary mineral found in b…
bones of the skull, ribs, sternum, vertebral column and hyoid…
bones of the limbs, pectoral girdle and pelvic girdle
1. Support... 2. Storage of minerals... 3. Blood cell production... 4.…
Calcium
Axial Skeleton-
bones of the skull, ribs, sternum, vertebral column and hyoid…
Appendicular Skeleton-
bones of the limbs, pectoral girdle and pelvic girdle
56 terms
Spinal Anatomy Quiz 1
Cortical Bone
Cancellous Bone
Long Bones
Diaphysis
(aka Compact bone) appears as a solid mass of hard, dense min…
(aka Spongy or Medullary) composed of a mineralized network o…
This type of bone is found in the limbs. Their length is grea…
tubular shaft
Cortical Bone
(aka Compact bone) appears as a solid mass of hard, dense min…
Cancellous Bone
(aka Spongy or Medullary) composed of a mineralized network o…
101 terms
Spinal Anatomy M1
Bones exist in what 2 forms?
what is cortical bone?
where is cortical bone located?
what is cancellous bone?
cortical and cancellous/spongy
solid, dense, mineralized... -weight bearing portion of bone
peripheral of bone
composed of trabeculae (resembles sponge)... -space between trab…
Bones exist in what 2 forms?
cortical and cancellous/spongy
what is cortical bone?
solid, dense, mineralized... -weight bearing portion of bone
314 terms
Part 1 - Spinal Anatomy
What are the 3 germinal layers?
What are the 4 parts of the mesoderm?
What is the subgroup and derivatives o…
What is the subgroup and derivatives o…
1. Endoderm... 2. Mesoderm... 3. Ectoderm
1. Paraxial... 2. Intermediate... 3. Head... 4. Lateral plate
Subgroup: Endoderm... Derivatives: Organs, gut, respiratory tra…
Subgroup: Paraxial --> somatic; Paraxial --> splanchnic... Deri…
What are the 3 germinal layers?
1. Endoderm... 2. Mesoderm... 3. Ectoderm
What are the 4 parts of the mesoderm?
1. Paraxial... 2. Intermediate... 3. Head... 4. Lateral plate
40 terms
Spinal Anatomy Week 1
median plane
sagittal plane
frontal (coronal) plane
transverse plane
vertical plane going through the midline of the body, divides…
vertical planes that parallel to the... median plane; divides it…
vertical planes which divide the body into anterior and poste…
horizontal plane that divides the body into superior and infe…
median plane
vertical plane going through the midline of the body, divides…
sagittal plane
vertical planes that parallel to the... median plane; divides it…
37 terms
Spinal Anatomy Unit 1
What is the outer layer of the Facet J…
Nociception
Proprioception
What is the inner layer of the Facet J…
Fibro Elastic connective tissue.
Pain
Working Normally
Vascular Central Later of loose connective tissue
What is the outer layer of the Facet J…
Fibro Elastic connective tissue.
Nociception
Pain
Myology 1 spinal anatomy
Vertebrae... Body
Neural Arch consists of:
Vertebrae... Processes
Pedicle
Large, round portion of bone- superior and inferior surfaces…
Pedicle, laminate, vertebral foramen, vertebral (spinal) canal
A total of 7:... Transverse 2, spinous process 1, superior artic…
2 thick processes, the vertebral notches and the intervertebr…
Vertebrae... Body
Large, round portion of bone- superior and inferior surfaces…
Neural Arch consists of:
Pedicle, laminate, vertebral foramen, vertebral (spinal) canal
23 terms
anatomy- spinal cord unit 1
cervical thoracic lumbar sacral coccyg…
cervical spinal cord
thoracic spinal cord
lumbar spinal cord
5 regions of the spinal cord:... candy tanks lose some candy,
hint: enlargement
hint: lateral horns
cervical thoracic lumbar sacral coccyg…
5 regions of the spinal cord:... candy tanks lose some candy,
cervical spinal cord
hint: enlargement
455 terms
Spinal Anatomy - Test 1
What comprises the axial skeleton?
What comprises the appendicular skelet…
What are the functions of bone (there…
What is the primary mineral found in b…
Bones of the skull, ribs, sternum, vertebral column, and hyoi…
Bones of the limbs, pectoral girdle, and pelvic girdle
Support, storage of minerals, blood cell production, protecti…
Calcium
What comprises the axial skeleton?
Bones of the skull, ribs, sternum, vertebral column, and hyoi…
What comprises the appendicular skelet…
Bones of the limbs, pectoral girdle, and pelvic girdle
162 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 1
The articular joint is covered on the…
the articular joint is covered on the…
Joint manipulation comprises "a high-v…
"Involves manual techniques without th…
ligamentum flavum
articular capsule
Spinal manipulation
Mobilization
The articular joint is covered on the…
ligamentum flavum
the articular joint is covered on the…
articular capsule
34 terms
Spinal Anatomy M1
what is cortical bone?
what is cancellous bone?
what are the stages of vertebral devel…
what happens during the mesodermal sta…
solid, dense, mineralized... -weight bearing portion of bone
composed of trabeculae (resembles sponge)... -space between trab…
mesodermal... -chondrification (stage I)... -ossification (stage II)
1. mesenchymal condensation of paired sclerotomes... 2. horizont…
what is cortical bone?
solid, dense, mineralized... -weight bearing portion of bone
what is cancellous bone?
composed of trabeculae (resembles sponge)... -space between trab…
441 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 1
What is the function of each type of b…
What are bone cells embedded in?
What is the primary constituent of the…
What types of glycosaminoglycans predo…
Osteoblast- form bone ... Osteocyte- maintain or nurture bone ... O…
an amorphous matrix consisting of ground substance, protein f…
glycosaminoglycans
chondroitin sulfates, keratin sulfates & hyaluronic acid
What is the function of each type of b…
Osteoblast- form bone ... Osteocyte- maintain or nurture bone ... O…
What are bone cells embedded in?
an amorphous matrix consisting of ground substance, protein f…
289 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 1
What are the four basic tissues of the…
What is the function of each type of b…
What is the primary constituent of the…
What types of glycoaminoglycans predom…
epithelial, muscle, neural and connective tissue
osteoblast - form bone; osteocyte - maintain or nurture bone;…
glycosaminoglycans
chondroitin sulfates, keratin sulfates & hyaluronic acid
What are the four basic tissues of the…
epithelial, muscle, neural and connective tissue
What is the function of each type of b…
osteoblast - form bone; osteocyte - maintain or nurture bone;…
17 terms
Spinal Anatomy Quiz 1
Bones that make up the axial skeletona…
Bones that make up the appendicular sk…
Vertebral column functions
How many vertebrae in adults? children?
Vertebral column (spine + sacrum + coccyx), sternum, ribs, hy…
Femur, tibia, fibula, radius, ulnar, humerus, clavicle, scapu…
Protection............................of spinal cord... Stabiliz…
26, 33
Bones that make up the axial skeletona…
Vertebral column (spine + sacrum + coccyx), sternum, ribs, hy…
Bones that make up the appendicular sk…
Femur, tibia, fibula, radius, ulnar, humerus, clavicle, scapu…
307 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 1
midsagittal (median) plane
Parasagittal (sagittal) plane
Frontal (coronal) plane
Transverse (horizontal) plane
Vertical plane that passes longitudinally through the body, d…
vertical plane that is parallel to the midsagittal plane
This plane is at a right angle with the midsagittal plane, di…
This plane is passing through the body at right angles to mid…
midsagittal (median) plane
Vertical plane that passes longitudinally through the body, d…
Parasagittal (sagittal) plane
vertical plane that is parallel to the midsagittal plane
122 terms
spinal anatomy midterm 1
compact bone aka
spongy aka
tubular shaft
end regiosn
cortical
medullary, cancellous
diaphysis
epiphysis
compact bone aka
cortical
spongy aka
medullary, cancellous
60 terms
1: Spinal Anatomy and Biomechanics
Function of Spine
Lordotic
A spinal motion segment includes
Anterior Vertebral Arch
House and protect, support H&T, transfers weight and motion f…
Cervical, Lumbar ... Convex Anteriorly
-Adjacent halves of 2 vertebrae... -interposed disc, articular f…
Consists of the pedicles, which attach the arch anteriorly to…
Function of Spine
House and protect, support H&T, transfers weight and motion f…
Lordotic
Cervical, Lumbar ... Convex Anteriorly
20 terms
Spinal Anatomy Lecture 1
Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton Includes
Vertebral column (composed of)
Average vertebral column length of mal…
Bones of Head and Trunk
Skull, Sternum, Vertebral Column, Ribs, Sacrum, Coccyx
26 elements (formed from 32 - 34 segments)
28 inches and 25 inches
Axial Skeleton
Bones of Head and Trunk
Axial Skeleton Includes
Skull, Sternum, Vertebral Column, Ribs, Sacrum, Coccyx
233 terms
Spinal Anatomy exam 1
Spine has how many vertebrae
cervical vertebrae #
thoracic verterbrae #
Lumbar vertebrae #
24
7
12
5
Spine has how many vertebrae
24
cervical vertebrae #
7
36 terms
Spinal Anatomy Ch1
How many moveable vertebrae?... -Cervical…
Sacral & Coccyx vertebra?
Discs are named for the vertebra_____…
NO discs between what vertebrae?... firs…
24... -7... -5... -12
5 fused... 3-5
above
C0-C1... C1-C2... above C2... above L5
How many moveable vertebrae?... -Cervical…
24... -7... -5... -12
Sacral & Coccyx vertebra?
5 fused... 3-5
82 terms
Part 1: Spinal Anatomy
What are the 3 germinal layers?
What are the 4 categories of Mesoderm…
What is the subgroup of endoderm? And…
What are the subgroups of Mesoderm?
1. Endoderm... 2. Mesoderm... 3. Ectoderm
1. Paraxial... 2. Intermediate... 3. Head... 4. Lateral plate
Endoderm: organs, gut, respiratory tract "tubular structures"
1. Paraxial --> Somatic... 2. Paraxial --> Splanchnic ... 3. Interm…
What are the 3 germinal layers?
1. Endoderm... 2. Mesoderm... 3. Ectoderm
What are the 4 categories of Mesoderm…
1. Paraxial... 2. Intermediate... 3. Head... 4. Lateral plate
20 terms
Spinal Anatomy Quiz 1
Classification of bones:... Diaphysis
Classification of bones:... Epiphysis
Classification of bones:... Epiphyseal pl…
Classification of bones:... Metaphysis
Long bone... Tubular shaft
Long bone... The two end regions, distal and proximal of the bone
Long bone... Separates the diaphysis and the epiphysis... This is…
Long bone... Part of the diaphysis that lies adjacent to the ep…
Classification of bones:... Diaphysis
Long bone... Tubular shaft
Classification of bones:... Epiphysis
Long bone... The two end regions, distal and proximal of the bone
31 terms
Anatomy: Final: Spinal 1
What is a nerve
What is a ganglion
Describe the dorsal root
Describe the ventral root
a collection of nerve processes: somatic/autonomic/mixed
a collection of functionally similar cell bodies: somatic or…
- sensory afferent neuron ... - pseudo-unipolar shape ... -cell bod…
-motor, afferent neuron ... -multipolar shape ... -nerve cell bodie…
What is a nerve
a collection of nerve processes: somatic/autonomic/mixed
What is a ganglion
a collection of functionally similar cell bodies: somatic or…
314 terms
NBCE Part 1 - Spinal Anatomy
What makes up the Axial skeleton?
How many elements are on the axial ske…
The primary curve of the spine is
When do the secondary curves of the sp…
Vertebral column... Skull... Ribs... Sternum... Clavicles
24 vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx
Kyphotic
Cervical: 1st to appear, due to baby lifting head.... Lumbar: 2n…
What makes up the Axial skeleton?
Vertebral column... Skull... Ribs... Sternum... Clavicles
How many elements are on the axial ske…
24 vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx
104 terms
Spinal Anatomy Test 1
What is the function of bone (5)
What is the appendicular skeleton comp…
What is the axial skeleton composed of…
What makes up the bulk of the cortical…
Storage... Support... Blood cell production (bone marrow)... Protectio…
limbs... pectoral girdle... pelvic girl
Hyoid bone... vertebral column... ribs... sternum ... skull
Osteons
What is the function of bone (5)
Storage... Support... Blood cell production (bone marrow)... Protectio…
What is the appendicular skeleton comp…
limbs... pectoral girdle... pelvic girl
75 terms
Spinal Anatomy 1
1. The extrensic muscles of the eye ar…
1. Which type of articulation is locat…
3. What suboccipital muscle rotates th…
4. The pelvic diaphram is primarly mad…
Occipital somites
Symphysis
Obliques capitus inferior
Levator ani
1. The extrensic muscles of the eye ar…
Occipital somites
1. Which type of articulation is locat…
Symphysis
248 terms
Spinal Anatomy Unit 1
Anatomy
Anatomical position
Superior
Inferior
The study of structures or body parts and their relationship…
body erect... feet together... palms forward... thumbs away from the b…
Closer to the head - cranial
Toward the feet - caudal
Anatomy
The study of structures or body parts and their relationship…
Anatomical position
body erect... feet together... palms forward... thumbs away from the b…
307 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 1
midsagittal (median) plane
Parasagittal (sagittal) plane
Frontal (coronal) plane
Transverse (horizontal) plane
Vertical plane that passes longitudinally through the body, d…
vertical plane that is parallel to the midsagittal plane
This plane is at a right angle with the midsagittal plane, di…
This plane is passing through the body at right angles to mid…
midsagittal (median) plane
Vertical plane that passes longitudinally through the body, d…
Parasagittal (sagittal) plane
vertical plane that is parallel to the midsagittal plane
229 terms
SPINAL ANATOMY-NBCE Part 1
What are the three main types of joint…
Explain a fibrous joint ?
Give three types of fibrous joint exam…
Give an example of a suture joint.
Fibrous joints... Cartilaginous joints... Synovial joints
No cavity and is held together from fibrous connective tissue
Sutures... Syndesmosis... Gomphosis
The flat bones of the skull where they meet at are called sut…
What are the three main types of joint…
Fibrous joints... Cartilaginous joints... Synovial joints
Explain a fibrous joint ?
No cavity and is held together from fibrous connective tissue
15 terms
spinal cord anatomy 1
spinehabifida
intervertebral foramen
pia and arachnoid
foramen magnum
when the vertebral arch does not fuse posteriorly, to protect…
where the spinal nerves emerge
the blood vessels are between what two meninges?
hole at the bottom of the skull
spinehabifida
when the vertebral arch does not fuse posteriorly, to protect…
intervertebral foramen
where the spinal nerves emerge
37 terms
Spinal Anatomy (Week#1)
Sagittal Plane
Frontal Plane
Horizontal Plane
Translation
Y, Z plane
X, Y plane
X, Z plane
Movement along one axis
Sagittal Plane
Y, Z plane
Frontal Plane
X, Y plane
18 terms
Anatomy 1 - Lab 4 Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
Dorsal Horn
Ventral Horn
Lateral Horn
Gray Commissure
interneurons that receive somatic and visceral sensory input
somatic motor neurons whose axons exit the cord via ventral r…
(only in thoracic and lumbar regions) ... - sympathetic neurons
a thin strip of gray matter that surrounds the central canal…
Dorsal Horn
interneurons that receive somatic and visceral sensory input
Ventral Horn
somatic motor neurons whose axons exit the cord via ventral r…
68 terms
Spinal Anatomy Section 1
2 types of bone:
The outer layer of bone is called the:
The cortex is made up of:
Below the age of 40 the cortex support…
Compact and cancellous
Cortex
Hard compact bone
45%
2 types of bone:
Compact and cancellous
The outer layer of bone is called the:
Cortex
21 terms
Spinal vertebrae anatomy and physiology 1
Body
Vertebral foramen
intervertebral foramen
transverse process
Body
Vertebral foramen
328 terms
Part 1 - Spinal Anatomy
What are the 3 germinal layers?
What are the 4 parts of the mesoderm?
What is the subgroup and derivatives o…
What is the subgroup and derivatives o…
1. Endoderm... 2. Mesoderm... 3. Ectoderm
1. Paraxial... 2. Intermediate... 3. Head... 4. Lateral plate
Subgroup: Endoderm... Derivatives: Organs, gut, respiratory tra…
Subgroup: Paraxial --> somatic; Paraxial --> splanchnic... Deri…
What are the 3 germinal layers?
1. Endoderm... 2. Mesoderm... 3. Ectoderm
What are the 4 parts of the mesoderm?
1. Paraxial... 2. Intermediate... 3. Head... 4. Lateral plate
21 terms
Spinal Anatomy Week 1
The four anatomical planes are?
Midsaggital plane
Parasaggital
Frontal/Coronal
Midsaggital, Parasaggital, Frontal/Coronal Plane, andTransverse
Vertical plane that passes through the body, dividing it into…
Vertical but it is parallel to the midsaggital plane, divides…
Divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
The four anatomical planes are?
Midsaggital, Parasaggital, Frontal/Coronal Plane, andTransverse
Midsaggital plane
Vertical plane that passes through the body, dividing it into…
133 terms
Spinal Anatomy (Exam 1)
Plantarflexion v. Dorsiflexion
Protrusion v. Retrusion
Eversion v. Inversion
The Coordinate System
Plantarflexion=pointing the toes away from the ankle joint... Do…
Protrusion=bringing forward (scapula--serratus anterior)... Retr…
Eversion=turning the sole of the foot laterally... Inversion=tur…
A system of understanding spinal kinematics:... X-axis= left and…
Plantarflexion v. Dorsiflexion
Plantarflexion=pointing the toes away from the ankle joint... Do…
Protrusion v. Retrusion
Protrusion=bringing forward (scapula--serratus anterior)... Retr…
68 terms
Spinal Anatomy 1
The extrinsic muscles of the eye are d…
Which type of articulation is located…
What suboccipital muscle rotates the a…
The pelvic diaphram is primarly made u…
Occipital somites
Symphysis
Obliques capitus inferior
Levator ani
The extrinsic muscles of the eye are d…
Occipital somites
Which type of articulation is located…
Symphysis
134 terms
19.1 Anatomy of the Spinal Cord
Foramen magnum
L1- L2
Conus medullaris
A fibrous extension of the pia mater t…
Where does the spinal cord begin?
Where does the spinal cord end?
What is the name of the end of the spinal cord?
What is the filum terminale
Foramen magnum
Where does the spinal cord begin?
L1- L2
Where does the spinal cord end?
15 terms
Spinal Anatomy Lecture 1
3 axes
Two axes make up what?
2 axes that make up Sagittal Plane
2 axes that make up frontal
X,Y,Z
A plane
Z, Y
X, Y
3 axes
X,Y,Z
Two axes make up what?
A plane
53 terms
Spinal Anatomy Test 1
Median furrow
Last freely movable cervical
Cervical at level of hyoid
Cervical articular pillars are how far…
EOP to S3
C6
C3
1.5cm
Median furrow
EOP to S3
Last freely movable cervical
C6
Boards: Spinal Anatomy 1/2
What are the three embryological germi…
What embryological structures are deri…
What are the 4 components of the mesod…
The paraxial mesoderm is divided into…
endoderm, mesoderm, ectoderm
Organs, gut, resp. tract, "tubular" structures
Paraxial, intermediate, head, lateral plate
Somatic and splanchnic
What are the three embryological germi…
endoderm, mesoderm, ectoderm
What embryological structures are deri…
Organs, gut, resp. tract, "tubular" structures
76 terms
Spinal Anatomy-Test 1
Coordinate System
X- axis, Y-axis, & Z-axis
Y, Z plane
X, Y plane
System used for precise description and understanding of Spin…
What are the 3 axes that make up the Coordinate System?
What are the 2 planes of the Sagittal Plane?
What are the 2 planes of the Frontal Plane?
Coordinate System
System used for precise description and understanding of Spin…
X- axis, Y-axis, & Z-axis
What are the 3 axes that make up the Coordinate System?
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