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Study sets matching "2 spinal anatomy"

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Study sets matching "2 spinal anatomy"

418 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
What nerve indents the articular pilla…
What is the classic angulation of a ty…
Recent work suggests what angulation f…
What is the orientation of the typical…
the medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal ne…
40 to 45 degrees from the coronal plane
55-60 degrees
backward, upward, medial (BUM)
What nerve indents the articular pilla…
the medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal ne…
What is the classic angulation of a ty…
40 to 45 degrees from the coronal plane
43 terms
Spinal Anatomy2: Spinal Osteology
What is part 1 of vertebral a?
What is part 2 of vertebral a.?
What is part 3 of vertebral a.?
What is part 4 of vertebral a.?
ascends through lower cervical transverse foramen starting at…
ascends through upper cervical transverse foramen
goes through transverse foramen and around lateral mass ... lat…
passes superiorly and mediially to foramen magnum
What is part 1 of vertebral a?
ascends through lower cervical transverse foramen starting at…
What is part 2 of vertebral a.?
ascends through upper cervical transverse foramen
284 terms
Spinal Anatomy Test #2
The inner layer of bone is soft and sp…
Cortex is made up of what?
Below the age of 40 what percent of we…
After the age of 40 what percentage of…
Cancellous Bone
Hard Compact Bone
45%
65%
The inner layer of bone is soft and sp…
Cancellous Bone
Cortex is made up of what?
Hard Compact Bone
201 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
How many false vertebrae do you have i…
Swayback is aka?
How many pairs of IVFs do you have?
The transverse ligament begins and end…
2
Hyper-lordosis
31
C1
How many false vertebrae do you have i…
2
Swayback is aka?
Hyper-lordosis
59 terms
Spinal Anatomy2: Embryology
What does surface ectoderm become?
What does neuro ectoderm become?
What does paraxial mesoderm become?
What does intermediate mesoderm become?
skin
nervous system
somites, axial mm. and vertebrae... bones, mm, cartilage and de…
genitourinary system... kidneys and gonads
What does surface ectoderm become?
skin
What does neuro ectoderm become?
nervous system
74 terms
Spinal Anatomy 2
Trapezius origin
Trapezius insertion
Trapezius actions
Trapezius innervation
EOP, medial 1/3 of superior nuchal line, ligamentum nuchae, s…
Lateral 1/3 of clavicle, acromion process, spine of the scapula
Elevates scapula, depresses scapula, rotates scapula superiorly
Spinal accessory nerve (XI) and ventral rami C3-C4 (sensory)
Trapezius origin
EOP, medial 1/3 of superior nuchal line, ligamentum nuchae, s…
Trapezius insertion
Lateral 1/3 of clavicle, acromion process, spine of the scapula
70 terms
Spinal Anatomy Quiz #2
Study of joints
Study of ligaments
Classification of joints by movement
Classification of JOINTS by type of ma…
Arthrology
Syndesmology
Synarthrotic - nonmovable... Amphiarthrotic - slightly movable... D…
Fibrous - 1... Joints held together by DESNSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE…
Study of joints
Arthrology
Study of ligaments
Syndesmology
spinal anatomy 2
What is the Origin of trapezius
What muscles makes up the erecter spin…
What is the insertion of trapezius
What is the action of trapezius
EOP, medial 1/3 of superior nuchal line, ligamentum nuchae sp…
iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis
lateral 1/3 of clavical, acromian process, spine of scapula
elevates the scapula, depressed scapula, superior scapula rot…
What is the Origin of trapezius
EOP, medial 1/3 of superior nuchal line, ligamentum nuchae sp…
What muscles makes up the erecter spin…
iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis
109 terms
Spinal Anatomy M2
in what ways can joints be classified?
what are the 3 categories of movement…
what are the 3 types of materials that…
what are fibrous joints?
-according to movement... -according to type of material that un…
-diarthrotic: freely moveable... -amphiarthrotic: slightly movea…
-fibrous... -cartilaginous... -synovial
held together by dense C.T. or ligaments
in what ways can joints be classified?
-according to movement... -according to type of material that un…
what are the 3 categories of movement…
-diarthrotic: freely moveable... -amphiarthrotic: slightly movea…
282 terms
Spinal Anatomy Unit 2
Cortex
Periostium
Cancellous bone
trabeculae
outer layer of bone; made up of Hard Compact bone
thin layer that surrounds bone that is highly innervated by n…
inner layer of bone that is soft and spongy; made up of trabe…
little compartments with walls between them that are arranged…
Cortex
outer layer of bone; made up of Hard Compact bone
Periostium
thin layer that surrounds bone that is highly innervated by n…
43 terms
Spinal Anatomy (Week#2)
The sperm meet with the ovum and the z…
The zygote undergoes cleavage
Cleavage develops into the morula
Morula grows into a ball of 12-32 cell…
Week 1
Week 1
Week 1
Week 1
The sperm meet with the ovum and the z…
Week 1
The zygote undergoes cleavage
Week 1
69 terms
Spinal Anatomy ~ Quiz #2
What are the Atypical Thoracic Vertebr…
What classifies atypical thoracic vert…
What is the movement like in atypical…
Describe the facets for T-1
T1, T9, T10, T11, T12
Rib articulation differences
Moveable cervical spine to stable and less moveable thoracic…
-full pair of superior costal facet for rib 1 (rib doesn't no…
What are the Atypical Thoracic Vertebr…
T1, T9, T10, T11, T12
What classifies atypical thoracic vert…
Rib articulation differences
413 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
What nerve indents the articular pilla…
What is the classic angulation of typi…
Recent work suggests what angulation f…
What is the orientation of the typical…
the medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal ne…
40 to 45 degrees from the coronal plane
55 to 60 degrees
backward, upward, medial (BUM)
What nerve indents the articular pilla…
the medial branch of the dorsal ramus of a cervical spinal ne…
What is the classic angulation of typi…
40 to 45 degrees from the coronal plane
108 terms
Spinal Anatomy Quiz 2
isometric contraction
eccentric contraction
concentric contraction
who coined lumbar pelvic rhythm?
activity is present in a muscle with no change in muscle leng…
activity is present in a muscle and there is lengthening of t…
activity is present and there is shortening of the muscle
Calliet
isometric contraction
activity is present in a muscle with no change in muscle leng…
eccentric contraction
activity is present in a muscle and there is lengthening of t…
155 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
the WHITER part on a x-ray indicates a…
the DARKER parts of an x-ray indicates…
there are 5 densities seen on x-rays w…
what extends from the tip of the odont…
radiopaque
radiolucent
air--black... fat--dark gray... water--light gray... bone--whitish... met…
1st General Pyramid... aka Long Upright Pyramid
the WHITER part on a x-ray indicates a…
radiopaque
the DARKER parts of an x-ray indicates…
radiolucent
62 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam #2
how many layers of back muscle are there
layer that connects upper limb to vert…
muscles of the first layer of back mus…
trapezius is innervated by the
6
first layer
-trapezius... -latissimus dorsi... -thoracolumbar fascia
spinal accessory nerve and proprioceptive from C3/C4 ventral…
how many layers of back muscle are there
6
layer that connects upper limb to vert…
first layer
102 terms
Spinal Anatomy - Quiz 2
What is the origin of the deltoid?
Give the insertion of the deltoid:
What are the 5 main actions of the del…
What is the innervation for the deltoid?
1) Lateral 1/3 of the clavicle... 2) Acromion... 3) Spine of the sc…
Deltoid tuberosity of the humerus
1) Extends the shoulder... 2) Laterally rotates shoulder... 3) Flex…
Axillary nerve
What is the origin of the deltoid?
1) Lateral 1/3 of the clavicle... 2) Acromion... 3) Spine of the sc…
Give the insertion of the deltoid:
Deltoid tuberosity of the humerus
201 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
How many false vertebrae do you have i…
Swayback is aka?
How many pairs of IVFs do you have?
The transverse ligament begins and end…
2
Hyper-lordosis
31
C1
How many false vertebrae do you have i…
2
Swayback is aka?
Hyper-lordosis
27 terms
Spinal Anatomy M2
where does the surface of the SI joint…
where do the ligaments attach to the s…
what are the functions of movement of…
what does the scattered area of the IA…
to the lateral aspect of the first 3 of 5 sacral segments
on the lateral posterior side of the auricular surface
-converts pelvis to resilient, accommodating receptacle essen…
that there must be a slight separation of the joint during mo…
where does the surface of the SI joint…
to the lateral aspect of the first 3 of 5 sacral segments
where do the ligaments attach to the s…
on the lateral posterior side of the auricular surface
247 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
IVD's are (Primary or Secondary) carti…
The IVDs are named for the vertebra ab…
IVD's are thicker in which regions..??…
The IVDs form part of the (Anterior or…
Secondary, (Symphyses, amphiarthrodial)
Above, e.g. T6 disc is between T6-T7 thoracic... vertebrae.
They are thicker in cervical and lumbar regions than in thora…
Anterior boundary
IVD's are (Primary or Secondary) carti…
Secondary, (Symphyses, amphiarthrodial)
The IVDs are named for the vertebra ab…
Above, e.g. T6 disc is between T6-T7 thoracic... vertebrae.
198 terms
Spinal Anatomy Quiz 2
What are three subclassifcations for s…
What forms the capsule of a synovial j…
What type of joint material is covered…
What type of joint is held together by…
Suture, Gomphosis, and Synchondrosis
synovial membrane and synovial fluid
Synovial joint
Cartilaginous
What are three subclassifcations for s…
Suture, Gomphosis, and Synchondrosis
What forms the capsule of a synovial j…
synovial membrane and synovial fluid
105 terms
Spinal Anatomy Quiz 2
Deltoid OIAN:
Supraspinatus OIAN:
Infraspinatus OIAN:
Teres Minor OIAN:
O: Lateral third of clavicle; Acromion and Spine of Scapula... I…
O: Supraspinous fossa of Scapula... I: Superior facet of greater…
O: Infraspinous fossa of Scapula... I: Middle facet of greater t…
O: Middle part of lateral border of scapula... I: Inferior facet…
Deltoid OIAN:
O: Lateral third of clavicle; Acromion and Spine of Scapula... I…
Supraspinatus OIAN:
O: Supraspinous fossa of Scapula... I: Superior facet of greater…
24 terms
Anatomy:Final: Spinal 2
The dorsal funiculus is located betwee…
The lateral funiculus is located betwe…
The ventral funiculus is located betwe…
True/False: all tracts (descending and…
dorsal ... sensory
dorsal ... ventral... sensory and motor
ventral ... motor
True
The dorsal funiculus is located betwee…
dorsal ... sensory
The lateral funiculus is located betwe…
dorsal ... ventral... sensory and motor
102 terms
Spinal Anatomy - Test 2
Which of the following is Not a charac…
Where is the spinal canal located and…
What structure makes the anterior wall…
The semispinalis group is characterize…
C. Is located at the posterior aspect of the spinal canal.
The spinal canal is located behind the bodies of the vertebra…
The PLL makes part of the anterior wall of the spinal canal
B. They lie superficial to the spinotransversalis muscle group.
Which of the following is Not a charac…
C. Is located at the posterior aspect of the spinal canal.
Where is the spinal canal located and…
The spinal canal is located behind the bodies of the vertebra…
78 terms
Spinal Anatomy - Test 2
What act as shock absorbers ?
What region are IVDs thicker in?
What plates are connected to the IVDs ?
How many IVDs are there ?
IVDs
anteriorly than posteriorly in the cervical and lumbar regions
cartilagenous end plates
23
What act as shock absorbers ?
IVDs
What region are IVDs thicker in?
anteriorly than posteriorly in the cervical and lumbar regions
23 terms
Spinal Cord Anatomy 2
Conus Medullaris
cauda equina
cervical enlargement
lumbar enlargement
cone at the end of the spinal cord
"horse's tail" that bundle spinal nerves
contains neurons of the upper limbs
contains neurons of the lower limbs
Conus Medullaris
cone at the end of the spinal cord
cauda equina
"horse's tail" that bundle spinal nerves
37 terms
Spinal anatomy 2
Elevations of the lateral and posterio…
for trapezius muscle, External Occipit…
Supports the Head... 2 arches (anterior…
A bridge of tissue connecting the late…
Uncinate processes
Opisthion, EOP (inion
atlas- C1
Hypochordal arch
Elevations of the lateral and posterio…
Uncinate processes
for trapezius muscle, External Occipit…
Opisthion, EOP (inion
15 terms
spinal Cord Anatomy 13-2
conus medullaris
cauda equina
filum terminale
central canal
conus medullaris
cauda equina
29 terms
spinal anatomy quiz #2
typical cervical vertebrae
typical thoracic vertebrae
typical lumbar vertebrae
what does the ectoderm form?
C2 - C6
T2 - T8
L1 - L4
outer layer of skin, hair, lining of nose and mouth, and the…
typical cervical vertebrae
C2 - C6
typical thoracic vertebrae
T2 - T8
41 terms
Spinal Anatomy II
Which muscle(s) can do ipsilateral spi…
Which muscle(s) can do contralateral s…
Levator Scapula (I/O/A/N)
Typical location of motatory nerves
Splenius
Semispinalis, Multifidus, and Rotatores
O: TP of C1-C4... I: Superior portion of medial border of Scapul…
Deep to the Muscle they intervate
Which muscle(s) can do ipsilateral spi…
Splenius
Which muscle(s) can do contralateral s…
Semispinalis, Multifidus, and Rotatores
36 terms
Spinal Anatomy2: Brachial Plexus
What spinal nn contribute to radial n.
What spinal nn contribute to axillary n.
What spinal nn contribute to musculocu…
What spinal nn contribute to median n.
pos. div. c5-t1
pos. div. c5-6
ant. div. C5-7
ant. div. C5-T1
What spinal nn contribute to radial n.
pos. div. c5-t1
What spinal nn contribute to axillary n.
pos. div. c5-6
71 terms
Spinal Anatomy Quiz #2
OIAN of Supraspinatus
OIAN of Infraspinatus
OIAN of Teres Minor
OIAN of Teres Major
O= Supraspinous fossa of scapula... I= Greater tubercle of humer…
O= Infraspinous fossa of scapula... I= Greater tubercle of humer…
O= Middle lateral border of scapula... I= Greater tubercle of hu…
O= Posterior surface of inferior angle of scapula... I= Medial l…
OIAN of Supraspinatus
O= Supraspinous fossa of scapula... I= Greater tubercle of humer…
OIAN of Infraspinatus
O= Infraspinous fossa of scapula... I= Greater tubercle of humer…
145 terms
Spinal Anatomy Section 2
X-rays are also known as:
X-rays involve three things:
Radiopaque
Radiolucent
Radiographs
The camera called the x-ray tube, ... The film called the x-ray…
The whiter structures on the film ... They're denser and thicker
The darker structures ... Less dense
X-rays are also known as:
Radiographs
X-rays involve three things:
The camera called the x-ray tube, ... The film called the x-ray…
20 terms
Anatomy Unit 2 Spinal Cord
What are the 3 main functions of the s…
"The Spinal Cord is automatically segm…
Why does the boney level and spinal ne…
Internal Anatomy of Spinal Cord: cells…
1) Sensory Processor:... -Distributes info to brainstem, cereb…
-31 bilateral pairs of spinal nerves that exit through forami…
Bones grew faster than the spinal cord therefore nerves exten…
-Not segmented... -Long columns... Gray Matter= middle of spinal c…
What are the 3 main functions of the s…
1) Sensory Processor:... -Distributes info to brainstem, cereb…
"The Spinal Cord is automatically segm…
-31 bilateral pairs of spinal nerves that exit through forami…
106 terms
Spinal Anatomy Test #2
Functions of muscular tissue
Propertie of muscular tissue
Aponeuroses
Endomysium
Producing body movements... Stabilizing body positions... Control o…
Electrical excitability... Conductivity... Contractility... Extensibil…
Flattened out tendon
Wraps each myofiber (muscle cell)
Functions of muscular tissue
Producing body movements... Stabilizing body positions... Control o…
Propertie of muscular tissue
Electrical excitability... Conductivity... Contractility... Extensibil…
66 terms
Anatomy 2-Spinal Cord
What are the major functions of the sp…
What is the purpose of the vertebral c…
What is a laminectomy?
What is the length comparison between…
innervation of the trunk and limbs; conduction-carries info i…
provides bony protection of the spinal cord
moving laminae and the spinous process to show the spinal cor…
the spinal cord is short than the vertebral column, ends at L…
What are the major functions of the sp…
innervation of the trunk and limbs; conduction-carries info i…
What is the purpose of the vertebral c…
provides bony protection of the spinal cord
55 terms
Spinal Anatomy 2 Midterm
Agonist
Antagonist
Synergist
Isometric Contraction
Muscle that "produces" a desired movement
"resists" movement of agonist- (limits)
Assists the agonist in completing movement
Contraction without change in muscle lengths or joint angle (…
Agonist
Muscle that "produces" a desired movement
Antagonist
"resists" movement of agonist- (limits)
100 terms
Spinal Anatomy test #2
What is the anterior border of the ver…
What is the posterior border of the ve…
What is the lateral border of the vert…
what does the vertebral canal contain?
Vertebral body and Intervertebral disc
laminae and spinous process
pedicles
-Ligamentum flavum... -Posterior longitudinal ligament ... -epidura…
What is the anterior border of the ver…
Vertebral body and Intervertebral disc
What is the posterior border of the ve…
laminae and spinous process
11 terms
Spinal Cord Anatomy 2
what happens if a spinal nerve or vent…
list 3 symptoms that occur is the cort…
what are the 3 principle fiber tracts…
what are the 5 parts of the reflex
complete loss of reflexes, complete paralysis, rapid atrophy…
hyperreflexia, partial paralysis, slow atrophy,
1. posterior white column: fine touch/propioception... 2. latera…
1. sensory receptor... 2. afferent (sensory) neuron... 3. interneur…
what happens if a spinal nerve or vent…
complete loss of reflexes, complete paralysis, rapid atrophy…
list 3 symptoms that occur is the cort…
hyperreflexia, partial paralysis, slow atrophy,
Spinal Anatomy quiz #2
Joints can be classified by what two t…
Name the three joint classifications b…
Describe Diarthrotic joints
Describe Amohiarthrotic joints
Joints can be classified according to MOVEMENT and the TYPE O…
1. Diarthrotic ... 2. Amohiarthrotic ... 3. Synarthrosis
freely movable
Slightly movable
Joints can be classified by what two t…
Joints can be classified according to MOVEMENT and the TYPE O…
Name the three joint classifications b…
1. Diarthrotic ... 2. Amohiarthrotic ... 3. Synarthrosis
34 terms
Anatomy 2 Spinal Nerves
What nerves make up the cervical plexus?
What is the origin of the phrenic nerve?
What is the muscle movement associated…
What is the cutaneous innervation of t…
Phrenic nerve
C3-C5
breathing - diaphragm
none
What nerves make up the cervical plexus?
Phrenic nerve
What is the origin of the phrenic nerve?
C3-C5
75 terms
Spinal anatomy Test 2
Which muscle is located in the middle…
what muscle rotates atlas on axis
first pair of spinal nerves exit spina…
Lateral bending of cervicals right wil…
Longissimus
Oblique Captious inferior
Occiput and C1
glide inferior, posterior and towards medial
Which muscle is located in the middle…
Longissimus
what muscle rotates atlas on axis
Oblique Captious inferior
234 terms
Spinal Anatomy test 2
Bone outer layer
Bone cortex made up of
Bone strength under 40
Bone strength over 40
Cortex or cortical bone ... Dense outer shell
Hard compact bone
Supports 45% of axial compressive load
Supports 65% of axial compressive load
Bone outer layer
Cortex or cortical bone ... Dense outer shell
Bone cortex made up of
Hard compact bone
189 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
Typical Thoracic Vertebrae
Atypical thoracic vertebrae
Vertebral body has __ shape and is __…
Number of articular facets for rib att…
T2-T8 (T9)
T1, T10-T12
Heart, Larger
4
Typical Thoracic Vertebrae
T2-T8 (T9)
Atypical thoracic vertebrae
T1, T10-T12
91 terms
Spinal Anatomy, Exam 2
Is a downward continuation of the tect…
adheres to the posterior aspects of ve…
makes part of the anterior wall of the…
At the end of the Spine, it continues…
PLL
PLL
PLL
PLL
Is a downward continuation of the tect…
PLL
adheres to the posterior aspects of ve…
PLL
11 terms
Spinal Cord- Practical #2 Anatomy
Dorsal root
Ventral root
Dorsal root ganglion
Gray matter dorsal horn
Dorsal root
Ventral root
37 terms
anatomy practical 2: spinal cord
dorsal horn... receives sensory informat…
ventral horn... motor neurons affect ske…
lateral horns... (only located in the th…
gray commissure... communicates between…
dorsal horn... receives sensory informat…
ventral horn... motor neurons affect ske…
17 terms
LCCW Spinal Anatomy 2: Terms
Agonist
Antagonist
Synergist
Isometric Contraction
produces desired movement
resists desired movement
assists agonist
"peak" muscle contraction w/o joint movement
Agonist
produces desired movement
Antagonist
resists desired movement
365 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
What are the attachment sites of the p…
What is the earliest age of developmen…
Based on amount of ossification of the…
What other name may be used to identif…
(C1) arcuate rim of posterior arch of atlas, superior articul…
about 7 years old
incomplete or complete ponticulus posticus
Kimmerle's Anomaly
What are the attachment sites of the p…
(C1) arcuate rim of posterior arch of atlas, superior articul…
What is the earliest age of developmen…
about 7 years old
291 terms
Spinal Anatomy Exam 2
What are the two layers of bone?
Below 40, how much of cortex (hard com…
What thin layer surrounds the cortex?
What layer of bone is highly innervate…
Cortex = Outer... Cancellous = Inner
Before 40 = 45%... After 40 = 65%
Periosteum
Periosteum
What are the two layers of bone?
Cortex = Outer... Cancellous = Inner
Below 40, how much of cortex (hard com…
Before 40 = 45%... After 40 = 65%
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