Study sets matching "a&p 2 ch. 22"

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Study sets matching "a&p 2 ch. 22"

77 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
The Lymphatic System, Consists of
Functions of Lymphatic System, What it…
Lymphatic Vessels From smallest to lar…
lymph define
called lymph, lymphatic vessels, structures containing lympho…
Collects/drains excess interstitial fluid and returns it to t…
Lymphatic capillaries... Lymphatic vessels... Lymphatic trunks... Lymp…
fluid that flows in the lymphatic system into the bloodstream.
The Lymphatic System, Consists of
called lymph, lymphatic vessels, structures containing lympho…
Functions of Lymphatic System, What it…
Collects/drains excess interstitial fluid and returns it to t…
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Respiratory system function:
Pulmonary ventilation
External respiration
Transport
to supply O2, remove Co2.
(breathing)... -air is moved into and out of lungs so the gases…
O2 diffuses from lungs to the blood, and Co2 diffuses from bl…
O2 transported from lungs to tissue, and Co2 is transported f…
Respiratory system function:
to supply O2, remove Co2.
Pulmonary ventilation
(breathing)... -air is moved into and out of lungs so the gases…
46 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 22
What are functions of the Lymphatic sy…
What is Lymph and how is it made?
Where do Lymphatic vessels begin?
Lymph vessels become larger as they re…
Drain interstitial fluid... Transport dietary lipids from the GI…
blood plasma passes through capillaries and forms interstitia…
lymphatic capillaries located in spaces between cells. They a…
lymph... heart
What are functions of the Lymphatic sy…
Drain interstitial fluid... Transport dietary lipids from the GI…
What is Lymph and how is it made?
blood plasma passes through capillaries and forms interstitia…
55 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22: Respiratory System
Inspiration
Expiration
Upper respiratory tract
Conducting zone
Active process that requires diaphragm and intercostal muscles
Passive process that relies on relaxation of lungs and chest
Area from the nose to the larynx
Area from Nasal Cavity to Terminal Bronchioles
Inspiration
Active process that requires diaphragm and intercostal muscles
Expiration
Passive process that relies on relaxation of lungs and chest
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
21 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Flow through the lymphatic system
Divisions of the immune system: 3 Non-…
Divisions of the immune system: 2 spec…
Overview of the immune response
• Lymphatic capillaries → small lymphatic vessels → major lym…
anatomical, mechanical, chemical
cell-mediated, antibody-mediated
• Antigen → specific defenses → T cell activation → phagocyti…
Flow through the lymphatic system
• Lymphatic capillaries → small lymphatic vessels → major lym…
Divisions of the immune system: 3 Non-…
anatomical, mechanical, chemical
59 terms
Respiratory System chapter 22 a&p 2
organs of the respiratory system
visceral pleural membrane is located w…
parietal pleural membrane is located w…
where is the pleural space (cavity)?
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
lungs
wall of the pleural cavity
between the visceral and parietal pleural membrane
organs of the respiratory system
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
visceral pleural membrane is located w…
lungs
28 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Function of Lymphatic System
Lymph
Lymph Capillaries
Lymph Vessels
Produce, maintain and distribute lymphocytes to provide defen…
Interstitial fluid
Small vessels collect lymph
Vessels that gather lymph from lymph capillaries ... Have valves…
Function of Lymphatic System
Produce, maintain and distribute lymphocytes to provide defen…
Lymph
Interstitial fluid
93 terms
Chapter 22 A&P 2
Disease producing microbes (bacteria v…
Body's response to specific antigens c…
Foreign proteins that invoke an immune…
What function of the Lymph System elim…
Pathogens
Immunity
antigens
Drain excess interstitial fluid
Disease producing microbes (bacteria v…
Pathogens
Body's response to specific antigens c…
Immunity
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
80 terms
chapter 22 A & P 2
list the function of the nose:
nasal septum
vibrissae
concha
1.Provides an airway for respiration... 2.Moistens and warms ent…
the midline that divides the nasal cavities from left and rig…
(nose hair) filter and cleans inspired air
3 scroll-like mucosa-covered projections protruding medially…
list the function of the nose:
1.Provides an airway for respiration... 2.Moistens and warms ent…
nasal septum
the midline that divides the nasal cavities from left and rig…
84 terms
chapter 22 A & P 2
function of the nose
nasal septum
vibrissae
concha
1.Provides an airway for respiration... 2.Moistens and warms ent…
the midline that divides the nasal cavities from left and rig…
(nose hair) filter and cleans inspired air
3 scroll-like mucosa-covered projections protruding medially…
function of the nose
1.Provides an airway for respiration... 2.Moistens and warms ent…
nasal septum
the midline that divides the nasal cavities from left and rig…
122 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
Diaphragm
External Intercostal Muscles
Scalenes
3 main respiratory muscles
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
synergist to diaphragm, quiet respiration holds ribs 1 and 2…
diaphragm, external intercostal muscles and scalenes
Diaphragm
Prime mover of respiration... Contraction allows air to move int…
External Intercostal Muscles
synergist to diaphragm, between ribs
A&P 2 chapter 22
pathogens
Immunity
Immune system
T cells
disease-causing organisms
the ability to resist infection and disease through the activ…
involved with the production of immunity; physiological syste…
(thymus-dependent) 80% of circulating lymphocytes
pathogens
disease-causing organisms
Immunity
the ability to resist infection and disease through the activ…
5 terms
A&P Chapter 22 #2
Dalton's Law of Partial Presssure
Partial Pressure
Henry's Law
Ventilation
Total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases = the sum of the…
pressure exerted by each gas; directly proportional to percen…
When a gas is in contact with a liquid, the gas will dissolve…
amount of air reaching the alveoli
Dalton's Law of Partial Presssure
Total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases = the sum of the…
Partial Pressure
pressure exerted by each gas; directly proportional to percen…
158 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 22
2 types of immunity
lymphatic system
lymph
lymphatic tissue
1) innate or nonspecific immunity... -no specific recognition of…
consists of lymph, lymphatic vessels that transport the lymph…
interstitial fluid once it passes into lymphatic vessels... majo…
a specialized form of reticular connective tissue that contai…
2 types of immunity
1) innate or nonspecific immunity... -no specific recognition of…
lymphatic system
consists of lymph, lymphatic vessels that transport the lymph…
A&P 2 Chapter 22
nasal cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
heat, humidify, filter, enhance air
"throat"
voicebox, sound production
the windpipe
nasal cavity
heat, humidify, filter, enhance air
pharynx
"throat"
233 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22
What the right lymphatic duct drains
What the thoracic duct drains
Primary lymphoid organs
Secondary lymphoid organs
Right brachomediastinal trunk... Into the right subclavian vein…
Left lumbar trunk... Left jugular trunk... Intestinal trunk... Right l…
Thymus... Red bone marrow... Sites where lymphocytes are formed and…
Tonsils... Spleen... Appendix... Lymph nodes
What the right lymphatic duct drains
Right brachomediastinal trunk... Into the right subclavian vein…
What the thoracic duct drains
Left lumbar trunk... Left jugular trunk... Intestinal trunk... Right l…
77 terms
A&P 2 chapter 22
nasal septum
vibrissae
concha
paranasal tissue
the midline that divides the nasal cavities
nose hairs
3 scroll-like mucosa-covered projections protruding medially…
in ring format; located in frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, maxill…
nasal septum
the midline that divides the nasal cavities
vibrissae
nose hairs
A&P Chapter 22.2
Pharynx
3 Divisions of pharynx:
Of the 3 divisions of the pharynx, whi…
Oropharnyx and Laryngopharynx are line…
Sits posterior to nasal and oral cavities
1. Nasopharynx... 2. Oropharynx... 3. Laryngopharynx
1. Oropharynx... 2. Laryngopharynx
Stratified squamous epithelium to protect them from abrasion…
Pharynx
Sits posterior to nasal and oral cavities
3 Divisions of pharynx:
1. Nasopharynx... 2. Oropharynx... 3. Laryngopharynx
Chapter 22 A&P 2
Mucous membranes of the nasal passages…
The right lung has:
Internal respiration occurs:
The vocal folds are found in the:
Pseudo stratified Ciliated Columnar
2 fissures and 3 lobes
Between systemic capillaries and tissue cells
Larynx
Mucous membranes of the nasal passages…
Pseudo stratified Ciliated Columnar
The right lung has:
2 fissures and 3 lobes
Chapter 22 A&P2
*"Breathing"... *Movement of air in and o…
The diffusion of gases between the alv…
Exchange of blood gases and the inters…
*Aerobic Respiration... *when oxygen is a…
Pulmonary Ventilation
External respiration
Internal respiration
Cellular respiration
*"Breathing"... *Movement of air in and o…
Pulmonary Ventilation
The diffusion of gases between the alv…
External respiration
19 terms
Chapter 22 A&P 2
Nose
Paranasal
Nasal cavity
Trachae
Provides an airway for respiration, filters and cleans air, s…
Produces mucus that flows into the nasal cavity and by nose b…
nasal cavity is a hollow space within the nose and skull that…
Windpipe that provides air flow to and from the lungs for res…
Nose
Provides an airway for respiration, filters and cleans air, s…
Paranasal
Produces mucus that flows into the nasal cavity and by nose b…
112 terms
Chapter 20 & 22 A&P2
Location of the Heart
The heart pumps blood through
Membrane that surrounds and protects t…
outer layer is the fibrous pericardium…
Between lungs in the mediastinum - about two thirds of the le…
60,000 miles of blood vessels
Pericardium
parietal layer
Location of the Heart
Between lungs in the mediastinum - about two thirds of the le…
The heart pumps blood through
60,000 miles of blood vessels
83 terms
Chapter 22 A&P2
Why do we need a respiratory system?
List the major functions of the respir…
Describe the mechanism by which we ven…
describe the mechanism by which we exc…
To move air, involved in the sense of smells and voice produc…
1. survey, warm, moisten, filter inspired air ... 2. supply the…
changes in lung size produce changes in pressure. Air flows d…
simple diffusion
Why do we need a respiratory system?
To move air, involved in the sense of smells and voice produc…
List the major functions of the respir…
1. survey, warm, moisten, filter inspired air ... 2. supply the…
A&P2 Chapter 22
1) The main site of gas exchange is th…
2) The loudness of a person's voice de…
3) The walls of the alveoli are compos…
4) Complete the following statement us…
C) alveoli
B) force with which air rushes across the vocal folds
D) secrete surfactant
D) greater than the pressure in the atmosphere
1) The main site of gas exchange is th…
C) alveoli
2) The loudness of a person's voice de…
B) force with which air rushes across the vocal folds
18 terms
A and P 2 chapter 22 Reproductive Systems
Gonads
Gametes
Semen
Meiosis
Organs that produce sex cells (gametes). Male = testes, femal…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Fluid containing sperm and secretions from three sets of glands
A form of cell division happening in sexually reproducing org…
Gonads
Organs that produce sex cells (gametes). Male = testes, femal…
Gametes
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
63 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 22: Lymphatic
What is the fluid carried around in th…
Lymph vessels contain __________ that…
Right lymphatic duct dumps into the __…
Thoracic duct dumps dumps into the ___…
Lymph
valves
right subclavian vein
left subclavian vein
What is the fluid carried around in th…
Lymph
Lymph vessels contain __________ that…
valves
Chapter 22 A&P 2
Seminiferous tubules
Testes
Tunica Albuginea
Prostate
Inside, where sperm is made
Male gonads
Tough, fibrous capsule enclosing
Encircles urethra next to bladder, secretes nutrient rich flu…
Seminiferous tubules
Inside, where sperm is made
Testes
Male gonads
A&P 2 chapter 22
Immunity
Components of immune system
What happens without immune system?
Primary locations of immune cells (5)
Ability to resist disease
Cellular and molecular structures throughout the body
SCIDS and death
1. Leukocytes in blood... 2. Lymphatic tissue... 3. Select organs (…
Immunity
Ability to resist disease
Components of immune system
Cellular and molecular structures throughout the body
Chapter 22 A&P 2
Lymph
Lymphatic vessels
Lymphocytes
Diffuse Lymphatic tissue
water plus solutes from plasma and cells
carry lymph away from tissues
white blood cells derived from bone marrow, but may mature an…
dispersed lymphocytes, macrophages; blends with other tissues
Lymph
water plus solutes from plasma and cells
Lymphatic vessels
carry lymph away from tissues
A&P Chapter 22.2
Partial pressure
alveolar gas exchange
Factors that change Oxygen dissociatio…
BPG (bisphophoglycerate)
separate contribution of each gas
movement of gases across the respiratory membrane, depends on…
temp (increase in temp shift curve to the right)
metabolic intermediate of anaerobic glycosis, binds to Hgb an…
Partial pressure
separate contribution of each gas
alveolar gas exchange
movement of gases across the respiratory membrane, depends on…
56 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 21 and 22 Vocabulary
Lymph
Lymphatic capillaries
Minivalves
T cells
interstitial fluid once it has entered lymphatic vessels
are blind-ended capillaries which carry lymph in one direction
allow fluid to enter
are processed in the thymus
Lymph
interstitial fluid once it has entered lymphatic vessels
Lymphatic capillaries
are blind-ended capillaries which carry lymph in one direction
Chapter 21 & 22 Exam A&P2
when environmental temperature rises
cornea and bone
right side of the head and neck and ri…
increase
blood flows to the skin increases when:
2 structures that are totally without blood supply
a thrombus in the first branch of the arch of the aorta would…
renin, released by the kidneys, causes what in blood pressure?
when environmental temperature rises
blood flows to the skin increases when:
cornea and bone
2 structures that are totally without blood supply
65 terms
A&P2 Chapter 22 Part 2
functions of the lymphatic system
functions of the lymphatic system
functions of the lymphatic system
lymphatic vessels (lymphatics) -
production, maintenance, and distribution of lymphocytes -... ly…
return of fluid and solutes from peripheral tissues to the bl…
distribution of hormones, nutrients, and waste products from…
carry lymph from peripheral tissues to the venous system
functions of the lymphatic system
production, maintenance, and distribution of lymphocytes -... ly…
functions of the lymphatic system
return of fluid and solutes from peripheral tissues to the bl…
23 terms
Chapter 22 - A&P 2
breathing (pulmonary ventilation)
respiratory cycle
quiet respiration
forced respiration
consists of a repetitive cycle... one of inspiration... one of expe…
one inspiration and expiration
while at rest, effortless
rapid, during exercise
breathing (pulmonary ventilation)
consists of a repetitive cycle... one of inspiration... one of expe…
respiratory cycle
one inspiration and expiration
98 terms
Chapter 22 A&P 2
What are the 3 functions of the lympha…
What does "drains excess interstitial…
What does "transports dietary lipids"…
Without this function, the maintenance…
1. fluid balance ... 2. fat absorption ... 3. carrying out immune r…
fluid balance
fat absorption
fluid balance
What are the 3 functions of the lympha…
1. fluid balance ... 2. fat absorption ... 3. carrying out immune r…
What does "drains excess interstitial…
fluid balance
34 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 21&22
order of blood vessels:
what do veins do?
muscular arteries are also called
elastic arteries are also called
arteries > arterioles > capillaries > venules > veins
carry deoxygenated blood to the heart
distributing arteries
conducting arteries
order of blood vessels:
arteries > arterioles > capillaries > venules > veins
what do veins do?
carry deoxygenated blood to the heart
20 terms
Chapter 21 & 22 A&P2 Part 2
Sinoatrial Node (SA Node)
Purkinje Fibers
ECG (Electrocardiogram)
P-wave
the hearts pacemaker; where the impulse conduction of the hea…
conductive cardiac muscle fibers located in the walls of the…
graphic record of the heart's action potentials
electrocardiogram deflection that represents depolarization o…
Sinoatrial Node (SA Node)
the hearts pacemaker; where the impulse conduction of the hea…
Purkinje Fibers
conductive cardiac muscle fibers located in the walls of the…
A&P 2 Chapter 22 Notes/Powerpoints
What are the two kinds of immunity?
What is innate immunity?
What is adaptive immunity?
Distinguish between the first, second,…
-Innate... -Adaptive
Immunity that is present at birth and includes non-specific d…
Immunity that is not present at birth and involves activation…
-First: Present in innate immunity and includes skin, mucus m…
What are the two kinds of immunity?
-Innate... -Adaptive
What is innate immunity?
Immunity that is present at birth and includes non-specific d…
50 terms
Chapter 22 learning outcomes A&P2
functions of the respiratory system
upper structures
lower structures
conducting zone
-ventilation... -gas exchange... -cellular respiration... -sense of sm…
-nose... -pharynx... -larynx
-trachea... -bronchi... -lungs
-structures that filter, warm, and moisten air; conduct air i…
functions of the respiratory system
-ventilation... -gas exchange... -cellular respiration... -sense of sm…
upper structures
-nose... -pharynx... -larynx
A&P Chapter 22
During the first meiotic division
Meiosis is necessary because
Identify the correct sequence for the…
Synapsis occurs during
homologous chromosome pairs separate
Otherwise the fertilized ovum will have too much genetic mate…
Prophase I- metaphase I- anaphase I- telophase I
prophase I
During the first meiotic division
homologous chromosome pairs separate
Meiosis is necessary because
Otherwise the fertilized ovum will have too much genetic mate…
49 terms
A&P2 Chapter 22 Part 1
pathogen,
immunity
immune system,
T cell is thymus dependent... B cell is…
disease-causing organisms.
the ability to resist infection and disease through the activ…
involved with the production of immunity; physiological syste…
Match the following... T cells... B cells... either Bone-derived or…
pathogen,
disease-causing organisms.
immunity
the ability to resist infection and disease through the activ…
54 terms
Ch. 22 A&P2
Which of the following is not a functi…
The upper respiratory tract extends:... a…
The nose is divided into right and lef…
Which two ligaments extends from the t…
it assists in the synthesis of vasodilators
from the nose through the larynx
nasal fossae
vestibular and vocal ligaments
Which of the following is not a functi…
it assists in the synthesis of vasodilators
The upper respiratory tract extends:... a…
from the nose through the larynx
50 terms
A&P Chapter 22
Acute mountain sickness (AMS)
Alveolar dead space
Alveolus
Apex
condition that occurs a result of acute exposure to high alti…
air space within alveoli that are unable to participate in ga…
small, grape-like sac that performs gas exchange in the lungs
tip of the external nose
Acute mountain sickness (AMS)
condition that occurs a result of acute exposure to high alti…
Alveolar dead space
air space within alveoli that are unable to participate in ga…
20 terms
Chapter 21 & 22 A&P2 Part 1
Atria
Ventricles
Interventricular Septum
Epicarium
(Lt. and Rt.) upper chambers of the heart
(Lt. and Rt.) lower chambers of the heart
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart fro…
the inner layer of the pericardium that covers the surface of…
Atria
(Lt. and Rt.) upper chambers of the heart
Ventricles
(Lt. and Rt.) lower chambers of the heart
20 terms
Chapter 21 & 22 A&P2 Part 3
Cardiomyopathy
Hemorrhoids
Hypertension (HTN)
Arteriosclerosis
general term for disease of the myocardium (heart muscle) cau…
varicose vein in the rectum; also called piles
abnormally high blood pressure
hardening of arteries; materials such as lipids (as in athero…
Cardiomyopathy
general term for disease of the myocardium (heart muscle) cau…
Hemorrhoids
varicose vein in the rectum; also called piles
20 terms
Chapter 21 & 22 A&P2 Part 4
Foramen Ovale and Ductus Arteriosus
Systemic and Pulmonary Circulation
Coronary Circulation
Angiogenesis
in the developing fetus, opening that shunts blood from the r…
blood flow from the left ventricle to all parts of the body a…
is the circulation of blood in the blood vessels of the heart…
physiological process in which new blood vessels are formed
Foramen Ovale and Ductus Arteriosus
in the developing fetus, opening that shunts blood from the r…
Systemic and Pulmonary Circulation
blood flow from the left ventricle to all parts of the body a…
53 terms
A&P2 Chapter 22 Immunity
Lacteals
Lymphatic system
Right Lymphatic duct
Thoracic Duct
in villa of small intestine absorb dietary lipids that are no…
To produce, maintain, and distribute lymphocytes
receives lymph from right arm, right side of head and thorax…
larger and longer, begins as a prominent sac in abdomen calle…
Lacteals
in villa of small intestine absorb dietary lipids that are no…
Lymphatic system
To produce, maintain, and distribute lymphocytes
A&P Chapter 22
Germ cells
Spermatoza
Ova
Meiosis, cell division reduces what
gomates.
male gomate.
female gomate.
chromosomes from 46 to 23.
Germ cells
gomates.
Spermatoza
male gomate.
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