Study sets matching "2 ap biology"

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Study sets matching "2 ap biology"

111 terms
AP Biology: Big Idea 2
entropy
endergonic reaction
exergonic reaction
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
A measure of disorder or randomness.
Reaction that absorbs free energy from its surroundings.
Reaction that proceeds with a net release of free energy.
Composed of a sugar ribose, nitrogenous base adenine, and a c…
entropy
A measure of disorder or randomness.
endergonic reaction
Reaction that absorbs free energy from its surroundings.
53 terms
AP Biology Unit 2: Biochemistry
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
condensation reaction (dehydration syn…
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
AP Biology - Evolution 2
evolution
fossil
strata
paleontology
Descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
a preserved remnant or impression of a organism that lived in…
a rock layer formed when new layers of sediment cover older o…
the study of fossils. (p 454)
evolution
Descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
fossil
a preserved remnant or impression of a organism that lived in…
71 terms
Ap Biology chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential elements
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
A substance made of two or more DIFFERENT elements combined i…
Elements that an organism requires for survival
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to another substance b…
42 terms
Ap Biology Chapter 2
Biology
Element
Compound
C.O.H.N
A multidisciplinary science
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
a substance consisting of 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio
Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen make up 96% of living…
Biology
A multidisciplinary science
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
65 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 3 take 2
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
amino group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
an adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
a chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two…
a chemical group present in aldehydes and ketones and consist…
a chemical group present in organic acids and consisting of a…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
an adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
amino group
a chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two…
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Acid
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic symbol
Solution in which a substance will dissociate in water nmakin…
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
sum of protons and neutrons, or, average of atom mass units f…
One or two letters that represent the name of an element
Acid
Solution in which a substance will dissociate in water nmakin…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that displays the properties…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
Chapter 2- AP Biology
ammonia
anion
atom
atomic mass
A small and very toxic nitrogenous waste produced by metabolism
A negatively charged ion
The smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an…
total atomic mass, or mass in grams of one mole of an atom
ammonia
A small and very toxic nitrogenous waste produced by metabolism
anion
A negatively charged ion
80 terms
AP Biology Unit 2: The Cell
plasma membrane
organelles
nucleus
ribosome
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
plasma membrane
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
organelles
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
AP Biology: Unit 2
Osmoregulation
Osmolarity
What are the 3 forms of nitrogenous wa…
Ammonia
provides control of water loss and eliminates excess water an…
total solute concentration expressed as molarity or moles of…
ammonia, urea, uric acid
fish, excreted mostly as NH4+ but needs lots of excess water…
Osmoregulation
provides control of water loss and eliminates excess water an…
Osmolarity
total solute concentration expressed as molarity or moles of…
AP Biology Unit 2: The Cell
plasma membrane
organelles
nucleus
ribosome
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
plasma membrane
The membrane at the boundary of every cell that acts as a sel…
organelles
Any of several membrane-enclosed structures with specialized…
60 terms
AP Biology Chapters 2 - 5 Study Guide
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
The atomic number and the number of el…
The number of protons and neutrons
Bond where valence electrons are shared by two atoms
Bond where valence electrons are transferred allowing for a b…
The number of protons equals what two things?
What is the mass number equal to?
Covalent bond
Bond where valence electrons are shared by two atoms
Ionic bond
Bond where valence electrons are transferred allowing for a b…
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
levels of biological orginazation
chemical level
atom
proton
from bottom to top: 'Subatomic particles', 'Atoms', 'Molecule…
the lowest three levels (i.e. 'subatomic particles', 'atoms',…
the simplest form of a chemical element
the first type of subatomic particle; has an electric charge…
levels of biological orginazation
from bottom to top: 'Subatomic particles', 'Atoms', 'Molecule…
chemical level
the lowest three levels (i.e. 'subatomic particles', 'atoms',…
36 terms
AP Biology Unit 2 The Cell
Nucleus
Endosymbiosis
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
A DOUBLE membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains D…
The hypothesis that suggests that unicellular organisms (the…
Part of the endomembrane system. ... Lipids are synthesized, cal…
An endomembrane system covered with ribosomes where many prot…
Nucleus
A DOUBLE membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains D…
Endosymbiosis
The hypothesis that suggests that unicellular organisms (the…
111 terms
AP Biology: Big Idea 2 - MUST KNOW!
entropy
endergonic reaction
exergonic reaction
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
A measure of disorder or randomness.
Reaction that absorbs free energy from its surroundings.
Reaction that proceeds with a net release of free energy.
Composed of a sugar ribose, nitrogenous base adenine, and a c…
entropy
A measure of disorder or randomness.
endergonic reaction
Reaction that absorbs free energy from its surroundings.
50 terms
Chapter 2 AP Biology
atom
atomic nucleus
electrons
protons
smallest particle of matter that maintains the property of ma…
dense, positively charged center of the atom
negatively charged subatomic particles, 0 Dalton, orbits nucl…
positively charged subatomic particles, 1 Dalton, in nucleus
atom
smallest particle of matter that maintains the property of ma…
atomic nucleus
dense, positively charged center of the atom
17 terms
Biochemistry 2 - AP Biology
Macromolecules
Polymers
Functional Groups
Monosaccharide
Large organic molecules that may contain hundreds to thousand…
Molecules consisting of many single units (monomers) that are…
Similar clusters of atoms that give organic molecules certain…
Simplest kind of carbohydrate; consists of single sugar molec…
Macromolecules
Large organic molecules that may contain hundreds to thousand…
Polymers
Molecules consisting of many single units (monomers) that are…
AP Biology Biochemistry 2
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide / carbohydrate
fatty acid
What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?
What are these molecules?
What molecules are these?
monosaccharide
What is this molecule?
disaccharide
What is this molecule?
82 terms
AP Biology: Domain 2: Matter
isotopes
molecule
ions
salts
atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
exists when 2+ elements bond together... the smallest part of a…
an atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
solid substances that usually separate and exist as individua…
isotopes
atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutro…
molecule
exists when 2+ elements bond together... the smallest part of a…
63 terms
AP BIOLOGY TEST 2
1. A primary objective of cell fractio…
2. All of the following are part of a…
3. The volume enclosed by the plasma m…
4. Which of the following is a major c…
separate the major organelles so that their particular functi…
an endoplasmic reticulum.
plant cells contain a large vacuole that reduces the volume o…
the need for a surface area of sufficient area to allow the c…
1. A primary objective of cell fractio…
separate the major organelles so that their particular functi…
2. All of the following are part of a…
an endoplasmic reticulum.
111 terms
AP Biology: Big Idea 2 - MUST KNOW!
entropy
endergonic reaction
exergonic reaction
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
A measure of disorder or randomness.
Reaction that absorbs free energy from its surroundings.
Reaction that proceeds with a net release of free energy.
Composed of a sugar ribose, nitrogenous base adenine, and a c…
entropy
A measure of disorder or randomness.
endergonic reaction
Reaction that absorbs free energy from its surroundings.
47 terms
AP Biology 2: Diversity of Life
Capsule
Fimbriae
Flagella
Taxis
Sticky layer of polysaccharide or protein (found on prokaryote)
Extra surface area (prokaryote)
Tails that help facilate movement.
oriented movement of a motile organism in response to an exte…
Capsule
Sticky layer of polysaccharide or protein (found on prokaryote)
Fimbriae
Extra surface area (prokaryote)
28 terms
AP Biology Biochemistry Unit 2 - 2015
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide / carbohydrate
fatty acid
What is this molecule?
What is this molecule?
What are these molecules?
What molecules are these?
monosaccharide
What is this molecule?
disaccharide
What is this molecule?
56 terms
AP Biology - 2 The cell
细胞
光学显微镜
电子显微镜
真核细胞
cells
light microscopes
electron microscopes
eukaryotic cells
细胞
cells
光学显微镜
light microscopes
AP Biology Vocab #2
Hydrocarbon
Monomer
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
a compound of hydrogen and carbon ex: picture
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods…
any class of sugar that can not be hydrolyzed to give a simpl…
Hydrocarbon
a compound of hydrogen and carbon ex: picture
Monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
AP Biology Q2
signal transduction
5' cap
poly A tail (3' cap)
Exons
3 Steps: ... 1) Reception- signal(may/may not be molecule) bind…
protects mRNA from lysosome which cant destroy it
Buys the ribosome time to finish making the protien before th…
parts of mRNA that are expressed
signal transduction
3 Steps: ... 1) Reception- signal(may/may not be molecule) bind…
5' cap
protects mRNA from lysosome which cant destroy it
AP Biology Big Idea 2
abiotic
active transport
adaptive radiation
anabolic reactions
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
process by which a single species or small group of species e…
REQUIRES ENERGY. chemical reactions in which simpler substanc…
abiotic
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
active transport
energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
AP Biology - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Matter
Element
Chemical composition of the human body
Trace elements
Anything that occupies space and has mass. This is what makes…
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances b…
Four elements - oxygen (O), carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and nit…
Elements that are essential for the survival of an organism,…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass. This is what makes…
Element
A substance that can't be broken down into other substances b…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
24 terms
BRVGS AP Biology - Unit 2 - Evolution
evolution
natural selection
mutation
artificial selection
The process by which modern organisms have descended from anc…
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
A change in a gene or chromosome.
When humans, not nature, determine the traits that are most b…
evolution
The process by which modern organisms have descended from anc…
natural selection
Process by which individuals that are better suited to their…
86 terms
AP Biology Unit 2
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
Condensation reaction (Dehydration rea…
giant molecules, 2 or more polymers bonded together
a long molecule consisting of monomers
building blocks of polymers connected by dehydration synthesis
make polymers, gives off water
macromolecule
giant molecules, 2 or more polymers bonded together
polymer
a long molecule consisting of monomers
37 terms
Evolution AP Biology Vocabulary Part 2
speciation
biological species concept
reproductive isolation
prezygotic barriers
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
Barriers that impede members of two different species fro pro…
Barriers that impede mating or hinder fertilization.
speciation
Origin of new species and the source of biological diversity.
biological species concept
Species is a group of populations whose members have the pote…
25 terms
AP Biology Vocab #2
Evolution
Natural Selection
Gene Flow
Genetic Drift
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
exchange of genes between two separate populations
Variation in the relative frequency of different genotypes in…
Evolution
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
Natural Selection
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited tr…
61 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Chapters 2-5
polar
nonpolar
electronegativity
cohesion
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
Attraction of an atom for electrons in a covalent bond.
Water molecules sticking to each other.
polar
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
nonpolar
No partial charges. Do not mix with water.
164 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 2
matter
element
compound
example of matter having emerging prop…
anything that takes up space and has mass
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
compound has chemical and physical characteristics different…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
79 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential Elements
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
- A substance consisting of two or more different elements co…
- Elements that an organism needs to live a healthy life and…
Matter
- Anything that takes up space and has mass ... - Composes organ…
Element
- A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
52 terms
AP Biology Unit 2 Test
Macromolecules
Lipids
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids
Fats (unsaturated and saturated), phospholipids
Sugars and starches
Enzymes, muscles
Macromolecules
Lipids, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids
Lipids
Fats (unsaturated and saturated), phospholipids
29 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
levels of biological orginazation
chemical level
atom
proton
from bottom to top: 'Subatomic particles', 'Atoms', 'Molecule…
the lowest three levels (i.e. 'subatomic particles', 'atoms',…
the simplest form of a chemical element
the first type of subatomic particle; has an electric charge…
levels of biological orginazation
from bottom to top: 'Subatomic particles', 'Atoms', 'Molecule…
chemical level
the lowest three levels (i.e. 'subatomic particles', 'atoms',…
107 terms
AP Biology Unit 2
Central Dogma
Gene Expression
Transcription
Translation
- Cells are governed by a cellular chain of command: DNA to R…
- DNA directs protein synthesis in two stages: Transcription…
- Synthesis of RNA using DNA as a template... - Occurs in nucle…
- Production of a polypeptide chain using the mRNA transcript…
Central Dogma
- Cells are governed by a cellular chain of command: DNA to R…
Gene Expression
- DNA directs protein synthesis in two stages: Transcription…
AP Biology Topic 2 Ecology
ecology
organismal ecology
population ecology
population
the study of interactions between organisms and the environment
study of an organism's structure, physiology, and behavior me…
this study analyzes the factors that affect population size a…
a group of individuals of the same species in an area
ecology
the study of interactions between organisms and the environment
organismal ecology
study of an organism's structure, physiology, and behavior me…
90 terms
Unit 2 Biochemistry - AP Biology
monomer
polymer
lipid molecule
dehydration synthesis definition
single units that join together to make polymers.
Multi-unit chain of monomers linked together to make a macrom…
Joining monomers together to make a polymer by LOSING a water…
monomer
single units that join together to make polymers.
polymer
Multi-unit chain of monomers linked together to make a macrom…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2
matter
element
compound
emergent properties
anything that takes up space and has mass
substance that cannot be broken down into other substances th…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
properties that are not possessed by a compound´s constituents
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down into other substances th…
AP Biology Unit 2: Biochemistry
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
condensation reaction (dehydration rea…
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
The subunit that serves as the building block of a polymer.
A reaction in which two molecules become covalently bonded to…
macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
164 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 2
matter
element
compound
example of matter having emerging prop…
anything that takes up space and has mass
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
compound has chemical and physical characteristics different…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
45 terms
Unit 2 - AP Biology
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Components:... - monosaccharide monomer... Examples:... + Monosaccha…
+ Triacylglycerols... - (fats or oils)... - glycerol & 3 fatty ac…
Structures:... - primary... - secondary... - tertiary... - quaternary ... F…
+ DNA... - sugar: deoxyribose... - N bases: CGAT... - double stranded…
Carbohydrates
Components:... - monosaccharide monomer... Examples:... + Monosaccha…
Lipids
+ Triacylglycerols... - (fats or oils)... - glycerol & 3 fatty ac…
50 terms
AP Biology Exam 2
In anabolic pathways, small molecules…
NAD⁺ is reduced to NADH during glycoly…
Glycolysis: 6C Sugar broken to 2 3C su…
Glycolysis (cytoplasm): 2 ATP, NADH, 2…
What are the differences between a Catabolic and an Anabolic…
What happens to NAD during cellular respiration? (CR)
How is ATP produced in glycolysis and in the electron transpo…
What are the products of glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, a…
In anabolic pathways, small molecules…
What are the differences between a Catabolic and an Anabolic…
NAD⁺ is reduced to NADH during glycoly…
What happens to NAD during cellular respiration? (CR)
19 terms
AP Biology Semester Final - 2
Lipid Bilayer
Phospholipids
Cholesterol
Integral proteins
Identify
Hydrophilic (polar) head, 2 hydrophobic tails. 1 tail is a sa…
Keeps membrane from being too fluid
Function as entryways. Permanently in membrane.
Lipid Bilayer
Identify
Phospholipids
Hydrophilic (polar) head, 2 hydrophobic tails. 1 tail is a sa…
59 terms
AP Biology Unit 2
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
surface tension
unequal distribution of electrons, meaning that two ends of t…
when hydrogen bonds hold the substance together (surface tens…
the clinging of one substance to another; adhesion of water t…
a measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
polar molecule
unequal distribution of electrons, meaning that two ends of t…
cohesion
when hydrogen bonds hold the substance together (surface tens…
38 terms
AP Biology Unit 2
Organic Molecules
Monomers
Polymers
Artificial polymers
Molecules composed of a carbon skeleton
Single building units
Very large molecules composed of many monomers put together.
Plastics, nylon, Teflon, orlon, polypropylene,
Organic Molecules
Molecules composed of a carbon skeleton
Monomers
Single building units
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