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Study sets matching "a&p 2 chapter 19"

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Study sets matching "a&p 2 chapter 19"

53 terms
Chapter 19 A&P 2 Review
Tunica Intima
Tunica Media
Tunica Externa
Elastic artery... (3 groups of arteries)
Innermost layer (deepest) of blood vessel wall... -Made of Edndo…
Middle layer of bood vessel wall... -Made of smooth muscle and s…
Outermost layer (most superficial) of blood vessel wall... -most…
Elastic artery= Thick-walled, low resistance... -also called con…
Tunica Intima
Innermost layer (deepest) of blood vessel wall... -Made of Edndo…
Tunica Media
Middle layer of bood vessel wall... -Made of smooth muscle and s…
Chapter 19 A&P 2
What blood transports
Functions of Blood
Characteristics of blood
Erythrocytes
Oxygen from lungs to tissues... waste from tissues to kidneys... nu…
Immunity... Thermoregulation... Clotting ... Buffering system
More viscous than water... Slightly Alkaline... 4-5 Liters in femal…
Red Blood Cells... Hemoglobin packages
What blood transports
Oxygen from lungs to tissues... waste from tissues to kidneys... nu…
Functions of Blood
Immunity... Thermoregulation... Clotting ... Buffering system
38 terms
A and P 2 chapter 19
Identify the three layers of a typical…
describe the layers of artery and vein
compare / contrast an artery vein capi…
describe how blood flows in arteries,…
lumina 1. tunica interna intima 2. tunica media 3. tunica ext…
1.)tunica interna-thin layer facing lumina, epithealeal simpl…
1.)capillaries only have the first layer tunica intima or int…
heart (aorta)arteries high pressure vessel to arterioles to c…
Identify the three layers of a typical…
lumina 1. tunica interna intima 2. tunica media 3. tunica ext…
describe the layers of artery and vein
1.)tunica interna-thin layer facing lumina, epithealeal simpl…
44 terms
A&P2 Chapter 19 - Heart
Base
Apex
Epicardium
Myocardium
The posterosuperior surface of the heart
The inferior, conical end of the heart
Outer layer of heart wall
Layer of the heart wall composed of cardiac muscle
Base
The posterosuperior surface of the heart
Apex
The inferior, conical end of the heart
157 terms
Blood: Chapter 19 A&P2
The Heart (pump)+The Blood (fluid medi…
#1 function of blood
#2 function of blood
#3 function of blood
The cardiovascular system is made up of these three things
transport oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, hormones, heat,…
regulate body acidity, temperature, and water content
protect against disease by white blood cells and antibodies
The Heart (pump)+The Blood (fluid medi…
The cardiovascular system is made up of these three things
#1 function of blood
transport oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, hormones, heat,…
66 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 19
What is blood?
What is the normal temperature of bloo…
What is the normal range for blood pH?
What is normal blood viscosity?
a connective tissue that has a liquid matrix known as plasma…
38C or 100.4 F core, 37C or 98.6 F peripheral
7.35 to 7.45
4.5 to 5.5
What is blood?
a connective tissue that has a liquid matrix known as plasma…
What is the normal temperature of bloo…
38C or 100.4 F core, 37C or 98.6 F peripheral
20 terms
A&P 2 - Chapter 19
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
base of heart
apex of heart
right side of heart
left side of heart
broad, superior portion of heart
inferior end, tilts to left, tapers to point
pulmonary circuit
right side of heart
systemic circuit
left side of heart
34 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
Identify the step in the homeostatic r…
Any condition in which blood vessels a…
When would the capillary beds surround…
Match the following term to the correc…
Impulses from baroreceptors stimulate cardioinhibitory center…
circulatory shock
When digesting a meal
Hormonal control of blood flow
Identify the step in the homeostatic r…
Impulses from baroreceptors stimulate cardioinhibitory center…
Any condition in which blood vessels a…
circulatory shock
23 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
cardiovascular system
perfusion
ventricular balance
fibrous pericardium
circulation of blood with use of heart and blood vessels; pur…
when blood sent to tissue or delivery of blood/time/gram of t…
equal amounts of blood pumped by both ventricles through circ…
outer portion of sac that is tough, dense irregular connectiv…
cardiovascular system
circulation of blood with use of heart and blood vessels; pur…
perfusion
when blood sent to tissue or delivery of blood/time/gram of t…
51 terms
A&P Chapter19
Cardiovascular system
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic circuit
Pericardium
heart and blood vessels pump blood through two primary circuits
takes blood to lungs and oxygenizes it
takes oxygenated blood and pumps it to the body and back to t…
double-walled sac around the wall. Pericardial sac surrounds…
Cardiovascular system
heart and blood vessels pump blood through two primary circuits
Pulmonary circuit
takes blood to lungs and oxygenizes it
20 terms
Chapter 19 A&P 2
Respiration
Respiration: Ventilation
Respiration: External respiratrion
Respiration: internal respiration
The entire process of exchanging gases between the atmosphere…
The movement of air in and out of the lungs commonly called b…
exchange of gases between the air in the lungs and the blood
exchanges of gases between the blood and the body cells
Respiration
The entire process of exchanging gases between the atmosphere…
Respiration: Ventilation
The movement of air in and out of the lungs commonly called b…
22 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
Circulatory System
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
-heart, blood vessels and blood
-heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries: 2 major divisions
-carries blood to lungs for gas exchange
-supplies blood to all organs of the body
Circulatory System
-heart, blood vessels and blood
Cardiovascular System
-heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries: 2 major divisions
17 terms
A and P 2 chapter 19 Respiratory System
Nasal conchae
Nasal meatuses
Glottis
Respiratory membrane
specifically, the three of these (inferior, superior, and mid…
passageways formed by the conchaea. Increases surface area of…
opening between the vocal cords in the larynx
Space between alveolar wall to capillary wall. Alveolar wall,…
Nasal conchae
specifically, the three of these (inferior, superior, and mid…
Nasal meatuses
passageways formed by the conchaea. Increases surface area of…
64 terms
A&P 2 chapter 19
Tunica intima
Tunica media
Tunica externa
Arteries
Lining lumen of the vessel
Circularly arranged smooth muscle and sheets of elastic fibers
Supports vessel and attaches it to surrounding tissue
carry blood away from the heart
Tunica intima
Lining lumen of the vessel
Tunica media
Circularly arranged smooth muscle and sheets of elastic fibers
85 terms
(A&P 2) Chapter 19 Blood Vessels
terminal arteriole
precapillary sphincters
metarteriole
thoroughfare channel
#1
#2
#3
#4
terminal arteriole
#1
precapillary sphincters
#2
24 terms
A&P2 chapter 19
Renal artery
Common hepatic artery
Aorta
Capillaries
Blood to kidneys
Blood to stomach
Largest artery from heart
Oxygen and carbon dioxide nutrient exchange
Renal artery
Blood to kidneys
Common hepatic artery
Blood to stomach
92 terms
A&P 2 - Chapter 19 Continued
Phases of the Cardiac Cycle
How long does it take to complete the…
Ventricular filling
Stages of ventricular filling
Ventricular filling (during diastole)... Isovolumetric contract…
less than one second
Ventricles expand and their pressure drops below that of the…
Rapid ventricular filling: first one-third... Diastasis: second…
Phases of the Cardiac Cycle
Ventricular filling (during diastole)... Isovolumetric contract…
How long does it take to complete the…
less than one second
70 terms
A & P 2 - Chapter 19
retro-
ren/o
nephr/o
juxta-
backward, behind.... The retroperitoneal space is posterior to…
kidney.... The renal artery carries blood to the kidney.
kidney.... The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney.
next to.... The juxtaglomerular apparatus is next to the glomer…
retro-
backward, behind.... The retroperitoneal space is posterior to…
ren/o
kidney.... The renal artery carries blood to the kidney.
35 terms
Chapter 19 A&P 2
cardiology
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
base of heart
scientific study of the heart and treatment of its disorder
right side of heart; carries blood to lungs for gas exchange…
left side of heart; supplies oxygenated blood to all tissues…
wide, superior portion of heart; blood vessels attach here
cardiology
scientific study of the heart and treatment of its disorder
pulmonary circuit
right side of heart; carries blood to lungs for gas exchange…
88 terms
Chapter 19 A&P 2
Gradient
Down Gradient
Up Gradient
Tight Junction
A difference in chemical concentration, electrical charge phy…
When a substance goes from a higher concentration to a lower…
When a substance goes from a lower concentration to a higher…
completely encircles an epithelial cell near its apical surfa…
Gradient
A difference in chemical concentration, electrical charge phy…
Down Gradient
When a substance goes from a higher concentration to a lower…
85 terms
A+P: Chapter 19
arteries
capillaries
veins
arterioles
carry blood away from the heart... -branch, diverge, fork to fo…
have direct contact with tissue cells; thin and delicate
carry blood towards the heart ... -join, merge, converge into l…
little arteries
arteries
carry blood away from the heart... -branch, diverge, fork to fo…
capillaries
have direct contact with tissue cells; thin and delicate
40 terms
A&P 2 chapter 19
Route of blood through cardiovascular…
The 5 Functions of the blood
Composition of blood
Structure of hemoglobin (4 parts)
• Left atrium → left atrioventricular valve (bicuspid valve,…
1. Transportation of dissolved gases, nutrients, hormones, &…
1. Formed elements - erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes)…
1. 4 chains (2 α, 2 β), 4 heme, 4 Fe... 2. Oxyhemoglobin - bound…
Route of blood through cardiovascular…
• Left atrium → left atrioventricular valve (bicuspid valve,…
The 5 Functions of the blood
1. Transportation of dissolved gases, nutrients, hormones, &…
154 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
What is blood?
Fluid connective tissue consists of..
Functions of Blood
Transportation in blood
Fluid connective tissue
Cells... Plasma (matric or ground substance)
1.) transportation... 2.) regulates pH and ion composition... 3.) p…
Transports gases, nutrients, hormones, waste products
What is blood?
Fluid connective tissue
Fluid connective tissue consists of..
Cells... Plasma (matric or ground substance)
86 terms
A&P 2 - Chapter 19: Respiratory System
respiratory system
respiration
ventilation
external respiration
Consists of passages that filter incoming air & transport it…
Process of exchanging gases between the atmosphere & body cel…
The movement of air into and out of the lungs.
The exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood.
respiratory system
Consists of passages that filter incoming air & transport it…
respiration
Process of exchanging gases between the atmosphere & body cel…
102 terms
a&P 2 chapter 19 CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
Introduction to the cardiovascular sys…
Circulation of blood is accomplished b…
General function of Cardiovascular sys…
The goal of the cardiovascular system
blood must circulate to maintain homeostasis in the body it m…
Cardiovascular system which is composed of both the heart and…
The general function is to transport blood throughout the bod…
is to provide adequate perfusion of all body tissues
Introduction to the cardiovascular sys…
blood must circulate to maintain homeostasis in the body it m…
Circulation of blood is accomplished b…
Cardiovascular system which is composed of both the heart and…
85 terms
A&P chapter 19
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
coronary circulation
what are the key structures that make…
carries deoxygenated blood from the right side of the heart a…
carries oxygenated blood blood from the left side of the hear…
delivers blood to the myocardium
pulmonary arteries and veins; the right side of the heart
pulmonary circuit
carries deoxygenated blood from the right side of the heart a…
systemic circuit
carries oxygenated blood blood from the left side of the hear…
132 terms
A&P 2- Chapter 19
How much does the heart pump?
Where is the heart located?
How is the heart separated from other…
What is the pericardium?
5.25 L of fluid per minute
Between the lungs in the mediastinum
By the pericardium
A tough membrane
How much does the heart pump?
5.25 L of fluid per minute
Where is the heart located?
Between the lungs in the mediastinum
17 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
Describe the three layers that typical…
Define vasoconstriction and vasodilation
Compare and contrast the structure and…
Describe the structure and function of…
Tunica Intima - the innermost tunic, in intimate contact with…
•Vasoconstriction - reduction in lumen diameter as the smooth…
•Elastic Arteries - called conducting, thick-walled arteries…
The microscopic capillaries are the smallest blood vessels. T…
Describe the three layers that typical…
Tunica Intima - the innermost tunic, in intimate contact with…
Define vasoconstriction and vasodilation
•Vasoconstriction - reduction in lumen diameter as the smooth…
23 terms
A&P2 Chapter 19
Tunica intima
tunica media
tunica externa
vasoconstriction
innermost layer of blood vessel wall; forms slick surface tha…
mid layer of blood vessel wall; maintains blood pressure and…
external layer of blood vessel wall; protects and reinforces…
constriction of blood vessel
Tunica intima
innermost layer of blood vessel wall; forms slick surface tha…
tunica media
mid layer of blood vessel wall; maintains blood pressure and…
24 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 19
a, an
anti
cardio
crit
not, without
against
heart
to separate
a, an
not, without
anti
against
40 terms
A&P chapter 19 2
continuous capillaries, fenestrated ca…
continuous
continuous
continuous
what are the types of capillaries?
type of capillary that is the most common
type of capillary that supplies most regions of the body
type of capillary that is the least permeable
continuous capillaries, fenestrated ca…
what are the types of capillaries?
continuous
type of capillary that is the most common
171 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
These are organic nutrients
These are electrolytes
These are organic wastes
Albumins
Glycerides... Cholesterol... Carbohydrates... Amino acids... Glucose... Used…
Potassium K+... Magnesium Mg2+... Chloride Cl-... Sodium Na+... Ions that…
Creatinine... Uric acid... Molecules carried to sites for break dow…
60% of plasma proteins... Major contributor to plasma osmolarity
These are organic nutrients
Glycerides... Cholesterol... Carbohydrates... Amino acids... Glucose... Used…
These are electrolytes
Potassium K+... Magnesium Mg2+... Chloride Cl-... Sodium Na+... Ions that…
118 terms
A&P2 Chapter 19
Nervous System Functions... The main func…
Perfusion... The units for perfusion of b…
Result of BV Occlusion... Occlusion of bl…
Blood Flow in Body... Which can be used t…
True
milliliters per minute per gram.
inadequate blood supply and damage to body tissues.
a, d, e
Nervous System Functions... The main func…
True
Perfusion... The units for perfusion of b…
milliliters per minute per gram.
24 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 19
arteries
veins
continuous capillaries
fenestrated capillaries
Blood pumped into single systemic artery—the aorta... Deep, and…
Blood returns via superior and inferior venae cavae and the c…
...
...
arteries
Blood pumped into single systemic artery—the aorta... Deep, and…
veins
Blood returns via superior and inferior venae cavae and the c…
77 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
Interstitial Fluid
Blood
Plasma Proteins
Albumin
Bathes each cell of the body
Fluid and cells found only in vessels
Produced in the liver
For fluid balance
Interstitial Fluid
Bathes each cell of the body
Blood
Fluid and cells found only in vessels
40 terms
A&P 2 lab- chapter 19 blood
Erythrocytes
what molecule do erythrocytes use to c…
Leukocytes
Platelets
red blood cells
hemoglobin
white blood cells
cell fragments, clotting
Erythrocytes
red blood cells
what molecule do erythrocytes use to c…
hemoglobin
59 terms
Chapter 19 A&P2
Plasma
hemopoiesis (hematopoiesis)
Erythropoiesis
Red blood cells (RBCs)
Plasma is 92% water, with dissolved solutes consisting mostly…
The process by which the formed elements of blood develop is…
part of hematopoiesis that deals with the production of RBCs.…
make up the bulk of the blood cells, with many fewer white bl…
Plasma
Plasma is 92% water, with dissolved solutes consisting mostly…
hemopoiesis (hematopoiesis)
The process by which the formed elements of blood develop is…
30 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
anastomosis
arteries
capillary
colloid osmotic pressure
union of benches of 2 or more arteries supplying blood to sam…
3 layered blood vessel. 2 types; elastic/muscular. carry bloo…
site of gas exchange. smallest vessel. lack media external
osmotic pressure exerted on proteins notably albumin in blood…
anastomosis
union of benches of 2 or more arteries supplying blood to sam…
arteries
3 layered blood vessel. 2 types; elastic/muscular. carry bloo…
12 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
Blood vessels
Arteries
Capillaries
Veins
Delivery system of dynamic structures that begins and ends at…
Carry blood away from the heart; oxygenated except for pulmon…
Direct contact with tissue cells; directly serve cellular needs
Carry blood toward heart; deoxygenated except for pulmonary c…
Blood vessels
Delivery system of dynamic structures that begins and ends at…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart; oxygenated except for pulmon…
62 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
plasma
blood
albumins
globulins
______ is the fluid portion of the blood
______ is a type of connective tissue consisting of a liquid…
_____ are the most abundant blood protein and they maintain o…
_____ is a plasma protein that provides protection against mi…
plasma
______ is the fluid portion of the blood
blood
______ is a type of connective tissue consisting of a liquid…
114 terms
a&p 2 chapter 19
Hematology
cardiovascular system
three parts of the cardiovascular system
connective tissue
the study of blood
system provides the body with nutrients and oxygen and remove…
heart (pump); blood (fluid); vessels (tubes)
the type of tissue that blood is made out of
Hematology
the study of blood
cardiovascular system
system provides the body with nutrients and oxygen and remove…
132 terms
A&P 2 - Chapter 19
Cardiovascular system
Circulatory system
Major divisions of circulatory system
Pulmonary circuit
Heart and blood vessels
Heart, blood vessels, and the blood
Pulmonary circuit and Systemic circuit
right side of heart... Carries blood to lungs for gas exchange a…
Cardiovascular system
Heart and blood vessels
Circulatory system
Heart, blood vessels, and the blood
52 terms
A and P 2 Chapter 19
Tunica Adventitia (externa)
Tunica Media
Tunica Interna (intima)
Lumen
- Elastic and laminar fibers
- Thickest Layer ... - Smooth muscle fibers and elastic fibers
- Endothelium non-stick layer ... - Basement membrane... - Internal…
Opening
Tunica Adventitia (externa)
- Elastic and laminar fibers
Tunica Media
- Thickest Layer ... - Smooth muscle fibers and elastic fibers
52 terms
Chapter 19 A&P2
Describe the location of the heart.
Describe the position of the heart.
Interatrial Septum
Interventricular Septum
lies in the mediastinum, behind the sternum (surrounded by th…
tilts toward the left side of the body
separates the two atria
separates the two ventricles
Describe the location of the heart.
lies in the mediastinum, behind the sternum (surrounded by th…
Describe the position of the heart.
tilts toward the left side of the body
13 terms
Chapter 19 A&P 2
Tunica Intima
Tunica Media
Tunica Externa
Vasoconstriction
...
...
...
...
Tunica Intima
...
Tunica Media
...
81 terms
Chapter 19 A&P 2
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic circuit
Base
Apex
Right side of heart; carries blood to lungs for gas exchange…
Left side of the heart; supples oxygenated blood to all tissu…
Wide, superior portion of the hear; blood vessels attach here
Inferior end, tilts to t he left and tapers to point
Pulmonary circuit
Right side of heart; carries blood to lungs for gas exchange…
Systemic circuit
Left side of the heart; supples oxygenated blood to all tissu…
413 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 19
Which was more correct about the heart…
Name the 16th century anatomist who se…
What is cardiology?
Name the 2 divisions of the cardiovasc…
Ancient Chinese were more correct about the heart's function…
Vesalius' dissections and anatomical charts greatly improved…
Cardiology is the study of the heart and treatment of its dis…
1. Pulmonary circuit... 2. Systemic circuit
Which was more correct about the heart…
Ancient Chinese were more correct about the heart's function…
Name the 16th century anatomist who se…
Vesalius' dissections and anatomical charts greatly improved…
50 terms
A&P Chapter 19
Anterior interventricular artery
Artificial pacemaker
Atrioventricular bundle
Atrioventricular valves
(also, left anterior descending artery or LAD) major branch o…
medical device that transmits electrical signals to the heart…
(also, bundle of His) group of specialized myocardial conduct…
one-way valves located between the atria and ventricles; the…
Anterior interventricular artery
(also, left anterior descending artery or LAD) major branch o…
Artificial pacemaker
medical device that transmits electrical signals to the heart…
32 terms
A&P II Chapter 19 (p2)
Pressure gradients
Ventricular filling
Isovolumetric contraction
Ventricular ejection
-the opening & closing of heart valves
-depolarization of atria... -contaction of atria ... -OPEN av valves
-ventricular depolarization... -ventricular contraction... -valves…
-ventricular repolarization... -ventricular contraction... -semilun…
Pressure gradients
-the opening & closing of heart valves
Ventricular filling
-depolarization of atria... -contaction of atria ... -OPEN av valves
46 terms
A&P2 Chapter 19
aorta
arteriole
thicker
superior and inferior vena cava
what is the largest artery
small branch that releases blood into capillaries is known as…
walls of arteries are (thinner/thicker) than veins
what is the largest vein
aorta
what is the largest artery
arteriole
small branch that releases blood into capillaries is known as…
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