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Study sets matching "9th grade biology"

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Study sets matching "9th grade biology"

32 terms
9th grade Biology
atoms
protons
neutrons
electrons
smallest basic unit of matter
positively charged atoms
neutral, no charge
negatively charged atoms
atoms
smallest basic unit of matter
protons
positively charged atoms
65 terms
9th Grade Biology Midterm
lysosome
chromosome
vacuole
cytoplasm
breaks down and destroys bad things in the cell
has DNA and is found in the nucleus
A sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area
Fluid inside of the cell where the organelles are
lysosome
breaks down and destroys bad things in the cell
chromosome
has DNA and is found in the nucleus
21 terms
9th Grade Biology Jeopardy
ionic bonds
covalent
water
Why is water polar?
Bonds that donate electrons
Which bonds are stronger: Covalent Bonds or Hydrogen Bonds?
____________ is a universal solvent.
Because there is a difference of charge in the molecule. Towa…
ionic bonds
Bonds that donate electrons
covalent
Which bonds are stronger: Covalent Bonds or Hydrogen Bonds?
22 terms
9th grade Biology
Cell
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Asexual reproduction
Basic unit of all living things
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Cell
Basic unit of all living things
Prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
12 terms
9th Grade Biology - WITH PICTURES
ribosome
endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
builds protein for the cell, connecting amino acids.
a network of membranes (structures) that help make and transp…
It's like the endoplasmic reticulum. It takes simple molecule…
a retrovirus (disease made from RNA, not DNA) that weakens a…
ribosome
builds protein for the cell, connecting amino acids.
endoplasmic reticulum
a network of membranes (structures) that help make and transp…
8 terms
9th Grade Biology: Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
gametes
haploids
reproduction involving identical DNA from only ONE parent
reproduction involving DNA from TWO parents
Human sex cells (egg/sperm)
A cell with only one complete set of chromosomes (23). Exampl…
asexual reproduction
reproduction involving identical DNA from only ONE parent
sexual reproduction
reproduction involving DNA from TWO parents
175 terms
9th Grade Biology Final
Observations
Problem
Hypothesis
Conclusion
The act of attentive watching, perceiving, or noticing
A question proposed for solution
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
a judgment or decision reached by reasoning
Observations
The act of attentive watching, perceiving, or noticing
Problem
A question proposed for solution
47 terms
9th Grade Biology Exam
rate of light reaction
bundle sheath
aerobic respiration
respiration
light intensity
cells around phloem and xylem
6 O2 + C6H12O6 --> 6Co2 + 6H20 + energy
process by which energy is produced from food
rate of light reaction
light intensity
bundle sheath
cells around phloem and xylem
20 terms
9th grade biology: cells
basic structural units of living organ…
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
cell membrane (plasma membrane)
cells
nucleus and organelles
no nucleus
regulates what enters and leaves cell
basic structural units of living organ…
cells
eukaryotic cells
nucleus and organelles
36 terms
9th Grade Biology Vocabulary
Biodiversity
Biomass
Carnivore
Cellular Respiration
The diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
The total mass of living matter in a given unit area
Any animal that feeds on flesh
The metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain ener…
Biodiversity
The diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
Biomass
The total mass of living matter in a given unit area
24 terms
9th Grade Biology Aquatic Biomes
biome
salinity
marine environments
aquatic biomes
a large group of ecosystems that share the same type of clima…
saltiness of the water
salt water: oceans, seas, salt water lakes
marine, estuaries, freshwater, wetlands
biome
a large group of ecosystems that share the same type of clima…
salinity
saltiness of the water
9th grade biology vocabulary
Phytoplankton
Producers
Consumers
Zooplankton
plankton consisting of microscopic plants that are capable of…
make their own food from sunlight (photosynthesis) such as pl…
CANNOT make their own food so they eat plants and other anima…
plankton that derive energy from the food that they eat, ofte…
Phytoplankton
plankton consisting of microscopic plants that are capable of…
Producers
make their own food from sunlight (photosynthesis) such as pl…
34 terms
9th Grade Biology Vocabulary
The total mass of living matter in a g…
The metabolic processes whereby certai…
A stable, mature community that underg…
The relation between two different kin…
Biomass
Cellular Respiration
Climax Community
Commensalism
The total mass of living matter in a g…
Biomass
The metabolic processes whereby certai…
Cellular Respiration
13 terms
9th Grade Biology Terrestrial Biomes
tundra
permafrost
latitude
climate
treeless land with short summers (long summer days) and long…
soil is frozen year-round
the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's…
lower latitudes have warmer
tundra
treeless land with short summers (long summer days) and long…
permafrost
soil is frozen year-round
59 terms
9th grade biology review
10% rule
food web
food chain
symbiosis
in food chains, the predator only gains about 10% of the prey…
the interconnected feeding relationships in an ecosystem
the pathway along which food energy is transferred from troph…
an ecological relationship between organisms of two different…
10% rule
in food chains, the predator only gains about 10% of the prey…
food web
the interconnected feeding relationships in an ecosystem
114 terms
Biology Midterm (9th Grade)
Chapter 1
Steps of Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Theory
(SEE BELOW)
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered fo…
Chapter 1
(SEE BELOW)
Steps of Scientific Method
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
19 terms
9th Grade Biology Chapter 11
Mendel's Experiments
hybrids
P, F1, F2 generation
Genes
Mendel had true-breeding stocks of plants... Those that when se…
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
P: True-Breeding Parent ... F1: Next generation ... F2: Last genera…
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
Mendel's Experiments
Mendel had true-breeding stocks of plants... Those that when se…
hybrids
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
36 terms
9th Grade Biology Vocabulary
Biodiversity
Biomass
Carnivore
Cellular Respiration
The diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
The total mass of living matter in a given unit area
Any animal that feeds on flesh
The metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain ener…
Biodiversity
The diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
Biomass
The total mass of living matter in a given unit area
36 terms
9th Grade Biology Vocabulary
Biodiversity
Biomass
Carnivore
Cellular Respiration
The diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
The total mass of living matter in a given unit area
Any animal that feeds on flesh
The metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain ener…
Biodiversity
The diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habita…
Biomass
The total mass of living matter in a given unit area
61 terms
9th Grade Biology Membranes
Phospholipids
Amphipathic Molecules
Fluid Mosaic Model
Membranes
-the most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane... -amphipathic…
-have hydrophillic and hydrophobic regions
-states that a membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic"…
-acts as a boundary in an organism... -collage of different prot…
Phospholipids
-the most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane... -amphipathic…
Amphipathic Molecules
-have hydrophillic and hydrophobic regions
12 terms
9th Grade Biology
ribosome
endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
builds protein for the cell, connecting amino acids.
a network of membranes (structures) that help make and transp…
It's like the endoplasmic reticulum. It takes simple molecule…
a retrovirus (disease made from RNA, not DNA) that weakens a…
ribosome
builds protein for the cell, connecting amino acids.
endoplasmic reticulum
a network of membranes (structures) that help make and transp…
20 terms
9th grade Biology Photosynthesis
chlorophyll is a green ______ that abs…
chlorophyll absorbs _____ and _____ wa…
_____________ is the main light absorb…
plants look green because chlorophyll…
pigment
BLUE and RED
chlorophyll
reflects
chlorophyll is a green ______ that abs…
pigment
chlorophyll absorbs _____ and _____ wa…
BLUE and RED
28 terms
9th Grade Biology Review
nucleus
cell membrane
ribosome
rough endoplasmic reticulum
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; m…
a region that is recognized by the grainy appearance of the r…
nucleus
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
19 terms
Genetics- 9th Grade Biology
Genetics
Fertilization
True-Breeding
Trait
Scientific study of heredity
Fusion of male and female gametes.
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Fusion of male and female gametes.
102 terms
Biology MCAS 9th Grade
CLASSIFICATION
KINGDOM
PHYLUM
CLASS
Based on DNA and Anatomy differences organisms are grouped in…
1st taxonomic group. Are divided into smaller groups called p…
2nd taxonomic group. Division of living organisms that contai…
3rd taxonomic group. Organisms that contain general common tr…
CLASSIFICATION
Based on DNA and Anatomy differences organisms are grouped in…
KINGDOM
1st taxonomic group. Are divided into smaller groups called p…
41 terms
Evolution: Biology 9th Grade
Biological Evolution
Microevolution
Macroevolution
Natural Selection
all of the changes that have transformed life from the beginn…
changes that occurred in a single population; small scale
changes that occurred in many population; large scale
the selection that occurs in a population due to nature
Biological Evolution
all of the changes that have transformed life from the beginn…
Microevolution
changes that occurred in a single population; small scale
9th Grade Biology DNA
The building blocks of nucleic acids a…
The acronym DNA stands for
DNA makes up chromosomes, which are lo…
Small sections of a DNA molecule that…
nucleotides
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleus
genes
The building blocks of nucleic acids a…
nucleotides
The acronym DNA stands for
deoxyribonucleic acid
22 terms
9th Grade Biology: Mendel and Genetics
Genetics
Gregory Mendel
Heredity
Trait
The study of heredity.
•The father of genetics... • An Austrian monk who enjoyed garden…
The passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
A hereditable characteristic.... Examples: Height, Hair color, S…
Genetics
The study of heredity.
Gregory Mendel
•The father of genetics... • An Austrian monk who enjoyed garden…
87 terms
9th Grade Biology Midterm - All Questions
When working with glass and heat in a…
A set of normal conditions during an e…
After an experiment all chemical waste…
The ultimate goal of science is to gai…
hot
constant
disposed of properly
understand natural phenomena
When working with glass and heat in a…
hot
A set of normal conditions during an e…
constant
21 terms
9th Grade Biology 2.2 Water and Diffusion
polar molecule
hydrogen bond
hydrogen, covalently, polar
covalently, hydrogen, polar
A molecule with an unequal distribution of charge. The molecu…
Weak bonds that can only be formed between a hydrogen and eit…
The _____________ in a hydrogen bond must be... ________________…
For a hydrogen bond to form there must be a ____________ boun…
polar molecule
A molecule with an unequal distribution of charge. The molecu…
hydrogen bond
Weak bonds that can only be formed between a hydrogen and eit…
70 terms
9th grade biology mitosis
pre-existing cells
to repair damaged cells or replace old…
no. prokaryotes and eukaryotes are dif…
the instructions for making the cell p…
from where do new cells arise?
why does the body constantly make new cells?
is cells division the same in all cells? explain.
why must each new cell get a complete copy of the original ce…
pre-existing cells
from where do new cells arise?
to repair damaged cells or replace old…
why does the body constantly make new cells?
43 terms
9th Grade Biology
Chromatid
Centriole
Centromere
Spindle
one of the two homologous strands of a chromosome
paired structures that appear next to the nucleus during prop…
constricted area in a pair of chromosomes that hold the two c…
framework of microtubules to which chromosomes attach during…
Chromatid
one of the two homologous strands of a chromosome
Centriole
paired structures that appear next to the nucleus during prop…
55 terms
Biochemistry 9th grade biology
Organic molecules
Macromolecules
Carbohydrates
Function of carbohydrates
Contain carbon, found in all living things
Four types: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Sugars, starches, cellulose
Source of energy and form strucutual material of plants
Organic molecules
Contain carbon, found in all living things
Macromolecules
Four types: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
25 terms
Cells (9th Grade Biology)
History of the Cell: 1600s
History of the Cell: 1650
History of the Cell: 1700s
History of the Cell: 1838
The light microscope is developed by Zaccharias Jansseen and…
Robert Hooke observes the first cells. He coined the word cel…
Aton van Leevwenhook made a light microscope with higher qual…
German Botanist, Matthias Schleiden Concludes: All plants are…
History of the Cell: 1600s
The light microscope is developed by Zaccharias Jansseen and…
History of the Cell: 1650
Robert Hooke observes the first cells. He coined the word cel…
115 terms
9th Grade Biology Milestone
label parts of an atom
What is a electrostatic bond between 2…
what is a bond formed by sharing elect…
what is the substance dissolved in a g…
ionic bond
covalent
Solute
label parts of an atom
What is a electrostatic bond between 2…
ionic bond
53 terms
9th grade: the chemistry of biology
atom
atom
subatomic particles
protons
basic unit of all matter
smallest particle of a substance that still retains the prope…
protons, neutrons, and electrons
has a positive charge
atom
basic unit of all matter
atom
smallest particle of a substance that still retains the prope…
70 terms
9th Grade Biology Cells
Light Microscope
3 Important Parts of Microscopes
How small is an atom?
organelles
-visible light is passed through a specimen and then through…
-Magnification-how much it is zoomed... -Resolution-measure of t…
0.1nm
-membrane composed compartments
Light Microscope
-visible light is passed through a specimen and then through…
3 Important Parts of Microscopes
-Magnification-how much it is zoomed... -Resolution-measure of t…
43 terms
9th Grade Biology
Where does Glycolosis take place?
Glycolosis requires _ ATP, but produce…
Glycolosis splits one 6 Carbon of gluc…
We measure ATP in _?
Cytoplasm
2 ATP; 4 ATP
2 carbon pyruvate ions
Calories
Where does Glycolosis take place?
Cytoplasm
Glycolosis requires _ ATP, but produce…
2 ATP; 4 ATP
95 terms
Biology 9th grade
Biology
steps to the scientific method (6)
independant variable
dependant variable
the study of life
1. identify the problem ... 2. make a hypothesis ... 3. create expe…
what you change in the experiment that will test the subject
the change that is caused by the independant variable.
Biology
the study of life
steps to the scientific method (6)
1. identify the problem ... 2. make a hypothesis ... 3. create expe…
13 terms
9th Grade Biology - Mitosis
interphase
centrioles
telophase
interphase
phase of the cell cycle in which the cell spends most of thei…
these structures pull the chromosomes apart during cell divis…
this phase of mitosis follows anaphase
the phase in which a nucleus is visible and the DNA is spread…
interphase
phase of the cell cycle in which the cell spends most of thei…
centrioles
these structures pull the chromosomes apart during cell divis…
137 terms
Biology MCAS terms 9th and 10th grade
activation energy
active transport
adaptation
allele frequency
energy needed to start a reaction
movement of molecules through protein channels in the membran…
inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance…
how often a form of a gene appears in a gene pool
activation energy
energy needed to start a reaction
active transport
movement of molecules through protein channels in the membran…
Biology 9th Grade
Protein's monomer/building block
Proteins Functions
Proteins in living things
Too much protein
Amono Acids
Speed up chemical reactions, structures components like muscl…
Muscles, Enzymes
Ketosis
Protein's monomer/building block
Amono Acids
Proteins Functions
Speed up chemical reactions, structures components like muscl…
59 terms
9th grade biology review
10% rule
food web
food chain
symbiosis
in food chains, the predator only gains about 10% of the prey…
the interconnected feeding relationships in an ecosystem
the pathway along which food energy is transferred from troph…
an ecological relationship between organisms of two different…
10% rule
in food chains, the predator only gains about 10% of the prey…
food web
the interconnected feeding relationships in an ecosystem
74 terms
9th grade Biology EOC
Carbohydrate
Nucleic Acid
Proteins
Nucleotide
Contains: C,H,O
Contains: C,H,O,N,P
Contains: C,H,O,N
Function: store information (DNA & RNA)
Carbohydrate
Contains: C,H,O
Nucleic Acid
Contains: C,H,O,N,P
133 terms
Biochemistry Biology 9th grade
Atom
Element
Examples of elements
Compound
*The smallest basic unit of matter... millions could fit on this…
*pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substan…
hydrogen and oxygen(gasses) aluminum and gold (metals)
Substance made of 2 or more different elements joined by chem…
Atom
*The smallest basic unit of matter... millions could fit on this…
Element
*pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substan…
22 terms
9th grade Biology
Cell
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Asexual reproduction
Basic unit of all living things
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Cell
Basic unit of all living things
Prokaryote
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
75 terms
Ecology - 9th Grade Biology
Ecology
Organism
Population
Community
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
An individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
Groups of individuals belonging to the same species that live…
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
Organism
An individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
63 terms
Biology - 9th Grade
Ocular lens
Body tube
nose piece
objective lens
#9
#1
#2
#3
Ocular lens
#9
Body tube
#1
43 terms
9th Grade Biology Vocabulary Arthropods
Chelicerae
Fang
Pedipalp
Spinneret
The first pair of appendages in arachnids; used for feeding;…
Venom injecting mouthpart of some chelicerae's
The second pair of arachnid appendages; used for sensory perc…
An organ in spiders and some insects that spins web from the…
Chelicerae
The first pair of appendages in arachnids; used for feeding;…
Fang
Venom injecting mouthpart of some chelicerae's
75 terms
IGCSE Biology 9th Grade!
Diffusion.
Active Transport.
Osmosis.
Enzyme.
The movement of a substance from a region of its higher conce…
The movement of a substance across a membrane from a region o…
The passage of water from a region of its higher concentratio…
A protein that acts as a biological catalyst.
Diffusion.
The movement of a substance from a region of its higher conce…
Active Transport.
The movement of a substance across a membrane from a region o…
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