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Study sets matching "2 biology sat"

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Study sets matching "2 biology sat"

123 terms
SAT 2 Biology
Virchow
How does your body maintain your blood…
Radioisotopes (what are they, nucleus?…
Hydrogen Bonding (what does it do? (2))
"where a cell exists, there must be a preexisting cell"
The bicarbonate buffering system.
Isotopes that are radioactive. The nuclei of radioisotopes em…
Keeps the two strands of DNA bonded together, causes water mo…
Virchow
"where a cell exists, there must be a preexisting cell"
How does your body maintain your blood…
The bicarbonate buffering system.
398 terms
Biology SAT 2
Biochemistry
ground state
excited state
radioisotopes
...
electrons in lowest available energy level
when electrons move to higher energy level
radioactive isotopes
Biochemistry
...
ground state
electrons in lowest available energy level
11 terms
SAT Biology 2 - Photosynthesis
Grana
Stroma
Photosynthetic pigments
Pigments
Part of the chloroplast Where light-dependent reactions occur…
Part of the chloroplast where light-independent reactions occ…
Absorb light energy and use it to carry out photosynthesis
substances that absorb light in the visible spectrum
Grana
Part of the chloroplast Where light-dependent reactions occur…
Stroma
Part of the chloroplast where light-independent reactions occ…
398 terms
Biology SAT 2
Biochemistry
ground state
excited state
radioisotopes
...
electrons in lowest available energy level
when electrons move to higher energy level
radioactive isotopes
Biochemistry
...
ground state
electrons in lowest available energy level
163 terms
SAT 2 Biology Terms
Cell Theory
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Theory of endosymbiosis
All living things are composed of cells... Cells are the basic u…
No membrane-bound organelles such as a nucleus... Contains a sin…
Contain distinct organelles surrounded by membranes, nucleus…
Eukaryotic cells containing organelles like mitochondria and…
Cell Theory
All living things are composed of cells... Cells are the basic u…
Prokaryotes
No membrane-bound organelles such as a nucleus... Contains a sin…
27 terms
SAT Biology 2- Evolution
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Transitional fossil
Homologous structures
Changes in one gene pool of a population over generations
Speciation, the formation of an entirely new species
Fossil that links older species to modern species
Function differs, but same bone structure. Evidence of diverg…
Microevolution
Changes in one gene pool of a population over generations
Macroevolution
Speciation, the formation of an entirely new species
76 terms
SAT2 Biology Diagrams
Hydrogen Bond
Glucose (monosaccharide)
Glucose (disaccharide)
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrogen Bond
Glucose (monosaccharide)
45 terms
SAT Biology 2
Tracheids and Vessel Elements
Guard Cells
Parenchyma Cells
Sieve tube members and companion cells
Chains of these nonliving cells form continuous tubes for the…
Cells that take up potassium ions and water when sunlight and…
Cells that are storage sites for sugars and starches in stems…
Cells that form a living tissue which transports sugar from o…
Tracheids and Vessel Elements
Chains of these nonliving cells form continuous tubes for the…
Guard Cells
Cells that take up potassium ions and water when sunlight and…
382 terms
Biology SAT 2
Ground state
Excited state
Radioisotopes
Tracer
electrons in lowest available energy level
when electrons move to higher energy level
radioactive isotopes
radioactive carbon used as this... put into molcules of co2 and…
Ground state
electrons in lowest available energy level
Excited state
when electrons move to higher energy level
39 terms
SAT 2 Biology Taxonomy
Taxonomy
Taxa
Modern day system
Domain Bacteria (what? aerobes and/or…
Binomial nomenclature, the system developed in the 18th centu…
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species (Drunk…
Three-domain system, which is based on DNA analysis. Three do…
single-celled prokaryotes with no internal membranes, aerobes…
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature, the system developed in the 18th centu…
Taxa
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species (Drunk…
66 terms
SAT 2 Biology: Biochemistry
released
Ionic Bond
Anion
Cation
Energy is blank when a bond is formed
When electrons are transferred, this bond forms
Atom that gains electrons
Atom that loses electrons
released
Energy is blank when a bond is formed
Ionic Bond
When electrons are transferred, this bond forms
52 terms
Sat 2 Biology- The Cell
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Matthias Scheiden
Rudolf Virchow
He invented the first microscope
Coined the term cell after looking at cork tissue
He concluded that all plants are made out of cell
Summarized his research as "Where a cell exists, there must b…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
He invented the first microscope
Robert Hooke
Coined the term cell after looking at cork tissue
101 terms
Chapter 4 (Biochemistry) - BIOLOGY SAT2
atom
electrons, protons, neutrons
Electron Cloud
Electrons
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
The three kinds of particles that make up an atom
Space around the nucleus that electrons may occupy at any tim…
particle that has a negative charge
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
electrons, protons, neutrons
The three kinds of particles that make up an atom
95 terms
Chapter 13 (Plants) - BIOLOGY SAT2
The process in which a plant embryo re…
Growth that increases the length or he…
Growth that increases the width of ste…
Produce primary growth through cell di…
Germination
Primary Growth
Secondary Growth
Apical Meristems
The process in which a plant embryo re…
Germination
Growth that increases the length or he…
Primary Growth
30 terms
SAT 2 Biology: Ecology
What is a population?
What is a community?
What is an ecosystem?
What are Abiotic factors?
It is a group of individuals of one species living in one are…
It consists of all the organisms living in one area.
It includes all the organisms in a given area as well as the…
surrounding, nonliving factors such as soil, temperature, wat…
What is a population?
It is a group of individuals of one species living in one are…
What is a community?
It consists of all the organisms living in one area.
30 terms
Biology SAT 2 Questions
A solution with a pH of 2 is ____ time…
All of the following are correct about…
All of the following are correct about…
Which is not a characteristic of water…
d. 1000
a. the mechanism by which enzymes works is known as lock and…
b. there is little attraction between water molecules... There i…
d. water is less dense than ice... Ice is less dense than water…
A solution with a pH of 2 is ____ time…
d. 1000
All of the following are correct about…
a. the mechanism by which enzymes works is known as lock and…
20 terms
Barron SAT Biology Glossary 2
Antheridia
Antibodies
Anticodon
Antigens
structures located on the tips of a gametophyte plant and pro…
Immunoglobins. Part of the third line of defense, the specifi…
The three nucleotide sequence associated with tRNA
anything that triggers an antibody response
Antheridia
structures located on the tips of a gametophyte plant and pro…
Antibodies
Immunoglobins. Part of the third line of defense, the specifi…
1,171 terms
SAT II Biology Review Set
spinal cord
cerebrum
cerebellum
medulla (Brain Stem)
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
CNS specifically the Brain) which coordinates muscle movement…
CNS (specifically the Brain) responsible for involuntary thin…
spinal cord
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
cerebrum
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
60 terms
SAT Biology 2
population
exponential growth
Reasons for slow down in growth rate
carrying capacity
subset of species where a group of individuals in a particula…
unrestricted population growth (cannot be sustained forever)
lack of food, competition for other resources, predication, d…
maximum population size
population
subset of species where a group of individuals in a particula…
exponential growth
unrestricted population growth (cannot be sustained forever)
398 terms
Biology SAT 2
Biochemistry
Ground State
Excited State
Radioisotopes
The branch of science that explores the chemical processes wi…
Electrons in lowest available energy level
When electrons move to higher energy level
Radioactive Isotopes
Biochemistry
The branch of science that explores the chemical processes wi…
Ground State
Electrons in lowest available energy level
292 terms
Biology SAT 2
mRNA
Autosome
Barr body
Linked genes
The production of this molecule is the direct result of trans…
Any chromosome that is not one of the sex chromosomes.
The cell structure that is the direct result of X chromosome…
Genes on the same chromosome.
mRNA
The production of this molecule is the direct result of trans…
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not one of the sex chromosomes.
220 terms
Sat 2 Biology
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Speciation
Population
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
Evolutionary change above the species level, including the ap…
Formation of new species
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Microevolution
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
Macroevolution
Evolutionary change above the species level, including the ap…
124 terms
SAT 2 Biology
Fixed action pattern
Sign stimuli
Releasers
Agonistic behavior
an innate, highly stereotypical behavior that is always conti…
external stimuli that initiates FAP
sign stimuli that are exchanged between members of the same s…
aggressive behavior that involves a variety of threats or act…
Fixed action pattern
an innate, highly stereotypical behavior that is always conti…
Sign stimuli
external stimuli that initiates FAP
123 terms
SAT 2 Biology
Virchow
How does your body maintain your blood…
Radioisotopes (what are they, nucleus?…
Hydrogen Bonding (what does it do? (2))
"where a cell exists, there must be a preexisting cell"
The bicarbonate buffering system.
Isotopes that are radioactive. The nuclei of radioisotopes em…
Keeps the two strands of DNA bonded together, causes water mo…
Virchow
"where a cell exists, there must be a preexisting cell"
How does your body maintain your blood…
The bicarbonate buffering system.
17 terms
Biology SAT terms 2
heterotrophs
locomotion
sessile
exoskeleton
acquire nutrients by ingestion
movement from place to place
does not move
consists mostly of the polysaccharide chitin which does not g…
heterotrophs
acquire nutrients by ingestion
locomotion
movement from place to place
45 terms
SAT 2 Biology : Organic Chemistry
Atom
Molecule
Compound
Organic
The fundamental units of the physical world. Individual atoms…
combination of atoms
When a molecule contains different types of atoms
Molecules and compounds that contain carbon
Atom
The fundamental units of the physical world. Individual atoms…
Molecule
combination of atoms
11 terms
SAT 2 Biology Cell Respiration
Cell respiration
ATP
Matrix
Cristae membrane
Series of oxidative reactions by which cells gradually releas…
High energy molecule that stores energy for immediate use in…
The krebs cycle takes place in this part of the mitochondrion
The ETC takes place in this part of the mitochondrion
Cell respiration
Series of oxidative reactions by which cells gradually releas…
ATP
High energy molecule that stores energy for immediate use in…
19 terms
SAT 2 Biology Cell Division
Mitosis
Meiosis
Sister chromatids
Centromere
Growth and repair of body cells. Produces two genetically ide…
Occurs in sexually reproducing organisms. It produces gametes…
A replicated chromosome contains two _____ where one is an ex…
Specialized region that holds the two sister chromatids toget…
Mitosis
Growth and repair of body cells. Produces two genetically ide…
Meiosis
Occurs in sexually reproducing organisms. It produces gametes…
21 terms
SAT 2 Biology Digestive System
Mouth (what kind of digestion? what be…
Types of teeth (3)
Esophagus (digestion? what does it do?)
Epiglottis (what? what does it do?)
Mechanical and chemical digestion. Enzyme salivary amylase be…
incisors for cutting, canines for tearing, and molars for gri…
No digestion occurs, transports food from the throat to the s…
A flap of cartilage in the back of the pharynx (throat), Dire…
Mouth (what kind of digestion? what be…
Mechanical and chemical digestion. Enzyme salivary amylase be…
Types of teeth (3)
incisors for cutting, canines for tearing, and molars for gri…
159 terms
SAT 2 Biology
1a) What are the life processes?
1b) List the hierarchy of life.
1c) List, describe, and compare the ty…
1d) What are the types of nucleotides,…
GNRRREST... Growth, Nutrition, Respiration, Regulation, Reproduc…
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Species, Organis…
Prokaryotic Cells: No membrane bound organelles, no nucleus.…
Pyrimidines (1 ring): Cytosine and Thymine... Purines (2 rings):…
1a) What are the life processes?
GNRRREST... Growth, Nutrition, Respiration, Regulation, Reproduc…
1b) List the hierarchy of life.
Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Species, Organis…
9 terms
SAT 2 Biology: Microscopes
Resolution
Magnification
The phase contrast microscope
Electron microscope
The measure of image clarity
image height/object height
Is a light microscope that enhances contrast
Uses electron beams to produce 100,000x magnification
Resolution
The measure of image clarity
Magnification
image height/object height
85 terms
SAT II Biology - Ecology
Population
community
ecosystem
abiotic factors
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
A group of populations living and interacting with each other…
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment.
Non-living factors including temperature, water, sunlight, wi…
Population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
community
A group of populations living and interacting with each other…
435 terms
Biology Sat 2
abiotic factors
abscisic acid
accessory pigments
accurate
nonliving factors in an ecosystem (temperature, water, sunlig…
plant hormone that inhibits growth
see antennae
correct; not in error
abiotic factors
nonliving factors in an ecosystem (temperature, water, sunlig…
abscisic acid
plant hormone that inhibits growth
80 terms
SAT II Biology - Biochemistry
Atom
ground state
isotopes
radioisotopes
Consists of:... Protons (positively charged) and Neutrons (no ch…
electrons in the lowest available energy level
Atoms of one element that vary in the number of neutrons. Exa…
radioactive isotopes
Atom
Consists of:... Protons (positively charged) and Neutrons (no ch…
ground state
electrons in the lowest available energy level
39 terms
SAT 2 Biology Taxonomy
Taxonomy
Taxa
Modern day system
Domain Bacteria (what? aerobes and/or…
Binomial nomenclature, the system developed in the 18th centu…
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species (Drunk…
Three-domain system, which is based on DNA analysis. Three do…
single-celled prokaryotes with no internal membranes, aerobes…
Taxonomy
Binomial nomenclature, the system developed in the 18th centu…
Taxa
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species (Drunk…
24 terms
SAT2 Biology Microorganisms
Type of spores fungus can form
Bacteria reproduce...
How can Bacteria achieve genetic recom…
Bacteria + Naked DNA -> New Bacteria
Sexual and Asexual. Sexual -> combine to form a new organism.…
Binary fission. Bacterium replicates its single chromosome th…
Transformation (pick up new DNA from extracellular environmen…
Transformation
Type of spores fungus can form
Sexual and Asexual. Sexual -> combine to form a new organism.…
Bacteria reproduce...
Binary fission. Bacterium replicates its single chromosome th…
612 terms
Biology SAT
endotherm or homeotherms
mycorrhizae
malpighian tubes
nitrogen fixing bacteria
warm blooded; birds and mammals
symbionts that live in roots of plants and help intake of nut…
structures found in insects that aid in excretion of nitrogen…
symbiont that live in roots of legumes. turn N2 to ammonia
endotherm or homeotherms
warm blooded; birds and mammals
mycorrhizae
symbionts that live in roots of plants and help intake of nut…
1,171 terms
Biology SAT
spinal cord
cerebrum
cerebellum
medulla (Brain Stem)
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
CNS specifically the Brain) which coordinates muscle movement…
CNS (specifically the Brain) responsible for involuntary thin…
spinal cord
part of the central nervous system; primarily involved in pri…
cerebrum
Part of the Central Nervous System(specifically the Brain), t…
46 terms
SAT 2 BIOLOGY TAXONOMY
TAXONOMY
EXTREMOPHILES
DOMAINS
DECOMPOSERS
A SYSTEM BY WHICH WE NAME AND CLASSIFY ALL ORGANISMS, LIVING…
MICROORGANISMS THAT WERE SO DIFFERENT FROM BACTERIA, THEY NEE…
ALL LIFE IS ORGANIZED INTO THREE OF THESE
BACTERIA PLAY A VITAL ROLE IN THE ECOSYSTEM AS _________ THAT…
TAXONOMY
A SYSTEM BY WHICH WE NAME AND CLASSIFY ALL ORGANISMS, LIVING…
EXTREMOPHILES
MICROORGANISMS THAT WERE SO DIFFERENT FROM BACTERIA, THEY NEE…
11 terms
SAT 2 Biology- Classical Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Law of dominance
Law of Segregation
Monohybrid Cross
Father of modern genetics
Mendel's first law that states when two organisms that are ho…
States that during the formation of gametes, the two traits c…
A cross between two organisms that are each hybrid for a sing…
Gregor Mendel
Father of modern genetics
Law of dominance
Mendel's first law that states when two organisms that are ho…
52 terms
SAT 2 BIOLOGY PLANTS
BRYOPHYTES
TRACHEOPHYES
GYMNOSPERMS
ANGIOSPERMS
PRIMITIVE PLANTS THAT LACK VASCULAR TISSUE. EX: MOSSES
HAVE TRANSPORT VESSELS, XYLEM AND PHLOEM. MODERN PLANTS AND A…
CONIFERS, THE CONE-BEARING PLANTS.
FLOWERING PLANTS. THEY ARE THE MSOT DIVERSE AND PLENTIFUL PLA…
BRYOPHYTES
PRIMITIVE PLANTS THAT LACK VASCULAR TISSUE. EX: MOSSES
TRACHEOPHYES
HAVE TRANSPORT VESSELS, XYLEM AND PHLOEM. MODERN PLANTS AND A…
46 terms
SAT 2 Biology Quizlet
Elements
What are the main elements that make u…
Compound
Molecule
Substances that cannot be broken down into other substances b…
Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), Nitrogen (N), Oxygen (O), Phosphoru…
Two or more elements combined in a specific ratio
A compound formed by two or more atoms that share an electron…
Elements
Substances that cannot be broken down into other substances b…
What are the main elements that make u…
Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), Nitrogen (N), Oxygen (O), Phosphoru…
21 terms
SAT 2 Biology Respiratory System
Conduction zone
Pharynx
Larynx
Trachea
Parts of the respiratory system that are designed for ventila…
throat
Voice box
windpipe, branches into two tubes (left and right primary bro…
Conduction zone
Parts of the respiratory system that are designed for ventila…
Pharynx
throat
93 terms
Biology SAT 2
Ethology
Fixed Action Patterns
Niko Tinbergen
Habituation
-the study of behavior and it's relationship to evolutionary…
-innate, highly stereotypical behavior that once begun, is co…
-tested the aggressiveness of male three spined sticklebacks…
-the decrease in an animal's response after repeatedly being…
Ethology
-the study of behavior and it's relationship to evolutionary…
Fixed Action Patterns
-innate, highly stereotypical behavior that once begun, is co…
292 terms
Biology SAT 2 Terms
mRNA
Autosome
Barr body
Linked genes
The production of this molecule is the direct result of trans…
Any chromosome that is not one of the sex chromosomes.
The cell structure that is the direct result of X chromosome…
Genes on the same chromosome.
mRNA
The production of this molecule is the direct result of trans…
Autosome
Any chromosome that is not one of the sex chromosomes.
40 terms
SAT 2 Biology: Evolution
Microevolution
Macroevolution/speciation
Population
Evidence of evolution
Refers to changes in one gene pool of a population over gener…
Refers to the formation of an entirely new species.
A population consists of all the members of one species in on…
Fossil records, comparative anatomy, comparative biochemistry…
Microevolution
Refers to changes in one gene pool of a population over gener…
Macroevolution/speciation
Refers to the formation of an entirely new species.
95 terms
SAT II Biology - The Cell (2)
All living things are composed of
Where do all cells come from?
Which type of cell has no nucleus?
Which type of cell has a nucleus?
cells, the basic unit of life
Preexisting cells
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
All living things are composed of
cells, the basic unit of life
Where do all cells come from?
Preexisting cells
43 terms
Biology SAT II: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
36 terms
SAT 2 Biology: The Cell
Size of animal and plant cell
Size of the red blood cell
Size of ribosomes in a prokaryotic and…
Size of a prokaryotic cell
10-100 microns
8 microns
Prokaryotic cells have small ribosomes (70S) and eukaryotic c…
1-10 microns
Size of animal and plant cell
10-100 microns
Size of the red blood cell
8 microns
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