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Study sets matching "3 quarter biology"

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Study sets matching "3 quarter biology"

41 terms
Biology Quarter 3 Test
Genotype
Phenotype
Dominant
Recessive
Shows the alleles that the organism inherits from its parents
Shows the organisms appearance
Trait or allele that is fully expressed when carried by only…
Trait or allele that is expressed when two recessive alleles…
Genotype
Shows the alleles that the organism inherits from its parents
Phenotype
Shows the organisms appearance
120 terms
Biology Quarter 3
Cellular Respiration
ATP Synthase
How many ATP are produced by the Kreb…
What is the equation for cellular resp…
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
2
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP energy
Cellular Respiration
Includes both aerobic and anaerobic processes
ATP Synthase
Biology quarter 3 Pink
Invasive Species
Ecology
Ecosystem
Population
Non native organisms in an ecosystem that likely cause harm
Study of the relations of organisms to one another and their…
Group of living organisms interacting with the nonliving comp…
A specific species living in a specific area
Invasive Species
Non native organisms in an ecosystem that likely cause harm
Ecology
Study of the relations of organisms to one another and their…
38 terms
Quarter 3 Biology Review
Individual Species
Population
Community
Ecosystem
One animal
Group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
Assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
Collection of all the organisms that live in a particular pla…
Individual Species
One animal
Population
Group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
32 terms
Biology Quarter 3
Quaternary System
Precambrian
Cenozoic era
Geological Timeline
System we are currently in
First and longest era
Current era
A record of the life forms and environmental events in Earth'…
Quaternary System
System we are currently in
Precambrian
First and longest era
47 terms
quarter 3 Biology Benchmark
Descent with modification
Natural Selection
Evoltion
Variation
When life changes through generations.
Organisms adapt to their environment tend to survive and prod…
Change in genetic composition of a population
Differences between cells, individual organisms, or groups of…
Descent with modification
When life changes through generations.
Natural Selection
Organisms adapt to their environment tend to survive and prod…
152 terms
Biology-Quarter 3
alga (plural, algae)
Alveolata
amoebas
amoebozoan
autotrophs that produce their food by photosynthesis
includes unicellular autotrophs, heterotrophs, and mixotrophs…
move and feed by means of pseudopodia, temporary extensions o…
a group that includes animals and fungi, addressed at the end…
alga (plural, algae)
autotrophs that produce their food by photosynthesis
Alveolata
includes unicellular autotrophs, heterotrophs, and mixotrophs…
254 terms
Biology Quarter 3 Exam
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Chromatin
Chromosome
Process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
Process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
Combination of DNA and protein molecules, in the form of long…
Condensed threads of genetic material formed from chromatin a…
Asexual reproduction
Process in which a single cell or set of cells produces offsp…
Sexual reproduction
Process in which genetic material from two parents combines a…
70 terms
Biology Quarter 3 Exam
Vector
Protease inhibitor
Oncogene
Proto-oncogene
Intermediate host that transmits a pathogen or parasite to an…
Type of drug that blocks synthesis of new viral capsid and th…
Gene that induces cancer or uncontrolled cell proliferation.
Gene that regulates normal cell division but that can become…
Vector
Intermediate host that transmits a pathogen or parasite to an…
Protease inhibitor
Type of drug that blocks synthesis of new viral capsid and th…
149 terms
Biology Quarter 3
according to the rules of binomial nom…
a heterotrophic eukaryote that absorbs…
the branch of biology that grouops and…
for many species, there are often regi…
The genus Name Only
fungus
taxonomy
common names
according to the rules of binomial nom…
The genus Name Only
a heterotrophic eukaryote that absorbs…
fungus
34 terms
Biology Quarter 3
Food
Protiens
Lipids
Carbohydrates
any substance that your body can use as a raw material to sus…
An organic compound composed of one or more polypeptide chain…
a group of organic compounds that includes fatty acids and gl…
a group of organic compounds composed of carbon, oxygen, and…
Food
any substance that your body can use as a raw material to sus…
Protiens
An organic compound composed of one or more polypeptide chain…
30 terms
biology quarter 3
metacognition... - The teacher was supris…
flabbergast... - She was flabbergasted wh…
preclude... - He was precluding the idea…
viscous... - The viscous band-aid was dif…
(n) awareness and understanding one's thinking; thinking abou…
(adj) to overcome with suprise and bewilderment; astound
(v) to prevent the presence, existence, or occurence of; make…
(adj) sticky, think, adhesive
metacognition... - The teacher was supris…
(n) awareness and understanding one's thinking; thinking abou…
flabbergast... - She was flabbergasted wh…
(adj) to overcome with suprise and bewilderment; astound
25 terms
Biology QUARTER 3
Cell Walls
Cell Membrane
nucleus
Ribosomes
Outer layer that maintains cells shape and protects cell from…
...
Structure: Surrounded by envelope (double membrane) perforate…
Structure: Two subunits made or ribosomal RNA and proteins; c…
Cell Walls
Outer layer that maintains cells shape and protects cell from…
Cell Membrane
...
223 terms
Quarter 3 Biology Terms
somatic cells
germ cells
chromosome
sister chromatids
cells that make up the body
where meiosis occurs... a cell lineage set aside for the formati…
a eukaryotic DNA molecule with proteins attached to it
chromosomes stay together as this until late mitosis
somatic cells
cells that make up the body
germ cells
where meiosis occurs... a cell lineage set aside for the formati…
22 terms
Biology Quarter 3 Vocabulary
anaphase
apoptosis
asexual reproduction
blastocyst
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
process of programmed cell death
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
stage of early development in mammals that consists of a hall…
anaphase
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
apoptosis
process of programmed cell death
63 terms
Quarter 3 Honors Biology Review
Photosynthesis
Animal Cell
Cellular Respiration Equation
Photosynthesis Equation
Process by which the plant captures sunlight and makes sugars
Type of cell where cellular respiration takes place
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 ----- > 6 CO2 + 6 H2O
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + Light ----- > C6H12O6 + 6 O2
Photosynthesis
Process by which the plant captures sunlight and makes sugars
Animal Cell
Type of cell where cellular respiration takes place
28 terms
Quarter 3 Biology
Where the DNA code is read and transla…
Making a copy of DNA into mRNA
Three base code in DNA or mRNA
Three base codes in DNA that correspon…
translation
transcription
codon
anticodon
Where the DNA code is read and transla…
translation
Making a copy of DNA into mRNA
transcription
66 terms
Quarter3 Midterm Biology
genetics
heredity
heterozygous
law of independent assortment
the study of heredity
traits passed down from parent to offspring
when alleles are different (Tt)
genes for different traits are inherited independently of eac…
genetics
the study of heredity
heredity
traits passed down from parent to offspring
Biology 3 Quarter Exam
Selective Breeding
Hybridization
Biogeography
Inbreeding
Method of breeding that allows only organisms with desired ch…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Study of life in different areas
Keeping traits in a single bloodline
Selective Breeding
Method of breeding that allows only organisms with desired ch…
Hybridization
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
58 terms
Quarter 3 Biology Vocab
Analogous Structure
Bottleneck effect
Convergent evolution
DNA ligase
External body structures with "many forms one function"
Genetic drift resulting from drastic resulting from drastic r…
Unrelated species evolve similar adaptive traits
Enzyme that pastes together a plasmid to a gene of intrest
Analogous Structure
External body structures with "many forms one function"
Bottleneck effect
Genetic drift resulting from drastic resulting from drastic r…
45 terms
Quarter 3 WP Biology
Leuco Leuk
Lyt Lys
Macro
Mal
White
Break down, destroy
Large, long
Bad, ugly
Leuco Leuk
White
Lyt Lys
Break down, destroy
34 terms
biology quarter 3 prefixes
ophthalm-
Omni-
oo-
osteo-
referring to the eye
all
pertaining to an egg
bone
ophthalm-
referring to the eye
Omni-
all
41 terms
Biology Honors Quarter 3 Vocabulary
Chromosome
Chromatid
Centromere
Karyotype
thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal a…
one copy of a newly copied chromosome which is still joined t…
the part of a chromosome that links sister chromatids.
the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of an…
Chromosome
thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal a…
Chromatid
one copy of a newly copied chromosome which is still joined t…
52 terms
biology quarter 3 final
--flict--
frat-
gamo-
gen-
to strike
brother, sibling
united
birth, make
--flict--
to strike
frat-
brother, sibling
24 terms
Biology Quarter 3 Test
corpus luteum
placenta
midpiece
follicle
the empty follicle that turns yellow after ovulation
connects the mother and embryo to allow for the exchange of o…
part of the sperm where mitochondria is
a group of cells that help the egg to mature
corpus luteum
the empty follicle that turns yellow after ovulation
placenta
connects the mother and embryo to allow for the exchange of o…
26 terms
Quarter 3: Biology
sex chromosomes
How did Gregory Mendel use pea plants…
The decoding of an mRNA message into a…
Segregation
2 out of 46 chromosomes in a genome
Through the selective cross-breeding of common pea plants (Pi…
Translation
Separation of alleles during gamete formation
sex chromosomes
2 out of 46 chromosomes in a genome
How did Gregory Mendel use pea plants…
Through the selective cross-breeding of common pea plants (Pi…
48 terms
Biology Exam Quarter 3
genetics
gene
chromosome
mitosis
the science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
a section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein o…
DNA coiled around and supported by proteins, found in the nuc…
the duplication of a cell's chromosomes to allow daughter cel…
genetics
the science that studies how characteristics get passed from…
gene
a section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein o…
35 terms
Biology Quarter 3
Why is DNA important during protein sy…
Why does DNA need to be unzipped befor…
What is produced from transcription?
Given the following sequence of mRNA,…
DNA is important because it provides information needed to co…
DNA replication begins with the "unzipping" of the parent mol…
RNA
mRNA: CUC-AAG-UGC-UUC... Leu - Lys - Cys - Phe
Why is DNA important during protein sy…
DNA is important because it provides information needed to co…
Why does DNA need to be unzipped befor…
DNA replication begins with the "unzipping" of the parent mol…
32 terms
Biology Quarter 3 Vocab Study Set
digestive system
enzyme
esophagus
stomach
the organs that break down food so that it can be used by the…
a type of protein that speeds up metabolic reactions in plant…
a long, straight tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach
the saclike, digestive organ that is between the esophagus an…
digestive system
the organs that break down food so that it can be used by the…
enzyme
a type of protein that speeds up metabolic reactions in plant…
39 terms
Quarter 3 Biology Exam
What gas makes up 21% of the Earth's a…
Life on earth originated how many year…
The earliest forms of life were most l…
Why would being a photoautotroph on ea…
Oxygen
3.8 billion years ago
Prokaryotic
There was a lot of carbon dioxide available and not a lot of…
What gas makes up 21% of the Earth's a…
Oxygen
Life on earth originated how many year…
3.8 billion years ago
53 terms
Biology Quarter 3
What are 2 ways that asexual reproduct…
What are two ways asexual reproduction…
What is mitosis?
What is interphase?
Asexual's offspring is identical, there is one parent, and th…
Both can have one or more offspring, occur in plants and anim…
Nucleus and its contents divide and are evenly distributed fo…
Interphase is when the cell grows and increases proteins. 3 e…
What are 2 ways that asexual reproduct…
Asexual's offspring is identical, there is one parent, and th…
What are two ways asexual reproduction…
Both can have one or more offspring, occur in plants and anim…
Biology Quarter 3 Vocab
Gene Cloning
Restriction Enzyme
PCR
Forensics
Production of multiple copies of a gene
Bacterial enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence
Technique used to make many copies of a DNA molecule
Scientific analysis of evidence for legal investigations
Gene Cloning
Production of multiple copies of a gene
Restriction Enzyme
Bacterial enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence
15 terms
Quarter 3 WP Biology
Leuco Leuk
Lyt Lys
Macro
Mal
White
Break down, destroy
Large, long
Bad, ugly
Leuco Leuk
White
Lyt Lys
Break down, destroy
10 terms
Biology Vocab Quarter 3
ATP
Photosynthesis
autotroph
Heterotroph
Energy
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organism…
An autotroph or "producer", is an organism that produces comp…
A heterotroph is an organism that cannot fix carbon and uses…
ATP
Energy
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organism…
59 terms
Biology quarter 3 vocab
Gene cloning
Restriction enzyme
PCR
Forensics
Production of multiple copies of a gene
Bacterial enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence
Technique used to make many copies of DNA molecule
Scientific analysis of evidence for a legal investigations
Gene cloning
Production of multiple copies of a gene
Restriction enzyme
Bacterial enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence
13 terms
Biology terms quarter 3
atoms
fats
protein
carbohydrates
basic unit of matter
absorb certain vitamins, create cell membrane, sheaths in ner…
chains of molecules called amino acids, involved in structura…
most important source of energy. Provides energy for the body…
atoms
basic unit of matter
fats
absorb certain vitamins, create cell membrane, sheaths in ner…
40 terms
biology quarter 3
ADP
Aerobic
Allele
Anaerobic
molecule formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group fo…
chemical reactions that require the presence of oxygen
alternate forms of a gene
chemical reactions that do not require the presence of oxygen
ADP
molecule formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group fo…
Aerobic
chemical reactions that require the presence of oxygen
41 terms
Biology Quarter 3 Terms
Chromosome
Chromatid
Centromere
Karyotype
A chromosome is a long, stringy aggregate of genes that carri…
A chromatid is one-half of two identical copies of a replicat…
A centromere is a region on a chromosome that joins two siste…
A karyotype is the number, size, and shape of chromosomes in…
Chromosome
A chromosome is a long, stringy aggregate of genes that carri…
Chromatid
A chromatid is one-half of two identical copies of a replicat…
11 terms
biology quarter 3 review
Smaller cells are more efficient
g1 s g2 meiosis cytokenisis
All steps but telophase
Cancer
why do cells divide
Cell cycle
Where are chromosomes seen
Uncontrolled cell growth
Smaller cells are more efficient
why do cells divide
g1 s g2 meiosis cytokenisis
Cell cycle
44 terms
biology quarter 3 vocab
DNA polymerase |
DNA polymerase |||
phosphodiester bond
Watson and crick
proof reads
adds new nucleotides
the bond between the phosphate and sugar
found DNA
DNA polymerase |
proof reads
DNA polymerase |||
adds new nucleotides
39 terms
Biology quarter 3
How old is earth
Earth and other plants were formed by
Earth was first made up of
The earths core and crust were formed by
4.5 billion years old
Rocks dust and meteorites
Magma
Cooled magma
How old is earth
4.5 billion years old
Earth and other plants were formed by
Rocks dust and meteorites
49 terms
Biology Quarter 3
Summarize Darwin observation
What's Lamark's Theory
catasrophism
gradualism
finches and tortoises better adapted to environment survive a…
law of use and disuse, law of inheritance of characteristics.
theory changes in earth's crust history resulted from sudden…
hypothesis evolution proceeds by accumulation changes
Summarize Darwin observation
finches and tortoises better adapted to environment survive a…
What's Lamark's Theory
law of use and disuse, law of inheritance of characteristics.
Quarter 3 Biology Vocabulary
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
"Father of genetics" discovered hereditary units
Study of how characteristics are passed from parents to offsp…
Genetic inheritance of physical or mental characteristics
Distinguishing characteristics that are inherited (eye color,…
Gregor Mendel
"Father of genetics" discovered hereditary units
Genetics
Study of how characteristics are passed from parents to offsp…
29 terms
Biology Quarter 3 Vocab
genetics
traits
Heredity
Gene
The study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living…
A genetically determined characteristic or condition, may be…
The passing of traits from parents to their offspring, either…
A locus (or region) of DNA that encodes a functional RNA or p…
genetics
The study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in living…
traits
A genetically determined characteristic or condition, may be…
196 terms
Biology Quarter 3
Georges Cuvier
Charles Lyell
catastrophism
uniformitarianism
studied different strata of rock of the earth and found that…
went against catastrophism with his belief in uniformitariani…
major/quick changes shaped the earth
slow changes that are still taking place shaped the earth
Georges Cuvier
studied different strata of rock of the earth and found that…
Charles Lyell
went against catastrophism with his belief in uniformitariani…
25 terms
CP Biology: Quarter 3
incomplete dominance
law of segregation
homologous structures
mimicry
inheritance pattern where the phenotype of a heterozygote is…
principle explaining that because every organism has two alle…
structures with a common evolutionary origin that can be simi…
structural adaptation that enables one species to resemble an…
incomplete dominance
inheritance pattern where the phenotype of a heterozygote is…
law of segregation
principle explaining that because every organism has two alle…
19 terms
Biology quarter 3
Insertion
Deletion
Substitution
Chromosomes
the addition of one or more nucleotide base pairs into a DNA…
is a mutation in which a part of a chromosome or a sequence o…
The act of putting one thing in the place of another, especia…
the things that make organisms what they are
Insertion
the addition of one or more nucleotide base pairs into a DNA…
Deletion
is a mutation in which a part of a chromosome or a sequence o…
87 terms
Biology Quarter 3 Green
What are Protists?
Most protists are...
Why can't scientists classify protists…
Which of the following is a multicellu…
eukaryotes that are not part of the plant, animal, or fungi k…
single-celled
They have characteristics of more than one group
kelp
What are Protists?
eukaryotes that are not part of the plant, animal, or fungi k…
Most protists are...
single-celled
24 terms
Biology terms quarter 3
Meiosis
Gamete
Sex Cell
Autosome/Autosomal
Reduction division process, occurring only in reproductive ce…
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
Sperm or Egg.
Chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
Meiosis
Reduction division process, occurring only in reproductive ce…
Gamete
A haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine w…
84 terms
Biology quarter 3
Who was Charles Darwin? Why was his bo…
What is the difference between microev…
In 1859, Charles Darwin published a bo…
Darwin's theory was initially based on…
The father of the theory of evolution. His book made no menti…
Microevolution: the theory that natural selection can, over t…
The Origin Of Species
Finch beaks
Who was Charles Darwin? Why was his bo…
The father of the theory of evolution. His book made no menti…
What is the difference between microev…
Microevolution: the theory that natural selection can, over t…
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