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Study sets matching "a&p2 chapter 17"

98 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 17
transport functions of the blood
regulatory functions of the blood
protection functions of the blood
blood
1. delivering oxygen from the lungs and nutrients from the di…
1. maintaining appropriate body temperatures by absorbing and…
1. preventing blood loss. when vessel is damaged, platelets a…
only fluid tissue in the body... connective tissue... sticky, opaqu…
transport functions of the blood
1. delivering oxygen from the lungs and nutrients from the di…
regulatory functions of the blood
1. maintaining appropriate body temperatures by absorbing and…
24 terms
Blood vessels A&P2 chapter 17
internal carotid artery supplies
external carotid artery supplies
Purpose of circle of Willis
Superior mesenteric arteries supply
brain
head
provide alternate routes for blood to the brain
pancreas, duodenum, most of large intestine
internal carotid artery supplies
brain
external carotid artery supplies
head
95 terms
A&P2- Chapter 17
Role of arteries
Role of veins
Capillaries
Capillary beds
Take blood away from heart
Take blood back to heart
Small blood vessels (1 blood cell can pass through at a time)
Location of gas exchange (carbon dioxide to oxygen)
Role of arteries
Take blood away from heart
Role of veins
Take blood back to heart
55 terms
Chapter 17 A&P2
the respiratory quotient is calculated…
at sea level if oxygen is consumed by…
oxygenated blood is found in which of…
movement of oxygen and carbon dioxide…
ratio of the volume of carbon dioxide produced per volume of…
300 ml per minute
PULMONARY vein only
simple diffusion
the respiratory quotient is calculated…
ratio of the volume of carbon dioxide produced per volume of…
at sea level if oxygen is consumed by…
300 ml per minute
44 terms
A&P Chapter 17.1 & 17.2
diploid
gametes
genitals
haploid
Any body cell having 2 sets of chromosomes (2N); all body cel…
Another word for the sex cells; egg or sperm; a cell with one…
The reproductive organs of males and females; includes the te…
A reproductive cell having 1 set of chromosomes (1N); all nor…
diploid
Any body cell having 2 sets of chromosomes (2N); all body cel…
gametes
Another word for the sex cells; egg or sperm; a cell with one…
26 terms
Chapter 17 A&P 2
Functions of Blood
Plasma
Plasma proteins
Formed elements
Transport- delivering O2 and nutrients to body cells
straw-colored sticky fluid
-are most abundant solutes... -produced mostly by liver... -Albumin…
Only WBC's are complete cells
Functions of Blood
Transport- delivering O2 and nutrients to body cells
Plasma
straw-colored sticky fluid
20 terms
Chapter 17 A&P2
Hormone
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Hypothalamus
Chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
Communicates by means of hormones. Releases hormones into blo…
Communicates by means of electrical impulses and neurotransmi…
shaped like a flattened funnel, forms the floor and walls of…
Hormone
Chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
Endocrine System
Communicates by means of hormones. Releases hormones into blo…
42 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17
endocrine system
endocrine
target cells
ligand
composed of endocrine glands throughout body that synthesize…
___ glands lack ducts and hormones are released into the bloo…
cells with specific receptors for a hormone
communicates with particular target cells by binding to a cel…
endocrine system
composed of endocrine glands throughout body that synthesize…
endocrine
___ glands lack ducts and hormones are released into the bloo…
64 terms
A&P II Chapter 17 (Marieb)
What type of tissue is blood?
Erythrocytes
What are the main function of Erythroc…
Leukocytes
connective tissue
Red blood cells
Red blood cells that carry oxygen
White blood cells
What type of tissue is blood?
connective tissue
Erythrocytes
Red blood cells
59 terms
A & P 2 chapter 17
what is the composition of blood
what is the hematocrit?
what is the pH, temperature and volume…
how much blood accounts for what % of…
composed of formed elements and plasma
the percentage of erythrocytes, usually about 45% of total bl…
7.4... 38'C/ 100.4'F... 8% of body weight
5 liters and 8% of body weight
what is the composition of blood
composed of formed elements and plasma
what is the hematocrit?
the percentage of erythrocytes, usually about 45% of total bl…
39 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17
ACTH
FSH
LH
TSH
Adrenocorticotropin; the target organ is Adrenal Cortex ... -reg…
Follicle Stimulating Hormone; the target organ is the Gonads…
Luteinizing Hormone; the target organ is the Gonads... -females,…
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone; the target organ is the Thyroid…
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropin; the target organ is Adrenal Cortex ... -reg…
FSH
Follicle Stimulating Hormone; the target organ is the Gonads…
51 terms
A&P 2; chapter 17
The Olfactory Organs are located in
Slide 5
Axons leaving the Olfactory Epithelium
Axons leaving the Olfactory Bulb
the nasal cavity on either side of nasal septum
...
-Collect into 20 or more bundles... -Penetrate cribriform plate…
-Travel along the olfactory tract to reach olfactory cortex,…
The Olfactory Organs are located in
the nasal cavity on either side of nasal septum
Slide 5
...
62 terms
Chapter 17 A&P2
Blood Plasma
Erythrocytes (characteristics)
what does spectrin do?
Erythrocytes (Functions)
Straw colored sticky fluid. ... -90% water... -100 dissolved solute…
Structural Characteristics:... -small in diameter... -bioconcave... -C…
Provides flexibility to change shape
-respiratory gas transport... -Consists of RED HEME PIGMENT boun…
Blood Plasma
Straw colored sticky fluid. ... -90% water... -100 dissolved solute…
Erythrocytes (characteristics)
Structural Characteristics:... -small in diameter... -bioconcave... -C…
67 terms
A&P chapter 17
gap junctions
neurotransmitters
paracrines
hormones
join single unit smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial, a…
released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cleft,…
secreted by one cell, diffuse to nearby cells in the same tis…
chemical messengers that are transported by the bloodstream a…
gap junctions
join single unit smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, epithelial, a…
neurotransmitters
released by neurons, diffuse across a narrow synaptic cleft,…
38 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17
olfactory organs
olfactory epithelium -one of the Two l…
olfactory receptors, 10-20
olfactory pathways
• provide our sense of smell... • located in the nasal cavity
contains olfactory receptors, supporting cells and basal (ste…
_________ are modified neurons sensitive to chemicals dissolv…
The highly sensitive olfactory system has extensive limbic an…
olfactory organs
• provide our sense of smell... • located in the nasal cavity
olfactory epithelium -one of the Two l…
contains olfactory receptors, supporting cells and basal (ste…
101 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17
Steroid hormones are derived from the…
The inner core of the adrenal gland is…
Monoamine hormones include catecholami…
The hormone that stimulates the secret…
cholesterol
medulla
norepinephrine, dopamine
thyrotropin
Steroid hormones are derived from the…
cholesterol
The inner core of the adrenal gland is…
medulla
106 terms
Chapter 17 A&P 2
What does not have ducts and secretes…
How does the nervous system and endocr…
What are 5 similarities between the ne…
What feedback keeps us at homeostasis?
Endocrine system
Coordinate and control 9 other systems.
maintain homeostasis, rely on release of chemicals that bind…
negative feedback
What does not have ducts and secretes…
Endocrine system
How does the nervous system and endocr…
Coordinate and control 9 other systems.
9 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17
Hierarchy of complexity
homeostasis
Glands
Glands composed
...
constancy of internal condition loss of homeostasis can lead…
cell or organ that secretes substances for use elsewhere in t…
composed of epithelial tissue and sometimes other supportive…
Hierarchy of complexity
...
homeostasis
constancy of internal condition loss of homeostasis can lead…
83 terms
Chapter 17 A&P
Electrolytes
Osmosis
Filtration
Diffusion
Chemical compound that breaks up ions when dissolved in water…
Water moving from low to high concentration
Water moving from high to low pressure
Solute moves from areas of high concentration to areas of low…
Electrolytes
Chemical compound that breaks up ions when dissolved in water…
Osmosis
Water moving from low to high concentration
135 terms
A&P2- chapter 17
What is the chemical that elicits a re…
What is the chemical that communicates…
What is a type of autocrine?
What are two types of paracrine?
Autocrine
Paracrine
interleukin
-histamine... -neurotransmitters
What is the chemical that elicits a re…
Autocrine
What is the chemical that communicates…
Paracrine
16 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17
Describe the composition and physical…
List eight functions of blood.
Discuss the composition and functions…
Describe the structure, function, and…
Blood is a sticky, opaque fluid with a characteristic metalli…
Distribution ... 1.Delivering oxygen from the lungs and nutrient…
straw-colored, sticky fluid Although it is mostly water (abou…
•small cells, about 7.5 μm in diameter. Shaped like biconcave…
Describe the composition and physical…
Blood is a sticky, opaque fluid with a characteristic metalli…
List eight functions of blood.
Distribution ... 1.Delivering oxygen from the lungs and nutrient…
36 terms
A & P 2 - Chapter 17
digestion
absorption
the three chief functions of the diges…
digestive tract sometimes called the a…
broken down into particles small enough to pass through the c…
The transfer of nutrients into the circulation
Digestion, absorption, and elimination
a continuous passageway beginning at the mouth, where food is…
digestion
broken down into particles small enough to pass through the c…
absorption
The transfer of nutrients into the circulation
56 terms
A&P2 Chapter 17
Both the left and right atria receive…
The right side of the heart receives:…
The cardiac chamber with the thickest…
Blood that leaves the right ventricle…
C. Veins
D. Deoxygenated blood from the systemic circuit.
A. Left venricle... (Because it has to generate the most pressu…
D. Pulmonary trunk
Both the left and right atria receive…
C. Veins
The right side of the heart receives:…
D. Deoxygenated blood from the systemic circuit.
12 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17 Homework
Olfactory receptors are found... -from th…
The smell receptors that actually bind…
The olfactory tract... -receives informat…
These receptor cells provide for the s…
Only in the superior portion of the nasal cavity
Olfactory hairs
projects directly to the primary olfactory cortex and to the…
-Gustatory cells
Olfactory receptors are found... -from th…
Only in the superior portion of the nasal cavity
The smell receptors that actually bind…
Olfactory hairs
100 terms
A&P2 Chapter 17
Paradoxical nature of blood and its re…
Blood circulation starting and ending…
Discuss what is meant by the phrase "b…
Differentiate between O2-depleted bloo…
it can simultaneously exist in two different forms in same ar…
blood moves away from heart in arteries, reaches body tissue…
blood must travel uninterrupted or it's lost to surrounding t…
...
Paradoxical nature of blood and its re…
it can simultaneously exist in two different forms in same ar…
Blood circulation starting and ending…
blood moves away from heart in arteries, reaches body tissue…
50 terms
A&P 2 - Chapter 17
1. The endocrine system ... A. releases n…
2. What type of chemical messenger sti…
3. What type of chemical messenger wil…
4. What type of chemical messenger is…
B. secretes chemicals that reach their targets through the bl…
A. paracrine
A. paracrine
B. neurotransmitter
1. The endocrine system ... A. releases n…
B. secretes chemicals that reach their targets through the bl…
2. What type of chemical messenger sti…
A. paracrine
70 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17 Notes/Powerpoints
What 3 kinds of cells does the olfacto…
Definition of olfactory receptor cells…
Definition of transduction?
Definition of olfactory epithelium sup…
-Olfactory receptor cells... -Supporting cells... -Basal cells
-They are first-order neurons of the olfactory pathway... -Diss…
Conversion of stimulus energy into a graded potential (nerve…
-They are columnar epithelial cells of the mucus membrane lin…
What 3 kinds of cells does the olfacto…
-Olfactory receptor cells... -Supporting cells... -Basal cells
Definition of olfactory receptor cells…
-They are first-order neurons of the olfactory pathway... -Diss…
45 terms
A and P 2 Chapter 17
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Plasma
Hemoglobin
Red blood cells that transport oxygen. Normally constitute ab…
White blood cells that act in various ways to protect the body
Least dense component. Accounts for 55 % of whole blood. Abou…
The protein that makes red blood cells red
Erythrocytes
Red blood cells that transport oxygen. Normally constitute ab…
Leukocytes
White blood cells that act in various ways to protect the body
89 terms
Chapter 17 A&P 2
What category of tissue is blood?
Describe the differences between plasm…
What does testosterone stimulate
List the 2 mechanisms by which blood d…
connective tissue
Plasma- 55% of whole blood is plasma. Plasma is ~90% water pl…
blood production
1) dissolved in water... 2) attached to specialized (dangerous)…
What category of tissue is blood?
connective tissue
Describe the differences between plasm…
Plasma- 55% of whole blood is plasma. Plasma is ~90% water pl…
87 terms
A&P2 Chapter 17
Blood
Transportation and regulation of Blood
Circulatory system
Cardiovascular system
Plasma (55%) and formed elements (45%).... A fluid connective ti…
Transport of O2 and Co2... - Nutrients from GI tract... - metabolic…
Heart, blood vessels, and blood.
Heart and blood vessels
Blood
Plasma (55%) and formed elements (45%).... A fluid connective ti…
Transportation and regulation of Blood
Transport of O2 and Co2... - Nutrients from GI tract... - metabolic…
12 terms
A & P 2 - Chapter 17
Digestion
Absorption
The three chief functions of the diges…
Digestive tract
Ingested food that are broken down into particles small enoug…
The transfer of nutrients into the circulation.
Digestion, absorption, and elimination.
A continuous passageway beginning at the mouth, where food is…
Digestion
Ingested food that are broken down into particles small enoug…
Absorption
The transfer of nutrients into the circulation.
54 terms
A and P 2 Chapter 17
pH of blood
Functions of Blood
Components of Blood Plasma
Components of Blood
7.4 (critical to be between 7.35 and 7.4)
1. Transport and distribution ... - delivery of O2 nutrients and…
92% water, 7% proteins (albumin 60%, fibrinogen 4%, globulins…
99% red blood cells, <1% white blood cells
pH of blood
7.4 (critical to be between 7.35 and 7.4)
Functions of Blood
1. Transport and distribution ... - delivery of O2 nutrients and…
112 terms
Chapter 17 A&P2
erythrocytes
buffy coat
leukocytes
platelets
red blood cells that transport oxygen and have no nuclei or o…
thin white layer that is present at the erythrocyte-plasma ju…
white vlood cells that act in various ways to protect the body
cell fragments that help stop bleeding. essential for clottin…
erythrocytes
red blood cells that transport oxygen and have no nuclei or o…
buffy coat
thin white layer that is present at the erythrocyte-plasma ju…
77 terms
A&P2 chapter 17
the endocrine system is comprised of _…
secretes leptin, which has long term a…
secretes natriuretic peptide to lower…
secretes peptide YY, a hormone that su…
glands, cells, tissues
adipose tissue
heart
Intestines
the endocrine system is comprised of _…
glands, cells, tissues
secretes leptin, which has long term a…
adipose tissue
51 terms
chapter 17 A&P2 study guide
What is the purpose of the circulatory…
what are the three stages of hemostasis
What are the formed elements in blood?
What percentage of blood is plasma?
a vast network of organs and vessels that is responsible for…
vascular spasm, platelet plug formation, coagulation
erythrocytes (red), leukocytes (white), (thrombocytes)platelets
55
What is the purpose of the circulatory…
a vast network of organs and vessels that is responsible for…
what are the three stages of hemostasis
vascular spasm, platelet plug formation, coagulation
53 terms
A&P Chapter 17
5 special senses
olfactory organs
olfactory epithelium
How do we sense a smell?
vision... olfaction (chem)... gustation (chem)... hearing... equilibrium
located in nasal cavity on either side of nasal septum... • Made…
-Olfactory receptors: modified neurons; apical surface expose…
olfactory reception involves detecting dissolved chemicals (o…
5 special senses
vision... olfaction (chem)... gustation (chem)... hearing... equilibrium
olfactory organs
located in nasal cavity on either side of nasal septum... • Made…
34 terms
chapter 17 a & p 2
hormone
target cell
exocrine glands
endocrine glands
a chemical mediator that helps maintain homeostasis, a molecu…
cell with a receptor that responds to the presence of a hormone
secrete products onto a surface or cavity, usually through a…
secrete products into the body fluids, usually the blood
hormone
a chemical mediator that helps maintain homeostasis, a molecu…
target cell
cell with a receptor that responds to the presence of a hormone
12 terms
A and P 2 chapter 17 Digestive System
Alimentary canal
Accessory digestive organs
Digestion
Absorption
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
Teeth, Tongue, Salivary Glands, Liver, Gallbladder, and Pancr…
Breaking down of large nutrient molecules into molecules smal…
Digested products moving into blood stream
Alimentary canal
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
Accessory digestive organs
Teeth, Tongue, Salivary Glands, Liver, Gallbladder, and Pancr…
114 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17
Endocrine vs. Nervous Systems: Target…
Structure and Function of Endocrine Gl…
Characteristics of Endocrine System... Wh…
Reaction Time for Endocrine Effects... Th…
more widespread and long-lasting effects.
are ductless glands... are the organs of the endocrine system... se…
Recovery time: rapid, immediate return to prestimulation level
False
Endocrine vs. Nervous Systems: Target…
more widespread and long-lasting effects.
Structure and Function of Endocrine Gl…
are ductless glands... are the organs of the endocrine system... se…
255 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17
Name the 2 systems most involved with…
Name the 4 ways cells communicate with…
Which are the local hormones?
Define hormone.
Nervous system and endocrine system.
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, paracrines, hormones.
Paracrines are local hormones secreted by one cell, diffuse t…
Hormones are chemical messengers that are transported by the…
Name the 2 systems most involved with…
Nervous system and endocrine system.
Name the 4 ways cells communicate with…
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, paracrines, hormones.
64 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 17
ABO Blood Group
agglutination
agranular
albumin
helps with determining blood group. based on the presence/abs…
clumping of particals
without granules. leukocytes - lymphocytes/monocytes (become…
60% of plasma protein. produced in liver. transports hormones…
ABO Blood Group
helps with determining blood group. based on the presence/abs…
agglutination
clumping of particals
35 terms
Chapter 17 A&P2
Plasma
Formed Elements
Hematocrit
3 Layers of blood yields of span tube
non living fluid matrix... 90% water with over 100 dissolved sol…
living blood "Cells"... Erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets
percent of blood volume that is RBCs
plasma on top... WBCs and platelets in buffy coat... erythrocytes o…
Plasma
non living fluid matrix... 90% water with over 100 dissolved sol…
Formed Elements
living blood "Cells"... Erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets
89 terms
Chapter 17 A&P 2
What category of tissue is blood?
Describe the differences between plasm…
What does testosterone stimulate
List the 2 mechanisms by which blood d…
connective tissue
Plasma- 55% of whole blood is plasma. Plasma is ~90% water pl…
blood production
1) dissolved in water... 2) attached to specialized (dangerous)…
What category of tissue is blood?
connective tissue
Describe the differences between plasm…
Plasma- 55% of whole blood is plasma. Plasma is ~90% water pl…
24 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 17
aqua
bephar
chiasm
cochlea
water
eyelid
cross
snail-shaped
aqua
water
bephar
eyelid
77 terms
A&P2 chapter 17
the endocrine system is comprised of _…
secretes leptin, which has long term a…
secretes natriuretic peptide to lower…
secretes peptide YY, a hormone that su…
glands, cells, tissues
adipose tissue
heart
Intestines
the endocrine system is comprised of _…
glands, cells, tissues
secretes leptin, which has long term a…
adipose tissue
132 terms
A&P2 Chapter 17
The respiratory quotient is calculated…
At sea level, if oxygen is consumed by…
Oxygenated blood is found in which of…
Movement of oxygen and carbon dioxide…
ratio of the volume of carbon dioxide per volume of oxygen co…
300 mL per minute
C) pulmonary vein only
simple diffusion
The respiratory quotient is calculated…
ratio of the volume of carbon dioxide per volume of oxygen co…
At sea level, if oxygen is consumed by…
300 mL per minute
75 terms
Chapter 17 A+P2
1. transportation of dissolved gases,…
normal blood pH
dermal blood vessel constriction
dermal blood vessel dilation
functions of blood
7.35-7.45
occurs when body temperature is too low
occurs when body temperature is too high
1. transportation of dissolved gases,…
functions of blood
normal blood pH
7.35-7.45
A&P 2: Chapter 17
Blood
Functions of Blood
Plasma
Erythrocytes
connective tissue that consists of platelets, plasma (55%), e…
transport, regulation and protection
90% of water, 10% nutrients, waste, gases, hormones, ect.
RBCs, no nucleus, helps transport oxygen, small biconcave dis…
Blood
connective tissue that consists of platelets, plasma (55%), e…
Functions of Blood
transport, regulation and protection
55 terms
Chapter 17 A&P 2
The normal average temperature for blo…
The normal average temperature of bloo…
The normal pH range for blood is:
The hematocrit is a primary measure of…
100.4*F
38*C
7.35-7.45
RBC's
The normal average temperature for blo…
100.4*F
The normal average temperature of bloo…
38*C
57 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 17
Discuss the paradoxical nature of bloo…
Describe blood circulation starting an…
What is meant by phrase "blood travels…
Differentiate between O2-depleated blo…
can exist in two different forms in the same area (solid and…
-moves away through the heart through a series of arteries/ar…
blood loss only stops when pressure is equalized on both sides
...
Discuss the paradoxical nature of bloo…
can exist in two different forms in the same area (solid and…
Describe blood circulation starting an…
-moves away through the heart through a series of arteries/ar…
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