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Study sets matching "9th grade biology"

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Study sets matching "9th grade biology"

74 terms
9th Grade Honors Biology
Ecosystem
Primary Production
Primary Production (Formula)
Biotic
All of the biotic (living) and abiotic (non living) factors i…
How much livable mass is being laid down by producers in an a…
gC/m^2/year
Living factors
Ecosystem
All of the biotic (living) and abiotic (non living) factors i…
Primary Production
How much livable mass is being laid down by producers in an a…
80 terms
9th Grade Biology: Reproduction
Order of evolution of vertebrates (cho…
Trends in vertebrate reproduction
oviparous
amnion
FARBM... Fish (cartilaginous->bony)... Amphibians... Reptiles... Birds... Ma…
Fish: ... External sperm and egg released into water and fertili…
An animal that lays eggs with a shell and membranes and liqui…
A membrane that surrounds the fetus in the uterus or in amnio…
Order of evolution of vertebrates (cho…
FARBM... Fish (cartilaginous->bony)... Amphibians... Reptiles... Birds... Ma…
Trends in vertebrate reproduction
Fish: ... External sperm and egg released into water and fertili…
102 terms
(copied) Biology MCAS 9th Grade
CLASSIFICATION
KINGDOM
PHYLUM
CLASS
Based on DNA and Anatomy differences organisms are grouped in…
1st taxonomic group. Are divided into smaller groups called p…
2nd taxonomic group. Division of living organisms that contai…
3rd taxonomic group. Organisms that contain general common tr…
CLASSIFICATION
Based on DNA and Anatomy differences organisms are grouped in…
KINGDOM
1st taxonomic group. Are divided into smaller groups called p…
40 terms
Biology Genetics 9th grade
Chromosomes
Genes
DNA
Mitosis
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Sequence of DNA that codes for protein and thus determines a…
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of…
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
Chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Genes
Sequence of DNA that codes for protein and thus determines a…
220 terms
Biology Final (9th Grade)
What concept explains the differences…
Which statement is true of carriers?... a…
Which statement is true regarding sex…
Which is the correct expression of a h…
a. epistasis
b. They are heterozygous for a recessive disorder.
d. Females have dosage compensation.
d. Hh
What concept explains the differences…
a. epistasis
Which statement is true of carriers?... a…
b. They are heterozygous for a recessive disorder.
48 terms
9th Grade Biology Honors
Condensation
Precipitation
Runoff
Infiltration
Change of the physical state of matter from gas to a liquid.
Atmospheric water vapor that falls from the sky due to gravit…
The water that is left in the surface of the land due to prec…
When water from precipitation seeps into the ground.
Condensation
Change of the physical state of matter from gas to a liquid.
Precipitation
Atmospheric water vapor that falls from the sky due to gravit…
114 terms
biology 9th grade exam
phylum
order
kingdom
family
grouping of similar classes
grouping of similar families
group of related phyla
a group of similar genera
phylum
grouping of similar classes
order
grouping of similar families
36 terms
9th Grade Biology Unit 1
The work of scientists usually begins…
Information gathered by observations
"I think bread will mold faster if I a…
A hypothesis comes from
careful observations
data
hypothesis
prior knowledge, logical inferences, informed, creative imagi…
The work of scientists usually begins…
careful observations
Information gathered by observations
data
35 terms
9th grade biology
Amino Acids
Monosaccharides
Enzymes
What is a 3-dimensional shape of a mol…
The individual units that bond together to form a polypeptide…
The individual units that bond to together to form a polysacc…
Protein molecules that catalyze (help) chemical reactions
For its proper functioning
Amino Acids
The individual units that bond together to form a polypeptide…
Monosaccharides
The individual units that bond to together to form a polysacc…
16 terms
9th Grade Biology-- Cell Structures
cell wall
centrioles
chloroplasts
cilia
the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of the plasma me…
made of mictrotubules; organelles that occur in pairs and are…
double membrane organelle that captures light energy and conv…
projections from cell surfaces that aid in locomotion and fee…
cell wall
the rigid barrier that surrounds the outside of the plasma me…
centrioles
made of mictrotubules; organelles that occur in pairs and are…
31 terms
9th Grade Biology Ch. 1
Adaptation
Biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment the group not receiving the factor…
Adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
Biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
92 terms
9th Grade Biology Midterm
lysosome
chromosome
vacuole
cytoplasm
breaks down and destroys bad things in the cell
has DNA and is found in the nucleus
A sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area
Fluid inside of the cell where the organelles are
lysosome
breaks down and destroys bad things in the cell
chromosome
has DNA and is found in the nucleus
74 terms
9th Grade Honors Biology
Ecosystem
Primary Production
Primary Production (Formula)
Biotic
All of the biotic (living) and abiotic (non living) factors i…
How much livable mass is being laid down by producers in an a…
gC/m^2/year
Living factors
Ecosystem
All of the biotic (living) and abiotic (non living) factors i…
Primary Production
How much livable mass is being laid down by producers in an a…
107 terms
ESJ Biology 9th Grade Exam
Safety
Quanitative Observation
Qualitative Observation
Inference
• Listen to teacher... • Wash hands afterwards... • Be Responsible…
•Observations dealing with amounts or numbers
•Observation dealing with quality... ( Descriptions / details )
Logical interpretation on what scientist already know
Safety
• Listen to teacher... • Wash hands afterwards... • Be Responsible…
Quanitative Observation
•Observations dealing with amounts or numbers
61 terms
(copied) 9th Grade Biology Membranes
Phospholipids
Amphipathic Molecules
Fluid Mosaic Model
Membranes
-the most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane... -amphipathic…
-have hydrophillic and hydrophobic regions
-states that a membrane is a fluid structure with a "mosaic"…
-acts as a boundary in an organism... -collage of different prot…
Phospholipids
-the most abundant lipid in the plasma membrane... -amphipathic…
Amphipathic Molecules
-have hydrophillic and hydrophobic regions
59 terms
9th grade biology DNA
Double Helix
nucleosome
DNA replication
nucleotide
two nucleotide chains wrapped around each other in a spiral
the basic structural unit of a chromatin in euk, consisting o…
process of producing 2 identical replicas of DNA from one ori…
the monomer of nucleic acids consisting of a five carbon suga…
Double Helix
two nucleotide chains wrapped around each other in a spiral
nucleosome
the basic structural unit of a chromatin in euk, consisting o…
86 terms
9th grade biology midterm
Transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
45 terms
9th Grade Biology Final
Scientists collect and organize
Scientific thinking usually begins with
Information gathered from observation is
the whale has 4 scars on its dorsal fi…
data
observation
data
quantative
Scientists collect and organize
data
Scientific thinking usually begins with
observation
255 terms
9th Grade Biology Midterm Vocab
Science
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
Process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
Possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
Science
Organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
Observation
Process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
46 terms
EOCT for biology 9th grade
scientific method
all the variables
groups and constants
Hierarchy/ Life's levels of organization
1. State a problem (Question)... 2. Suggest an answer (hypothesi…
- Independent variable: what you change ... -Dependent variable:…
- control group: doesn't receive the independent variable ... -…
largest to smallest ... a.Ecosystem ... b.Community ... c.Population…
scientific method
1. State a problem (Question)... 2. Suggest an answer (hypothesi…
all the variables
- Independent variable: what you change ... -Dependent variable:…
9th grade biology-ecology
ecology
organization of cell growth
the study of ecology involves
biotic
the study of interactions between organisms and their enviorn…
cell-tissue-organ-organ system-population-community-ecosystem…
species and communities
living
ecology
the study of interactions between organisms and their enviorn…
organization of cell growth
cell-tissue-organ-organ system-population-community-ecosystem…
28 terms
9th Grade Biology
Protein
Lipid
Carbohydrate
Nucleic Acid
monomer:(amino acid) Used in chemical reactions to form bones…
monomer: (glycerol and fatty acid) Insoluble in water and sto…
monomer: (monosaccharide) Main source of energy and makes up…
monomer: (nucleotides)DNA- store hereditary information and R…
Protein
monomer:(amino acid) Used in chemical reactions to form bones…
Lipid
monomer: (glycerol and fatty acid) Insoluble in water and sto…
223 terms
biology 9th grade final
Scientific Method
experimental design
IV
DV
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
refers to how participants are allocated to the different con…
variable that is changed and being tested
variable that is affected and is measured and cannot be contr…
Scientific Method
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
experimental design
refers to how participants are allocated to the different con…
48 terms
Biology 9th Grade: Cell Vocabulary
Organ System
Cilia
Cell
RNA
A group of organs which work together to carry out particular…
These are short hair-like organelles on the surface of a euka…
This is the structural and functional unit of all living orga…
A single stranded nucleic acid that plays a role in protein s…
Organ System
A group of organs which work together to carry out particular…
Cilia
These are short hair-like organelles on the surface of a euka…
17 terms
9th Grade Honors Biology
Nucleus
Suspension
Mixture
Adhesion
The Center of atoms that has both protons and neutrons
Mixture of water and non-dissolved materials.
Material composed of 2 or more elements or compounds that are…
Attraction of molecules of different substances.
Nucleus
The Center of atoms that has both protons and neutrons
Suspension
Mixture of water and non-dissolved materials.
86 terms
9th grade biology midterm
Transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
57 terms
9th Grade Biology Midterm
Hypothesis
Theory
Two reliable sources:
Two unreliable sources:
A educated guess based on research
Proposed explanation for a wide range of observations but can…
A scientist, textbook
Wikipedia, friend
Hypothesis
A educated guess based on research
Theory
Proposed explanation for a wide range of observations but can…
21 terms
Evolution 9th grade Biology
Species
Aquired Characteristics
Natural Selection
Offspring
organisms belonging to a group of organisms that having commo…
Characteristics that an offspring inherits from its parents.
a driving force in the evolution of a species that favors cha…
New organisms produced by a living thing, the product of the…
Species
organisms belonging to a group of organisms that having commo…
Aquired Characteristics
Characteristics that an offspring inherits from its parents.
29 terms
9th Grade Biology - Evolution
divergent evolution
cross pollination
vegetative propagation
convergent evolution
the process by which a species evolves into two or more desce…
fertilization by transfer of pollen from the anthers of one f…
the ability of plants to reproduce without sexual reproductio…
process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve sim…
divergent evolution
the process by which a species evolves into two or more desce…
cross pollination
fertilization by transfer of pollen from the anthers of one f…
12 terms
Science - 9th Grade Biology
Ecosystem
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Detrivore
Interactive organisms and their environment
Organism that relies on other organisms for food
Organism that produces their own food
Only eats dead/rotten things
Ecosystem
Interactive organisms and their environment
Heterotroph
Organism that relies on other organisms for food
13 terms
9th grade Biology Populations
Carrying capacity
Specialist
Generalist
Density-dependent factor
is the maximum population size of the species that the enviro…
can thrive only in a narrow range of environmental conditions…
is able to thrive in a wide variety of environmental conditio…
a limiting factor that depends on population size
Carrying capacity
is the maximum population size of the species that the enviro…
Specialist
can thrive only in a narrow range of environmental conditions…
38 terms
Biology 9th grade SDA
Meter abbreviation
Liter abbreviation
Gram abbreviation
Qualitative definition
m
L
g
Description, no numbers
Meter abbreviation
m
Liter abbreviation
L
14 terms
9th grade biology Water cycle
Precipitation
evaporation
condensation
transpiration
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
Gas to Liquid; gas gets colder and changes back to liquid , f…
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant gives of puri…
Precipitation
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's…
evaporation
The change of a liquid to a gas; the sun heats energy up and…
39 terms
Plants- 9th Grade Biology
Pedicel/Peduncle
Receptacle
Sepals
Calyx
supports the flower and connects to the stem
attaches other flower parts
enclose and protect flower bud before it blossoms
complete circle of petals
Pedicel/Peduncle
supports the flower and connects to the stem
Receptacle
attaches other flower parts
62 terms
Biochemistry Biology 9th grade
Compound
Common compounds in living things
Covalent bond
Polar molecules
Substance made of 2 or more different elements joined by chem…
Water and carbon dioxide
Forms when atoms SHARE a pair of electrons... *usually between 2…
Dissolve in water because the attraction between the water mo…
Compound
Substance made of 2 or more different elements joined by chem…
Common compounds in living things
Water and carbon dioxide
20 terms
Unit 5 9th Grade Biology
Sex-Linked Traits
Mono hybrid Cross
Di hybrid Cross
Punnet Square
Genes that are located on the sex chromosomes; usually the X…
An inherited trait influenced by three or more genes.
A gene combination in which an individual possesses two same…
A tool used to predict and compare the genetic variations tha…
Sex-Linked Traits
Genes that are located on the sex chromosomes; usually the X…
Mono hybrid Cross
An inherited trait influenced by three or more genes.
20 terms
9th Grade Biology: Chapter 1
Science
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Information obtained through the senses.
A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning
A proposed, scientifically testable explanation for an observ…
Science
An organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
Observation
Information obtained through the senses.
24 terms
9th Grade Biology 2.3 Life Substances
Carbon
single bond
double bond
triple bond
Graphite and Diamond are both made of ________________.
When atoms share 1 electron.
When atoms share 2 electrons.
When atoms share 3 electrons.
Carbon
Graphite and Diamond are both made of ________________.
single bond
When atoms share 1 electron.
15 terms
9th Grade Biology - chapter 17.3
What types of isolation lead to the fo…
What is the current hypothesis about G…
What is the relationship among reprodu…
What must be different about the repro…
new species can arise from behavioral isolation, geographic i…
according to this hypothesis, speciation in Galapagos finches…
Geographic isolation, behavioral isolation, and temporal isol…
they reproduce at different times of the day or year
What types of isolation lead to the fo…
new species can arise from behavioral isolation, geographic i…
What is the current hypothesis about G…
according to this hypothesis, speciation in Galapagos finches…
133 terms
Biochemistry Biology 9th grade
Atom
Element
Examples of elements
Compound
*The smallest basic unit of matter... millions could fit on this…
*pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substan…
hydrogen and oxygen(gasses) aluminum and gold (metals)
Substance made of 2 or more different elements joined by chem…
Atom
*The smallest basic unit of matter... millions could fit on this…
Element
*pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substan…
40 terms
Biology Genetics 9th grade
Chromosomes
Genes
DNA
Mitosis
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Sequence of DNA that codes for protein and thus determines a…
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of…
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
Chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Genes
Sequence of DNA that codes for protein and thus determines a…
32 terms
9th grade biology PRHS
heredity
genetics
monohybrid cross
P generation
Passing traits from parents to offspring.
scientific study of heredity
cross involving one pair of contrasting traits
parental generation
heredity
Passing traits from parents to offspring.
genetics
scientific study of heredity
28 terms
9th grade Biology : Chemistry
matter
atom
element
atoms have
anything that takes up space and volume
the smallest particle of an element
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into anything sim…
Nucleus and electrons
matter
anything that takes up space and volume
atom
the smallest particle of an element
19 terms
biology 9th grade
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Schleiden, Schwann, Virchous
cell theory
built microscope with 2-3 lenses. Studied bark and noticed li…
observed living cells, credidted with discovery of microbes
created the cell theory
states that (1) organisms are made of one or more cells; (2)…
Robert Hooke
built microscope with 2-3 lenses. Studied bark and noticed li…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
observed living cells, credidted with discovery of microbes
21 terms
9th grade biology (genetics)
Gregor Mendal
Heredity
Genetics
The Law of Segregation
carried out the first important studies on heredity.
passing on characteristics from parents to offspring
The branch of biology that studies heredity
A parent randomly passes on one allele for each trait to each…
Gregor Mendal
carried out the first important studies on heredity.
Heredity
passing on characteristics from parents to offspring
35 terms
9th Grade Biology
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
the 1st stage of cell division, the cell nucleus divides
the 2nd stage of cell division, the cytoplasm divides
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
the 1st stage of cell division, the cell nucleus divides
11 terms
9th grade biology vocabulary
habitat
niche
population
community
the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other…
an environment that has all the things that a particular plan…
all the inhabitants of a particular town, area, or country
a group of people living in the same place or having a partic…
habitat
the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other…
niche
an environment that has all the things that a particular plan…
20 terms
9th grade Biology Photosynthesis
chlorophyll is a green ______ that abs…
chlorophyll absorbs _____ and _____ wa…
_____________ is the main light absorb…
plants look green because chlorophyll…
pigment
BLUE and RED
chlorophyll
reflects
chlorophyll is a green ______ that abs…
pigment
chlorophyll absorbs _____ and _____ wa…
BLUE and RED
43 terms
9th Grade Biology Vocabulary
biology
organization
organ
tissue
the study of life
the high degree of order within an organism's internal and ex…
structures that carry out specialized jobs within an organ sy…
groups of cells that have similar abilities and that allow th…
biology
the study of life
organization
the high degree of order within an organism's internal and ex…
39 terms
9th Grade Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
electron
element
basic unit of matter
center of an atom, contains protons and neutrons
negatively charged subatomic particle located outside the nuc…
a form of matter that contains only one kind of atom
atom
basic unit of matter
nucleus
center of an atom, contains protons and neutrons
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