Study sets matching "7 anatomy physiology"

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ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 7
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE
SEROUS MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
THE SKIN
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM ON A CONNECTIVE TISSUE BASEMENT ME…
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
111 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Ch. 7
12
Support and protection, body movement,…
Supports your tongue, helps with vocal…
Hemopoeisis
How many pairs of ribs does the human skeleton contain?
What are the 4 functions of the skeletal system?
What is the function of the Hyoid bone?
What is the process of creating new blood cells called?
12
How many pairs of ribs does the human skeleton contain?
Support and protection, body movement,…
What are the 4 functions of the skeletal system?
Anatomy & Physiology Exercise 7
What are the functions of the skin?
skin model
What are the cells of the epidermis?
keratinocytes
cover, protection, insulation, excretion, sensation, metaboli…
keratinocytes, melanocytes, dendritic cells, Merkel cells
most plentiful epidermal cells, produce keratin fibrils (prot…
What are the functions of the skin?
cover, protection, insulation, excretion, sensation, metaboli…
skin model
80 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what is osteology
what is the skeletal system
what are the 6 roles of the skeletal s…
what is osseous tissue
study of bone
composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
1- support... 2-protection... 3- movement... 4-electrolyte balance... 5-…
bone; composed of connective tissue in which matrix is harden…
what is osteology
study of bone
what is the skeletal system
composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 7
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
White Blood Cells
Carries the blood around the body
Carries blood away from the heart
Carries blood to the heart
The blood's protectors against foreign cells
Circulatory System
Carries the blood around the body
Arteries
Carries blood away from the heart
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Three types of muscular tissues
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
-Produces locomotion, movement of body parts, and movements o…
-Responsible for internal functions (vision, movement through…
-Creates driving force responsible for moving blood through b…
Three types of muscular tissues
Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
-Produces locomotion, movement of body parts, and movements o…
94 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
adult skeleton
bones
80 bones
126 bones
20% of body mass, 206 bones
are the organs of the skeletal system and are composed of man…
axial skeleton
80 bones
appendicular skeleton
126 bones
78 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 7
Name five functions of the skeletal sy…
Name the number of cranial bones prese…
Name the cranial bones
Name the number of facial bones presen…
Support... Protection... Storage of minerals and lipids... Blood ce…
8
Frontal - 1... Parietal - 2... Occipital - 1... Temporal - 2... Sphen…
14
Name five functions of the skeletal sy…
Support... Protection... Storage of minerals and lipids... Blood ce…
Name the number of cranial bones prese…
8
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Lab Quiz 7
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Adrenal glands
Testes
#7; secretes T3, T4 and Calcitonin
#2; secretes PTH
#3; secrete mineralcorticoids including aldosterone, glucocor…
#10; secrete testosterone and inhibin
Thyroid gland
#7; secretes T3, T4 and Calcitonin
Parathyroid glands
#2; secretes PTH
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Origin
Insertion
Sarcomere
Tendon
The attachment of a muscle that remains fixed when the muscle…
The attachment of a muscle that moves when muscles contract
(Sarc= flesh) ... The smallest contractile unit of a myofibril
A narrow band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a mu…
Origin
The attachment of a muscle that remains fixed when the muscle…
Insertion
The attachment of a muscle that moves when muscles contract
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
144 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 7
tibula and fibula
The crista galli is a projection from…
styloid process
Each of the following bones is part of…
leg
ehmoid
femur
tibula and fibula
leg
The crista galli is a projection from…
ehmoid
7:2 Anatomy & Physiology
Cell Membrane
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Nucleolus
Nucleus
outersemipermeable protective covering
Allows transport of materials into and out of the nucleus and…
Important in cell reproduction, manufactures ribosomes
the "brain" of the cell, controls cell activity
Cell Membrane
outersemipermeable protective covering
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Allows transport of materials into and out of the nucleus and…
36 terms
Anatomy and physiology Lecture #7
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Osteocytes
Support, protect, provide muscle attachment, blood protection…
Dense outer layer that is smooth and solid
Compact and fills inner cavities of long bones
Mature bone cells that transport nutrients and wastes
Bone
Support, protect, provide muscle attachment, blood protection…
Compact bone
Dense outer layer that is smooth and solid
46 terms
Anatomy & Physiology CH. 7
Orbits
Sella turcica
cribiform plate
concha
bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
part of the sphenoid bone; holds the pituitary gland
part of the ethmoid bone; forms roof of nasal cavities; holy…
form the walls of the nasal cavity; covered with mucous membr…
Orbits
bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Sella turcica
part of the sphenoid bone; holds the pituitary gland
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 7
Bone Building Cells
Osteoprogenitor or Osteogenic Cells
Osteoblast
Osteocytes
Osteoprogenitor or Osteogenic Cells, Osteoblasts and Osteocytes
Stem cells that develop from fibroblasts and are found in end…
Bone forming cells that secrete new bone on top of pre-existi…
Osteoblasts that become trapped in the bone matrix they secre…
Bone Building Cells
Osteoprogenitor or Osteogenic Cells, Osteoblasts and Osteocytes
Osteoprogenitor or Osteogenic Cells
Stem cells that develop from fibroblasts and are found in end…
Anatomy and Physiology Terms 7
Articul/o
Crani/o
Cost/o
Ili/o
Joint
Skull
Ribs
Upper part of pelvic bone
Articul/o
Joint
Crani/o
Skull
88 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Epiphyseal line
Periosteum
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
The appearance of this structure signals the end of bone growth
The dense white fibrous covering around bone
Compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Spongy bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Ch. 7
Action Potential
Afferent (Sensory) Division of the PNS
Afferent Neurons
Arachnoid Mater
An electrical event occurring when a stimulus of sufficient i…
Sympathetic and Parasympathetic
Nerve cells that carry impulses toward the central nervous sy…
One of three membranes that encase the brain and spinal cord.…
Action Potential
An electrical event occurring when a stimulus of sufficient i…
Afferent (Sensory) Division of the PNS
Sympathetic and Parasympathetic
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
tough connective tissue structures tha…
attach muscle to bone
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
cartilage
ligaments
tendons
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
cartilage
58 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Ch. 7
diaphysis
trabeculae
osteocytes
osteoblasts
This is the site of the primary ossification center
Spongy bone consist of many branching bony plates called
mature bone cells derived from osteocytes
bone building cells; initiate calcification; secrete collagen
diaphysis
This is the site of the primary ossification center
trabeculae
Spongy bone consist of many branching bony plates called
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
# of Bones in Axial Skeleton
# of Bones in Appendicular skeleton
Most bones classified into 5 main types:
Long Bone:
80 bones
126 bones
-Long... -Short... -Flat... -Irregular ... -Sesamoid
Greater length than width
# of Bones in Axial Skeleton
80 bones
# of Bones in Appendicular skeleton
126 bones
20 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Week 7
-Malacia
Osteomalacia
-Opia
Diplopia
Softening of tissue
Softening of the bones
Nearsightedness
Double vision
-Malacia
Softening of tissue
Osteomalacia
Softening of the bones
29 terms
7:1 Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
cell
cell membrane
centrosome
the study of the structure of an organism
the basic unit of structure of all plants and animals
outer, protective, semipermeable covering of a cell
the area of cell cytoplasm that contains two centrioles; impo…
anatomy
the study of the structure of an organism
cell
the basic unit of structure of all plants and animals
Anatomy and Physiology: MBS #7
Interossei Dorsales
Interossei Dorsales Insertion
Interossei Dorsales Origin
Interossei Dorsales Action
Proximal phalange of fingers 2-4 (base of fingers)
Sides of metacarpals
Abducts fingers
Interossei Dorsales
Interossei Dorsales Insertion
Proximal phalange of fingers 2-4 (base of fingers)
142 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
tough connective tissue structures tha…
attach muscle to bone
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
cartilage
ligaments
tendons
what are the 5 functions of the skelet…
supports surrounding tissues, protects vital organs, assists…
Environment in which develops in a fetus
cartilage
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Coronal suture
Frontal bone
Sphenoid bone
Ethmoid bone
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
Coronal suture
(A)
Frontal bone
(B)
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 7 Terms
articulations (joints)
landmarks (bone markings)
foramina
axial skeleton
contact with other bones
areas of muscle and ligament attachment
openings for nerves and blood vessels
forms longitudinal axis of the body; contains 80 bones
articulations (joints)
contact with other bones
landmarks (bone markings)
areas of muscle and ligament attachment
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Sutures
orbits
sella turcica
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
Bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Part of the sphenoid bone ; holds the pituitary gland
Axial skeleton
Skull , Thoracic cage and the vertebral column
Sutures
Interlocking joints that unite all the bones of the skull exp…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
These very small bones are at the medi…
Failure of these anterior bones to fus…
This bone houses the apparatus of the…
This bone is wing-shaped and extends b…
Lacrimal bone
Maxillae
Temporal bones
Sphenoid
These very small bones are at the medi…
Lacrimal bone
Failure of these anterior bones to fus…
Maxillae
10 terms
Anatomy and physiology vocab 7
Hyster-, metr-... Example(s): Hysterecto…
-iasis, -osis... Example(s): Cholelithia…
-itis... Example(s): Appendicitis
Inter-... Example(s): Interstitial fluid
Meaning: Uterus... Meaning of example(s): Cutting out of iterus…
Meaning: Condition of... Meaning of example(s): Having gallston…
Meaning: Inflammation of... Meaning of example(s): Inflammation…
Meaning: Between... Meaning of example(s): An extra cellular fl…
Hyster-, metr-... Example(s): Hysterecto…
Meaning: Uterus... Meaning of example(s): Cutting out of iterus…
-iasis, -osis... Example(s): Cholelithia…
Meaning: Condition of... Meaning of example(s): Having gallston…
144 terms
Anatomy and Physiology A 7
1. What are the four general functions…
2. Classify the three types of muscle…
3. Name and describe the four function…
4. Which of the above properties (#3)…
producing movement... maintaining posture... stabilizing joints... the…
cardiac: walls of the heart, striated, involuntary... smooth: wa…
excitability: response to stimulus... contractility: generates t…
contractility
1. What are the four general functions…
producing movement... maintaining posture... stabilizing joints... the…
2. Classify the three types of muscle…
cardiac: walls of the heart, striated, involuntary... smooth: wa…
49 terms
anatomy and physiology week 7
Osteoporosis
Paget's Disease
Rickets
Osteomyelitis
increased breakdown of bone tissue without increase in the de…
the bones undergo periods of calcium loss followed by periods…
rare childhood disease characterized by numerous bone deformi…
inflammation of the bone caused by pyogenic bacteria - these…
Osteoporosis
increased breakdown of bone tissue without increase in the de…
Paget's Disease
the bones undergo periods of calcium loss followed by periods…
8 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 22.7
Effector Response
Effector response of helper t-lymphocy…
Effector response of Cytotxic T-cells
Perforin
Comprises the specific mechianisms that activated lymphocytes…
Activated and memory helper T-lymphocytes leave the secondary…
Leave the secondary lympahtic structure after several days na…
Forms a channel in the target plasma membrane that increases…
Effector Response
Comprises the specific mechianisms that activated lymphocytes…
Effector response of helper t-lymphocy…
Activated and memory helper T-lymphocytes leave the secondary…
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Ch. 7
What is the CNS and what comprises it?
What is the PNS and what comprises it?
The afferent (or __________) pathway
The efferent (or_______) pathway
(Central Nervous System) Consist of the brain and spinal cord…
(Peripheral Nervous System) Consist of the nerves stemming fr…
Sensory; consist of nerves that convey impulses to the centra…
Motor; carries impulses from the CNS to effector organs and g…
What is the CNS and what comprises it?
(Central Nervous System) Consist of the brain and spinal cord…
What is the PNS and what comprises it?
(Peripheral Nervous System) Consist of the nerves stemming fr…
36 terms
Anatomy And Physiology 7-1
homeostasis
carbon Dioxide
cartilage
cilia
State in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain…
a colorless, odorless gas produced by the body cells during t…
Tough, elastic connective tissue the is more rigid that ligam…
Any hair like structure is in the trachea and moves particles…
homeostasis
State in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain…
carbon Dioxide
a colorless, odorless gas produced by the body cells during t…
99 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch 7
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Temporal bone
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Chapter 7- Anatomy and Physiology
Heart location
Pericardium
Chambers
Right atrium
Lies within thoracic cavity, between two lungs. 2/3 lies on l…
Tissue layer. ... Double-walled sac that encloses the heart
There are four. ... Upper-atria, Lower-ventricles
Recieves oxygen-depleted blood from veins of body. ... Blood ent…
Heart location
Lies within thoracic cavity, between two lungs. 2/3 lies on l…
Pericardium
Tissue layer. ... Double-walled sac that encloses the heart
85 terms
Anatomy & Physiology | Chapter 7
The skeletal system is comprised of:
Bone is made up of (2)
Cartilage (3)
Ligaments
-Bone... -Cartilage... -Ligaments... -Tendons
-compact bone: dense connective bone tissue that appears whit…
-Hyaline cartilage... -Fibrocartilage ... -Elastic cartilage
anchors bone to bone
The skeletal system is comprised of:
-Bone... -Cartilage... -Ligaments... -Tendons
Bone is made up of (2)
-compact bone: dense connective bone tissue that appears whit…
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 7
Smooth Muscle [S]
Smooth Muscle [F]
Smooth Muscle [L]
Cardiac Muscle [S]
uninucleated, smooth muscle cell; non-striated (involuntary)
movement/contraction in hollow organs
walls of internal hollow organs such as the stomach and intes…
uninucleated, cardiocytes, intercalated discs; striated (invo…
Smooth Muscle [S]
uninucleated, smooth muscle cell; non-striated (involuntary)
Smooth Muscle [F]
movement/contraction in hollow organs
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 17.7
Where does the pituitary gland lay?
Infundibulum
Trace the axons from the hypothalamus…
Pars nervosa
Small, slightly oval gland which approximately the size of a…
Very thin stalk that connects the pituitary gland to the hypo…
Hypothalomo-hypophyseal tract extends from the hypothalmus to…
Rounded lobe that composes the posterior pituitary gland
Where does the pituitary gland lay?
Small, slightly oval gland which approximately the size of a…
Infundibulum
Very thin stalk that connects the pituitary gland to the hypo…
1.7 Anatomy and Physiology
Anterior
Posterior
Cranial/Cephalic
Superior
Front surface of the human body
Back surface of the human body
The head
Above; at a higher level (in the human body, toward the head)
Anterior
Front surface of the human body
Posterior
Back surface of the human body
83 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 6 &7
2 major tissues
bone tissue
Cartilage tissue
compact bone tissue
Bone (osseous) and cartilage
highly vascularized C.T.; can be spongy or compact
Poorly vascularized; chondrotin sulfate fibers
provides protection/support; forms diaphysis of long bones &…
2 major tissues
Bone (osseous) and cartilage
bone tissue
highly vascularized C.T.; can be spongy or compact
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Lab #7
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Karyokinesis
Interphase
Division of the nucleus, consisting of four stages.
Division of the cytoplasm
The actual division of the cell nucleus into two daughter nuc…
Resting phase between the first and second divisions of meios…
Mitosis
Division of the nucleus, consisting of four stages.
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Module 7
Aqueous Humor
Auricle
Bony Labyrinth
Cataract
Watery fluid that fills the anterior chamber of the eye, in f…
Part of the ear attached to the side of the head; earlike app…
The fluid-filled complex maze of three spaces (the vestibule,…
Opacity of the lens of the eye.
Aqueous Humor
Watery fluid that fills the anterior chamber of the eye, in f…
Auricle
Part of the ear attached to the side of the head; earlike app…
38 terms
MT7- Anatomy and Physiology
respiratory system
carbon dioxide
cartilage
cilia
responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas produced by body cells dur…
tough, elastic connective tissue that is more rigid than liga…
any hairlike structure
respiratory system
responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
carbon dioxide
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas produced by body cells dur…
416 terms
Chapter 7: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
ABDOMEN
ABDUCTION
ACETABULUM
ACETYLCHOLINE
The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion a…
Motion of limb away from the midline
The depression on the lateral pelvis where its three componen…
An excitatory neurotransmitter used in the peripheral and cen…
ABDOMEN
The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion a…
ABDUCTION
Motion of limb away from the midline
Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology
osseus tissue
flat bones
long bones
short bones
a connective tissue in which the matrix is hardened by the de…
sternum, scapula, ribs, hip bones
the humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia, fibula, metacarpals,…
wrists and ankles, patella
osseus tissue
a connective tissue in which the matrix is hardened by the de…
flat bones
sternum, scapula, ribs, hip bones
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7
Cutaneous membrane
epidermis
dermis
keratin
skin
outer layer
inner layer
a protein, hardens and flattens the cells as they move toward…
Cutaneous membrane
skin
epidermis
outer layer
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.endomys…
In the walls of hollow organs(urinary bladder, reproductive,u…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - appearance: STRIA…
Tubular and STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
In the walls of hollow organs(urinary bladder, reproductive,u…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - appearance: STRIA…
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