Study sets matching "a&p chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "a&p chapter 3"

38 terms
A&P Chapter 3
Cytology
Microscope
Compound Light Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope
Study of Cells.
Magnifying instrument used to examine cells & other structure…
1. Most commonly used.... 2. Can magnify object up to 1,000 time…
1. Uses electron beam in place of visible light.... 2. Can magni…
Cytology
Study of Cells.
Microscope
Magnifying instrument used to examine cells & other structure…
115 terms
A&P: Chapter 3
Cell
Cell biology
3 main parts of cell
Plasma membrane
basic living, structural, and functional unit of body. Cell d…
Cytology. Study of cellular structure and function.
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
Forms cell's flexible outer surface, separating cell's intern…
Cell
basic living, structural, and functional unit of body. Cell d…
Cell biology
Cytology. Study of cellular structure and function.
31 terms
A&P Chapter 3
cutaneous membrane
epithelial membranes
membranes
mucous membranes
another name for skin
thin sheets of tissue lining the internal and external surfac…
thin sheets or layers of pliable tissue
thin sheets of tissue lining the body cavities that open to t…
cutaneous membrane
another name for skin
epithelial membranes
thin sheets of tissue lining the internal and external surfac…
32 terms
A&P Chapter 3
plasma membrane
intracellular space
extracellular space
cytosol
functions as structural support, communication with other cel…
the space within our cells that contains cytosol
the space outside our cells that contains fluid called
intracellular fluid; mostly water with dissolved solutes, inc…
plasma membrane
functions as structural support, communication with other cel…
intracellular space
the space within our cells that contains cytosol
28 terms
A&P Chapter 3
Integral proteins
Peripheral proteins
Solute
Solvent
Found inserted into the plasma membrane
Found loosely attached to the plasma membrane
A substance dissolved in a solution
The dissolving medium
Integral proteins
Found inserted into the plasma membrane
Peripheral proteins
Found loosely attached to the plasma membrane
A&P chapter 3
Define Cell
List the three major regions of a gene…
Describe the chemical composition of t…
Compare the structure and functions of…
Cells are the structural units of all loving things, from one…
(1) The Plasma Membrane-the outer boundary of the cell... (2) Th…
*Separates intracellular fluids from extracellular fluids... *Pl…
(1) Tight junctions - impermeable (not loose) junction that s…
Define Cell
Cells are the structural units of all loving things, from one…
List the three major regions of a gene…
(1) The Plasma Membrane-the outer boundary of the cell... (2) Th…
Chapter 3 A&P
Cell Theory
A Human Cell Has Three Main Parts:
Extracellular Materials
Plasma Membrane
-A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of living…
-The plasma membrane: The outer boundary of the cell which ac…
Substances contributing to body mass that are found outside t…
Separates two of the body's major fluid compartments - the in…
Cell Theory
-A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of living…
A Human Cell Has Three Main Parts:
-The plasma membrane: The outer boundary of the cell which ac…
30 terms
A&P Chapter 3
Cell Metabolism
Anabolic Reactions
Catabolic Reactions
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Chemical reactions the cell carries out to maintain life.
Reactions that build macromolecules such as lipids, polysacch…
Reactions that break down macromolecules into smaller compounds
Reactions that convert glucose to ATP
Cell Metabolism
Chemical reactions the cell carries out to maintain life.
Anabolic Reactions
Reactions that build macromolecules such as lipids, polysacch…
A and P Chapter 3
Semipermeable
Plasma membrane
Phospholipids
Lipid bilayer
Some molecules easily pass through the membrane; others do not
the outer boundary of the cell. separating two of the body's…
lollipop-shaped molecules that have a polar "head" that is ch…
the basic "fabric" of the plasma membrane. It is constructed…
Semipermeable
Some molecules easily pass through the membrane; others do not
Plasma membrane
the outer boundary of the cell. separating two of the body's…
12 terms
A & P Chapter 3
Cell theory
Extracellular Materials
Interstitial fluid
Blood plasma
-cell is the structural and functional unit of life ... -Continu…
Substances found outside cells
cells are submersed (bathed) in this fluid
fluid of the blood
Cell theory
-cell is the structural and functional unit of life ... -Continu…
Extracellular Materials
Substances found outside cells
44 terms
A&P Chapter 3
What are the 3 major parts of a cell?
The liquid part of the cytoplasm is
What is the cell membrane made up of?
What is the framework that supports th…
the nucleus, the cytoplasm and the cell membrane
the cytosol
Phospholipid bilayer, proteins and cholesterol
The cytoskeleton
What are the 3 major parts of a cell?
the nucleus, the cytoplasm and the cell membrane
The liquid part of the cytoplasm is
the cytosol
58 terms
A&P Chapter 3
Plasma (cell) membrane
Fluid mosaic model
Phospholipids
Hydrophilic
regulates fluids that go in and out of the cell
many different moving pieces that make a whole
form a double layer around the cell
head of phospholipid
Plasma (cell) membrane
regulates fluids that go in and out of the cell
Fluid mosaic model
many different moving pieces that make a whole
36 terms
Chapter 3 A&P
plasma membrane
transport proteins
functions of plasma membrane
passive transport
phospholipid bilayer, has embedded proteins
transmembrane proteins that move stuff in/out of cells
1.separates ECF and ICF... 2. transport- the membrane is selecti…
no ATP... move with conc gradient
plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer, has embedded proteins
transport proteins
transmembrane proteins that move stuff in/out of cells
20 terms
A & P Chapter 3
Active Transport
cells
chromosomes
cytoplasm
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding th…
Active Transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
cells
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
A & P Chapter 3
Cell Membrane
Membrane Proteins
Glycolipids
Cholesterol
Phospholipid bilayer: phosphate head and 2 fatty acid tails;…
integral and peripheral; channel, receptor and glycoproteins
lines the surface of membrane, act as marker
stiffens the membrane
Cell Membrane
Phospholipid bilayer: phosphate head and 2 fatty acid tails;…
Membrane Proteins
integral and peripheral; channel, receptor and glycoproteins
65 terms
A&P Chapter 3
Cell
3 major parts of a cell
Nucleus
cytoplasm
basic unit of structure and function in the body ... smallest wh…
nucleus ... cytoplasm ... cell membrane
contains DNA
cytosol + organelles ... -contains the cytoskeleton, a supportin…
Cell
basic unit of structure and function in the body ... smallest wh…
3 major parts of a cell
nucleus ... cytoplasm ... cell membrane
A&P Chapter 3
Nucleus
Plasma membrane
Golgi apparatus
Mitochondria
is the control center of the cell, it contains all of the gen…
is made up of phospholipids, cholesterol, and protein.
prepares and packages proteins in vesicles for export to othe…
converts organic compounds into ATP.
Nucleus
is the control center of the cell, it contains all of the gen…
Plasma membrane
is made up of phospholipids, cholesterol, and protein.
80 terms
A&P chapter 3
cells
advantage of compartments in cells
disadvantage of compartments in cells
mechanical properties
basic functional unit of living organism/ individual cell can…
separate biochemical processes that might otherwise conflict…
barriers between them can bake it difficult to move needed ma…
shape, strength, flexibility, and connections that hold tissu…
cells
basic functional unit of living organism/ individual cell can…
advantage of compartments in cells
separate biochemical processes that might otherwise conflict…
27 terms
A and P Chapter 3
Basic components of human cells
Components of cell membrane
Selectively permeable
Types of Proteins in the cell membrane
plasma membrane, nucleus, endomembrane system, endoplasmic re…
Encloses the cell; regulates the flow of the materials in and…
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
Integral Proteins, Peripheral Proteins and Lipid-Bound Proteins
Basic components of human cells
plasma membrane, nucleus, endomembrane system, endoplasmic re…
Components of cell membrane
Encloses the cell; regulates the flow of the materials in and…
95 terms
A&P Chapter 3
cytology
squamous
squamous
cuboidal
the scientific study of cells
a thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bulge where the nucle…
square-ish looking in frontal tissue sections and about equal…
cytology
the scientific study of cells
squamous
a thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bulge where the nucle…
A&P Chapter 3 vocabulary
cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
organelles
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Contains DNA
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
cell membrane
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
nucleus
Contains DNA
A&P chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane
Nuclear pores
Nucleoli
Control center of cell
Nucleus is bound by this, a bilateral with fluid in between t…
Hole where transport takes place in the nuclear membrane
Site where ribosomes are assembled
Nucleus
Control center of cell
Nuclear membrane
Nucleus is bound by this, a bilateral with fluid in between t…
141 terms
A&P Chapter 3
Important Factors That Influence Diffu…
Diffusion
Anticodon
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
1) Distance. 2) Molecule Size. 3) Temperature. 4) Concentrati…
Is a positive process that results from the random motion and…
Within the loop (made of the nucleotide chain of tRNA) Contai…
Relatively small and mobile type of RNA
Important Factors That Influence Diffu…
1) Distance. 2) Molecule Size. 3) Temperature. 4) Concentrati…
Diffusion
Is a positive process that results from the random motion and…
51 terms
A&P chapter 3
peroxisome
lysosome
microvilli
golgi apparatus
degradative enzymes; breaking down of compounds; neutralizes…
digestive enzymes; breakdown of organic compounds and damaged…
containing microfilaments; increase surface area for absorpti…
stacks of flattened membrane (cristernae). storage, alteratio…
peroxisome
degradative enzymes; breaking down of compounds; neutralizes…
lysosome
digestive enzymes; breakdown of organic compounds and damaged…
76 terms
A&P: Chapter 3
Plasma Membrane (Cell Membrane)
Lipid Bilayer
Phospholipids
Cholesterol
separates two of the body' major fluid compartments
...
Modified lipid, contains phosporus
Made by Liver
Plasma Membrane (Cell Membrane)
separates two of the body' major fluid compartments
Lipid Bilayer
...
50 terms
A&P Chapter 3
Active Transport
Amphipathic
Anaphase
Anticodon
form of transport across the cell membrane that requires inpu…
describes a molecule that exhibits a difference in polarity b…
third stage of mitosis (and meiosis), during which sister chr…
consecutive sequence of three nucleotides on a tRNA molecule…
Active Transport
form of transport across the cell membrane that requires inpu…
Amphipathic
describes a molecule that exhibits a difference in polarity b…
30 terms
Chapter 3 A&P
cytology
Cell theory
cell
somatic cells
the study of the structure and functions of cells
cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals; all…
the smallest units of matter; building blocks of all plants a…
"soma" means body; cells include: blood cells, skin cells, li…
cytology
the study of the structure and functions of cells
Cell theory
cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals; all…
A&P Chapter 3
3 parts of a cell
plasma membrane
2 types of membrane proteins
cholesterol
1) plasma (cell) membrane... 2) cytoplasm... 3) nucleus
flexible yet sturdy barrier surrounding and containing cell's…
1) integral (transmembrane)... 2) peripheral
stabilizes membrane and reduces membrane fluidity
3 parts of a cell
1) plasma (cell) membrane... 2) cytoplasm... 3) nucleus
plasma membrane
flexible yet sturdy barrier surrounding and containing cell's…
48 terms
A&P Chapter 3
cell
plasma membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
basic structural and functional unit of living things
forms the cell's outer boundary, selective permeable barrier
contains the genetic library of the cell
composed of organelles suspended in cytosol
cell
basic structural and functional unit of living things
plasma membrane
forms the cell's outer boundary, selective permeable barrier
62 terms
A & P chapter 3
Which of the following is the main com…
Which of the following is not a major…
What part of a cell membrane is usuall…
Which of the following is not required…
phospholipids
forming the entire glycocalyx
phosphate heads of phospholipids
Energy
Which of the following is the main com…
phospholipids
Which of the following is not a major…
forming the entire glycocalyx
69 terms
Chapter 3 A&P
Plasma membrame
site of all intracellular activities (…
fluid where metabolic reaction occurs
maintains shape & organi of contents,…
protection, makes contact with other cells, decides entry & e…
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Cytoskeleton
Plasma membrame
protection, makes contact with other cells, decides entry & e…
site of all intracellular activities (…
Cytoplasm
134 terms
A&P Chapter 3
Atoms
Cells
1. Cells are the building blocks of al…
Cytology
Building blocks of cells
Building blocks of tissues
Cell Theory. The 5 basic concepts of cells related to the hum…
Study of cells
Atoms
Building blocks of cells
Cells
Building blocks of tissues
49 terms
chapter 3 A&P
CELL MEMBRANE
cytoplasm
nucleous
name the 3 organic molecules that make…
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
control center, contains the chromosomes of a cell
phospholipids, proteins, and cholesterol
CELL MEMBRANE
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
cytoplasm
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucl…
20 terms
A&P- Chapter 3 Vocab
tissue
epithelial tissue (epithelium)
apical surface
basement membrane
a group of similar cells specialized to perform a specific fu…
one of the primary tissues; covers the surface of the body an…
surface of epithelial cell that is exposed to the body exteri…
a thin layer of extracellular material to which epithelial ce…
tissue
a group of similar cells specialized to perform a specific fu…
epithelial tissue (epithelium)
one of the primary tissues; covers the surface of the body an…
82 terms
A&P chapter 3
Cell Theory
Cell Diversity
Human Cells
Extracellular Materials
-Structural and functional unit of life... -Function of organ de…
-Types differ in size, shape, and sub-cellular components
-Three basic parts:... 1. Plasma membrane (Outside barrier)... 2.Cy…
-Substance found outside of cell... -Contains interstitial fluid…
Cell Theory
-Structural and functional unit of life... -Function of organ de…
Cell Diversity
-Types differ in size, shape, and sub-cellular components
85 terms
A&P Chapter 3
Micrometers
size and shape
Nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell membrane
Cell membrane
Cells are measured in ______.
Cells vary in _____ and _____.
List the 3 major parts of the hypothetical cell
Outer limit of the cell "gatekeeper"... -controls what moves in…
Micrometers
Cells are measured in ______.
size and shape
Cells vary in _____ and _____.
47 terms
A&P Chapter 3
The Three Parts of a Cell
Plasma Membrane Structure
Plasma Membrane Function
What cannot pass through the Plasma Me…
1) Plasma (cell) membrane... 2) Cytoplasm... 3) Nucleus
1) Membrane Lipids... 2) Membrane Protiens... 3) Carbohydrates
Acts as a gatekeeper (selective permeability)
Large Polar (hydrophilic)... Charged
The Three Parts of a Cell
1) Plasma (cell) membrane... 2) Cytoplasm... 3) Nucleus
Plasma Membrane Structure
1) Membrane Lipids... 2) Membrane Protiens... 3) Carbohydrates
43 terms
A&P 1: Chapter 3 (Cell theory)
Cell Theory
Generalized Cell Structures
Nucleus Structure
DNA
a. Cells are the basic structural and functional units of liv…
1. Nucleus... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Plasma membrane
Double membrane barrier with nuclear pores and nucleus
Condensed chromatin and extended chromatin
Cell Theory
a. Cells are the basic structural and functional units of liv…
Generalized Cell Structures
1. Nucleus... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Plasma membrane
38 terms
A&P chapter 3
G1
S phase
G2
Interphase
Cell Growth
DNA replication / skin muscles cell bone
Prepare for cell division / replicate centrioles
G1
Cell Growth
S phase
DNA replication / skin muscles cell bone
49 terms
A&P Vocabulary Chapter 3
Cytology
Cell Theory
Adenosine Triphosphate
Vesicular Transport
Study of Cells.
1. Cells are the building Blocks of all plants and animals ... 2…
A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pr…
Movement of material between organelles in the cell via membr…
Cytology
Study of Cells.
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building Blocks of all plants and animals ... 2…
18 terms
A&P Chapter 3 Terms
basement membrane
blood
carcinogens
cartilage: elastic
a thin layer of extracellular material to which epithelial ce…
connective tissue, consisting of cells in a liquid matrix cal…
cancer-causing agent
opaque, flexible connective tissue with many elastic fibers
basement membrane
a thin layer of extracellular material to which epithelial ce…
blood
connective tissue, consisting of cells in a liquid matrix cal…
72 terms
Human A&P Chapter 3
cells
generalized cell
nucleus
nuclear envelope
cube-like structures named by Robert Hooke
what is in common with most cells
the headquarters that contains genes
aka nuclear membrane; a double membrane barrier
cells
cube-like structures named by Robert Hooke
generalized cell
what is in common with most cells
a&p chapter 3
cell components
membrane components
selectively permeable
Compare and contrast diffusion with os…
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
phospholipid bilayer, cholesterol, glycolipids
the membrane permits some substances to pass more readily tha…
diffusion is the movement of molecules or ions, while osmosis…
cell components
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
membrane components
phospholipid bilayer, cholesterol, glycolipids
A&P Chapter 3
Cell
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
structural and functional unit of life, enclosed by membrane
- cells outer boundary ... - separates internal and external env…
all the cellular contents between plasma membrane and nucleus…
fluid portion mostly water
Cell
structural and functional unit of life, enclosed by membrane
Plasma membrane
- cells outer boundary ... - separates internal and external env…
Chapter 3 A & P
three main components of a cell
cell membrane
functions of the cell membrane
inside the cell
1. plasma or cell membrane... 2. organelles... 3. cytoplasm
outermost component of a cell, serves as a selective barrier…
1. separate the inside from the outside of the cell... 2. enable…
enzymes, glycogen, and potassium found in higher concentrations
three main components of a cell
1. plasma or cell membrane... 2. organelles... 3. cytoplasm
cell membrane
outermost component of a cell, serves as a selective barrier…
A&P Chapter 3: Cells
The cell
Organismal activity depends on
Biochemical activities of cells are di…
Continuity of life is based on
the basic structural and functional unit of life
the individual and collective activity of cells
cellular shape and form and by sub-cellular structure (princi…
the continuity of cells
The cell
the basic structural and functional unit of life
Organismal activity depends on
the individual and collective activity of cells
67 terms
A & P Chapter 3
cell
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
structural and functional unit of life
flexible outer boundary
intracellular fluid containing organelles
DNA containing control center
cell
structural and functional unit of life
plasma membrane
flexible outer boundary
43 terms
A & P Chapter 3
Cytology
Cell biology
The human body contains 2 types of cells
The 4 functions of the plasma membrane…
The study of cellular structure and function
A study incorporating biology, chemistry, and physics
Sex cells (sperm or eggs) and somatic cells (all the other ce…
1) physical isolation... 2) regulation of exchange with the envi…
Cytology
The study of cellular structure and function
Cell biology
A study incorporating biology, chemistry, and physics
13 terms
Chapter 3 A&P Words
cyt-
endo-
hyper-
hypo-
cell
within
above
below
cyt-
cell
endo-
within
78 terms
A&P 1, SALADIN: Chapter 3 | Cell
modern cell theory
cell characteristics
generalized cell structures
plasma membrane
All living organisms are composed of cells.
they can only come from preexisting cells, vary in size, shap…
plasma membrane, cytoplasm and nucleus
cell membrane made out of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins
modern cell theory
All living organisms are composed of cells.
cell characteristics
they can only come from preexisting cells, vary in size, shap…
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