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Study sets matching "104 human biology blood"

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Study sets matching "104 human biology blood"

161 terms
Human Biology 104 final
4 types of body tissues
epithelial tissue
basement tissue
epithelial tissue characteristics
-epithelial tissue... -connective tissue... -muscle tissue... -nervous…
a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body c…
a layer of nonliving adhesive that anchors the epithelium to…
-lack blood vessels ... -cells are tightly packed together... -cell…
4 types of body tissues
-epithelial tissue... -connective tissue... -muscle tissue... -nervous…
epithelial tissue
a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body c…
40 terms
Human biology 104
which of the following blood component…
Which of the following make(s) up the…
Jason has just spent four weeks in Roc…
Jaundice is caused by the presence of…
White blood cells
plasma
increased number of red blood cells
bilirubin; hemoglobin
which of the following blood component…
White blood cells
Which of the following make(s) up the…
plasma
26 terms
Human Biology 12 - Blood
Blood Cellular Component
Blood Fluid Components
Blood
Blood Plasma
Blood cells... 45% of blood in average person
Blood plasma... 90%+ is water... Other 10% is salts, ions, proteins…
Formed elements and blood plasma
Blood minus formed elements
Blood Cellular Component
Blood cells... 45% of blood in average person
Blood Fluid Components
Blood plasma... 90%+ is water... Other 10% is salts, ions, proteins…
27 terms
Human Biology 102: Blood
Functions of Blood
Composition of Blood
Plasma
Formed Elements and Platelets
1. Transportation- of oxygen, gasses, nutrients, hormones, io…
- made of liquid (plasma) and solid portion (formed elements)
- about 93% water... - 7% dissolved substance (gasses, hormones,…
- made in the bone marrow... - red bone marrow contains stem cel…
Functions of Blood
1. Transportation- of oxygen, gasses, nutrients, hormones, io…
Composition of Blood
- made of liquid (plasma) and solid portion (formed elements)
46 terms
Human Biology: Blood Lymph
Formed elements
How is blood broken down by volume?
What is plasma made of?
What is the structure of red blood cel…
platelets & cells
55% Plasma... 45% cells,platelets
91% water... 7% proteins... 2% other salutes (nutrients, wastes, io…
Biconcave... No nucleus or organelles... Packed with Hemoglobin
Formed elements
platelets & cells
How is blood broken down by volume?
55% Plasma... 45% cells,platelets
40 terms
Human Biology: Blood and Vessels
Anaphylactic Shock
Arteriole
Artery
Brachial Artery
Caused by an allergic reaction also known as anaphylaxis. It…
The vessel that connects the arteries to the capillaries.
The largest vessel in the body. Does not have valves. Carries…
A major blood vessel in the upper arm.
Anaphylactic Shock
Caused by an allergic reaction also known as anaphylaxis. It…
Arteriole
The vessel that connects the arteries to the capillaries.
15 terms
Human Biology Blood Flashcards
Erythrocyte
Leukocyte
Granulocyte
Agranulocyte
A red blood cell
A white blood cell.
A leukocyte with granules in its cytoplasm
A nongranular leukocyte.
Erythrocyte
A red blood cell
Leukocyte
A white blood cell.
29 terms
Intro to Human Biology (Blood Vessels)
aorta
carotid artery
brachial artery
radial artery
aorta
carotid artery
39 terms
Human Biology Blood
Blood's Primary functions
Blood is made up of:
Plasma
Plasma contains:
1. Transportations of nutrients, waste, and hormones... 2. Regul…
Plasma, Red Blood Cells, White Blood cells, and platelets
liquid portion of the blood
90% water... 10% dissolved solutes
Blood's Primary functions
1. Transportations of nutrients, waste, and hormones... 2. Regul…
Blood is made up of:
Plasma, Red Blood Cells, White Blood cells, and platelets
14 terms
Human Biology Blood Components
Erythrocytes
Leucocytes
Thrombocytes
They are biconcave discs, and they don…
Alternative name of Red Blood Cells
Alternative name of White Blood Cells
Alternative name of Platelets
Structure of Red Blood Cells
Erythrocytes
Alternative name of Red Blood Cells
Leucocytes
Alternative name of White Blood Cells
55 terms
Blood Vessels: Human Biology
Average arterial blood pressure
Distinguish arterial side of capillary…
Axillary
Beta blocker
100 mmHg
Precapillary sphincters
The armpit
A substance which decreases the effects of adrenaline, decrea…
Average arterial blood pressure
100 mmHg
Distinguish arterial side of capillary…
Precapillary sphincters
8 terms
Biology Vocabulary: The human blood
blood plasma
hemoglobin
antibodies
platlets
Blutplasma
Hämoglobin
Antikörper
Blutplättchen
blood plasma
Blutplasma
hemoglobin
Hämoglobin
45 terms
Human Biology- Heart and Blood
Heart
Blood
Blood Vessels
Closed Circulatory System
Serves as pump that establishes the pressure gradient needed…
Transport medium within which materials being transported are…
Passageways through which blood is distributed from heart to…
What humans have and is typical of all vertebrates. Blood is…
Heart
Serves as pump that establishes the pressure gradient needed…
Blood
Transport medium within which materials being transported are…
32 terms
Blood Vessels - Human Biology
arterioles
venules
capillary
hypertension
smallest arteries
smallest veins
Smallest blood vessel; brings nutrients and oxygen to the tis…
A condition in which the force of the blood against the arter…
arterioles
smallest arteries
venules
smallest veins
66 terms
Human Biology: Blood
Heart
Atria
Ventricles
Veins
a double pump separated by a septum
upper, small chambers, thin walls, receive blood from veins (…
lower, large chambers, thick walls, forces blood into arterie…
to the heart
Heart
a double pump separated by a septum
Atria
upper, small chambers, thin walls, receive blood from veins (…
81 terms
Blood Vessels, Human Biology
Brachial Artery
Radial artery
Cubital veins
Subclavian artery
In upper arm
Close to the wrist on the thumb side
Vein located at the inside of the elbow, often used to draw b…
Artery close to the heart that runs under the clavical.
Brachial Artery
In upper arm
Radial artery
Close to the wrist on the thumb side
16 terms
Human Biology: Blood Typing
Antigens
Antibodies
Agglutination
"A" Antigen
molecules (glycoproteins) found on red blood cells in the mem…
proteins found in blood plasma
clumping of a donor's red blood cells in the recipient's bloo…
"A" Blood Type, "B" antibodies - can receive A, O
Antigens
molecules (glycoproteins) found on red blood cells in the mem…
Antibodies
proteins found in blood plasma
19 terms
Human Biology : Blood
Plasma
Cellular components
Hematopoiesis
Red blood cells
-55% of the blood... -91% water... -7% proteins (fibrinogen, albumi…
-45% of the blood... -buff coat (white blood cells and platelets…
-formation of blood... -controlled by cytokines: chemical factor…
-AKA erythrocytes ... -biconcave shape- caved in on both sides,…
Plasma
-55% of the blood... -91% water... -7% proteins (fibrinogen, albumi…
Cellular components
-45% of the blood... -buff coat (white blood cells and platelets…
8 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY - BLOOD CLOTTING
Nutrients and wastes in blood... - Inorga…
Nutrients and wastes in blood... - Organi…
Nutrients and wastes in blood... - Wastes…
COAGULATION ... - Step 1
Na+, Ca2+
Glucose, vitamins, amino acids
Urea, creatinine, uric acid
1. Injury occurs and vasoconstriction
Nutrients and wastes in blood... - Inorga…
Na+, Ca2+
Nutrients and wastes in blood... - Organi…
Glucose, vitamins, amino acids
11 terms
Human Biology Blood Vessels
Away
Towards
Contains smooth muscle and elastic fib…
Thin, and non elastic
Do Arteries take blood away or towards the heart?
Do veins take blood away or towards the heart?
Description of walls of Artery
Description of walls of Vein
Away
Do Arteries take blood away or towards the heart?
Towards
Do veins take blood away or towards the heart?
15 terms
Human Biology: Blood
Plasma
Plasma Proteins
Hematocrit
Hemoglobin
fluid component of blood in which the formed elements are sus…
largest group of solutes in plasma which include albumins, gl…
the percentage of blood hat consists of red blood cells
oxygen-transporting protein in red blood cells that gives the…
Plasma
fluid component of blood in which the formed elements are sus…
Plasma Proteins
largest group of solutes in plasma which include albumins, gl…
18 terms
Human Biology 104; Set 2
Which fats are generally unhealthy?
If a protein is considered a chain, we…
What are the classes of proteins?
Are all proteins capable of carrying o…
Saturated and Trans Ftas
Amino Acids
Enzymes(facilitate chemical reactions within cells), Structur…
No; each protein differs in 3D shape
Which fats are generally unhealthy?
Saturated and Trans Ftas
If a protein is considered a chain, we…
Amino Acids
28 terms
Human Biology Blood
Functions of Blood
Composition of Blood
Composition of Plasma
Dissolved substances in plasma
Transportation, Protection, Regulation (ph and temperature)
55% plasma and 45% formed elements
93% water and 7% of dissolves substances
Ions, dissolved gases, hormones, plasma proteins, and waste p…
Functions of Blood
Transportation, Protection, Regulation (ph and temperature)
Composition of Blood
55% plasma and 45% formed elements
Advanced Human Biology Blood
Red Blood Cell
neutrophil
basophil
eosinophil
cell that is Biconcave disk, no nucleus, this transports oxyg…
cell that contains 4 lobes, fights infections by engulfing mi…
cell that contains 4 lobes, releases histamines and promotes…
Cell that has 2 lobes on the inside and releases a chemical t…
Red Blood Cell
cell that is Biconcave disk, no nucleus, this transports oxyg…
neutrophil
cell that contains 4 lobes, fights infections by engulfing mi…
10 terms
Human Blood Cell Biology
receptors
signal transduction
Autocrine and paracrine agents
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs)
recognize specific extraceullular stimuli. In response to the…
the process of sensing external stimuli and conveying the inh…
horomone-like compounds from the secreting cell or cells nearby
composed of seven membrane-spanning helices, promote activati…
receptors
recognize specific extraceullular stimuli. In response to the…
signal transduction
the process of sensing external stimuli and conveying the inh…
8 terms
Biology Human Body: Blood
blood
platelets
veins
capillaries
a connective tissue with a fluid matrix called plasma in whic…
small parts of the blood that cause clotting to stop bleeding…
blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
microscopic vessel through which exchanges take place between…
blood
a connective tissue with a fluid matrix called plasma in whic…
platelets
small parts of the blood that cause clotting to stop bleeding…
15 terms
Blood Cells Human Biology
Erythrocyte
Leukocyte
Granulocyte
Agranulocyte
red blood cell w/ hemoglobin.
white blood cell.
white blood cells that contain granules.
no (lacking) granules.
Erythrocyte
red blood cell w/ hemoglobin.
Leukocyte
white blood cell.
50 terms
Human Biology Blood
Blood Transports
Blood regulates
Blood protects against
Living Cells
Gases/ nutrients/ waste products/ processed molecules/ regula…
PH/ osmosis and blood temperature
Foreign substances and clot formation
Formed Elements
Blood Transports
Gases/ nutrients/ waste products/ processed molecules/ regula…
Blood regulates
PH/ osmosis and blood temperature
31 terms
Human Biology Blood
Hemophilia
Leukocytosis
Polycythemia
Leukemia
The disease where blood does not readily clot. Genetic, sex-l…
Term which means there is an abnormally high WBC count. Can r…
An overabundance of RBC, due to low oxygen levels.
Cancer of the blood, nonfunctional WBC formed.
Hemophilia
The disease where blood does not readily clot. Genetic, sex-l…
Leukocytosis
Term which means there is an abnormally high WBC count. Can r…
51 terms
Human Biology: Blood
Body Fluid Compartments and %
Ions in the ECF... Ions in the ICF
Osmosis
Osmotic Pressure, in terms of Blood Ve…
Total Body Water = 60% of BW... 2/3 ICF... 1/3 ECF: 25% plasma, 75%…
Na+, Cl-, HCO3, proteins (plasma only)... K+, lots of proteins,…
movement of water through a semipermeable membrane to area of…
pushes water toward area of higher solute concentration... -forc…
Body Fluid Compartments and %
Total Body Water = 60% of BW... 2/3 ICF... 1/3 ECF: 25% plasma, 75%…
Ions in the ECF... Ions in the ICF
Na+, Cl-, HCO3, proteins (plasma only)... K+, lots of proteins,…
26 terms
Human Biology: Blood Vessels
Arteries: Layers
Veins: Layers
Arteries: Characteristics
Veins: Characteristics
endolthelium, tunica intima, internal elastic lamina, tunica…
endothelium, intima, media (smooth muscle), tunica adventitia…
thicker media, smaller lumen
thickest adventitia, bigger lumen, sometimes has valves
Arteries: Layers
endolthelium, tunica intima, internal elastic lamina, tunica…
Veins: Layers
endothelium, intima, media (smooth muscle), tunica adventitia…
34 terms
Human Biology: Blood Parts
Fibrinogen
Hemoglobin
Neutrophils
Monocytes
Protein found in the plasma, function is blood clotting.
The red pigment found in the blood.
Granulocyte that phagocytizes and engulfs microorganisms. Thr…
Become macrophages and phagocytize microorganisms. Largest ce…
Fibrinogen
Protein found in the plasma, function is blood clotting.
Hemoglobin
The red pigment found in the blood.
33 terms
Human biology - blood and circulation
Antibody
Antigen
Immunoglobulin
Agglutinate
A substance produced in response to a specific antigen. It co…
Any substance capable of causing Te formation of the antibodi…
A group of proteins: antibodies are an example
The clumping together of micro organisms or red blood cells
Antibody
A substance produced in response to a specific antigen. It co…
Antigen
Any substance capable of causing Te formation of the antibodi…
20 terms
HUMAN BIOLOGY-BLOOD AND CIRCULATION:
blood as a transport medium:
transport of oxygen:
red blood cells are suited to there fu…
transport of carbon dioxide:
blood is made up of plasma- cells and cell fragments, togethe…
not soluble in water... haemoglobin combines with oxygen to form…
- contain haemoglobin... - have no nucleus= more room... - shaped l…
- carbon dioxide in the blood is carried in a number of ways…
blood as a transport medium:
blood is made up of plasma- cells and cell fragments, togethe…
transport of oxygen:
not soluble in water... haemoglobin combines with oxygen to form…
40 terms
Human Biology: Blood and Vessels
Anaphylactic Shock
Arteriole
Artery
Brachial Artery
Caused by an allergic reaction also known as anaphylaxis. It…
The vessel that connects the arteries to the capillaries.
The largest vessel in the body. Does not have valves. Carries…
A major blood vessel in the upper arm.
Anaphylactic Shock
Caused by an allergic reaction also known as anaphylaxis. It…
Arteriole
The vessel that connects the arteries to the capillaries.
38 terms
Human Biology, Chapter 6: Blood
Functions of Blood
Composition of blood
Plasma
Albumins
Transport oxygen and nutrients... Picks up carbon dioxide and wa…
1 Formed Elements... a. red blood cells - erythrocytes (45% of b…
1. 91% water... 2. 7% proteins: Albumins, Globulins, Fibrinogen…
Plasma protein... Most abundant and important for plasma's osmot…
Functions of Blood
Transport oxygen and nutrients... Picks up carbon dioxide and wa…
Composition of blood
1 Formed Elements... a. red blood cells - erythrocytes (45% of b…
15 terms
Human Biology: Heart & Blood Vessels
Artery
Precapillary Sphincter
Capillary
Vein
blood vessel that conducts blood away form the heart and towa…
band of smooth muscle that controls blood flow into individua…
smallest type of blood vessel; site of exchange between the b…
thin-walled blood vessel that returns blood toward the heart…
Artery
blood vessel that conducts blood away form the heart and towa…
Precapillary Sphincter
band of smooth muscle that controls blood flow into individua…
29 terms
Human Biology- BLOOD
Blood
Plasma
Albumin
Edema
Fluid connective tissue consisting of plasma, bloodcells & pl…
The fluid portion of whole blood.
Main protein in human blood & key to regulations the osmotic…
Condition characterized by an excess of watery fluid collecti…
Blood
Fluid connective tissue consisting of plasma, bloodcells & pl…
Plasma
The fluid portion of whole blood.
19 terms
Human Biology-Blood(6)
What the functions of blood?
How does transport work?
How does defense work?
How does the regulatory function work?
1. Transportation... 2. Defense... 3. Regulatory functions
Blood takes oxygen in the lungs and distributes it to the tis…
Defends against blood loss and invasion by pathogens
Blood regulates the body's homeostasis; regulates body temp b…
What the functions of blood?
1. Transportation... 2. Defense... 3. Regulatory functions
How does transport work?
Blood takes oxygen in the lungs and distributes it to the tis…
25 terms
Human Biology 10- Blood Circulation
Atria
Ventricles
Cardiac Cycle
Diastole
Upper, small chambers, thin walls... Receive blood from veins (t…
Lower, large chambers, thick walls... Force blood into arteries…
1. Atria relax: blood from lungs & big veins fills atria... 2. V…
Relaxation
Atria
Upper, small chambers, thin walls... Receive blood from veins (t…
Ventricles
Lower, large chambers, thick walls... Force blood into arteries…
14 terms
Human Biology: Heart and Blood
What is another word for red blood cel…
What is another word for white blood c…
What are granulocytes? What are agranu…
What are the 3 types of granulocytes?
Erythrocytes.
Leukocytes.
Granulocytes: white blood cells with large lysosomes. Agranul…
Neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils (mast cells).
What is another word for red blood cel…
Erythrocytes.
What is another word for white blood c…
Leukocytes.
Blood Flash Cards for Human Biology
Erythrocyte
Leukocyte
Granulocyte
Agranulocyte
Red blood cells
White blood cells
Category of white blood cells characterized by the presence o…
White blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus
Erythrocyte
Red blood cells
Leukocyte
White blood cells
21 terms
Intro to Human Biology (Blood Vessels)
pericardium
myocardium
endocardium
right atrium
pericardium
myocardium
109 terms
Human Biology: Cardiovascular, Blood, Respiratory
Erythrocytes/RBCs
Hemorraghic Anemia
Sickle-cell Anemia
Hemoglobin
carry oxygen (g) to cells; live 120 days; 44% of blood volume…
blood loss
genetic; mis-shaped blood cells
carries oxygen inside RBCs; made from iron
Erythrocytes/RBCs
carry oxygen (g) to cells; live 120 days; 44% of blood volume…
Hemorraghic Anemia
blood loss
43 terms
Human Biology Chapter 6: Blood
5 liters
plasma
white blood cells
platelets
average amount of blood in the human body
liquid portion of the blood. A dilute solution of salts, gluc…
involved in immune system
involved in blood clotting
5 liters
average amount of blood in the human body
plasma
liquid portion of the blood. A dilute solution of salts, gluc…
28 terms
Human Biology Chapter 11 - Blood
Functions of Blood
Plasma
Formed elements
Plasma proteins
Regulation (Rh & Temperature)... Protection (WBCs)... Transportatio…
Liquid that makes up about 55% of blood... -About 93% of Plasma…
Cell & Cell fragments (solid)... -make up about 45% of blood... Ste…
Help balance water flow between blood and cells
Functions of Blood
Regulation (Rh & Temperature)... Protection (WBCs)... Transportatio…
Plasma
Liquid that makes up about 55% of blood... -About 93% of Plasma…
41 terms
Human Biology - Chapter 8: Blood - Exam #3
Contents of Blood
Plasma
Red Blood Cells (RBCs)
White Blood Cells
- Red Blood Cells... - White Blood Cells ... - Platelets ... - All sus…
- 55% of blood... - Mostly water... - Transports blood cells & plat…
- 45% of blood... - Erythrocytes = RBCs... ("erythro" = red)... ("cyt…
- The Immune System... - Remove dead/worn out cells... - Remove for…
Contents of Blood
- Red Blood Cells... - White Blood Cells ... - Platelets ... - All sus…
Plasma
- 55% of blood... - Mostly water... - Transports blood cells & plat…
18 terms
Human Biology Ch 6: The Blood
Anemia
B Lymphocyte
Fibrin
Fibrinogen
Condition characterized by an insufficient number of red bloo…
B-Cell. Type o lymphocyte that transforms into a plasma cell…
Fibrous protein produced from fibrinogen, a soluble plasma pr…
Protein in plasma that forms fibrin
Anemia
Condition characterized by an insufficient number of red bloo…
B Lymphocyte
B-Cell. Type o lymphocyte that transforms into a plasma cell…
17 terms
Human Biology- Unit 3- Blood
Functions
2 parts of blood
Plasma
Solid
-Transportation: gases, waste products, nutrients... - Protectio…
* Liquid and solid... -Plasma: liquid that makes up about 55% of…
-Plasma Proteins: help balance water flow between blood and c…
Red bone marrow makes: RBCs, WBCs, platelets (Thrombocytes. P…
Functions
-Transportation: gases, waste products, nutrients... - Protectio…
2 parts of blood
* Liquid and solid... -Plasma: liquid that makes up about 55% of…
19 terms
Human Biology 13 - Blood 2
Blood Pressure
Arterial Blood Pressure
Factors Affecting Blood Pressure
Peripheral Resistance (P.O.)
Force exerted by blood against vessel walls
Systolic pressure divided by diastolic pressure
Heart activity... Blood volume... Viscosity... Peripheral resistance
Depends on size of blood vessel and viscosity of blood
Blood Pressure
Force exerted by blood against vessel walls
Arterial Blood Pressure
Systolic pressure divided by diastolic pressure
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