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Study sets matching "2 anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "2 anatomy physiology"

373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 2
Yellow bone marrow
Red bone marrow
Calcium
Osteoporosis
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
A mineral stored in your bones that helps to keep your heart…
A disease that results in weak bones with lots of tiny holes…
Yellow bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Red bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Q2)
Fibroblasts
Macrophages
Adipocytes
Mesenchymal
Secrete Matrix (Ex. scar tissue)
White blood cells, looks for pathogens or damaged cells (big…
Fat cells
Connective tissue stem cells, can turn into other cells
Fibroblasts
Secrete Matrix (Ex. scar tissue)
Macrophages
White blood cells, looks for pathogens or damaged cells (big…
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Set #2
superior
inferior
ventral
dorsal
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; the front of
toward or at the back of the body; behind
superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body
inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology terms - set 2
carpal
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
carpal
abdominal
88 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Module 2
axial muscles
appendicular muscles
trapezius
actions of the trapezius
any of the skeletal muscles of the trunk or head
any of the muscles of the upper or lower limbs
a large superficial muscle that extends from the occipital bo…
rotation, retraction, elevation, and depression movements of…
axial muscles
any of the skeletal muscles of the trunk or head
appendicular muscles
any of the muscles of the upper or lower limbs
88 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2
stratum corneum
stratum lucidum
stratum granulosum
stratum spinosum
the most superficial layer of the skin, in this observable la…
layer of the epidermis found only in calloused skin, made of…
small layer in which the keratinocytes have a granular appear…
in this layer the pushing force of newly created cells and th…
stratum corneum
the most superficial layer of the skin, in this observable la…
stratum lucidum
layer of the epidermis found only in calloused skin, made of…
53 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
PROTON
NEUTRON
ATOMIC NUMBER
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
UNCHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN NUCLEUS
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
PROTON
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Lab Quiz 2
Epithelial
Connective
Muscle
Nervous
Tissue type that lines and covers; contains more cells than m…
Tissue type that is more matrix than cells
Tissue type that contracts to create movement
Tissue type that carries electrical signals throughout the body
Epithelial
Tissue type that lines and covers; contains more cells than m…
Connective
Tissue type that is more matrix than cells
258 terms
anatomy & physiology exam 2
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
tissue that is responsible for support, movement, and heat ge…
tissue that's responsible for controlling other organs, recei…
epithelial
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
connective
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Lab 2
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metephase
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromatin condense into chromosomes
chromosomes align along the middle of the cell
Mitosis
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
315 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2
functions of bones
skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
hyaline cartilage
-support and protect softer tissues... -provide points of attach…
-no blood vessels or nerves... -in joints where bones meet... -atta…
-surrounds cartilage... -dense connective tissue girdle... -contain…
-provides support, flexibility, and resilience... -collagen fibe…
functions of bones
-support and protect softer tissues... -provide points of attach…
skeletal cartilage
-no blood vessels or nerves... -in joints where bones meet... -atta…
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
112 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Anatomical position
Prone position
Supine position
Trendelenburg
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
The patient is laying face upward on the back.
The head of the bed is lower than the patients feet. This pos…
Anatomical position
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
Prone position
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
115 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 2
kinetic energy
potential energy
chemical energy
electrical energy
energy in motion
possible energy pent up
stored in the bonds of chemical substances. goes from potenti…
when charged particles move together
kinetic energy
energy in motion
potential energy
possible energy pent up
136 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Practical 2
Lymph Node Anatomy
Spleen Anatomy
Major Lymphatic Vessels
Thymus Tissue and Location
Lymph Node Anatomy
Spleen Anatomy
115 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 MIDTERM
hormone
endocrine glands
endocrinology
steroids
chemical secreted by an endocrine gland into the blood that c…
ductless glads that secret hormones, usually into the blood f…
the study of the endocrine system
lipid-soluble hormones such as estrogen, testosterone, and co…
hormone
chemical secreted by an endocrine gland into the blood that c…
endocrine glands
ductless glads that secret hormones, usually into the blood f…
17 terms
Anatomy&Physiology (2)
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Osteoblasts
osteocytes
- The hard outer layer of bones is composed of compact bone t…
-Filling the interior of the organ is the spongy bone tissue…
- cell responsible for bone growth
-mature bone cell that maintains the bone matrix
Compact bone
- The hard outer layer of bones is composed of compact bone t…
Spongy Bone
-Filling the interior of the organ is the spongy bone tissue…
137 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2: Exam 2
blood
blood volume
blood cells, plasma
red blood cells, white blood cells, pl…
CT... Transports Vital Substances... Maintains Stability of Interst…
*About 5L... Varies with: Body, Changes in Fluid + Electrolyte C…
Blood Composition (Formed Elements)
blood cells... ~45% (Hct) "Hematocrit"
blood
CT... Transports Vital Substances... Maintains Stability of Interst…
blood volume
*About 5L... Varies with: Body, Changes in Fluid + Electrolyte C…
87 terms
anatomy and physiology 2 exam 3
afterload
aldosterone
aldosteronism
anamnestic response
pressure that must be exceeded before ejection of the bood fr…
hormone from the adrenal cortex that increase blood volume
high levels of aldosterone
the response your body has to the second time your body encou…
afterload
pressure that must be exceeded before ejection of the bood fr…
aldosterone
hormone from the adrenal cortex that increase blood volume
35 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Unit 2
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
division of nucleus that creates two daughter nuclei
first part of cell division where chromatin coils into chromo…
second part of cell division where chromosomes are aligned in…
third part of cell division where the centromere splits, chro…
Mitosis
division of nucleus that creates two daughter nuclei
Prophase
first part of cell division where chromatin coils into chromo…
58 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Ch. 2
organic compounds
inorganic compounds
5 properties of water
salts
contain carbon, present in living systems, covalently bonded
present in mostly non-living systems, water, salts and many a…
high heat capacity, high heat of vaporization, polar solvent…
- ionic compound; ... - dissociates when dissolved in water - b/…
organic compounds
contain carbon, present in living systems, covalently bonded
inorganic compounds
present in mostly non-living systems, water, salts and many a…
72 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Semester 2 Final
Erythrocyte
Leukocyte
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
Red blood cell
White blood cell
Glands that secrete products into ducts and onto the body sur…
Glands that release hormones into the bloodstream (ex. pituit…
Erythrocyte
Red blood cell
Leukocyte
White blood cell
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Test 1
TBD
TBD
Nervous system produces a quicker resp…
Amino acid derivates and lipid derivat…
How do endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands?
What are hormones and how do they differ from neurotransmitte…
Which system produces a quicker response, nervous or endocrin…
What are the chemical classes of hormones?
TBD
How do endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands?
TBD
What are hormones and how do they differ from neurotransmitte…
122 terms
Anatomy and Physiology exam 2
What are the functions of the skeleton…
What is the skeleton (skeletal system)…
Are bones alive?
Describe the anatomy of a long bone.
1. The skeleton supports the body and cradles some of the org…
The skeletal system is composed of 208 bones... Hyaline cartilag…
yes
The middle of the bone is called the Diaphysis, while the end…
What are the functions of the skeleton…
1. The skeleton supports the body and cradles some of the org…
What is the skeleton (skeletal system)…
The skeletal system is composed of 208 bones... Hyaline cartilag…
67 terms
anatomy and physiology week 2
Covalent
Ionic
Ions
molecule
this bond involves a sharing of electrons between the atoms i…
When electrons are transferred from one atom to another
atoms or group of atoms with a positive or negative charge... ca…
when two or more atoms unite
Covalent
this bond involves a sharing of electrons between the atoms i…
Ionic
When electrons are transferred from one atom to another
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 18.2
Breakdown percentage of plasma
How is plasma similar to interstitial…
What is the most significant differenc…
Function of water in plasma
92% water... 7% plasma proteins... 1% other solutes
Both have similar concentrations of nutrients, electrolytes a…
Plasma has a higher concentration of proteins
The solvent in which formed elements are suspended and protei…
Breakdown percentage of plasma
92% water... 7% plasma proteins... 1% other solutes
How is plasma similar to interstitial…
Both have similar concentrations of nutrients, electrolytes a…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Task 2
Roles of Muscles
Agonist
Assisting
Antagonist
Movement (caused by contractions); Posture (hold your body up…
muscle that causes the motion
assists the movement of a prime mover but is less effective
performs the opposite motion of the prime mover
Roles of Muscles
Movement (caused by contractions); Posture (hold your body up…
Agonist
muscle that causes the motion
151 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Heart practical
Bicuspid - mitral valve
Left Atrium
Left Ventricle
aortic Semilunar Valve
Bicuspid - mitral valve
Left Atrium
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Lab Exam
right and left brachiocephalic veins (…
superior vena cava (1)
inferior vena cava (9)
opening to the coronary sinus (6)
13/12
1
9
6
right and left brachiocephalic veins (…
13/12
superior vena cava (1)
1
38 terms
Anatomy & physiology 2: heart
Left common carotid artery
Aortic arch
Left pulmonary artery
Auricle of left atrium
Left common carotid artery
Aortic arch
54 terms
Muscles anatomy and physiology 2
platysma
orbicularis oculi
nasalis
orbicularis oris
platysma
orbicularis oculi
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Week 2
Myosin
Actin
Tendon
Artery
Protein filament in muscle cells that functions with actin in…
Protein filamentin muscle cells that functions with myosin in…
Tough connective-tissue band that connects muscle to bone
Elastic, thin walled blood vessel that carries oxygenated blo…
Myosin
Protein filament in muscle cells that functions with actin in…
Actin
Protein filamentin muscle cells that functions with myosin in…
44 terms
Anatomy and physiology 2 - Test 1
Stem cells
Hematopoiesis
Granulocytes
Agranulocytes
parent cells from which other cells are made
the production of red blood cells
group of white blood cells have granules in the cytoplasm
a non-granular white blood cell
Stem cells
parent cells from which other cells are made
Hematopoiesis
the production of red blood cells
86 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 2
adipocytes
adipose tissue
Desmosomes/Anchoring junction
apical
lipid storage cells
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
mechanically attaches adjacent cells to each other or to the…
that part of a cell or tissue which, in general, faces an ope…
adipocytes
lipid storage cells
adipose tissue
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
66 terms
Anatomy/ Physiology Quiz 2
Draw and label the structure of a mito…
What is the structure of ATP?
Why is hydrolysis an important reactio…
How to ATPase and ATP synthase differ?
ATP is formed from a nitrogenous base (such as adenine), a ri…
Hydrolysis releases the energy stored in ATP by breaking the…
ATPase breaks bonds between phosphate groups, while ATP synth…
Draw and label the structure of a mito…
What is the structure of ATP?
ATP is formed from a nitrogenous base (such as adenine), a ri…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 2
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Basic building blocks of matter
(p+) positively charged subatomic particles, mass of 1 amu
(n) charge-less subatomic particles, mass of 1 amu
(e-) negatively charged subatomic particles, virtually weight…
Atoms
Basic building blocks of matter
Protons
(p+) positively charged subatomic particles, mass of 1 amu
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 17.2
How are secretory cells organized?
Endocrine organ
Name the endocrine organs
Hormone produced by the hypothalamus
Simple organ with only an endocrine function... Cells housed in…
Single organ that is entirely endocrine in function
Pituitary gland... Pineal gland... Thyroid gland... Parathyroid gland…
Regulatory hormones
How are secretory cells organized?
Simple organ with only an endocrine function... Cells housed in…
Endocrine organ
Single organ that is entirely endocrine in function
12 terms
Anatomy Physiology Class 2
Stress
Contra lateral
Cranial
Caudal
Stimulus that causes imbalance. Can be internal or external
Opposite side. Left ear is Contra lateral to the right arm
towards the head
towards trunk
Stress
Stimulus that causes imbalance. Can be internal or external
Contra lateral
Opposite side. Left ear is Contra lateral to the right arm
79 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Quiz #2
Zacharias Jensen
Robert Hook
Robert Brown
Theodre Schwann
1595; invented the first microscope
1650; observed the 1st cells
1820; saw organelles
1839; distilled cell theory
Zacharias Jensen
1595; invented the first microscope
Robert Hook
1650; observed the 1st cells
38 terms
Week 2 Anatomy and Physiology
cervical vertebrae
thoracic
lumbar
sacrum
7
12
5
5 fused
cervical vertebrae
7
thoracic
12
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Foundations Chapter #2
The basic unit of life, it all begins…
______ is made up of 2 or more cells?
_____ is made up of several tissues?
_____ is made up of organs?
Cell
Tissue
Organ
System level
The basic unit of life, it all begins…
Cell
______ is made up of 2 or more cells?
Tissue
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 1-2
Atomic Number
Mass Number
Valence Shell
Cation
the number of protons in an atom
the number of protons and neutrons in an atom
the outermost shell of electrons
a positively charged ion, made through ionic bonding
Atomic Number
the number of protons in an atom
Mass Number
the number of protons and neutrons in an atom
218 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Practical 2
Pericardial sac
Apex
Base of heart
Atria (Right/Left)
Surrounds heart with pericardial fibers
Pericardial sac
Surrounds heart with pericardial fibers
Apex
292 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Final
Control Ion/Fluid Balance, Control Blo…
Kidneys, Ureter, Urinary Bladder, Uret…
Produce Urine, Regulate Body Fluid
Dorsal Superior Abdominal
The 3 functions of the Urinary System:
The 4 organs involved in the Urinary System:
The 2 major functions of the kidney:
The kidneys are found in the ________ cavity.
Control Ion/Fluid Balance, Control Blo…
The 3 functions of the Urinary System:
Kidneys, Ureter, Urinary Bladder, Uret…
The 4 organs involved in the Urinary System:
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