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Study sets matching "2 human anatomy"

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Study sets matching "2 human anatomy"

83 terms
Human Anatomy chapter 2
The meaning of cytology and why it is…
How the light microscope, transmission…
Squamous
Cuboidal
Cytology is the scientific study of cellular structure and fu…
Light Microscope: easiest to use, least expensive, most often…
a thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bugle where the nucle…
squarish-looking. (liver cells)
The meaning of cytology and why it is…
Cytology is the scientific study of cellular structure and fu…
How the light microscope, transmission…
Light Microscope: easiest to use, least expensive, most often…
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
contains cytosol, inclusions, and organelles. Place of many m…
the jellylike fluid provides support for organelles; serves a…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
make up the bulk of the cell, contains cytosol, organelles an…
jellylike fluid, where other cytoplasmic elements are suspend…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
75 terms
Human Anatomy Final #2
Answer: A
Answer: D
Answer: C
Answer: E
1) Identify the letter that indicates the left common carotid…
2) Identify the letter that indicates the left auricle. ... A) A…
3) Identify the letter that indicates the ligamentum arterios…
4) Identify the letter that indicates the left coronary arter…
Answer: A
1) Identify the letter that indicates the left common carotid…
Answer: D
2) Identify the letter that indicates the left auricle. ... A) A…
27 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.2
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Plasma (cell) membrane
Forms the outer, limiting barrier separating the internal con…
All cellular contents located between the plasma membrane and…
Cell's control center; controls protein synthesis and directs…
Contains receptors for communication; forms intercellular con…
Plasma Membrane
Forms the outer, limiting barrier separating the internal con…
Cytoplasm
All cellular contents located between the plasma membrane and…
57 terms
Human Anatomy Test 2
Most superficial layer
Middle layer
Deepest layer
Protection... Temperature regulation... Excr…
Define Epidermis
Define Dermis
Define Hypodermis
What are the 5 functions of the skin?
Most superficial layer
Define Epidermis
Middle layer
Define Dermis
203 terms
Human Anatomy Unit 2
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Temporal Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
244 terms
Human Anatomy (Practical 2)
Thalmus
Frontal Bone
Intervertebral Foramen
Arbor Vitae
Thalmus
Frontal Bone
267 terms
Human Anatomy Practical 2
Frontal Bone
Supraorbital Margin
Anterior Cranial Fossa
Supraorbital Foramen
Bone responsible for shape of the forehead. Contributes to th…
Upper margin of the eye socket.
Bilateral depressions in the floor of the anterior portion of…
Passageway for sensory branch of ophthalmic nerve and supraor…
Frontal Bone
Bone responsible for shape of the forehead. Contributes to th…
Supraorbital Margin
Upper margin of the eye socket.
13 terms
2 Human Anatomy
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
Merocrine glands
Apocrine glands
Glands that secrete substances outward through a duct
Ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
Exocrine glands that secrete without losing cellular material
Exocrine glands that have cytoplasm in their secretions
Exocrine glands
Glands that secrete substances outward through a duct
Endocrine glands
Ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
115 terms
human anatomy practicle 2
atlas
axis
cervical vertebra
lumbar vertebra
atlas
axis
48 terms
Anatomy Lab - Practical 2 - Human
Trapezius
Deltoid
Rhomboid Major
Rhomboid Minor
Trapezius
Deltoid
74 terms
Human Anatomy Test #2
All epithelia tissue comes from...
Characteristics of Epithelia Tissue
Epithelial Tissue is Classified by the…
Simple Squamous
Ectoderm or Endoderm
1. Very cellular with no spaces... 2. Avascular... 3. Polarized Tis…
1. # of layers between basement membrane and free surface (si…
- Thinnest of all simple tissue... - Great at absorption, poor p…
All epithelia tissue comes from...
Ectoderm or Endoderm
Characteristics of Epithelia Tissue
1. Very cellular with no spaces... 2. Avascular... 3. Polarized Tis…
86 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 2
adipocytes
adipose tissue
Desmosomes/Anchoring junction
apical
lipid storage cells
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
mechanically attaches adjacent cells to each other or to the…
that part of a cell or tissue which, in general, faces an ope…
adipocytes
lipid storage cells
adipose tissue
specialized areolar tissue rich in stored fat
32 terms
Anatomy 2 The Human Heart
Where the heart is located
Fibrous Pericardium
Serous Pericardium
Epicardium or Visceral
Mediastinum... Midline of the thoracic cavity ( 2/3 of its mass…
Prevents overstretching, provides, protection, anchors heart
thinner, delicate membrane, forms a double layer (parietal &…
provides a smooth, slippery outer surface
Where the heart is located
Mediastinum... Midline of the thoracic cavity ( 2/3 of its mass…
Fibrous Pericardium
Prevents overstretching, provides, protection, anchors heart
29 terms
human anatomy ch. 2 chemistry
major elements. (in order)
intramolecular,
intermolecular
hydroxyl
O, C, H, N, Ca, P, K, S, Na, Cl, Mg
inside the atom... covalent bonds
between other molecules... hydrogen bonds
...
major elements. (in order)
O, C, H, N, Ca, P, K, S, Na, Cl, Mg
intramolecular,
inside the atom... covalent bonds
122 terms
Human Anatomy Exam #2
Cartilage
Perichondrium
Perichondrium
Chondrocyte
Avascular connective tissue. Mostly water, absorbs shock.
Dense irregular connective tissue.
1. Keeps cartilage shape. (Resilient) ... 2. Contains chondrobla…
Cell type for cartilage
Cartilage
Avascular connective tissue. Mostly water, absorbs shock.
Perichondrium
Dense irregular connective tissue.
171 terms
Practical 2 Human Anatomy
vertebrae body
vertebral foramen
intervertebral foramina
transverse process
-for passage of spinal cord
-for passage of 31 pairs of spinal nerves
vertebrae body
vertebral foramen
-for passage of spinal cord
17 terms
SCU Human Anatomy - Topic 2 - Connective Tissue
Loose connective tissue adipose
Special connective tissue bone
Special connective tissue elastic cart…
Special connective tissue blood
Identify this connective tissue
Identify this connective tissue
Identify this connective tissue
Identify this connective tissue
Loose connective tissue adipose
Identify this connective tissue
Special connective tissue bone
Identify this connective tissue
39 terms
Human Anatomy Unit 2
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
cerebrum
sensory input... integration/processing... motor output
brain and spinal cord
nerves going to and from CNS
associated with higher brain functions such as thought and ac…
nervous system
sensory input... integration/processing... motor output
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
55 terms
"Anatomy 2 The Human Heart"
Where the heart is located
Fibrous pericardium
Serous Pericardium
Epicardium AKA visceral layer
Mediastinum... midline to the thoracic cavity (2/3 of its mass l…
Prevents overstretching, provides protection, anchors heart
thinner, delicate membrane, forms a double layer ( parietal (…
provides a smooth, slippery outer surface
Where the heart is located
Mediastinum... midline to the thoracic cavity (2/3 of its mass l…
Fibrous pericardium
Prevents overstretching, provides protection, anchors heart
37 terms
Human Anatomy Test #2
Suscapular Fossa
Supraspinous Fossa
Glenoid Cavity
Intertubercular Groove/ "bicipital gro…
Concave area on the anterior side of the scapula
Gully above the spine on the scapula
socket on the scapula
in between the greater tubercle on the humerus and the lesser…
Suscapular Fossa
Concave area on the anterior side of the scapula
Supraspinous Fossa
Gully above the spine on the scapula
25 terms
Unit 2 Human Anatomy
Function of Integumentary system
Different ways skin protects
Mechanical damage
Chemical damage
Protect
Mechanical damage(bumps), chemical damage(ph), bacterial dama…
Bumps; physical barrier and pressure receptors
Impermeable(can't let gases pass through) and keratinized cells
Function of Integumentary system
Protect
Different ways skin protects
Mechanical damage(bumps), chemical damage(ph), bacterial dama…
182 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
integumentary system
largest organ
7 percent of body weight
two distinct layers of skin
skin ... sweat/oil glands... hair ... nails
skin
skin
epidermis ... dermis
integumentary system
skin ... sweat/oil glands... hair ... nails
largest organ
skin
104 terms
Human Anatomy- Exam 2
Different categories of joints?
Synarthrosis
Syndesomsis
Gomphosis
Synarthroses, Amohiarthrosis, and Diarthrosis
Joints have little or no movement. They consist of Fibrous jo…
Synarthrosis. Fibrous joint. Found in the distal tibulofibous…
Special joints that hold the teeth in place. This is the only…
Different categories of joints?
Synarthroses, Amohiarthrosis, and Diarthrosis
Synarthrosis
Joints have little or no movement. They consist of Fibrous jo…
23 terms
Human Anatomy Quiz #2
Radial Tuberosity
Styloid process
Radial head
Radial Notch
where your biceps tendon inserts. on the radius. proximal
where your thumb connects in your radius. distal. pointy
proximal top of the radius
in the ulna. where the radial head attaches
Radial Tuberosity
where your biceps tendon inserts. on the radius. proximal
Styloid process
where your thumb connects in your radius. distal. pointy
70 terms
Human Anatomy Midterm #2
List the three types of muscle.
What are the four characteristics all…
What are the functions of skeletal mus…
Describe the hierarchy of skeletal mus…
- skeletal: multi-nucleated, striated, voluntary, cyndrical,…
- extensibility: ability to contract upon lengthening ... - exci…
- maintenance of posture (elevate, retract, depress), tempera…
(largest to smallest)... - muscle: ... - fascicles: ... - muscle fiber…
List the three types of muscle.
- skeletal: multi-nucleated, striated, voluntary, cyndrical,…
What are the four characteristics all…
- extensibility: ability to contract upon lengthening ... - exci…
161 terms
Human Anatomy Test 2
endoskeleton
exoskeleton
hydrostatic
bone functions
internal skeleton. Ex: humans
external skeleton. Ex: insects, clams
internal fluids receive and redistribute applied forces. Ex:…
movement, protection, support, mineral/energy storage, produc…
endoskeleton
internal skeleton. Ex: humans
exoskeleton
external skeleton. Ex: insects, clams
162 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
4 unique characteristics of muscles
4 layers of connective tissue associat…
Endomysium
Perimysium
Excitability... Contractility... Elasticity... Extensibility
Endomysium... Perimysium... Epimysium... Deep fascia
Connective tissue that surrounds the muscle fiber. ... Areolar…
Connective tissue that groups muscle fibers into bundles.... De…
4 unique characteristics of muscles
Excitability... Contractility... Elasticity... Extensibility
4 layers of connective tissue associat…
Endomysium... Perimysium... Epimysium... Deep fascia
39 terms
Human anatomy chap:2
the body has 3 major structural compon…
extracellular fluid (ECF)
intracellular fluid= ICF
cells=
1:cells... 2:intercellular material... 3:body fluids
1: interstitial fluid- between cells... 2: plasma- blood vessels…
cytosol... body fluids 2/3
are the unit structure of life
the body has 3 major structural compon…
1:cells... 2:intercellular material... 3:body fluids
extracellular fluid (ECF)
1: interstitial fluid- between cells... 2: plasma- blood vessels…
131 terms
Human Anatomy 2
Neutrophil
Eosinophil
Red Blood Cells
Basophil
Neutrophil
Eosinophil
38 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
make up the bulk of the cell, contains cytosol, organelles an…
jellylike fluid, where other cytoplasmic elements are suspend…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
make up the bulk of the cell, contains cytosol, organelles an…
jellylike fluid, where other cytoplasmic elements are suspend…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
110 terms
Human Anatomy unit 2
Skeletal System
Functions of the Skeletal System
Bone (Osseous tissue)
Collagen fibers
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, other connective tissue
Support against gravity, storage (calcium, phosphate, fat), b…
specialized cells (2% of bone weight)... strong flexible matrix…
strong, flexible connective tissue
Skeletal System
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, other connective tissue
Functions of the Skeletal System
Support against gravity, storage (calcium, phosphate, fat), b…
174 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
Plantar Fascitis
Patellofemoral Syndrome
Bursitis in the Knee Region
Ankle Injuries
Inflammation of the plantar fascia. Caused by overuse, common…
Pain deep to the patella often resulting from excessive runni…
Prepatellar bursitis: caused by friction between the skin and…
Most frequently injured major joint in the body. Sprains (tor…
Plantar Fascitis
Inflammation of the plantar fascia. Caused by overuse, common…
Patellofemoral Syndrome
Pain deep to the patella often resulting from excessive runni…
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
contains cytosol, inclusions, and organelles. Place of many m…
the jellylike fluid provides support for organelles; serves a…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
17 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.4
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Inclusions
Organelles
All materials contained within the plasma membrane and surrou…
- Syrup-like fluid of the cytoplasm; high water content... - Car…
- Large and diverse group of chemical substances that these c…
- Complex, organized structures with unique, characteristic s…
Cytoplasm
All materials contained within the plasma membrane and surrou…
Cytosol
- Syrup-like fluid of the cytoplasm; high water content... - Car…
122 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
Pectoral gurdle
sternoclavicular joint
humeroscapular joint
the clavical
clavicle and scapula
medial clavicle articulates with the sternum
shoulder joint, scapula articulates with the humerous
s- shaped bone
Pectoral gurdle
clavicle and scapula
sternoclavicular joint
medial clavicle articulates with the sternum
11 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.5
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Pores
Nucleoli
1. Cellular regulation: Houses genetic material, which direct…
- Separates the cytoplasm form the nucleoplasm; phospholipid…
- Open passageways that penetrate fused regions of the double…
- Made up of RNA, enzymes and other proteins ... - Responsible f…
Nucleus
1. Cellular regulation: Houses genetic material, which direct…
Nuclear Envelope
- Separates the cytoplasm form the nucleoplasm; phospholipid…
59 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 2
Cytology
Micrometers
Cell sizes and shapes vary
Three types of magnification
The study of cells
Cells are measured in this unit: 1 cm= 10,000 um
Shapes vary: flat, cylindrical, oval, and irregular in shape
LM, TEM, SEM
Cytology
The study of cells
Micrometers
Cells are measured in this unit: 1 cm= 10,000 um
16 terms
Human Anatomy - Histology_Lab2
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
50 terms
Human Anatomy Martini 2
cell theory
types of cells in body
sex cells
somatic cells
cells are fundamental units of all living things
sex, somatic
sperm, oocytes
all other cells in body
cell theory
cells are fundamental units of all living things
types of cells in body
sex, somatic
293 terms
Exam 2 Human Anatomy
Clavicle: Superior and inferior
Sternal end of clavicle
Acromial end of clavicle
Clavicle
Clavicle: Superior and inferior
Sternal end of clavicle
23 terms
Unit 2 Human Anatomy
Blood Flow in the Heart
Normal Sinus Waveform (the thing on an…
What is Heart Rate and what is it cont…
Label the parts of the heart!
Superior and Inferior Vena Cava, Right Atrium, Tricuspid Valv…
P- first bump, atria contracts... Q, R, S - bottom, top, and bot…
Heart Rate is your pulse and is controlled by pacemaker cells…
Blood Flow in the Heart
Superior and Inferior Vena Cava, Right Atrium, Tricuspid Valv…
Normal Sinus Waveform (the thing on an…
P- first bump, atria contracts... Q, R, S - bottom, top, and bot…
20 terms
Chapter 2 - Human Anatomy
human anatomy
system
cardiovascular system
digestive system
the science of the structure of human organisms
a set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or a…
the system that circulates blood, consisting of the heart, bl…
the system by which ingested food is acted upon by physical a…
human anatomy
the science of the structure of human organisms
system
a set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or a…
123 terms
Human Anatomy Ch2
The structure and function unit of the…
Nucleus... Cytoplasm... Cell membrane
Allow some substances to pass through…
Phospholipid Bilayer ... (Lipid is domin…
Define Cell
3 major parts of cell
A selectively permeable membrane is..
Structure of cell membrane
The structure and function unit of the…
Define Cell
Nucleus... Cytoplasm... Cell membrane
3 major parts of cell
171 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Hormones Secreted by the Hypothalamus
Hormones Secreted by the Posterior Pit…
System with slow response signals, it secretes hormones and t…
System with rapid response signals, secretes electrochemical…
Releasing and Inhibiting Hormones, Oxytocin and Antidiuretic…
Stores Antidiuretic Hormone and Oxytocin
Endocrine System
System with slow response signals, it secretes hormones and t…
Nervous System
System with rapid response signals, secretes electrochemical…
9 terms
Human Anatomy CH.2 Cells
Simple diffusion
Osmosis
Facilitated Diffusion
Active transport
- Small, uncharged molecules, pass through lipid bilayer of t…
Diffusion of water molecules across a membrane
Protein that expands the plasma membrane enabling passage of…
Proteins move molecules across membrane against their concent…
Simple diffusion
- Small, uncharged molecules, pass through lipid bilayer of t…
Osmosis
Diffusion of water molecules across a membrane
100 terms
Human Anatomy #2
Origins of Triceps Brachii
Insertion of Triceps Brachii
Action of Triceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
Infraglenoid tubercle of scapula; medial and posterior humerus
Olecranon of ulna
Elbow extension
Origins of Triceps Brachii
Infraglenoid tubercle of scapula; medial and posterior humerus
Insertion of Triceps Brachii
Olecranon of ulna
115 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2
Fill in the blank:... An action potential…
Define Depolarization
Define Propagation
Define Plasma Membrane
An action potential is a (wave) of depolarization that travel…
loss of the difference in charge between the inside and outsi…
the spreading of something into new regions
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that forms the…
Fill in the blank:... An action potential…
An action potential is a (wave) of depolarization that travel…
Define Depolarization
loss of the difference in charge between the inside and outsi…
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