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Study sets matching "4 biology lab 3"

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Study sets matching "4 biology lab 3"

57 terms
Biology lab 3,4,5
Cell theory
Unicellular
multicellular
Prokaryotic organisms
created by Schwann and Schleiden:... #1: all organism are compos…
single celled
made of many cells. different cell types within the one indiv…
do not have a membrane-bound nucleus... typically unicellular... in…
Cell theory
created by Schwann and Schleiden:... #1: all organism are compos…
Unicellular
single celled
56 terms
Biology Lab 3 and 4
ecoderm
endoderm
mesoderm
matrix
cells on the outer surface. gives rise to skin and nervous sy…
cells on the inner surface. gives rise to digestive, respirat…
the cells in the middle layer. they give rise to muscle, bone…
extracellular material in cell
ecoderm
cells on the outer surface. gives rise to skin and nervous sy…
endoderm
cells on the inner surface. gives rise to digestive, respirat…
103 terms
Biology 121 lab 3, 4, 5
hyphae
mycelium
kingdom fungi characteristics
decomposers (saprotrophs)
tubular branched filaments that fungi grow in
group of hyphae
multicellular, heterotrophic, sessile
obtain nutrients by breaking down dead organic material
hyphae
tubular branched filaments that fungi grow in
mycelium
group of hyphae
36 terms
Biology 51 Lab 3
Taxa Richness
# of different taxa -> ___ with pollut…
higher taxa richness = _____ habitat d…
relative abundance
total number of taxa in a sample
decreases
greater; higher; better
evenness
Taxa Richness
total number of taxa in a sample
# of different taxa -> ___ with pollut…
decreases
36 terms
Biology 111: Lab 3
Light Microscope
Electron microscope
Compound Microscope
Stereomicroscope
Microscope that uses visible light that is magnified and focu…
Uses an electron beam to pass through magnetic lenses and pro…
Uses objective and ocular to collect and focus light from the…
Best for larger specimens
Light Microscope
Microscope that uses visible light that is magnified and focu…
Electron microscope
Uses an electron beam to pass through magnetic lenses and pro…
72 terms
Biology 121: Lab 3
Sub-scapular Fossa
Coracoid Process
Glenoid Cavity
Acromion
-Broad, shallow depression on the anterior view of the scapul…
Scapular process anterior and inferior to the Acromion that p…
-Shallow depression at the superior end of the lateral border…
-Flattened, lateral part of the scapular spine (very end of c…
Sub-scapular Fossa
-Broad, shallow depression on the anterior view of the scapul…
Coracoid Process
Scapular process anterior and inferior to the Acromion that p…
16 terms
Biology Lab 3
Be able to list where a particular epi…
Simple-squamous epithelium
Simple cubodal epithelium
Simple columnar epithelium
...
Function: Diffuses substances easily ... Location: Alveoli in lu…
Function: Secretion, absorption, excretion.... Location: Female…
Function: Contain cilia to move particles, microvilli increas…
Be able to list where a particular epi…
...
Simple-squamous epithelium
Function: Diffuses substances easily ... Location: Alveoli in lu…
16 terms
Biology Lab 3
Solvent
Solute
Selectively Permeable
Diffusion
dissolving agent, usually water
dissolved substances, polar molecules
characteristic of organelle membranes, simple diffusion of mo…
molecules move from an area of high concentration to an area…
Solvent
dissolving agent, usually water
Solute
dissolved substances, polar molecules
42 terms
Biology Lab 3
Microscope History
2 Main Types
Compound Microscope
Dissecting Microscope
first microscope invented in 1590 by a pair of spectacle make…
compound and dissecting
known as a light microscope... used for small, thin specimens…
also known as a stereoscopic microscope... used with thicker sp…
Microscope History
first microscope invented in 1590 by a pair of spectacle make…
2 Main Types
compound and dissecting
10 terms
Biology lab 3 terms
Solution
Diffusion
Differentially permeable membrane
Osmosis
A type of homogenous mixture in which the particles of one or…
Movement of particles or molecules from an area of high conce…
Membrane which will allow certain molecules or ions to pass t…
Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
Solution
A type of homogenous mixture in which the particles of one or…
Diffusion
Movement of particles or molecules from an area of high conce…
16 terms
Biology Lab 3
producers
food chains
consumers
primary consumer
an organisms that use the sun's energy to make sugars
energy links between different organisms in an ecosystem base…
an organism that obtains energy and nutrients by feeding on o…
an organism that eats producers; insects
producers
an organisms that use the sun's energy to make sugars
food chains
energy links between different organisms in an ecosystem base…
38 terms
Biology Lab 3
Phylum Chytridiomycota (chytrids)... Our…
Are allomyces hyphae apparent?... Are the…
Phylum Zygomycota... A common bread mold…
Are pigments concentrated in each mold…
Flagella are not visible. You can see zoospore. Their life cy…
They are apparent. They have septa which are crosswalls.... They…
Hyphae modified into rhizoids (holdfasts), stolons the (conne…
No, there were more concentrated areas than others/ Concentra…
Phylum Chytridiomycota (chytrids)... Our…
Flagella are not visible. You can see zoospore. Their life cy…
Are allomyces hyphae apparent?... Are the…
They are apparent. They have septa which are crosswalls.... They…
23 terms
biology lab 3 terms
enzymes
thermodynamic principle
denatured
maltose
protein molecules that catalyze a reaction. Only increase rat…
this, not enzymes, determines if a reaction will "go"
these enzymes, or proteins, can be ___________ by heat, pH ex…
two glucose residues connected
enzymes
protein molecules that catalyze a reaction. Only increase rat…
thermodynamic principle
this, not enzymes, determines if a reaction will "go"
23 terms
Biology 206 Lab 3
Gametangia
Embryophytes
Vascular Tissue
Seed
Location of gametophyte development
Name given to all land plants enclose the developing embryo w…
water conducting cells that have lignin-reinforced secondary…
Consists of an embryo and its food supply encased in a tough…
Gametangia
Location of gametophyte development
Embryophytes
Name given to all land plants enclose the developing embryo w…
12 terms
Biology 1594 Lab 3
What are three factors which affect di…
What is diffusion and how does it occur?
What is osmosis?
Isotonic Solution
1) molecular size... 2) temperature... 3) concentration gradient
Molecules are always in constant random motion. They move fro…
The movement of water through a selectively permeable membran…
Concentrations are equal inside and outside of the cell, wate…
What are three factors which affect di…
1) molecular size... 2) temperature... 3) concentration gradient
What is diffusion and how does it occur?
Molecules are always in constant random motion. They move fro…
21 terms
Biology Lab 3
evolution
microevolution
mutations
gene flow
the change in genetic characteristics in populations over time
small-scale changes in a population
changes to the sequence of DNA, potentially resulting in new…
change in distribution of characteristics, or alleles, result…
evolution
the change in genetic characteristics in populations over time
microevolution
small-scale changes in a population
19 terms
Biology Lab 3
monomers
polymers
functional group
carbohydrates
macromolecules consist of smaller units that can be covalentl…
larger molecules of macromolecules are called:
a part of a larger molecule that is composed of an atom or a…
the primary source of energy for living organisms and also se…
monomers
macromolecules consist of smaller units that can be covalentl…
polymers
larger molecules of macromolecules are called:
Biology Lab 3 Vocab
Descriptive Statistics
Inferential Statistics
Population
Sample
describe or summarize patterns in our data (measure central t…
allows us to draw conclusions about our data by attempting to…
entire group of species or specimen
subset or selected portion of the larger portion
Descriptive Statistics
describe or summarize patterns in our data (measure central t…
Inferential Statistics
allows us to draw conclusions about our data by attempting to…
11 terms
Biology 211 Lab 3
Structural staining
Primary Stain
Secondary Stain
Mordants
procedures stain a particular ... structural component of a bact…
This is the first dye applied in a multi - step differential…
the second stain used in a differential stain procedure.
Treatments which are treatments that facilitate the actions o…
Structural staining
procedures stain a particular ... structural component of a bact…
Primary Stain
This is the first dye applied in a multi - step differential…
49 terms
Biology Lab 3
What are the basic units of matter?
What forms when atoms bond with one an…
Are inorganic molecules associated wit…
What are biomolecules associated with?
Atoms
Molecules
Non-living things
Organisms
What are the basic units of matter?
Atoms
What forms when atoms bond with one an…
Molecules
42 terms
biology lab 3
characteristics of animal kingdom
phylum porifera
phylum cnidaria
sessile
eukaryotic, multicellular, ingestive-feeding heterotrophs
asymmetrical bodies without distinct tissues or organs; sacli…
soft, gelatinous, radially symmetrical bodies whose digestive…
attached to the substrate
characteristics of animal kingdom
eukaryotic, multicellular, ingestive-feeding heterotrophs
phylum porifera
asymmetrical bodies without distinct tissues or organs; sacli…
24 terms
Biology 1162 lab3
Scrotum
Testis
Ductus deferens
Epididymis
Protects testis against temperature changes
Produce sperm and testosterone
Carries sperm from epididymis to urethra
Storage house of sperm
Scrotum
Protects testis against temperature changes
Testis
Produce sperm and testosterone
40 terms
Biology Lab 3
Animal Cell
Animal Cell
Animal Cell
Animal Cell
No cell wall
Round Shape
One or more small vacuole
No chloroplast
Animal Cell
No cell wall
Animal Cell
Round Shape
Biology Lab 3
What genotypes are possible for a domi…
What genotypes are possible for a rece…
What does it mean if a gene is sex lin…
What genotypes are more possible for a…
Capital letter
Lowercase letter
The trait is carried in a specific sex and follows one sex mo…
Homozygous recessive (rr)
What genotypes are possible for a domi…
Capital letter
What genotypes are possible for a rece…
Lowercase letter
Biology Lab 3
Data Analysis
Three ways to summarize data...
Graphs
Tables
The process of systematically applying statistical and/or log…
Graphs... Tables... Text
Primarily used to summarize numerical data and are the best m…
Commonly used for categorical data and when comparing/contras…
Data Analysis
The process of systematically applying statistical and/or log…
Three ways to summarize data...
Graphs... Tables... Text
14 terms
Biology lab 3
Two capitol letter or one capitol and…
Two lowercase letter
Genes carried on one sex chromosome bu…
Any letter with a capitol Y
What genotypes are possible for a dominant trait, assuming a…
What genotypes are possible for a recessive trait, assuming a…
What does it mean if a gene is a sex linked trait?
What genotypes are possible for a male to be dominant for a s…
Two capitol letter or one capitol and…
What genotypes are possible for a dominant trait, assuming a…
Two lowercase letter
What genotypes are possible for a recessive trait, assuming a…
14 terms
G. Biology Lab 3
Homeostasis
pH
Average pH of Cytosol
The p in pH
Maintaining a steady state inside a cell
Hydrogen Ion Concentration [H+] in an aqueous solution
...
Stands for the negative logarithm to the base ten
Homeostasis
Maintaining a steady state inside a cell
pH
Hydrogen Ion Concentration [H+] in an aqueous solution
62 terms
Lab 3 Molecular Biology
What does DNA stand for?
What makes up the molecules of the DNA?
where in DNA is the genetic informatio…
Where is the DNA found in eukaryotic c…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Nucleotides
nucleotides
in chromosomes within nuclei
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
What makes up the molecules of the DNA?
Nucleotides
15 terms
Biology II (Lab 3)
Are animals that have a body cavity co…
Among the coelomates, the molluscs, an…
In the echinoderms and the vertebrates…
Most are marine but the are also some…
Coelomates
Protostomes
Deuterostomes
Molluscs (Phylum Mollusca)
Are animals that have a body cavity co…
Coelomates
Among the coelomates, the molluscs, an…
Protostomes
51 terms
Biology Lab 3
Sunken Stomata
Why are sunken stomata an adaptation t…
Multiple Epidermis
What function do trichomes serve?
found in a small depression in the epidermis
The stomata get protection from wind, which will reduce the p…
an epidermis with more than one layer of cells
They serve many functions depending on where they are located…
Sunken Stomata
found in a small depression in the epidermis
Why are sunken stomata an adaptation t…
The stomata get protection from wind, which will reduce the p…
94 terms
Lab 3 Biology
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Disaccharides inculde
Maltose =
Reducing Sugars
Non Reducing Sugars
Maltose, Lactose, Sucrose
glucose + glucose
Monosaccharides
Reducing Sugars
Disaccharides
Non Reducing Sugars
24 terms
Biology Lab 3 - Molecules
cohesion and adhesion
Different polarities
polar end of soap binds with water and…
hydrogen bonds, ionic/covalent bonds,…
What the molecular interactions involved in capillary action?
What would cause different liquids to display different amoun…
Why should you use soap when cleaning greasy dishes (explain…
What are the main types of bonds that hold proteins in their…
cohesion and adhesion
What the molecular interactions involved in capillary action?
Different polarities
What would cause different liquids to display different amoun…
35 terms
Biology 224 Lab 3
Erythrocytes
Heme
Globin
Hemoglobin
red blood cells, primary responsible for the transport of oxy…
pigment
a protein
substance that loosely combines with a large amount of oxygen…
Erythrocytes
red blood cells, primary responsible for the transport of oxy…
Heme
pigment
28 terms
Biology Lab 3 Terminology
Adip-
Chondr-
-cyte
Epi-
fat
cartilage
cell
upon, after, in addition
Adip-
fat
Chondr-
cartilage
17 terms
Biology: Lab 3
The net movement of molecules from an…
The movement in one direction minus th…
The molecules in a gas, liquid, or a s…
The higher the concentration of molecu…
Diffusion
Direction of net movement
Constant motion
Greater
The net movement of molecules from an…
Diffusion
The movement in one direction minus th…
Direction of net movement
11 terms
Biology lab 3
flowers
fruits
buds
leaves
organs for producing gametes for sexual reproduction
contain seeds for reproduction care and dispersal of seeds
develop into stem, leaves, or flowers
primary organs for photosynthesis, make food, assist in water…
flowers
organs for producing gametes for sexual reproduction
fruits
contain seeds for reproduction care and dispersal of seeds
15 terms
Biology II (Lab 3)
Are animals that have a body cavity co…
Among the coelomates, the molluscs, an…
In the echinoderms and the vertebrates…
Most are marine but the are also some…
Coelomates
Protostomes
Deuterostomes
Molluscs (Phylum Mollusca)
Are animals that have a body cavity co…
Coelomates
Among the coelomates, the molluscs, an…
Protostomes
Cell Biology Lab 3
What is osmosis?
What are the 3 terms for the compariso…
What happens to animal cells in hyper,…
What happens to plant cells in hyper,…
Diffusion of water across semipermpeable membrane
Hypertonic: high solute and low water... Hypotonic: low solute a…
Hypotonic: cell bursts as water floods in and lyses it... Hypert…
Hypotonic: cell becomes turgid as water floods in, the cell i…
What is osmosis?
Diffusion of water across semipermpeable membrane
What are the 3 terms for the compariso…
Hypertonic: high solute and low water... Hypotonic: low solute a…
9 terms
Biology Lab 3
Summarize the effect that addition of…
When dissolved material is caused to c…
How did we determine that the MSG solu…
Describe how hydrophilic molecules beh…
By adding more MSG, we did not see much of a change, due to t…
We found out that MSG was a buffer, and since it was a buffer…
The MSG solution was saturated, but we also found out that it…
In an aqueous solution, both hydrophilic and hydrophobic mole…
Summarize the effect that addition of…
By adding more MSG, we did not see much of a change, due to t…
When dissolved material is caused to c…
We found out that MSG was a buffer, and since it was a buffer…
17 terms
Cell Biology Lab 3
What are benefits of having cells in l…
What are problems with having cells in…
When placing cells to freeze why do we…
What do we use to label the cryovials:…
Slow down metabolism... Minimize contamination
Not good for plasma membrane because when they freeze they ex…
To give them more growth factors and comfort them even though…
We use pencil because ink can freeze off and it can run off w…
What are benefits of having cells in l…
Slow down metabolism... Minimize contamination
What are problems with having cells in…
Not good for plasma membrane because when they freeze they ex…
Biology Lab 3
How many parts does the cell theory ha…
What is the first part of the cell the…
What is the second part of the cell th…
What is the third part of the cell the…
3
Cells are the basic building blocks of life
All living things are made of cells
All cells are made from pre-existing cells
How many parts does the cell theory ha…
3
What is the first part of the cell the…
Cells are the basic building blocks of life
18 terms
Lab 3: Molecular Biology
Transcription
Translation
Template strand
Coding strand
The process by which the information in a strand of DNA is co…
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded by a ribosome to produce a sp…
The sequence of DNA that is copied during the synthesis of mRNA
Has the same base sequence as the RNA transcript produced (al…
Transcription
The process by which the information in a strand of DNA is co…
Translation
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded by a ribosome to produce a sp…
40 terms
Biology 112 Lab 3
Domain Archaea
Domain Bacteria
Domain Eukarya
3 vital contributions bacteria make to…
prokaryotes that thrive in extreme environments such as hot s…
contains most prokaryotes, including pathogenic bacteria, blu…
organisms have nuclei and other membrane bound organelles ... th…
carbon cycle-decomposition and respiration... oxygen cycle-photo…
Domain Archaea
prokaryotes that thrive in extreme environments such as hot s…
Domain Bacteria
contains most prokaryotes, including pathogenic bacteria, blu…
116 terms
Biology Lab 3 Quiz
Gametic Meiosis
Do animals have cell walls?
At what stage do animal tissues develop?
Metazoa
Only the gametes are haploid
No, their cells are held together by structural proteins
Blastula and gastrula stages
Basal lineage. Members lack true tissues and body symmetry is…
Gametic Meiosis
Only the gametes are haploid
Do animals have cell walls?
No, their cells are held together by structural proteins
AP Biology Quiz 4 Lab 3
What is acid precipitation? What cause…
Why do people take Tums when they have…
Describe the polar nature of water
Describe the cohesive and adhesive pro…
Acid precipitation is rain, snow or fog with a pH of less tha…
Acid indigestion occurs when the stomach acid is too acidic.…
The unequal sharing of electrons gives the water molecule a s…
Cohesion: Hydrogen bonds hold the water molecules together. I…
What is acid precipitation? What cause…
Acid precipitation is rain, snow or fog with a pH of less tha…
Why do people take Tums when they have…
Acid indigestion occurs when the stomach acid is too acidic.…
16 terms
Biology /Lab ( Lab 3)
Compound Microscopes
Determining the Possible Magnification…
On Low Power : what is the total mag f…
On Med Power: What is the total Mag fo…
2 sets of lenses that Magnifies... Ocular lenses *... Objective L…
equals the magnification of eyepiece multiples by the magnifi…
Total magnification would be (40x)... (eye piece times the objec…
Total magnification would be (100x)... (eye piece times the obje…
Compound Microscopes
2 sets of lenses that Magnifies... Ocular lenses *... Objective L…
Determining the Possible Magnification…
equals the magnification of eyepiece multiples by the magnifi…
52 terms
Biology Lab Terminology: Lab 3, 4, 5, 7
miasma theory of disease
pathogens
antigens
macrophages and dendritic cells
blamed epidemics on some peculiar change in atmosphere
tiny, disease-causing agents including viruses, bacteria, pro…
include proteins and other molecules induced by pathogens
break down pathogens and display antigenic fragments from pat…
miasma theory of disease
blamed epidemics on some peculiar change in atmosphere
pathogens
tiny, disease-causing agents including viruses, bacteria, pro…
13 terms
Biology final lab 3
K H D B D C M
9/5C + 32
5/9 (F-32)
Compound Light Microscope
order of metric system conversions
converting C to F
converting F to C
microscope used in experiment
K H D B D C M
order of metric system conversions
9/5C + 32
converting C to F
25 terms
Biology Lab 3 Test
Carbohydrates
Basic Unit of Carbohydrates
Benedicts Reagent
Color of the Benedicts Reagent when it…
A class of biological molecule composed of only carbon, hydro…
Monosaccharide or single sugar
Used to indicate a positive results of sugars in carbohydrates.
Orange/yellow
Carbohydrates
A class of biological molecule composed of only carbon, hydro…
Basic Unit of Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide or single sugar
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