Study sets matching "3 science key chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "3 science key chapter 2"

52 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 & 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Chapter 2 and 3 key terms Science
Matter
Chemistry
Substance
Physical property
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Study of properties of matter and how matter changes
A single kind of matter that is pure meaning it always has a…
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Chemistry
Study of properties of matter and how matter changes
13 terms
Chapter 2.3-2.4 Science Vocab
protist
protozoan
pseudopod
contractile vacuole
A eukaryotic organism that cannot be classified as an animal,…
A unicellular animal-like protist.
A "false foot" or temporary bulge of cytoplasm used for feedi…
The cell structure that collects extra water from the cytopla…
protist
A eukaryotic organism that cannot be classified as an animal,…
protozoan
A unicellular animal-like protist.
13 terms
science chapter 2 & 3 key terms
conduction
heat
temperature
kinetic energy
the process of transferring energy by direct contact
the energy that is being transferred
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the atoms or molec…
the energy of a moving object
conduction
the process of transferring energy by direct contact
heat
the energy that is being transferred
Science key terms chapter 2.3
Biogeography
Contenential drift
Dispersal
Exotic species
The study of where organism's live
The very slow motion of the continents
The movement of organisms from one place to another
Species that are carried to a new location by people
Biogeography
The study of where organism's live
Contenential drift
The very slow motion of the continents
54 terms
Science Ch 2/3
protons + neutrons = __________________
electrons = __________________
# of protons = _______________
how many atoms of hydrogen are in one…
atomic mass
# of protons
atomic number
2 atoms
protons + neutrons = __________________
atomic mass
electrons = __________________
# of protons
Science chapter 2/3
Uniformitarism
Erosion
Weathering
What breaks down rock?
Geologic processes that operate today also operated in the pa…
The process of weathering down and carrying away smaller piec…
The process that breaks down rock and other substances.
Erosion works continuously to weather and carry away rocks at…
Uniformitarism
Geologic processes that operate today also operated in the pa…
Erosion
The process of weathering down and carrying away smaller piec…
Chapter 2 Section 3 Science Key Terms
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Law of Conservation of Mass
Energy
A change in a substance that does not change its identity
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
The principle that the total amount of matter is neither crea…
The ability to do work or cause change
Physical Change
A change in a substance that does not change its identity
Chemical Change
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
23 terms
3 & 4 Science Chapter 2
bird
camouflage
mammal
marine
a warm blooded vertebrae that has feathers and wings
the color or pattern that allows something to blend in with i…
a warm-blooded vertebrate that has hair or fur and feeds milk…
describes something that lives in salt water or the ocean
bird
a warm blooded vertebrae that has feathers and wings
camouflage
the color or pattern that allows something to blend in with i…
Maple Leaf Science 10 - Chapter 2.3
bioaccumulation
bioremediation
heavy metals
keystone species
something builds up (in an organism) over time
use of living things to clean up chemical pollution
high density metals, toxic in low concentrations
keeps ecosystem in balance - more imp. than #s show
bioaccumulation
something builds up (in an organism) over time
bioremediation
use of living things to clean up chemical pollution
9 terms
Science 8 Chapter 2&3
Chemical Property
Physical Property
sublimation
evaporation
how matter reacts to other energy or other matter
description of matter based on observations and measurements
solid to gas with out turning into a liquid
liquid to a gas
Chemical Property
how matter reacts to other energy or other matter
Physical Property
description of matter based on observations and measurements
17 terms
Chapter 2.2 and 2.3 key vocabulary
Producer (autotroph)
Consumer (heterotroph)
Herbivore
Primary consumer
Organisms able to use raw inorganic materials (like water and…
Organisms that must consume or digest other organisms or orga…
A consumer that eats primarily plant material to survive.
Another word for an herbivore
Producer (autotroph)
Organisms able to use raw inorganic materials (like water and…
Consumer (heterotroph)
Organisms that must consume or digest other organisms or orga…
5 terms
Science chapter 2 key terms
Diffusion
Osmosis
Passive transport
Active transport
The process by which move from an area of higher concentratio…
The diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permea…
The movement of materials through a cell membrane without usi…
The movement of materials through a cell membrane using energy
Diffusion
The process by which move from an area of higher concentratio…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permea…
10 terms
Science Chapter 2 Key Concepts
Matter
Volume
Properties of Matter
Weight
is the amount of matter in an object.
the amount of space taken up by an object.
volume and mass
a measure of the gravitational force on an object
Matter
is the amount of matter in an object.
Volume
the amount of space taken up by an object.
23 terms
Science Key terms Chapter 2 + 3
What is a mineral?
What are 3 major groups of rock and ho…
How are minerals and rocks used and pr…
How do weathering and erosion affect E…
A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that form…
Geologists classify rocks into 3 major groups: igneous rock,…
Minerals are the source of gemstones, metals, and other mater…
Topography is reshaped by weathering and erosion. These proce…
What is a mineral?
A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that form…
What are 3 major groups of rock and ho…
Geologists classify rocks into 3 major groups: igneous rock,…
13 terms
Science Key Words Chapter 2
density
derived unit
graph
Kelvin
The mass per unit volume of material; describes how tightly a…
unit of measurement obtained by combining SI units; for examp…
a visual display of information or data such as line graphs,…
The SI unit of temperature.
density
The mass per unit volume of material; describes how tightly a…
derived unit
unit of measurement obtained by combining SI units; for examp…
13 terms
Chapter 2 key terms science
Organism
Cell
Unicellular
Multicellular
A living thing
The basic unit of structure and function in an organism
Made of single cell
Consisting of many cells
Organism
A living thing
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in an organism
23 terms
Science chapter 2 key terms
pure substance
element
atom
compound
matter that always has exactly the same composition
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
smallest particle of an atom
substance that is made from two or more simpler substances an…
pure substance
matter that always has exactly the same composition
element
substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
10 terms
Chapter 2 Basic Exercise Science 2-3
skeletal system
Bones
Joints
Axial Skeleton
The body's frame, which is comprised of bones and joints
Hard connective tissues that connect to create a skeletal fra…
The moveable places where two or more bones meet
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
skeletal system
The body's frame, which is comprised of bones and joints
Bones
Hard connective tissues that connect to create a skeletal fra…
6 terms
Definitions Chapter 2&3 - Science
Heterogeneous Mixture
Colloid
Mechanical Mixture
Suspension
Is when the components are not evenly distributed.
Is when the particles in the mixture do not settle.
Is a mixture that has large particles.
Is when the particles only settle for a short amount of then,…
Heterogeneous Mixture
Is when the components are not evenly distributed.
Colloid
Is when the particles in the mixture do not settle.
Chapter 2 Section 3 science key terms
infectious disease
toxin
antibiotic
antibiotic resistance
illnesses that can spread through contact with an infected pe…
a poison that can harm an organism
a chemical that can kill bacteria without harming a person's…
the ability of bacteria to withstand the effects of an antibi…
infectious disease
illnesses that can spread through contact with an infected pe…
toxin
a poison that can harm an organism
38 terms
Chapter 2 Key Terms (Health Science)
Agency for Healthcare Research and Qua…
Assisted living facilities
Centers for Disease Control and Preven…
Clinics
A federal agency established to improve the quality, safety,…
Allows individuals who can care for themselves to rent or pur…
Another division of the USDHHS; concerned with the causes, sp…
Health care facilities found in many types of health care.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Qua…
A federal agency established to improve the quality, safety,…
Assisted living facilities
Allows individuals who can care for themselves to rent or pur…
7 terms
Glencoe life science chapter 2 sec 3
Passive transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Facilitated diffusion
The movement of substances through a cell membrane without us…
Is the movement of substances from an area of high concentrat…
Is the diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane.
When molecules pass through a cell membrane using special pro…
Passive transport
The movement of substances through a cell membrane without us…
Diffusion
Is the movement of substances from an area of high concentrat…
Science Key Terms Chapter 2
force
newton
net force
unbalanced forces
a push or pull
the unit that is used to measure force
the combination of all the forces acting on an object
result in a net force and a change in an object's motion
force
a push or pull
newton
the unit that is used to measure force
5 terms
6 Science Chapter 2.3 Vocabulary
digitizing
Global Positioning System
pixel
satellite image
converting information to numbers for use by a computer
(GPS) a method of finding latitude and longitude using a netw…
the tiny dots in a satellite image
pictures of the land surface based on computer data collected…
digitizing
converting information to numbers for use by a computer
Global Positioning System
(GPS) a method of finding latitude and longitude using a netw…
8 terms
8 Science Chapter 2.3 Vocabulary
chemical change
endothermic change
energy
exothermic change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a change in which energy is taken in
the ability to do work or cause change; the ability to move a…
a change in which energy is given off
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
endothermic change
a change in which energy is taken in
Science Chapter 2-3
Soil
Bedrock
How soil forms
Humas
Loose, weathered material on the Earth's surface in which pla…
Solid layer of rock beneath soil
When bedrock is exposed, it weather and mixes with other surf…
Dark colored substance that forms when animals and plants dec…
Soil
Loose, weathered material on the Earth's surface in which pla…
Bedrock
Solid layer of rock beneath soil
Chapter 2 Section 3 Science Key Termzzzz
Biogeography
Continental Drift
Dispersal
Exotic Species
The study of where organisms live.
The very slow motion of the continents.
The movement of organisms from one place to another.
Species that are carried to a new location by people.
Biogeography
The study of where organisms live.
Continental Drift
The very slow motion of the continents.
Science Chapter 2 Key Terms
cell
stimulus
homeostasis
asexual reproduction
is a membrane-covered structure that contains all of the mate…
a change in the organism's environment that affects the activ…
the maintenance of a stable internal environment
a single parent produces offspring that are identical to the…
cell
is a membrane-covered structure that contains all of the mate…
stimulus
a change in the organism's environment that affects the activ…
5 terms
Science Chapter 2 Key Vocabulary
magnetism
magnetic field
magnetic poles
generator
a force that acts on moving electric charges and on magnetic…
the space around a magnet in which magnetic forces operate
the two ends of a magnet
a machine that turns coils of wire around powerful magnets
magnetism
a force that acts on moving electric charges and on magnetic…
magnetic field
the space around a magnet in which magnetic forces operate
Chapter 2 and 3 science
Food chain
Producer
Consumer
Decomposer
Shows how energy passes from one organism to another
Green plants in food chain
Animal
Tiny living things
Food chain
Shows how energy passes from one organism to another
Producer
Green plants in food chain
Science chapter 2 and 3
Uniformitarianism
Erosion
Weathering
Mechanical Weathering
The system that states the geologic processes that operate to…
The process of wearing down and carrying rocks
The process that breaks down rock and other substances
A type of weathering that physically breaks down a rock
Uniformitarianism
The system that states the geologic processes that operate to…
Erosion
The process of wearing down and carrying rocks
Key Terms Chapter 2.3
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Law of Conservation of mass
Energy
A change in a substance that does not change its identity.
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
The principle that the total amount of matter is neither crea…
The ability to do work or cause change.
Physical Change
A change in a substance that does not change its identity.
Chemical Change
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
21 terms
Key Science Words Chapter 2 Kaufman/Guthrie
speed
velocity
acceleration
force
The distance an object travels per unit of time.
Speed in a given direction.
The rate at which velocity changes.
A push or pull exerted on an object.
speed
The distance an object travels per unit of time.
velocity
Speed in a given direction.
Science chapter 2.3
Soil
Humus
Fertility
Loam
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which pla…
Dark-colored organic material in soil.
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth.
Rich, fertile soil that is made up of about equal parts of cl…
Soil
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which pla…
Humus
Dark-colored organic material in soil.
Chapter 2 Section 3 Science Key Terms
Biogeography
Continental Drift
Dispersal
Exotic Species
The study of where organisms live
The very slow motion of the continents
The movement of organisms from one place to another
Species that are carried to a new location by people
Biogeography
The study of where organisms live
Continental Drift
The very slow motion of the continents
33 terms
Chapter 2 Key Terms (Science)
Variation
Sexual reproduction
Gametes
Fertilization
The differences in characteristics caused by genetic and envi…
A reproductive process that involves two sexes (in most organ…
A cell specialized for reproduction (egg cell, sperm cell)
A process where gametes from two parents combine to form one…
Variation
The differences in characteristics caused by genetic and envi…
Sexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two sexes (in most organ…
Science Chapter 2, Section 3 Key Terms
Wind
Wind-chill factor
Sea breeze
Global winds
Air in motion.
A measure of cooling combining temperature and wind speed.
Breeze you get by the water during the day.
Winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long d…
Wind
Air in motion.
Wind-chill factor
A measure of cooling combining temperature and wind speed.
Chapter 2-3 Science Terms
electromagnetic waves
radiation
infrared radiation
ultraviolet radiation
Waves that transfer electric and magnetic energy through the…
The direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic waves with wavelengths that are longer than v…
Electromagnetic waves with wavelengths that are shorter than…
electromagnetic waves
Waves that transfer electric and magnetic energy through the…
radiation
The direct transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves.
8 terms
Science Key Terms Chapter 2 Section 3
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Law of Conservation of Mass
Energy
A change in a substance that does not change its identity.
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
The principle that total amount of matter is neither created…
Ability to do work or cause change.
Physical Change
A change in a substance that does not change its identity.
Chemical Change
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
27 terms
Science Chapter 2 & 3
Fault
Focus
Aftershock
P waves
a break in earths crust where slabs of rock slips past each o…
the point beneath earths surface where rock breaks under stre…
an earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake in the sa…
a type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground
Fault
a break in earths crust where slabs of rock slips past each o…
Focus
the point beneath earths surface where rock breaks under stre…
10 terms
science chapter 2-3 vocab
limiting factor
natural selection
carrying capacity
producers
anything that restricts the number of individuals
states organisms with organisms best suited to their environm…
largest number of individuals an ecosystem supports
energy rich molecules
limiting factor
anything that restricts the number of individuals
natural selection
states organisms with organisms best suited to their environm…
Key Terms Chapter 2.3
Physical change
Chemical change
Law of Conservation of mass
Energy
A change in a substance that does not change its identity.
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
The principle that the total amount of matter is neither crea…
The ability to do work or cause change the ability to move an…
Physical change
A change in a substance that does not change its identity.
Chemical change
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
12 terms
Science Chapter 2 Key Terms :)
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
Organelle
Protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the int…
Constantly moving gel-like mixture inside the cell membrane t…
Rigid structure that encloses, supports, and protects the cel…
Structure in the cytoplasm of an eukaryotic cell that can act…
Cell membrane
Protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the int…
Cytoplasm
Constantly moving gel-like mixture inside the cell membrane t…
28 terms
Science Vocabulary (Chapter 2/3)
Matter
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Element
Anything that has mass and occupies space
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Physical Property
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Science Key terms chapter 2
Atomic number
Charge
Electron
Element
Number of protons in the nucleus
An electrical property: opposites attract, like charges repel
Negatively charged/ moves around in the nucleus
Pure substances/ only consist of atoms with the same # of pro…
Atomic number
Number of protons in the nucleus
Charge
An electrical property: opposites attract, like charges repel
19 terms
BC Science 8 Chapter 2.3
Heart
Atria
Ventricles
Valves
A muscular organ that pumps blood throughout your body
Allow the blood to move from the body into the heart
Pump the blood out of the heart.
Flaps between the chambers that only allow blood to flow in o…
Heart
A muscular organ that pumps blood throughout your body
Atria
Allow the blood to move from the body into the heart
8 terms
Chapter 2.3 Key Terms & Names
subcontinent
monsoon
Harappan Civilization
street grid
A large land mass that is a separate part of a continent (lik…
the time when it rains a lot in India and other parts of Asia
The ancient settlements in the Indus River Valley
when streets form a pattern of straight lines that cross each…
subcontinent
A large land mass that is a separate part of a continent (lik…
monsoon
the time when it rains a lot in India and other parts of Asia
15 terms
Science Key Terms Chapter 2
Stress
Tension
Compression
Shearing
As force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Force that pulls on the crust
Squeezes till rock folds or breaks
Stress that pulls on mass
Stress
As force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Tension
Force that pulls on the crust
8 terms
Chapter 2 key terms science
Taxonomy
Classification
Binomial homenenclature
Genus
The scientific study of how living things are classified
The process of grouping based on there similar charicteristics
The system for naming organisms in which each organism is giv…
A classification grouping that consists of a number of simila…
Taxonomy
The scientific study of how living things are classified
Classification
The process of grouping based on there similar charicteristics
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