Study sets matching "4 marine biology"

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Study sets matching "4 marine biology"

24 terms
Marine biology- Chapter 4
ripple
swell
tsunami
fetch
A small wave
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
A huge destructive wave (especially one caused by an earthqua…
The distance that the wind has traveled across open water
ripple
A small wave
swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
Marine Biology Ch 3 & 4
3 States of Water
Water as a solvent
Salinity
Salinity, Temperature, and Density
liquid, gas, solid
Water can almost dissolve anything
the total number of grams of salt left behind when 1,000 gram…
The saltier the water, the denser it it. The density of seawa…
3 States of Water
liquid, gas, solid
Water as a solvent
Water can almost dissolve anything
17 terms
Marine Biology Module 4
Osculum
Amoebocytes
Gemmule
Metamorphosis
A large opening on a sponge through which filtered water is e…
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
A group of cells surrounded by a shell made of spicules
A complete morphological change from larval to adult form
Osculum
A large opening on a sponge through which filtered water is e…
Amoebocytes
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
100 terms
Marine Biology - Unit 4
What are the major groups of Marine Ma…
What are seaweeds in the oceans?
What do multicellular algae provide fo…
What is economically important about m…
Red Algae... Brown Algae... Green Algae
Multicellular Algae
Habitat & Food
-Food... -Feed for Live Stock... -Medicine... -Fertilizer
What are the major groups of Marine Ma…
Red Algae... Brown Algae... Green Algae
What are seaweeds in the oceans?
Multicellular Algae
14 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 4
Scientific inquiry
Observation
Data
Quantitative data
A cyclial process that includes asking questions, making infe…
The collection of information about the natural world using o…
Facts and information based on observations collected and rec…
Information (data) recorded as descriptions
Scientific inquiry
A cyclial process that includes asking questions, making infe…
Observation
The collection of information about the natural world using o…
7 terms
Marine Biology Quiz 4
gyres
gyres are caused by
nurdles
3 main issues
ocean currents propelled by wind (there's a major one in each…
the Coriolis effect; planetary vorticity along with horizonta…
tiny pieces of plastic (things that used to be larger plastic…
direct ingestion, chemicals released (ex. BPA = 100,000x), sp…
gyres
ocean currents propelled by wind (there's a major one in each…
gyres are caused by
the Coriolis effect; planetary vorticity along with horizonta…
21 terms
Marine Biology: Vocabulary 4
Pynocline
Halocline
Vertical Overturn
Thermohaline
A zone in the ocean that is charqcterized by a rapid change i…
A zone in the ocean characterized by a rapid change in salini…
The change over in the water of an unstable water column
Vertical mixing that results from density changes due to chan…
Pynocline
A zone in the ocean that is charqcterized by a rapid change i…
Halocline
A zone in the ocean characterized by a rapid change in salini…
20 terms
Apologia Marine Biology Module 4
Amoebocytes
Bilateral Symmetry
Coelon
Commensalism
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
A body from in which only one longitudinal cut through the or…
A body cavity within organisms containing specialized tissue…
A relationship between two or more organisms of different spe…
Amoebocytes
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
Bilateral Symmetry
A body from in which only one longitudinal cut through the or…
Marine Biology Exam 4
Locations of polar bears
Hunting seals
Polar bear distribution
What is happening to Sea Ice and why?
-Polar bears live in the circumpolar north in the U.S. (Alask…
Polar bears feed almost exclusively on ringed and bearded sea…
The bears are not evenly distributed. Instead, they're found…
Changes to the polar bear's sea ice habitat due to global war…
Locations of polar bears
-Polar bears live in the circumpolar north in the U.S. (Alask…
Hunting seals
Polar bears feed almost exclusively on ringed and bearded sea…
11 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 4
Scientific inquiry
Observation
Data
Quantitative data
A cyclial process that includes asking questions, making infe…
The collection of information about the natural world using o…
Facts and information based on observations collected and rec…
Information (data) recorded as descriptions
Scientific inquiry
A cyclial process that includes asking questions, making infe…
Observation
The collection of information about the natural world using o…
119 terms
Marine Biology - 4
70-80
the uneven attraction of electrons to…
hydrogen bonds.
The H of one water molecule and the O…
Marine organisms contain ____ % water by mass
The polarity of a water molecule is due to:
The unique attractive forces that keep molecules of water tog…
Hydrogen bonds are the result of attraction between:
70-80
Marine organisms contain ____ % water by mass
the uneven attraction of electrons to…
The polarity of a water molecule is due to:
33 terms
Marine biology chapter 4
Algae
Algal bloom
Asexual reproduction
Autotrophs
Plantlike protists, many single celled , that carry out photo…
A sudden increase in the algae population in shallow water
The production of offspring by one parent
Organism that make their own food ; the producers : plants an…
Algae
Plantlike protists, many single celled , that carry out photo…
Algal bloom
A sudden increase in the algae population in shallow water
14 terms
Marine Biology Week 4
high tide
low tide
tidal bulge
diurnal tide
The highest level of water along the shores
The time when the tide reaches its lowest levels of the day.
The swelling of water that occurs on the sides of Earth that…
A tidal cycle of one high tide and one low tide per day.
high tide
The highest level of water along the shores
low tide
The time when the tide reaches its lowest levels of the day.
37 terms
Marine Biology Module #4
Invertebrates
Vertebrates
Substrate
Phylum Porifera
animals that do not possess a backbone
animals that possess a backbone
Bottom surface
Pore-bearing
Invertebrates
animals that do not possess a backbone
Vertebrates
animals that possess a backbone
23 terms
Marine Biology
Sponge
Jellyfish
Fan Coral
Sea Anemone
Porifera
Cnidarian
Sponge
Porifera
Jellyfish
Cnidarian
31 terms
Marine Biology
mutualism
commensalism
parasitism
symbiosis
symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms ex. yucca…
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
definition: interaction between 2 different organisms living…
mutualism
symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms ex. yucca…
commensalism
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
Marine Biology Mod 4
Collar cells
Cnidarian Gut
Polyps
Zooanthellae
perform 2 function in sponges; move water and trap food
has two openings - is a true gut
reproduce by budding
are dinoflagellates
Collar cells
perform 2 function in sponges; move water and trap food
Cnidarian Gut
has two openings - is a true gut
Exam 4 marine biology
Describe how a black smoker functions,…
How is the food web different in vents…
What is the anatomy of the large tube…
What are cold seeps?
1) Cold seawater seeps down through cracks into the ocean flo…
Bacteria material in vent... -Suspension-feeding pathway... -symbio…
-Plume (sucks in O2, CO2, HS)... -Heart... -Dorsal & ventral blood…
- similar to vents, but not Hydrogen sulfide, but methane... -No…
Describe how a black smoker functions,…
1) Cold seawater seeps down through cracks into the ocean flo…
How is the food web different in vents…
Bacteria material in vent... -Suspension-feeding pathway... -symbio…
32 terms
Apologia Marine Biology Module 4
Amoebocytes
Bilateral Symmetry
Coelon
Commensalism
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
A body from in which only one longitudinal cut through the or…
A body cavity within organisms containing specialized tissue…
A relationship between two or more organisms of different spe…
Amoebocytes
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
Bilateral Symmetry
A body from in which only one longitudinal cut through the or…
20 terms
marine biology chapter 4
abyssal hill
abyssal plain
active margin
bathymetry
small, sediment covered, inactive volcano or intrusion of mol…
flat, cold sediment covered ocean floor between the continent…
the continental margin near an area of lithospheric plate con…
the discovery and study of submerged contours
abyssal hill
small, sediment covered, inactive volcano or intrusion of mol…
abyssal plain
flat, cold sediment covered ocean floor between the continent…
Marine biology chapter 4
Osculum
Amoebocytes
Gemmule
Metamorphosis
A chicken nugget dipped in ketchup
cells within a sponge that produce it skeletal structure, per…
A group of cells surrounded by shell made of spicules
A complete morphological change from larval to adult form
Osculum
A chicken nugget dipped in ketchup
Amoebocytes
cells within a sponge that produce it skeletal structure, per…
Marine Biology [Chapter 4]
What attributes makes life differ from…
Life requires energy...
Th second law of thermodynamics says t…
Although matter exists in a low-entrop…
A. organizes matter... B. uses energy to perform useful work... C.…
A. to accomplish useful work - the processes of life
A. true
A. true
What attributes makes life differ from…
A. organizes matter... B. uses energy to perform useful work... C.…
Life requires energy...
A. to accomplish useful work - the processes of life
74 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 4 Fundamentals of Biology
metabolism
homeostasis
carbohydrate
protein
vast number of chemical reaction that together allow the abil…
using energy to maintain stable internal conditions that are…
- composed mainly of basic elements of other organic molecule…
composed of amino acids which contains atom of nitrogen as we…
metabolism
vast number of chemical reaction that together allow the abil…
homeostasis
using energy to maintain stable internal conditions that are…
58 terms
Marine Biology Test 4
individuals
population
community
ecosystem
Within one species
Members of one species that live together in a specified geog…
Populations of different species that live together in a give…
A community of organisms and the physical environment with wh…
individuals
Within one species
population
Members of one species that live together in a specified geog…
37 terms
Chapter 4 Marine Biology
Autotrophy
Heterotrophy
Respiration
Primary Producer
the process of self feeding by producing energy rich organic…
the process of obtaining energy rich organic compounds by con…
the process of releasing energy from carbohydrates to perform…
autotrophic organisms capable of synthesizing energy rich org…
Autotrophy
the process of self feeding by producing energy rich organic…
Heterotrophy
the process of obtaining energy rich organic compounds by con…
25 terms
Marine Biology - Chapter 4
Chitin
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Benthos
a fibrous substance consisting of polysaccharides and forming…
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from comple…
the flora and fauna found on the bottom, or in the bottom sed…
Chitin
a fibrous substance consisting of polysaccharides and forming…
Autotroph
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
157 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 4
Measures of organismal response includ…
An organism's ability to survive envir…
Various _____, _____, and other vital…
Responses involving _____ change inclu…
whole-organism; behavioral; physiological; biochemical
genes
enzymes; hormones; molecules; biochemical
physiological
Measures of organismal response includ…
whole-organism; behavioral; physiological; biochemical
An organism's ability to survive envir…
genes
17 terms
Marine biology 4 vocabulary
Osculum
Amoebocytes
Gemmule
Metamorphosis
A large opening on a sponge through which filtered water is e…
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
A group of cells surrounded by a shell made of spicules
A complete morphological change from larvae to adult
Osculum
A large opening on a sponge through which filtered water is e…
Amoebocytes
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
75 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 4 - Unicellular Marine Organisms
Why is it important to classify organi…
How did Linnaeus classify organisms? W…
How does the present system of classif…
Why are cyanobacteria placed in the ki…
It enables people to study organisms more easily. It shows th…
In 1758, the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) pu…
Since the time of Linnaeus, many new organisms have been disc…
Most biologists classify cyanobacteria in the kingdom Monera…
Why is it important to classify organi…
It enables people to study organisms more easily. It shows th…
How did Linnaeus classify organisms? W…
In 1758, the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) pu…
Marine Biology Chapter 4
Chitin
Amino acids
Enzymes
Nucleic acids
a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to c…
iologically important organic compounds containing amine and…
a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a cata…
a complex organic substance present in living cells, especial…
Chitin
a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to c…
Amino acids
iologically important organic compounds containing amine and…
10 terms
Unit 4 - Marine Biology
Bacteria
Cyanobacteria
Archaea Bacteria
Diatoms
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
Photosynthetic, oxygen-producing bacteria (formerly known as…
Prokaryotic, unicellular, reproduce a-sexually, same generali…
protists that have intricate shells in phyoplankton
Bacteria
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
Cyanobacteria
Photosynthetic, oxygen-producing bacteria (formerly known as…
57 terms
Chapter 4 Marine Biology
1. What are the life processes that de…
2. Differentiate between catabolism an…
2. Be prepared to give examples of bot…
3. For the four major groups of biolog…
require energy... grow... metabolize... regulate internal environment…
together catabolism and anabolism make up the metabolism. Cat…
catabolism- hydrolysis, proteins to amino acids, starch to gl…
carbohydrates- element CHO monomers are monosaccharides, poly…
1. What are the life processes that de…
require energy... grow... metabolize... regulate internal environment…
2. Differentiate between catabolism an…
together catabolism and anabolism make up the metabolism. Cat…
Marine Biology Ch. 4
2.
5.
6.
9.
The energy in sunlight is used by photosynthetic organisms to…
The major difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is th…
The movement of dissolved substances from areas of high conce…
Most cells divide by the process of mitosis, which produces t…
2.
The energy in sunlight is used by photosynthetic organisms to…
5.
The major difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is th…
Marine Biology 4
Arthropoda
crustaceans
Major groups
barnacles
insects, crustaceans, arachnids
dominant arthropods of the sea; few made it to terrestrial an…
copepods, natant decapods, barnacle, cumacean, reptant decapo…
greatly modified crustaceans that are welded to rocks; separa…
Arthropoda
insects, crustaceans, arachnids
crustaceans
dominant arthropods of the sea; few made it to terrestrial an…
Chapter 4 Marine Biology
1. Grow... 2. metabolize (use energy)... 3.…
Energy
Metabolism
Homeostasis
What do all living things do?
Ability to do work?
All of the chemical reactions that take place in an organism?
Process of maintaining a stable internal environment
1. Grow... 2. metabolize (use energy)... 3.…
What do all living things do?
Energy
Ability to do work?
marine biology terms 4
algae
angiosperm
archaebacteria
bacteria
aquatic organisms that can produce carbohydrate by photosynth…
flowering plants
one of the three domains of living organisms, recognized as t…
unicellular microorganisms
algae
aquatic organisms that can produce carbohydrate by photosynth…
angiosperm
flowering plants
19 terms
Marine Biology Module #4
Invertebrates
Vertebrates
Osculum
Amoebocytes
Animals that do not possess a backbone
Animals that possess a backbone
A large opening on a sponge through which filtered water is e…
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pr…
Invertebrates
Animals that do not possess a backbone
Vertebrates
Animals that possess a backbone
Marine biology mod. 4
Animalia
Invertebrates
Vertebrates
Porifera
Contains largestnumber of species on the plant
No backbone
Backbone
Sponges
Animalia
Contains largestnumber of species on the plant
Invertebrates
No backbone
Marine Biology Ch. 4
Metabolism
Chitin
Cellulose
Amino acids
Biology, Physiology. the sum of the physical and chemical pro…
a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to c…
an inert carbohydrate, the chief constituent of the cell wall…
any of a class of organic compounds that contains at least on…
Metabolism
Biology, Physiology. the sum of the physical and chemical pro…
Chitin
a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to c…
38 terms
Marine Biology Module 4
Osculum
Amoebocytes
Gemmule
Metamorphosis
A large opening on a sponge through which filtered water is e…
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
A group of cells surrounded by a shell made of spicules
A complete morphological change from larval to adult form
Osculum
A large opening on a sponge through which filtered water is e…
Amoebocytes
Cells within a sponge that produce its skeletal structure, pe…
Marine biology ch. 4
Cellular respiration
Net primary production
Primary producers
Mitochondria
Either autothrops or heterothrops must break down the carbohy…
When autotrophs make more energy than they can use, the exces…
Organisms responsible for the primary production
Site of cellular respiration
Cellular respiration
Either autothrops or heterothrops must break down the carbohy…
Net primary production
When autotrophs make more energy than they can use, the exces…
Ch. 4 Marine Biology
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
Antarctic Convergence Zone
Archaea
Respiration that uses oxyen in the release of oxygen/energy
Respiration that does not use oxygen in the release of energy
An area located at 50 degrees to 60 degrees south
Domain of prokaryotes consisting of primitive organisms noted…
Aerobic Respiration
Respiration that uses oxyen in the release of oxygen/energy
Anaerobic Respiration
Respiration that does not use oxygen in the release of energy
11 terms
marine biology 4/17
baleen
blubber
fluke
rostrum
plates
thick layer of fat
tail fin of whales
beak or snout
baleen
plates
blubber
thick layer of fat
22 terms
Marine Biology vocab 4
Zone of stress
Zone of intolerance
Water column
Twilight zone
A region above or below and organisms optimal range for an en…
A region that is so far removed from an organisms optimal ran…
The ocean water in an ocean basin
The region of ocean between 150 and 450 m deep where there is…
Zone of stress
A region above or below and organisms optimal range for an en…
Zone of intolerance
A region that is so far removed from an organisms optimal ran…
11 terms
Marine Biology 9.4
Exoskeleton
Molt
Carapace
Pereopod
a rigid external covering for the body in some invertebrate a…
To shed old feathers, hair, or skin, or an old shell, to make…
the hard upper shell of a turtle, crustacean, or arachnid
One of the walking limbs of a crustacean.
Exoskeleton
a rigid external covering for the body in some invertebrate a…
Molt
To shed old feathers, hair, or skin, or an old shell, to make…
20 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 4 Vocab Words
Osmosis
Diffusion
Unicellular
Multicellular
The movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
The movement of water across of molecules from an area of hig…
Single cell organism.
Living things are made of more than one cell.
Osmosis
The movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane.
Diffusion
The movement of water across of molecules from an area of hig…
135 terms
IACS Marine Science Chapt 4 Fundamentals of Biology
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Organic Compounds
Carbohydrates
An organism's vast number of chemical... reactions that make lif…
Living things also use energy to maintain... stable internal con…
4 Molecules (those containing... carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen) m…
Used to store energy to be used later... Made of carbon, hydroge…
Metabolism
An organism's vast number of chemical... reactions that make lif…
Homeostasis
Living things also use energy to maintain... stable internal con…
22 terms
Marine Biology: Chapter 4 - Waves
beach
capillary waves
crest
elliptical orbit
shore area of a body of water covered by sand or pebbles
small waves or ripples on the surface of the water
highest point on a wave
an oval-shaped path around a center point
beach
shore area of a body of water covered by sand or pebbles
capillary waves
small waves or ripples on the surface of the water
Chapter 4: marine biology
Which of the follwing is not a propert…
What type of molecules is water?
What bond forms that allows one water…
Water molecules are attracted to each…
More dense as a solid than a liquid
Polar
Hydrogen bond
Surface tension and cohesion
Which of the follwing is not a propert…
More dense as a solid than a liquid
What type of molecules is water?
Polar
Unit 4 Marine Biology
Coriolis Effect
Forces responsible for currents
Gyre
Where are the major ocean gyres found?
tendency for the path of a moving object to deflect right or…
wind, change in sea level, density differences
a large persistent current that eventually runs into land
North atlantic, south atlantic, pacific ocean, south pacific…
Coriolis Effect
tendency for the path of a moving object to deflect right or…
Forces responsible for currents
wind, change in sea level, density differences
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