Study sets matching "8th grade chapter 4"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "8th grade chapter 4"

20 terms
8th Grade: Chapter 4
animism
archaeology
archaic
artifact
belief that everything has a spirit
study of past human cultures
ancient
an object produced or shaped by human craft
animism
belief that everything has a spirit
archaeology
study of past human cultures
16 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4
echo
longitudinal wave
pitch
sound wave
reflected sound wave
a wave in which particles move in the same direction as the w…
perception of how high or low sounds seem
longitudinal wave that can travel only through matter
echo
reflected sound wave
longitudinal wave
a wave in which particles move in the same direction as the w…
23 terms
Chapter 4 - 8th Grade
speed
instantaneous speed
average speed
velocity
measurement that describes any object in motion; distance div…
speed of an object at one instant of time
overall rate of speed
speed in a given direction
speed
measurement that describes any object in motion; distance div…
instantaneous speed
speed of an object at one instant of time
Chapter 4 8th Grade
accuracy
bauble
caustic
decry
exactness
a small decoration or trinket
harshly critical or sarcastic
to criticize publicly
accuracy
exactness
bauble
a small decoration or trinket
7 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4 Vocabulary
First Continental Congress
minutemen
Redcoats
Second Continental Congress
a meeting of colonial delegates to discuss how to address pro…
members of the civilian volunteer militia Redcoats
British soldiers wearing red uniforms
a second meeting of colonial delegates to discuss how to addr…
First Continental Congress
a meeting of colonial delegates to discuss how to address pro…
minutemen
members of the civilian volunteer militia Redcoats
20 terms
8th Grade Vocabulary Chapter 4
annul
blase
bloster
deplore
(v.) to reduce to nothing; to make ineffective or inoperative…
(adj.) indifferent, bored as a result of having enjoyed many…
(v.) to support, give a boost to; (n.) a long pillow or cushi…
(v.) to feel or express regret or disapproval
annul
(v.) to reduce to nothing; to make ineffective or inoperative…
blase
(adj.) indifferent, bored as a result of having enjoyed many…
32 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4
Sect
Covenant
Squanto
William Penn
Religious group.
Sacred agreement made with God.
Helped establish peace between Pilgrims and Massasoit.
Quaker leader who established a colony.
Sect
Religious group.
Covenant
Sacred agreement made with God.
20 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4
rock
rock cycle
erosion
deposition
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transport s…
the process by which material is laid down
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
26 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4
wave
energy
medium
mechanical wave
A disturbance involving the transfer of energy from place to…
Ability to do work
Material through which a wave travels
A wave that requires a medium through which to travel
wave
A disturbance involving the transfer of energy from place to…
energy
Ability to do work
10 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary 8th Grade
zenith
berate
infallible
maudlin
the point of culmination; peak
(v.) to scold sharply
(adj.) free from error; absolutely dependable
overly sentimental
zenith
the point of culmination; peak
berate
(v.) to scold sharply
23 terms
8th grade (Chapter 4)
Fitness
Cardiovascular, Flexibility, Muscular,…
Heart
Oxygenated blood
What is the ability of your mind and body to work together to…
What are the 4 levels of overall fitness?
The most important measurement of a person's fitness is the c…
The heart, lungs, & blood vessels work together to supply to…
Fitness
What is the ability of your mind and body to work together to…
Cardiovascular, Flexibility, Muscular,…
What are the 4 levels of overall fitness?
15 terms
Chapter 4, 8th grade
echo
longitudinal wave
pitch
sound wave
reflected sound wave
a wave in which particles move in the same direction as the w…
perception of how high or low sounds seem
longitudinal wave that can travel only through matter
echo
reflected sound wave
longitudinal wave
a wave in which particles move in the same direction as the w…
10 terms
8th vocabulary chapter 4
reproach
heist
querulous
unscathed
Blame; a rebuke
An act of stealing; robbery
Complaining; whining
Not harmed or injured
reproach
Blame; a rebuke
heist
An act of stealing; robbery
14 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary-8th grade
Continuous Data
Dependent Variable
Discrete Data
Domain
Data that can take on any value. There is no space between da…
The variable in a relation with a value that depends on the v…
Data with spaces between possible data values. Graphs are rep…
The set of x-coordinates in a relation.
Continuous Data
Data that can take on any value. There is no space between da…
Dependent Variable
The variable in a relation with a value that depends on the v…
8th Grade - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Continuous Data
Dependent Variable
Discrete Data
Domain
Data that can take on any value. There is no space between da…
The variable in a relation with the value that depends on the…
Data with space between possible data values. Graphs are repr…
The set of x-coordinates in a relation.
Continuous Data
Data that can take on any value. There is no space between da…
Dependent Variable
The variable in a relation with the value that depends on the…
33 terms
8th Grade, Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Decry
Rung
Idolize
Grieve
To criticize publicly
Synonym for step of a ladder
Synonym for admire
Antonym for please, celebrate, make happy
Decry
To criticize publicly
Rung
Synonym for step of a ladder
28 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary (8th)
subsistence farming-
cash crop-
diversity-
triangular trade-
producing just enough to meet immediate needs
a crop; that can be sold easily in markets
variety, such as of ethnic or national groups
trade route between three destinations, such as Britain, West…
subsistence farming-
producing just enough to meet immediate needs
cash crop-
a crop; that can be sold easily in markets
10 terms
Chapter 4 Vocab - 8th Grade
Linear Equation
Slope
Rise
Run
Is an equation whose graph is a line.
The rate of change of any two lines on a linear graph.
The change in Y of two points on a linear graph
The change in X of two points on a linear graph
Linear Equation
Is an equation whose graph is a line.
Slope
The rate of change of any two lines on a linear graph.
17 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4
Revelation
Sacred Scripture
Tradition
Apostolic Fathers
communication by God to mankind
Written word of God
Teachings of Jesus passed on to his followers
Men personally taught by the Apostles
Revelation
communication by God to mankind
Sacred Scripture
Written word of God
14 terms
8th Grade Religion Chapter 4
Prayer is:
Mary
Mass is:
The Liturgy of the Hours includes
lifting the heart and mind to God.
is known for her listening attitude in prayer.
the great community prayer of the Church.
vocal prayer, meditation, and contemplative prayer.
Prayer is:
lifting the heart and mind to God.
Mary
is known for her listening attitude in prayer.
Chapter 4 8th Grade
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Ecology
Population
The part of Earth that supports life.
Consists of all the organisms living in an area, as well as t…
The study of interactions that occur among organisms.
Is made up of all organisms of the same species that live in…
Biosphere
The part of Earth that supports life.
Ecosystem
Consists of all the organisms living in an area, as well as t…
10 terms
8th Chapter 4 Vocab
Chemical bond
Valence electron
Electron dot diagram
Covalent bond
A force that holds two or more atoms together.
An outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
A model that represents valence electrons in a n atom as dots…
A chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs…
Chemical bond
A force that holds two or more atoms together.
Valence electron
An outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
8th Grade Chapter 4.1
el aeropuerto
la iglesia
el templo
el correo
the airport
the church
the temple
the post office
el aeropuerto
the airport
la iglesia
the church
43 terms
8th Grade- Chapter 4
Biosphere
top, atmosphere
environments
Ecosystem
the part of the earth that supports LIFE
The _______________portion of Earth's crust, all the waters o…
Made up of different that are home to different kinds of orga…
all the organisms living in an area and the nonliving parts o…
Biosphere
the part of the earth that supports LIFE
top, atmosphere
The _______________portion of Earth's crust, all the waters o…
10 terms
8th grade chapter 4
Undecimus,-a,-um
Caelum,caeli,n.
Advesperascit,advesperascere
Aedificium,aedificii,n.
Eleventh
Sky
It gets dark
Building
Undecimus,-a,-um
Eleventh
Caelum,caeli,n.
Sky
37 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4
First Continental Congress
Patriots
minutemen
Redcoats
gathering of colonial leaders who were concerned about Britis…
colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain
colonists who were ready to fight at a minute's notice
nickname for British soldiers because they wore red coats
First Continental Congress
gathering of colonial leaders who were concerned about Britis…
Patriots
colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain
8th Grade Chapter 4
Magna Carta
Bill of Rights
Legislature
Parliament
"the Great Charter"; a written legal agreement signed in 1215…
Citizens rights protected by the government
A governmental body primarily responsible for the making of l…
England's legislative body
Magna Carta
"the Great Charter"; a written legal agreement signed in 1215…
Bill of Rights
Citizens rights protected by the government
Chapter 4 8th grade
Accuracy
Bauble
caustic
decry
the quality of being correct
a small decoration of trinket
capable of burning, dissolving, or causing other damage
to criticize publicly
Accuracy
the quality of being correct
Bauble
a small decoration of trinket
8th Grade Chapter 4
When Mendeleev made his arrangement of…
Every element has its own atomic numbe…
In the modern periodic table, elements…
Which group of elements can be used as…
Similar properties
Protons
atomic number
Platinum
When Mendeleev made his arrangement of…
Similar properties
Every element has its own atomic numbe…
Protons
13 terms
Science - Chapter 4, 8th grade
continental drift
Pangea
fossil
mid ocean ridges
The hypothesis that the continents slowly moved apart on the…
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
mountain ridges in the middle of the ocean.
continental drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly moved apart on the…
Pangea
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
51 terms
Polvere 8th grade Chapter 4
subsistence farming
triangular trade
cash crop
Tidewater
Farming to produce enough food to meet the needs of a family,…
Merchant shipping routes that follow a triangle between the W…
Crops that are sold for profit
A region of flat, low-lying plains along the seacoast
subsistence farming
Farming to produce enough food to meet the needs of a family,…
triangular trade
Merchant shipping routes that follow a triangle between the W…
13 terms
8th Biology: Chapter 4
Central Nervous System
Peripheral nervous system
Neuron
Nerve
The brain and the spinal cord
All of the parts of the nervous system except for the brain a…
A nerve cell that is specialized to receive and conduct elect…
A collection of nerve fibers through which impulses travel be…
Central Nervous System
The brain and the spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
All of the parts of the nervous system except for the brain a…
10 terms
8th Grade Math Chapter 4
continuous data
discrete data
dependent variable
independent variable
data that can take on any value; when graphed all points are…
Date with spaces between possible data values. Graphs are rep…
A variable that is affected by the change to the independent…
A variable whose variation does not depend on that of another.
continuous data
data that can take on any value; when graphed all points are…
discrete data
Date with spaces between possible data values. Graphs are rep…
8th Chapter 4
Speed
Constant Speed
Instantaneous Speed
Average Speed
A measure of the distance an object travels over time
The rate of change of position in which the same distance is…
The speed at a specific point in time
The total distance traveled divided by the total time taken t…
Speed
A measure of the distance an object travels over time
Constant Speed
The rate of change of position in which the same distance is…
36 terms
8th grade chapter 4 test
legislature
How was the power of English monarchs…
Which groups of people were permitted…
Why was the Zenger case important?
is a group of people who have the power to make laws
The monarch needed Parliament's permission to raise taxes or…
More than half of the white males were permitted to vote, but…
The trial established the principle that the press has both t…
legislature
is a group of people who have the power to make laws
How was the power of English monarchs…
The monarch needed Parliament's permission to raise taxes or…
8th Grade Chapter 4 Review
System
Atmosphere
Destructive Force
Erosion
What is a group of parts that work together as a whole?
This sphere is Earth's outermost layer that contains dust par…
This destroys and wears away landmasses through process like…
The wearing down and carrying away of land by natural forces…
System
What is a group of parts that work together as a whole?
Atmosphere
This sphere is Earth's outermost layer that contains dust par…
15 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4 - Rocks
rock
rock cycle
igneous rock
lava
a mixture of such minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, o…
rocks slowly change through time from one kind of rock to ano…
when hot magma cools and hardens
magma reaches earth's surface and flows from volcanoes
rock
a mixture of such minerals, rock fragments, volcanic glass, o…
rock cycle
rocks slowly change through time from one kind of rock to ano…
46 terms
8th grade science Chapter 4: Plate Tectonics
crust
continental crust
oceanic crust
mantle
The outermost layer of the Earth, ranging from 5-100 km thick…
Composition similar to granite; average thickness of 30 km.
Composition similar to basalt; generally between 5-8 km thick…
Layer of the Earth between the crust and the core; extremely…
crust
The outermost layer of the Earth, ranging from 5-100 km thick…
continental crust
Composition similar to granite; average thickness of 30 km.
9 terms
Chapter 4-8th grade
abolish:demolish::girth:
nomad:resident::changing:
pistil:pistol::serf:
despicable
worth
permanent
surf
mean, deserving to be despised
abolish:demolish::girth:
worth
nomad:resident::changing:
permanent
8th grade Chapter 4 Vocab
Element
Metal
Heterogenous
Dilute
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
An element that is shiny and that conducts heat and electrici…
Composed of dissimilar components.
To reduce the strength of something.
Element
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
Metal
An element that is shiny and that conducts heat and electrici…
32 terms
8th Grade History-Chapter 4
First Contiental Congress
Patrick Henry
Second Continental Congress
Battle of Lexington
Stated the concerns of colonist to the king... As a result the…
Urged colonist to join forces-"I am not a Virginian, I am an…
Main issues was to seek a peaceful or violent solutions... Dele…
The first battle of the Revolutionary War... Minutemen faced th…
First Contiental Congress
Stated the concerns of colonist to the king... As a result the…
Patrick Henry
Urged colonist to join forces-"I am not a Virginian, I am an…
24 terms
8th Grade Science: Chapter 4
A pure substance that cannot be separa…
A sample of matter, either a single el…
An element that is shiny and that cond…
An element that conducts heat and elec…
elements
pure substance
metals
nonmetals
A pure substance that cannot be separa…
elements
A sample of matter, either a single el…
pure substance
12 terms
chapter 4 8th grade
bioshpere
ecosystem
ecology
population
the area on and around earth where life exists
A system composed of organisms and nonliving components of an…
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
A group of individuals of the same species that live in the s…
bioshpere
the area on and around earth where life exists
ecosystem
A system composed of organisms and nonliving components of an…
10 terms
8th Grade Math Chapter 4
Linear equation
Solution of a linear equation
Slope
Rise
An equation whose graph is a line.
A point on a linear equation, (x, y).
The rate of change between any two points on a line.
The change in y-values between two points on a line.
Linear equation
An equation whose graph is a line.
Solution of a linear equation
A point on a linear equation, (x, y).
35 terms
8th Chapter 4 Review
Imperialism
Manifest Destiny
Anti-Imperialist League
Sphere of Influence
Stronger nations extending their influence over weaker nations.
Belief that the United States was meant to expand from coast…
Americans who believed the U.S. should not deny people basic…
Areas where foreign nations claimed special rights and privil…
Imperialism
Stronger nations extending their influence over weaker nations.
Manifest Destiny
Belief that the United States was meant to expand from coast…
26 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4 Vocabulary Forces
speed
instantaneous speed
average speed
velocity
is a measurement that describes any object in motion. describ…
is the speed of an object at one instant of time.
is the overall rate of speed at which an object moves. calcul…
is speed in a given direction. Vector - both magnitude and di…
speed
is a measurement that describes any object in motion. describ…
instantaneous speed
is the speed of an object at one instant of time.
25 terms
8th Grade US History/Chapter 4 (English)
First Continental Congress
Patriots
minutemen
Redcoats
(1774) a meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to dec…
American colonists who fought for independence from Great Bri…
American colonial militia members ready to fight at a minute'…
British soldiers who fought against the colonists in the Amer…
First Continental Congress
(1774) a meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to dec…
Patriots
American colonists who fought for independence from Great Bri…
50 terms
8th grade flashcards chapter 4
Weathering
Physical weathering
Ice wedging
Exfoliation
The process by which rocks are broken down by the forces of n…
Breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical forces
When rain water or melted I soaks into tiny cracks in a rock…
Breaking or peeling away of rock into layers
Weathering
The process by which rocks are broken down by the forces of n…
Physical weathering
Breakdown of large rocks into fragments by physical forces
10 terms
8th Grade Unit 1 Chapter 4
Agenda
Antidote
Apathy
Bland
A list of things to be done; a schedule
Something that reduces the effects of a poison; anything that…
Lack of interest or concern
Dull; not interesting or exciting
Agenda
A list of things to be done; a schedule
Antidote
Something that reduces the effects of a poison; anything that…
10 terms
8th Grade Chapter 4
animosity
anonymity
bibliophile
ebb
(def.) hatred or hostility that is shown openly... (syn.) ill wi…
(def.) the state of being unknown or undifiened
(def.) one who loves books
(def.) to flow or fall back, as the tide does... (syn.) recede... (…
animosity
(def.) hatred or hostility that is shown openly... (syn.) ill wi…
anonymity
(def.) the state of being unknown or undifiened
1 of 10