Study sets matching "2 human anatomy"

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Study sets matching "2 human anatomy"

75 terms
Human Anatomy Final #2
Answer: A
Answer: D
Answer: C
Answer: E
1) Identify the letter that indicates the left common carotid…
2) Identify the letter that indicates the left auricle. ... A) A…
3) Identify the letter that indicates the ligamentum arterios…
4) Identify the letter that indicates the left coronary arter…
Answer: A
1) Identify the letter that indicates the left common carotid…
Answer: D
2) Identify the letter that indicates the left auricle. ... A) A…
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
contains cytosol, inclusions, and organelles. Place of many m…
the jellylike fluid provides support for organelles; serves a…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
Human Anatomy chapter 2
The meaning of cytology and why it is…
How the light microscope, transmission…
Squamous
Cuboidal
Cytology is the scientific study of cellular structure and fu…
Light Microscope: easiest to use, least expensive, most often…
a thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bugle where the nucle…
squarish-looking. (liver cells)
The meaning of cytology and why it is…
Cytology is the scientific study of cellular structure and fu…
How the light microscope, transmission…
Light Microscope: easiest to use, least expensive, most often…
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
make up the bulk of the cell, contains cytosol, organelles an…
jellylike fluid, where other cytoplasmic elements are suspend…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
27 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.2
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Plasma (cell) membrane
Forms the outer, limiting barrier separating the internal con…
All cellular contents located between the plasma membrane and…
Cell's control center; controls protein synthesis and directs…
Contains receptors for communication; forms intercellular con…
Plasma Membrane
Forms the outer, limiting barrier separating the internal con…
Cytoplasm
All cellular contents located between the plasma membrane and…
Human Anatomy Test 2
Most superficial layer
Middle layer
Deepest layer
Protection... Temperature regulation... Excr…
Define Epidermis
Define Dermis
Define Hypodermis
What are the 5 functions of the skin?
Most superficial layer
Define Epidermis
Middle layer
Define Dermis
203 terms
Human Anatomy Unit 2
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Temporal Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
17 terms
Human Anatomy 2: Vision
sclera
cornea
Choroid
Iris
White part of the eye, provides support and protection
transparent window in front of the eye (b)
Black middle region of the eye; absorbs stray light waves
Colored part of the eye; regulates size of the pupil
sclera
White part of the eye, provides support and protection
cornea
transparent window in front of the eye (b)
267 terms
Human Anatomy Practical 2
Frontal Bone
Supraorbital Margin
Anterior Cranial Fossa
Supraorbital Foramen
Bone responsible for shape of the forehead. Contributes to th…
Upper margin of the eye socket.
Bilateral depressions in the floor of the anterior portion of…
Passageway for sensory branch of ophthalmic nerve and supraor…
Frontal Bone
Bone responsible for shape of the forehead. Contributes to th…
Supraorbital Margin
Upper margin of the eye socket.
29 terms
human anatomy ch. 2 chemistry
major elements. (in order)
intramolecular,
intermolecular
hydroxyl
O, C, H, N, Ca, P, K, S, Na, Cl, Mg
inside the atom... covalent bonds
between other molecules... hydrogen bonds
...
major elements. (in order)
O, C, H, N, Ca, P, K, S, Na, Cl, Mg
intramolecular,
inside the atom... covalent bonds
Human Anatomy Test #2
All epithelia tissue comes from...
Characteristics of Epithelia Tissue
Epithelial Tissue is Classified by the…
Simple Squamous
Ectoderm or Endoderm
1. Very cellular with no spaces... 2. Avascular... 3. Polarized Tis…
1. # of layers between basement membrane and free surface (si…
- Thinnest of all simple tissue... - Great at absorption, poor p…
All epithelia tissue comes from...
Ectoderm or Endoderm
Characteristics of Epithelia Tissue
1. Very cellular with no spaces... 2. Avascular... 3. Polarized Tis…
50 terms
Human Anatomy Martini 2
cell theory
types of cells in body
sex cells
somatic cells
cells are fundamental units of all living things
sex, somatic
sperm, oocytes
all other cells in body
cell theory
cells are fundamental units of all living things
types of cells in body
sex, somatic
171 terms
Practical 2 Human Anatomy
vertebrae body
vertebral foramen
intervertebral foramina
transverse process
-for passage of spinal cord
-for passage of 31 pairs of spinal nerves
vertebrae body
vertebral foramen
-for passage of spinal cord
86 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 2
adipocytes
adipose tissue
Desmosomes/Anchoring junction
apical
lipid storage cells
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
mechanically attaches adjacent cells to each other or to the…
that part of a cell or tissue which, in general, faces an ope…
adipocytes
lipid storage cells
adipose tissue
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
Human Anatomy Unit 2
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
cerebrum
sensory input... integration/processing... motor output
brain and spinal cord
nerves going to and from CNS
associated with higher brain functions such as thought and ac…
nervous system
sensory input... integration/processing... motor output
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
37 terms
Human Anatomy Test #2
Suscapular Fossa
Supraspinous Fossa
Glenoid Cavity
Intertubercular Groove/ "bicipital gro…
Concave area on the anterior side of the scapula
Gully above the spine on the scapula
socket on the scapula
in between the greater tubercle on the humerus and the lesser…
Suscapular Fossa
Concave area on the anterior side of the scapula
Supraspinous Fossa
Gully above the spine on the scapula
27 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2:
Tissues
Generic Cell
Histology
Epithelium
Group of cells which perform a specific function
...
Study of groups of cells, tissues, and organs that work toget…
Sheet of cells that covers an exposed surface or lines an int…
Tissues
Group of cells which perform a specific function
Generic Cell
...
Human Anatomy Unit 2
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
cell body
brain and spinal cord
nerves going to and from central nervous system
cells that send messages throughout the nervous systems
contains nucleus
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
nerves going to and from central nervous system
17 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.4
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Inclusions
Organelles
All materials contained within the plasma membrane and surrou…
- Syrup-like fluid of the cytoplasm; high water content... - Car…
- Large and diverse group of chemical substances that these c…
- Complex, organized structures with unique, characteristic s…
Cytoplasm
All materials contained within the plasma membrane and surrou…
Cytosol
- Syrup-like fluid of the cytoplasm; high water content... - Car…
43 terms
human anatomy exam 2
Skeletal System
components of skeletal system
tendons
ligament
Bones and bone tissue
• bones... • cartilages... • tendons ... • ligaments
connect muscle to bone
connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint
Skeletal System
Bones and bone tissue
components of skeletal system
• bones... • cartilages... • tendons ... • ligaments
122 terms
Human Anatomy Unit 2
Nervous System
nervous system functions
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system
...
sensory input, integration or processing, motor output
brain and spinal cord
nerves going to and from CNS
Nervous System
...
nervous system functions
sensory input, integration or processing, motor output
Unit 2 Human anatomy
Tissues
Nervous tissues
Epithelial tissues
connective tissues
A group of cells that have a similar structure and function
sends and receives signals
Protection lining of the body surfaces
connects body parts
Tissues
A group of cells that have a similar structure and function
Nervous tissues
sends and receives signals
11 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.5
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Pores
Nucleoli
1. Cellular regulation: Houses genetic material, which direct…
- Separates the cytoplasm form the nucleoplasm; phospholipid…
- Open passageways that penetrate fused regions of the double…
- Made up of RNA, enzymes and other proteins ... - Responsible f…
Nucleus
1. Cellular regulation: Houses genetic material, which direct…
Nuclear Envelope
- Separates the cytoplasm form the nucleoplasm; phospholipid…
Human Anatomy- Exam 2
Different categories of joints?
Synarthrosis
Syndesomsis
Gomphosis
Synarthroses, Amohiarthrosis, and Diarthrosis
Joints have little or no movement. They consist of Fibrous jo…
Synarthrosis. Fibrous joint. Found in the distal tibulofibous…
Special joints that hold the teeth in place. This is the only…
Different categories of joints?
Synarthroses, Amohiarthrosis, and Diarthrosis
Synarthrosis
Joints have little or no movement. They consist of Fibrous jo…
23 terms
Human Anatomy Quiz #2
Radial Tuberosity
Styloid process
Radial head
Radial Notch
where your biceps tendon inserts. on the radius. proximal
where your thumb connects in your radius. distal. pointy
proximal top of the radius
in the ulna. where the radial head attaches
Radial Tuberosity
where your biceps tendon inserts. on the radius. proximal
Styloid process
where your thumb connects in your radius. distal. pointy
25 terms
Unit 2 Human Anatomy
Function of Integumentary system
Different ways skin protects
Mechanical damage
Chemical damage
Protect
Mechanical damage(bumps), chemical damage(ph), bacterial dama…
Bumps; physical barrier and pressure receptors
Impermeable(can't let gases pass through) and keratinized cells
Function of Integumentary system
Protect
Different ways skin protects
Mechanical damage(bumps), chemical damage(ph), bacterial dama…
131 terms
Human Anatomy 2
Neutrophil
Eosinophil
Red Blood Cells
Basophil
Neutrophil
Eosinophil
162 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
4 unique characteristics of muscles
4 layers of connective tissue associat…
Endomysium
Perimysium
Excitability... Contractility... Elasticity... Extensibility
Endomysium... Perimysium... Epimysium... Deep fascia
Connective tissue that surrounds the muscle fiber. ... Areolar…
Connective tissue that groups muscle fibers into bundles.... De…
4 unique characteristics of muscles
Excitability... Contractility... Elasticity... Extensibility
4 layers of connective tissue associat…
Endomysium... Perimysium... Epimysium... Deep fascia
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
make up the bulk of the cell, contains cytosol, organelles an…
jellylike fluid, where other cytoplasmic elements are suspend…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
182 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
integumentary system
largest organ
7 percent of body weight
two distinct layers of skin
skin ... sweat/oil glands... hair ... nails
skin
skin
epidermis ... dermis
integumentary system
skin ... sweat/oil glands... hair ... nails
largest organ
skin
98 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 2
Chemistry importance in the Body
Chemical elements
Chemical symbols
Trace elements
Chemicals compose your body (and all body activities are chem…
All forms of matter are composed of chemical elements which a…
Letter abbreviations given to elements.
Elements in the body, present in tiny amounts.
Chemistry importance in the Body
Chemicals compose your body (and all body activities are chem…
Chemical elements
All forms of matter are composed of chemical elements which a…
70 terms
Human Anatomy Midterm #2
List the three types of muscle.
What are the four characteristics all…
What are the functions of skeletal mus…
Describe the hierarchy of skeletal mus…
- skeletal: multi-nucleated, striated, voluntary, cyndrical,…
- extensibility: ability to contract upon lengthening ... - exci…
- maintenance of posture (elevate, retract, depress), tempera…
(largest to smallest)... - muscle: ... - fascicles: ... - muscle fiber…
List the three types of muscle.
- skeletal: multi-nucleated, striated, voluntary, cyndrical,…
What are the four characteristics all…
- extensibility: ability to contract upon lengthening ... - exci…
24 terms
Human Anatomy Quiz 2
Osteopenia
Osteoarcoma
Vertebral arch
Atlas
Reduced bone mass due to a decrease in the rate of bone synth…
Bone cancer of osteoblasts, primarily affects teenagers
Formed by the union of the laminae and pedicles
C1
Osteopenia
Reduced bone mass due to a decrease in the rate of bone synth…
Osteoarcoma
Bone cancer of osteoblasts, primarily affects teenagers
161 terms
Human Anatomy Test 2
endoskeleton
exoskeleton
hydrostatic
bone functions
internal skeleton. Ex: humans
external skeleton. Ex: insects, clams
internal fluids receive and redistribute applied forces. Ex:…
movement, protection, support, mineral/energy storage, produc…
endoskeleton
internal skeleton. Ex: humans
exoskeleton
external skeleton. Ex: insects, clams
59 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 2
Cytology
Micrometers
Cell sizes and shapes vary
Three types of magnification
The study of cells
Cells are measured in this unit: 1 cm= 10,000 um
Shapes vary: flat, cylindrical, oval, and irregular in shape
LM, TEM, SEM
Cytology
The study of cells
Micrometers
Cells are measured in this unit: 1 cm= 10,000 um
244 terms
Human Anatomy (Practical 2)
Thalmus
Frontal Bone
Intervertebral Foramen
Arbor Vitae
Thalmus
Frontal Bone
39 terms
Human anatomy chap:2
the body has 3 major structural compon…
extracellular fluid (ECF)
intracellular fluid= ICF
cells=
1:cells... 2:intercellular material... 3:body fluids
1: interstitial fluid- between cells... 2: plasma- blood vessels…
cytosol... body fluids 2/3
are the unit structure of life
the body has 3 major structural compon…
1:cells... 2:intercellular material... 3:body fluids
extracellular fluid (ECF)
1: interstitial fluid- between cells... 2: plasma- blood vessels…
171 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Hormones Secreted by the Hypothalamus
Hormones Secreted by the Posterior Pit…
System with slow response signals, it secretes hormones and t…
System with rapid response signals, secretes electrochemical…
Releasing and Inhibiting Hormones, Oxytocin and Antidiuretic…
Stores Antidiuretic Hormone and Oxytocin
Endocrine System
System with slow response signals, it secretes hormones and t…
Nervous System
System with rapid response signals, secretes electrochemical…
110 terms
Human Anatomy unit 2
Skeletal System
Functions of the Skeletal System
Bone (Osseous tissue)
Collagen fibers
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, other connective tissue
Support against gravity, storage (calcium, phosphate, fat), b…
specialized cells (2% of bone weight)... strong flexible matrix…
strong, flexible connective tissue
Skeletal System
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, other connective tissue
Functions of the Skeletal System
Support against gravity, storage (calcium, phosphate, fat), b…
283 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Exam 2
Summarize the six major functions of b…
Describe the functional anatomy of dia…
Describe the functional anatomy of epi…
Describe the functional anatomy of met…
1.) Support... 2.) Protection... 3.) Assistance in Movement... 4.) Min…
shaft
each end of a long... bone
growth plate region
Summarize the six major functions of b…
1.) Support... 2.) Protection... 3.) Assistance in Movement... 4.) Min…
Describe the functional anatomy of dia…
shaft
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
contains cytosol, inclusions, and organelles. Place of many m…
the jellylike fluid provides support for organelles; serves a…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
38 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
make up the bulk of the cell, contains cytosol, organelles an…
jellylike fluid, where other cytoplasmic elements are suspend…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
13 terms
2 Human Anatomy
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
Merocrine glands
Apocrine glands
Glands that secrete substances outward through a duct
Ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
Exocrine glands that secrete without losing cellular material
Exocrine glands that have cytoplasm in their secretions
Exocrine glands
Glands that secrete substances outward through a duct
Endocrine glands
Ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
18 terms
Human Anatomy 2: senses
sensory receptors
chemoreceptors
photoreceptors
mechanoreceptors
nerve ending that converts the energy of a stimulus into an a…
stimulated by specific molecules (taste buds on tongue, olfac…
stimulated by specific wavelength of light (rods and cones of…
stimulated by physical movement (hair cell or inner ear, stre…
sensory receptors
nerve ending that converts the energy of a stimulus into an a…
chemoreceptors
stimulated by specific molecules (taste buds on tongue, olfac…
115 terms
human anatomy practicle 2
atlas
axis
cervical vertebra
lumbar vertebra
atlas
axis
53 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
What is in the epidermis?
Keratinocytes
layers of epidermis (CLGSB)
Dermis
Keratinocytes
most abundant cell type in epidermis.... -arise from deepest lay…
stratum corneum... stratum lucidum... stratum granulosum... stratum sp…
-2nd layer of skin... -strong, flexible connective tissue... -richl…
What is in the epidermis?
Keratinocytes
Keratinocytes
most abundant cell type in epidermis.... -arise from deepest lay…
Human Anatomy 2
Lymphatic system organs... -Spleen... Thymus…
Medulla
Mucosa- Associated Lymphoid tissue (MA…
Lymph formation
Spleen:abdominal cavity superior to the left adrenal gland…
deep region of the lymph node... medullary cords(contain macroph…
collection of lymphoid located at entry points for pathogens
lymph vessels carry lymph a watery fluid similar to plasma…
Lymphatic system organs... -Spleen... Thymus…
Spleen:abdominal cavity superior to the left adrenal gland…
Medulla
deep region of the lymph node... medullary cords(contain macroph…
Human Anatomy Test #2
Immunity
Innate Immunity
Adaptive immunity
Surface barriers
the ability to fight off invading microbes and/or substances…
-immunity that we are born with; naturally present... -not speci…
any form of immunity that develops after birth when we are ex…
-innate immune system... -skin... -mucous membranes... -both secrete a…
Immunity
the ability to fight off invading microbes and/or substances…
Innate Immunity
-immunity that we are born with; naturally present... -not speci…
Chapter 2 - Human Anatomy
human anatomy
system
cardiovascular system
digestive system
the science of the structure of human organisms
a set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or a…
the system that circulates blood, consisting of the heart, bl…
the system by which ingested food is acted upon by physical a…
human anatomy
the science of the structure of human organisms
system
a set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or a…
23 terms
Unit 2 Human Anatomy
Blood Flow in the Heart
Normal Sinus Waveform (the thing on an…
What is Heart Rate and what is it cont…
Label the parts of the heart!
Superior and Inferior Vena Cava, Right Atrium, Tricuspid Valv…
P- first bump, atria contracts... Q, R, S - bottom, top, and bot…
Heart Rate is your pulse and is controlled by pacemaker cells…
Blood Flow in the Heart
Superior and Inferior Vena Cava, Right Atrium, Tricuspid Valv…
Normal Sinus Waveform (the thing on an…
P- first bump, atria contracts... Q, R, S - bottom, top, and bot…
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