Study sets matching "8th grade physical science"

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Study sets matching "8th grade physical science"

8th grade Physical Science
substance
element
compound
heterogeneous mixture
A class of matter made up of elements and compounds.
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A mixture in which different materials can be distinguished e…
substance
A class of matter made up of elements and compounds.
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
141 terms
8th Grade Physical Science Vocab
Absorption
Acceleration
Amplitude
Atom
when a substance takes in another.
When an object changes speed by slowing down or speeding up
how high the wave is compared to another part of a wave (the…
smallest part that makes up matter
Absorption
when a substance takes in another.
Acceleration
When an object changes speed by slowing down or speeding up
291 terms
8th Grade Physical Science Vocabulary
Science
Observing
Qualitative Observations
Quantitative Observations
A way of learning about the natural world by gathering inform…
using one or more senses to gather information
descriptions that don't involve numbers or measurements
measurements; an observation that deals with a number or amount
Science
A way of learning about the natural world by gathering inform…
Observing
using one or more senses to gather information
8th Grade Physical Science - Chemistry
Matter
Substance
Molecules
Physical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A single kind of matter that is pure.
Groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Substance
A single kind of matter that is pure.
11 terms
Physical Science- 8th Grade
force
mass
weight
field
a push or a pull
a measure of the number of atoms (matter) in an object
the force that gravity exerts on a body, formula is w=mg or w…
region of influence
force
a push or a pull
mass
a measure of the number of atoms (matter) in an object
23 terms
8th Grade Physical Science VOCAB
hypothesis
variable
independant variable
dependant variable
testable idea
changable factor in an experiment
the thing that will be changed in each experiment
the thing that is affected by the change
hypothesis
testable idea
variable
changable factor in an experiment
43 terms
8th Grade LEAP review: Physical Science2
Acceleration
Balanced Force
Biomass
Chemical Energy
how speed changes with time; can be positive (speeding up) or…
do not cause a change in motion; equal in size and opposite i…
plant materials and animal waste used as fuel
energy stored in the bonds of molecules and compounds (all li…
Acceleration
how speed changes with time; can be positive (speeding up) or…
Balanced Force
do not cause a change in motion; equal in size and opposite i…
47 terms
8th Grade Science: Physics
Acceleration
Balanced Force
Force
Inertia
how speed changes with time; can be positive (speeding up) or…
do not cause a change in motion; equal in size and opposite i…
push or pull; causes objects to move
the tendency of a body to maintain is state of rest or unifor…
Acceleration
how speed changes with time; can be positive (speeding up) or…
Balanced Force
do not cause a change in motion; equal in size and opposite i…
21 terms
8th grade physical science
matter
atom
element
compound
anything that has mass and takes up space
a base unit of matter consisting of a dense, central nucleus…
a substance that is made entirely of one type of atom
made up of two or more elements bonded together
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
atom
a base unit of matter consisting of a dense, central nucleus…
44 terms
8th Grade, Physical Science Electricity
magnets
magnetic pole
magnetic field
atom
an attraction certain substances such as iron or steel, becau…
The ends of a magnetic object, where the magnetic force is st…
The area of magnetic force around a magnet
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
magnets
an attraction certain substances such as iron or steel, becau…
magnetic pole
The ends of a magnetic object, where the magnetic force is st…
8th Grade Physical Science
work
joule
power
inclined plane
using a force to move an object a distance when both the forc…
the SI unit of work or energy, equal to the work done by a fo…
the rate (energy amount per time period) at which work is don…
-a plane inclined at an angle to the horizontal.... -a sloping r…
work
using a force to move an object a distance when both the forc…
joule
the SI unit of work or energy, equal to the work done by a fo…
Physical Science 8th Grade
Physical Science
Theory
Law
Scientific Method
The study of matter and energy
A time tested explanation... for events that occur in the natura…
a scientific theory that has... been tested many times and is ... g…
Follow these guidelines
Physical Science
The study of matter and energy
Theory
A time tested explanation... for events that occur in the natura…
14 terms
8th Grade Physical Science
Matter
Substance
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Anything that takes up a ton of space. -_- or any space of al…
A single kind of matter that is pure. :o and has a specific
A characteristic of a puuuuure substance that can be observed…
A characteristic of a puuure substance that describes it's ab…
Matter
Anything that takes up a ton of space. -_- or any space of al…
Substance
A single kind of matter that is pure. :o and has a specific
70 terms
8th Grade Mid Term Exam- Physical Science
Wave
Energy
Medium
Longitudinal wave
The name of the disturbance that travels through matter or sp…
the property of matter and radiation that is evident as an ab…
This is the material a wave travels through
In this kind of wave, particles move back and forth. Also cal…
Wave
The name of the disturbance that travels through matter or sp…
Energy
the property of matter and radiation that is evident as an ab…
49 terms
Physical Science-8th Grade
color
floating
freezing
melting
a way to describe how things look
sits on the surface of a liquid
to change from a liquid to a solid
to change from a solid to a liquid
color
a way to describe how things look
floating
sits on the surface of a liquid
10 terms
8th Grade, Physical Science, Waves
Waves
Transverse Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Amplitude
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place.
A wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicula…
A wave in which the vibration of the medium is parallel to th…
For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either s…
Waves
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place.
Transverse Wave
A wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicula…
34 terms
Physical Science 8th grade First Semester Final Exam Study Guide
Hypothesis
Independent
Conclusion
Dependent
a prediction about a testable question
The variable that the scientist is able to change in the expe…
the last step of the scientific method, must always be based…
The variable that scientist observe or measure in an experiment
Hypothesis
a prediction about a testable question
Independent
The variable that the scientist is able to change in the expe…
65 terms
Physical Science 8th grade
1.Energy
2.Kinetic energy
3.Potential energy
4.elastic potential energy
the ability to cause change
energy in the form of motion
stored energy
energy stored by objects that are stretched or compressed
1.Energy
the ability to cause change
2.Kinetic energy
energy in the form of motion
15 terms
Physical Science 8th grade
Hypothesis
Chemistry
Physics
Physical science
Educated guess
The study of how different forms of matter effect each other
The study of how energy effects matter
The study of matter and energy
Hypothesis
Educated guess
Chemistry
The study of how different forms of matter effect each other
66 terms
Physical Science 8th grade
Newton
Pascal
Joule
Watt
The SI unit for force. 1 newton is the force needed to lift a…
The SI unit for pressure. 1 Pa = 1 N/m^2. (Pa)
The SI unit for work. 1 joule is the amount of work you do wh…
The SI unit for power. 1 W = 1 J/s. (W)
Newton
The SI unit for force. 1 newton is the force needed to lift a…
Pascal
The SI unit for pressure. 1 Pa = 1 N/m^2. (Pa)
15 terms
8th grade Physical Science - Matter ch. 2
MATTER
substance
chemical property
atom
Anything that has mass and occupies space
A single kind of matter that has a specific set of properties
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
the basic particle from which all elements are made
MATTER
Anything that has mass and occupies space
substance
A single kind of matter that has a specific set of properties
76 terms
8th grade physical science
Hypothesis
Density
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
An educated guess with an if then statement
The amount of matter un a given amount of space
Energy that has the potential to do
Object that is moving
Hypothesis
An educated guess with an if then statement
Density
The amount of matter un a given amount of space
43 terms
8th grade physical science
Centi-
Giga
Deca-/Deka-
Mu-
1/100
Billion
Ten(10)
Micro
Centi-
1/100
Giga
Billion
Physical science 8th grade
Matter
Elements
Compounds
protons; neutrons; electrons
Anything that has mass and takes up space; it is made of atoms.
Have same kind of atoms
Made of two or more elements that are chemically combined
In an atom, the ______ and _______ make up the nucleus and th…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space; it is made of atoms.
Elements
Have same kind of atoms
Physical Science 8th grade
typhoon
Cohesion
surface tension
adhesion
a violent tropical storm that forms in the Pacific Ocean, usu…
water is attracted to water
A measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
water is attracted to other substances
typhoon
a violent tropical storm that forms in the Pacific Ocean, usu…
Cohesion
water is attracted to water
8th Grade Physical Science
Thermodynamics
Internal Energy
Temperature
Thermal Energy
study of changes in heat and energy
Energy of a substance due to random motion of its particles (…
A measure of the average kinetic energy (work )of the particl…
The sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the atoms…
Thermodynamics
study of changes in heat and energy
Internal Energy
Energy of a substance due to random motion of its particles (…
8th grade physical science
Atom
What charge does an atom have
Which takes up more space in an atom
Protons
The smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
Neutral
Empty space
The number protons in the nucleus is the atomic number and id…
Atom
The smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
What charge does an atom have
Neutral
13 terms
Science 8th - grade Physical Properties
Matter
Physical Properties
Mass
Volume
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Can be observed or measured without changing the identity of…
The amount of matter in a material
The amount of space an object takes up
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Physical Properties
Can be observed or measured without changing the identity of…
10 terms
Physical Science 8th grade
What is the axis of rotation?
What is the axis of revolution?
What is the period of rotation?
What is the period of revolution?
The imaginary line that an object spins about
The imaginary line that an object orbits about
The time it takes to spin once
The time it takes to orbit once
What is the axis of rotation?
The imaginary line that an object spins about
What is the axis of revolution?
The imaginary line that an object orbits about
8th grade: Physical Science 12
force
newton
net force
friction
a push or pull that acts on an object
the force that causes a 1-kilogram mass to accelerate at a ra…
the overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
a force that opposes the motion of objects that touch as they…
force
a push or pull that acts on an object
newton
the force that causes a 1-kilogram mass to accelerate at a ra…
Holt 8th Grade Physical Science Chapter 3
Maleability
Ductility
Reactivity
State of matter
The ability of a substance to be rolled and pounded into vari…
The ability of a substance to be pulled and made into wire.
They ability of a substance to change into one or more new su…
The physical form in which a substance exist such as a solid…
Maleability
The ability of a substance to be rolled and pounded into vari…
Ductility
The ability of a substance to be pulled and made into wire.
39 terms
8th Grade - Physical Science Vocabulary
Acceleration
Chemical reaction
electric field
electromagnet
The rate of change of velocity of an object. This is an objec…
The process by which chemical changes occur. In this process,…
An area surrounding a charged object, within which the object…
A magnet that consists of a piece of iron or steel inside a c…
Acceleration
The rate of change of velocity of an object. This is an objec…
Chemical reaction
The process by which chemical changes occur. In this process,…
19 terms
8th Grade Physical Science -
Matter
Substance
Molecules
Physical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A single kind of matter that is pure.
Groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Substance
A single kind of matter that is pure.
73 terms
8th grade Physical Science Terms
Matter
Atom
Proton
Neutron
anything that takes up space and has mass
a very small particle that makes up most kinds of matter and…
positively charged particle located in the nucleus of an atom…
an uncharged (neutral) particle located in the nucleus of an…
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
Atom
a very small particle that makes up most kinds of matter and…
13 terms
8th grade physical science chapter 2
matter
element
atom
molecule
anything that has mass and takes up space
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
the smallest unit of an element that retains the same propert…
the smallest unit of a substance that behaves like that subst…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
8th Grade Physical Science
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Matter
The ability to do work.
Energy that is moving or being used
Energy that is still or being stored.
Has mass and takes up space.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
Energy that is moving or being used
10 terms
8th Grade Physical Science
bias
conclusion
constant
controlled experiment
show prejudice for or against something
statement based on experimental data that summarizes experime…
parts of an experiment that are kept the same in each trial
type of experiment where all factors exert one are identical
bias
show prejudice for or against something
conclusion
statement based on experimental data that summarizes experime…
17 terms
physical science 8th grade
acceleration
velocity
inertia
rolling friction
the rate at which velocity changes
speed in a given direction
the tendency of an object to resist any change in its motion
friction that occurs when an object rolls over a surface
acceleration
the rate at which velocity changes
velocity
speed in a given direction
16 terms
8th Grade Science- Physics
Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathe…
1st Law
2nd Law
3rd Law
published by Sir Isaac Newton in 1687, he laid out the his fa…
a body at rest/ in motion, unless acted upon by an outside fo…
Force= Mass x Acceleration, an object with equal or balanced…
For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction, us…
Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathe…
published by Sir Isaac Newton in 1687, he laid out the his fa…
1st Law
a body at rest/ in motion, unless acted upon by an outside fo…
18 terms
Physical Science 8th Grade
conclusion
beaker
length
meniscus
a paragraph about how your experiment went
a large cylinder glass used in experiments
uses meters. measures Distance
line on a beaker to see the volume
conclusion
a paragraph about how your experiment went
beaker
a large cylinder glass used in experiments
127 terms
Physical Science 8th Grade Science
A testable prediction is a(n)
When designing an experiment, the firs…
A standard for comparison that helps t…
A factor that changes in an experiment…
hypothesis
state the problem
control
dependent variable
A testable prediction is a(n)
hypothesis
When designing an experiment, the firs…
state the problem
15 terms
8th Grade Physical Science
Electron Cloud
Neutron
proton
Plumpudding
Region of an atom were the electron was most likely to be found
a small neutral particle in the atomic nucleus
A small positive particle in the stomic necleus
An early model of the atom were the electrons were stuck in a…
Electron Cloud
Region of an atom were the electron was most likely to be found
Neutron
a small neutral particle in the atomic nucleus
8th Grade Physical Science
Matter
Substance
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Anything that takes up a ton of space. -_- or any space of al…
A single kind of matter that is pure. :o and has a specific
A characteristic of a puuuuure substance that can be observed…
A characteristic of a puuure substance that describes it's ab…
Matter
Anything that takes up a ton of space. -_- or any space of al…
Substance
A single kind of matter that is pure. :o and has a specific
35 terms
8th Grade UIL Science Physical Science
Reflection
Refraction
absorption
Translucent
Bouncing of light off a surface at the same angle it hits the…
bending of light as it travels through a new medium
when light is soaked in by an object or suface and does not p…
materials that scatter light that passes through (wax paper)
Reflection
Bouncing of light off a surface at the same angle it hits the…
Refraction
bending of light as it travels through a new medium
8th Grade Physical Science Set 3
Atmosphere composition
Thermometer
Barometer
Humidity
78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen and 1% other
measures temperature
measures air pressure
moisture in the air
Atmosphere composition
78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen and 1% other
Thermometer
measures temperature
15 terms
Environmental Science & Physics- 8th Grade
GreenHouse Effect
Acid Rain and accelerated weathering
Plants
Carbon
Burning Fossil Fuels leads to the increase of CO2 levels whic…
Burning fossil fuels
Help remove CO2 and increase oxygen
Deposit in the earth by death and decay or organic matter (bi…
GreenHouse Effect
Burning Fossil Fuels leads to the increase of CO2 levels whic…
Acid Rain and accelerated weathering
Burning fossil fuels
18 terms
8th Grade Science - Physics
Flat
Sloping Up
Sloping Down
Curved
INTERPRETING MOTION GRAPHS: ... _________ line; stopped.
INTERPRETING MOTION GRAPHS: ... _________ line; constant speed a…
INTERPRETING MOTION GRAPHS: ... _________ line; constant speed b…
INTERPRETING MOTION GRAPHS: ... _________ line; changing speed/a…
Flat
INTERPRETING MOTION GRAPHS: ... _________ line; stopped.
Sloping Up
INTERPRETING MOTION GRAPHS: ... _________ line; constant speed a…
8th grade physical science
momentum
positive
negative
constant
the product of an objects mass and it's velocity
on Displacement graph motion away from the initial point is c…
on a displacement graph, motion back toward the initial point…
Electromagnetic waves in space travel at a _____ speed.
momentum
the product of an objects mass and it's velocity
positive
on Displacement graph motion away from the initial point is c…
42 terms
8th grade physical science
Potential energy
Physical change
Physical property
Chemical change
Stored energy
Change in size, shape, form or state of matter in which matte…
A characteristic of matter that can observe or measure withou…
A change in matter in which the substances that make up the m…
Potential energy
Stored energy
Physical change
Change in size, shape, form or state of matter in which matte…
8th grade physical science
What is weight
what is mass
homogenious
heterogenious
The measure of the gravity pull on an object
measurement of the amount of matter in an object
so evenly mixed so that you cant see the different parts
mixed but still able to see the parts
What is weight
The measure of the gravity pull on an object
what is mass
measurement of the amount of matter in an object
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