Study sets matching "9th grade biology"

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Study sets matching "9th grade biology"

Honors Biology-9th Grade
Biosphere
Species
Population
Community
The entire planet with all its organisms and and their physic…
A group of the same individuals
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
A group of different organisms that live together in a define…
Biosphere
The entire planet with all its organisms and and their physic…
Species
A group of the same individuals
Eminence 9th grade biology
observation
data
inference
generalazation
the action or process of observing something or someone caref…
facts and statistics collected together for reference or anal…
a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning.
a general statement or concept obtained by inference from spe…
observation
the action or process of observing something or someone caref…
data
facts and statistics collected together for reference or anal…
31 terms
9th grade Biology/ Marlowe/ Photosynthesis
a chemical compound cells use to store…
organisms that get food by consuming (…
organisms that use the energy in sunli…
the process that uses light energy to…
ATP ( adenosine triphosphate)
heterotrophs
autotrophs
photosynthesis
a chemical compound cells use to store…
ATP ( adenosine triphosphate)
organisms that get food by consuming (…
heterotrophs
9th Grade Biology
Protein
Lipid
Carbohydrate
Nucleic Acid
monomer:(amino acid) Used in chemical reactions to form bones…
monomer: (glycerol and fatty acid) Insoluble in water and sto…
monomer: (monosaccharide) Main source of energy and makes up…
monomer: (nucleotides)DNA- store hereditary information and R…
Protein
monomer:(amino acid) Used in chemical reactions to form bones…
Lipid
monomer: (glycerol and fatty acid) Insoluble in water and sto…
83 terms
9th Grade - Biology - Chapter 4
nucleus
nuclear envelope
pore complex
nuclear lamina
eukaryotic cells only - contains DNA and directs protein synt…
double membrane where inner and outer membranes are continuou…
protein complex that studs nuclear envelope to regulate passa…
gauze network of protein filaments on inside of nuclear envel…
nucleus
eukaryotic cells only - contains DNA and directs protein synt…
nuclear envelope
double membrane where inner and outer membranes are continuou…
86 terms
9th grade biology midterm
Transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
virus that infects bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosp…
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
57 terms
9th Grade Biology Midterm
Hypothesis
Theory
Two reliable sources:
Two unreliable sources:
A educated guess based on research
Proposed explanation for a wide range of observations but can…
A scientist, textbook
Wikipedia, friend
Hypothesis
A educated guess based on research
Theory
Proposed explanation for a wide range of observations but can…
Biology Midterm (9th Grade)
Chapter 1
Steps of Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Theory
(SEE BELOW)
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered fo…
Chapter 1
(SEE BELOW)
Steps of Scientific Method
Ask a Question... Do Background Research... Construct a Hypothesis…
60 terms
biology 9th grade Unit 1
2 types of scientific data
Biology, shared characteristics of life
Matter
atoms
1.Quantitative(numbers) 2. Qualitative(descriptive)
1. made of cells... 2.reproduction... 3. based on universal genetic…
An object has both mass and volume
basic unit of matter
2 types of scientific data
1.Quantitative(numbers) 2. Qualitative(descriptive)
Biology, shared characteristics of life
1. made of cells... 2.reproduction... 3. based on universal genetic…
31 terms
Chapter 2 Biology 9th Grade
ecology
biosphere
living factors (biotic factors)
nonliving factors (abiotic factors)
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
portion of the earth that supports life
organisms in water are biotic factors for land organisms
same geographic area same abiotic factors depend on for survi…
ecology
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
biosphere
portion of the earth that supports life
9th grade biology cells
cytoplasm
cell membrane
nucleus
vacuole
The watery substance in a cell. Other parts float in it
thin covering that holds the cell together
controls all other parts of the cell
an enclosed space in a cell that stores food molecules, water…
cytoplasm
The watery substance in a cell. Other parts float in it
cell membrane
thin covering that holds the cell together
44 terms
9th grade Biology Chapter 5
solution
solute
solvent
glycolipid
fluid (solvent) that contains a dissolved solid (solute)
substance that is dissolved in a solvent to form a solution
liquid portion of a solution that serves to dissolve a solute
a phospholipid with a sugar chain
solution
fluid (solvent) that contains a dissolved solid (solute)
solute
substance that is dissolved in a solvent to form a solution
35 terms
9th Grade Biology Chapter 1
• Science-
• Dependent Variable
• Independent Variable
• Bias
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
variable that responds to change
variable that is deliberately changed
particular preference or point of view that is personal, rath…
• Science-
organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the n…
• Dependent Variable
variable that responds to change
9th Grade Biology Finals
Conditions of early earth
Miller and Urey's experiment
Evolution
Darwins Theory
lots of water, little amount of organisms
An experiment that simulated conditions thought to be on the…
A change in a species over a long period of time
The well adapted and fit survive and reproduce while the weak…
Conditions of early earth
lots of water, little amount of organisms
Miller and Urey's experiment
An experiment that simulated conditions thought to be on the…
Ch 1 Biology-9th grade
science goals
data
quantitative
qualitative
investigating and understanding the natural world in an organ…
gathering information in 2 different ways
data expressed in numbers by counting and measuring
descriptive characteristics that usually can not be counted
science goals
investigating and understanding the natural world in an organ…
data
gathering information in 2 different ways
38 terms
Biology 9th grade SDA
Meter abbreviation
Liter abbreviation
Gram abbreviation
Qualitative definition
m
L
g
Description, no numbers
Meter abbreviation
m
Liter abbreviation
L
mitosis 9th grade biology
interphase
G1 phase
S phase
G2
It is the longest phase during which the cell grows and the c…
The first step in the interphase where the growth and develop…
S phase, also referred to as the synthesis phase is the secon…
The final step in interphase. The cell continues to grow and…
interphase
It is the longest phase during which the cell grows and the c…
G1 phase
The first step in the interphase where the growth and develop…
29 terms
9th Grade Biology Exam
aerobic respiration
respiration
enzymes
aerobic
6 O2 + C6H12O6 --> 6Co2 + 6H20 + energy
process by which energy is produced from food
proteins that act as catalysts-- chemical substance that spee…
oxygen needed for reaction
aerobic respiration
6 O2 + C6H12O6 --> 6Co2 + 6H20 + energy
respiration
process by which energy is produced from food
30 terms
Chapter 6 /9th grade Biology
Somatic cell
sex chromosome
sexual reproduction
sperm
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
chromosome that directly controls the development of sexual c…
process by which two gametes fuse and offspring that are a ge…
male gamete
Somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex chromosome
chromosome that directly controls the development of sexual c…
21 terms
Evolution 9th grade Biology
Species
Aquired Characteristics
Natural Selection
Offspring
organisms belonging to a group of organisms that having commo…
Characteristics that an offspring inherits from its parents.
a driving force in the evolution of a species that favors cha…
New organisms produced by a living thing, the product of the…
Species
organisms belonging to a group of organisms that having commo…
Aquired Characteristics
Characteristics that an offspring inherits from its parents.
45 terms
9th Grade Biology Final
Scientists collect and organize
Scientific thinking usually begins with
Information gathered from observation is
the whale has 4 scars on its dorsal fi…
data
observation
data
quantative
Scientists collect and organize
data
Scientific thinking usually begins with
observation
133 terms
Biochemistry Biology 9th grade
Atom
Element
Examples of elements
Compound
*The smallest basic unit of matter... millions could fit on this…
*pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substan…
hydrogen and oxygen(gasses) aluminum and gold (metals)
Substance made of 2 or more different elements joined by chem…
Atom
*The smallest basic unit of matter... millions could fit on this…
Element
*pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substan…
13 terms
9th grade Biology Populations
Carrying capacity
Specialist
Generalist
Density-dependent factor
is the maximum population size of the species that the enviro…
can thrive only in a narrow range of environmental conditions…
is able to thrive in a wide variety of environmental conditio…
a limiting factor that depends on population size
Carrying capacity
is the maximum population size of the species that the enviro…
Specialist
can thrive only in a narrow range of environmental conditions…
29 terms
9th Grade Biology - Evolution
divergent evolution
cross pollination
vegetative propagation
convergent evolution
the process by which a species evolves into two or more desce…
fertilization by transfer of pollen from the anthers of one f…
the ability of plants to reproduce without sexual reproductio…
process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve sim…
divergent evolution
the process by which a species evolves into two or more desce…
cross pollination
fertilization by transfer of pollen from the anthers of one f…
59 terms
9th grade biology DNA
Double Helix
nucleosome
DNA replication
nucleotide
two nucleotide chains wrapped around each other in a spiral
the basic structural unit of a chromatin in euk, consisting o…
process of producing 2 identical replicas of DNA from one ori…
the monomer of nucleic acids consisting of a five carbon suga…
Double Helix
two nucleotide chains wrapped around each other in a spiral
nucleosome
the basic structural unit of a chromatin in euk, consisting o…
Biology 9th Grade: Cell Vocabulary
cell wall
cell membrane
vacuole
Nucleus
cell wall
cell membrane
46 terms
EOCT for biology 9th grade
scientific method
all the variables
groups and constants
Hierarchy/ Life's levels of organization
1. State a problem (Question)... 2. Suggest an answer (hypothesi…
- Independent variable: what you change ... -Dependent variable:…
- control group: doesn't receive the independent variable ... -…
largest to smallest ... a.Ecosystem ... b.Community ... c.Population…
scientific method
1. State a problem (Question)... 2. Suggest an answer (hypothesi…
all the variables
- Independent variable: what you change ... -Dependent variable:…
44 terms
Biology 9th Grade chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
Anything that occupies space and has mass
The quantity of matter or object
Substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
Simplest particle of an element that retains all the properti…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass
The quantity of matter or object
62 terms
Biochemistry Biology 9th grade
Compound
Common compounds in living things
Covalent bond
Polar molecules
Substance made of 2 or more different elements joined by chem…
Water and carbon dioxide
Forms when atoms SHARE a pair of electrons... *usually between 2…
Dissolve in water because the attraction between the water mo…
Compound
Substance made of 2 or more different elements joined by chem…
Common compounds in living things
Water and carbon dioxide
9th grade biology-ecology
ecology
organization of cell growth
the study of ecology involves
biotic
the study of interactions between organisms and their enviorn…
cell-tissue-organ-organ system-population-community-ecosystem…
species and communities
living
ecology
the study of interactions between organisms and their enviorn…
organization of cell growth
cell-tissue-organ-organ system-population-community-ecosystem…
17 terms
9th Grade Honors Biology
Nucleus
Suspension
Mixture
Adhesion
The Center of atoms that has both protons and neutrons
Mixture of water and non-dissolved materials.
Material composed of 2 or more elements or compounds that are…
Attraction of molecules of different substances.
Nucleus
The Center of atoms that has both protons and neutrons
Suspension
Mixture of water and non-dissolved materials.
111 terms
Biology Semester 1 Final Review (9th Grade)
Activation Energy
Catalysts
Chemical Reaction
Covalent Bond
energy needed to start a chemical reaction by an enzyme
enzyme (protein) that speeds up the rate of a chemical reacti…
process that changes one set of chemicals into another
formed when electrons travel around nuclei of both atoms
Activation Energy
energy needed to start a chemical reaction by an enzyme
Catalysts
enzyme (protein) that speeds up the rate of a chemical reacti…
44 terms
Honors Biology (9th grade)
Independent variable
Dependent variable
control group
quantitative data
variable that is deliberately changed
variable that is observed/ measured and changes depending on…
same treatment as experimental group except one variable
obtained by counting/measuring
Independent variable
variable that is deliberately changed
Dependent variable
variable that is observed/ measured and changes depending on…
Biology Genetics 9th grade
Chromosomes
Genes
DNA
Mitosis
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Sequence of DNA that codes for protein and thus determines a…
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of…
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
Chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Genes
Sequence of DNA that codes for protein and thus determines a…
9th grade Biology : Chemistry
matter
atom
element
atoms have
anything that takes up space and volume
the smallest particle of an element
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into anything sim…
Nucleus and electrons
matter
anything that takes up space and volume
atom
the smallest particle of an element
21 terms
9th grade biology (genetics)
Gregor Mendal
Heredity
Genetics
The Law of Segregation
carried out the first important studies on heredity.
passing on characteristics from parents to offspring
The branch of biology that studies heredity
A parent randomly passes on one allele for each trait to each…
Gregor Mendal
carried out the first important studies on heredity.
Heredity
passing on characteristics from parents to offspring
88 terms
9th Grade Biology Exam
He noticed that organisms were fit (su…
The different groups of finches had di…
Past geological events must be explain…
James Hutton and Charles Lyell
What did Darwin notice about organisms and their environment?
What did Darwin notice specifically about the finches?
What did Charles Lyell emphasize?
What scientists emphasized geological changes in his studies?
He noticed that organisms were fit (su…
What did Darwin notice about organisms and their environment?
The different groups of finches had di…
What did Darwin notice specifically about the finches?
35 terms
9th Grade Biology
cell division
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
the 1st stage of cell division, the cell nucleus divides
the 2nd stage of cell division, the cytoplasm divides
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
cell division
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
mitosis
the 1st stage of cell division, the cell nucleus divides
32 terms
9th grade biology PRHS
heredity
genetics
monohybrid cross
P generation
Passing traits from parents to offspring.
scientific study of heredity
cross involving one pair of contrasting traits
parental generation
heredity
Passing traits from parents to offspring.
genetics
scientific study of heredity
7 terms
9th grade Biology terms
organism
population
biological community
Ecosytem
individual living thing
two or more organisms living in an area of the same species
a group of two or more living organisms living in the same ar…
Biotic and Abiotic factors in the same area
organism
individual living thing
population
two or more organisms living in an area of the same species
Biology Genetics 9th grade
Chromosomes
Genes
DNA
Mitosis
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Sequence of DNA that codes for protein and thus determines a…
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of…
Part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell's nucl…
Chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
Genes
Sequence of DNA that codes for protein and thus determines a…
102 terms
(copied) Biology MCAS 9th Grade
CLASSIFICATION
KINGDOM
PHYLUM
CLASS
Based on DNA and Anatomy differences organisms are grouped in…
1st taxonomic group. Are divided into smaller groups called p…
2nd taxonomic group. Division of living organisms that contai…
3rd taxonomic group. Organisms that contain general common tr…
CLASSIFICATION
Based on DNA and Anatomy differences organisms are grouped in…
KINGDOM
1st taxonomic group. Are divided into smaller groups called p…
27 terms
9th Grade Biology Midterm
inheritance
gene
allele
homozygous gene
how genes and traits are passed down from generation to gener…
a segment of DNA that codes for a trait
a variation of a gene (can be dominant or recessive) 2 allele…
gene made up of the same alleles (AA or aa)
inheritance
how genes and traits are passed down from generation to gener…
gene
a segment of DNA that codes for a trait
9th Grade Biology Unit 1
The work of scientists usually begins…
Information gathered by observations
"I think bread will mold faster if I a…
A hypothesis comes from
careful observations
data
hypothesis
prior knowledge, logical inferences, informed, creative imagi…
The work of scientists usually begins…
careful observations
Information gathered by observations
data
39 terms
Plants- 9th Grade Biology
Pedicel/Peduncle
Receptacle
Sepals
Calyx
supports the flower and connects to the stem
attaches other flower parts
enclose and protect flower bud before it blossoms
complete circle of petals
Pedicel/Peduncle
supports the flower and connects to the stem
Receptacle
attaches other flower parts
30 terms
9th Grade Biology - Evolution
convergent evolution
spontaneous generation
vestigal structures
analogous structures
process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve sim…
hypothesis (disproven) stating that life could arise from non…
a structure or organ that through the course of evolution has…
various structures in different species having the same appea…
convergent evolution
process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve sim…
spontaneous generation
hypothesis (disproven) stating that life could arise from non…
26 terms
9th Grade Biology-Classification
cladogram
physical traits
pedigree
derived traits
diagram that shows the evolutionary relationships among a gro…
The observable characteristics or features of an organism exc…
chart that shows the relationships within a family
traits that have changed from an ancestral state
cladogram
diagram that shows the evolutionary relationships among a gro…
physical traits
The observable characteristics or features of an organism exc…
21 terms
Evolution 9th grade Biology
Species
Aquired Characteristics
Natural Selection
Offspring
organisms belonging to a group of organisms that having commo…
Characteristics that an offspring inherits from its parents.
a driving force in the evolution of a species that favors cha…
New organisms produced by a living thing, the product of the…
Species
organisms belonging to a group of organisms that having commo…
Aquired Characteristics
Characteristics that an offspring inherits from its parents.
47 terms
9th Grade Biology Chapter 8
The building blocks of nucleic acids a…
The acronym DNA stands for
DNA makes up chromosomes, which are lo…
Small sections of a DNA molecule that…
nucleotides
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleus
genes
The building blocks of nucleic acids a…
nucleotides
The acronym DNA stands for
deoxyribonucleic acid
66 terms
9th grade biology unit test 1
enzymes
function of a protien
protien synthesis
amino acids
example o a protien that is used to carry out chemical reacti…
build and repair muscle and tissue, help carry out actions
the process that starts with nucleic acids and makes protiens
subunits of protiens
enzymes
example o a protien that is used to carry out chemical reacti…
function of a protien
build and repair muscle and tissue, help carry out actions
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