Study sets matching "a&p2 chapter 26"

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Study sets matching "a&p2 chapter 26"

17 terms
A & P: Chapter 26.2
Oxidative Carbohydrate
Dietary Carbohydrates
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H20
Three Major Pathways of Glucose Catabo…
glucose metabolism
burned as fuel within hours of absorption
glucose to ATP
glycolysis, anaerobic fermentation, aerobic respiration
Oxidative Carbohydrate
glucose metabolism
Dietary Carbohydrates
burned as fuel within hours of absorption
28 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Plasma
Interstitial Fluid
Fluid within the cell.
Fluid outside the cell.... Internal fluid located outside cells;…
Extracellular fluid in the blood... The nonliving fluid componen…
Extracellular fluid that is in the CT between the cells in th…
Intracellular Fluid
Fluid within the cell.
Extracellular Fluid
Fluid outside the cell.... Internal fluid located outside cells;…
56 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
What are the basic functions of the ur…
The Kidneys are located where in regar…
What is the Renal capsule?
What is the Renal Cortex?
Waste elimination, maintain blood volume and composition, mai…
laterally to the spine between T12 and L3
a transparent, fibrous layer on the outer surface of the kidn…
contains nephrons (blood filtering structures) Region is deep…
What are the basic functions of the ur…
Waste elimination, maintain blood volume and composition, mai…
The Kidneys are located where in regar…
laterally to the spine between T12 and L3
A & P 2: Chapter 26
Urinary system is composed of, 4
Functions of the urinary system:
The kidney does what,
The kidney regulates the plasma volume…
Urinary System Components:... -Kidneys... -Ureters... -Urinary Blad…
1. Excretion (kidney): ... 2. Elimination (UT): ... 3. Regulation o…
remove organic wastes from blood
-blood volume, BP... -conc. of ions... -stabilize blood pH... -cons…
Urinary system is composed of, 4
Urinary System Components:... -Kidneys... -Ureters... -Urinary Blad…
Functions of the urinary system:
1. Excretion (kidney): ... 2. Elimination (UT): ... 3. Regulation o…
116 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 26
What are the functions of the kidneys?
What ions do kidneys regulate?
How do the kidneys regulate blood pH?
How do the kidneys regulate blood volu…
-regulate blood ion composition... -regulate blood pH... -regulate…
Na+, K+, Ca^2+, Cl-, HPO4^2-
excrete H+ and conserve HCO3-
conserve/eliminate H2O
What are the functions of the kidneys?
-regulate blood ion composition... -regulate blood pH... -regulate…
What ions do kidneys regulate?
Na+, K+, Ca^2+, Cl-, HPO4^2-
79 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26 & 27
Functions of the Urinary System
Internal Anatomy of the Kidneys
Pathway for Urine Drainage
Urine: what is it.
Regulation of:... blood ionic composition... blood pH ... blood volume…
Filtered fluid formed by nephrons drains into collecting duct…
filtrate which enters calyces (no further reabsorption)
Functions of the Urinary System
Regulation of:... blood ionic composition... blood pH ... blood volume…
Internal Anatomy of the Kidneys
157 terms
A & P 2 - Chapter 26
Gonads
Heterocrine
Gametes
Meiosis
These are the primary sex organs which include the male teste…
Are the gonads endocrine, exocrine, or heterocrine glands
Special reproductive cells which included the male sperm and…
How are gametes produced? By mitosis or meiosis?
Gonads
These are the primary sex organs which include the male teste…
Heterocrine
Are the gonads endocrine, exocrine, or heterocrine glands
103 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
functions of the kidneys
renal hilum
3 layers tissue that surround the kidney
renal capsule
regulation of blood ionic composition... regulation of blood pH…
indention where the ureter emerges along with blood vessels,…
renal capsule... adipose capsule... renal fascia
deep layer... smooth, transparent sheer of dense irregular conne…
functions of the kidneys
regulation of blood ionic composition... regulation of blood pH…
renal hilum
indention where the ureter emerges along with blood vessels,…
A& P 2 Chapter 26
Renal cortex main fct
Main fct of renal medulla
Renal papillae
# minor calyces
Filtration to form urine
Collect and excrete urine
Where renal pyramids empty urine into cup like structures cal…
8 - 18
Renal cortex main fct
Filtration to form urine
Main fct of renal medulla
Collect and excrete urine
24 terms
A&P2 chapter 26
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
Plasma
interstitial fluid
fluid inside the cell
fluid outside the cell
cellular fluid in the blood
cellular fluid in the CT
intracellular fluid
fluid inside the cell
extracellular fluid
fluid outside the cell
84 terms
A&P2 Chapter 26 - Digestive System
Alimentary Canal
Accessory Organs
Ingestion
Motility
Also known as the gastrointestinal tract. Serves as the pathw…
These organs assist in the digestion of food. Structures incl…
This is the introduction of solid and liquid nutrients into t…
This is a general term describing both voluntary and involunt…
Alimentary Canal
Also known as the gastrointestinal tract. Serves as the pathw…
Accessory Organs
These organs assist in the digestion of food. Structures incl…
A&P 2 Chapter 26
ECF
ICF
dehydration
edema
intestinal fluid, plasma, and other bodily fluids... electrolyte…
the cytosol= fluid in cells
water input is lower than water output
tissue swelling
ECF
intestinal fluid, plasma, and other bodily fluids... electrolyte…
ICF
the cytosol= fluid in cells
A&P 2 chapter 26-KO
net gain of energy from kreb's cycle
net gain of glycolysis and kreb's
electron transport chain happens in the
most energy in glucose is stored in el…
2 ATP, 6 NADH, and 2 FADH2
4ATP... 10 NADH... 2 FADH2
inner mitochondrial membrane
NADH; FADH2
net gain of energy from kreb's cycle
2 ATP, 6 NADH, and 2 FADH2
net gain of glycolysis and kreb's
4ATP... 10 NADH... 2 FADH2
A&P 2 Chapter 26 Homework
Which is not a major function of the k…
This is the formation of a new glucose…
Which of the following is a waste prod…
Which is the correct order of blood fl…
-regulation of blood cell size
-gluconeogenesis
-urea
-interlobar arteries > arcuate arteries > glomerular capillar…
Which is not a major function of the k…
-regulation of blood cell size
This is the formation of a new glucose…
-gluconeogenesis
A&P 2 Chapter 26
How much of the total volume of the bo…
80% of the extracellular fluid is:... a.…
This is the largest single component o…
This occurs when water loss is greater…
2/3
Interstitial fluid
Water
Dehydration
How much of the total volume of the bo…
2/3
80% of the extracellular fluid is:... a.…
Interstitial fluid
26 terms
A&P Chapter 26
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Dehydration
Dihydroxyvitamin D
Diuresis
also known as vasopressin, a hormone that increases the volum…
state of containing insufficient water in blood and other tis…
active form of vitamin D required by the intestinal epithelia…
excess production of urine
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
also known as vasopressin, a hormone that increases the volum…
Dehydration
state of containing insufficient water in blood and other tis…
36 terms
A&P2 Chapter 26: Study Guide
What tissue is the least hydrated?
What is an adult's total water weight?
Why do females have a lower body water…
What are the two main fluid compartmen…
Subcutaneous tissue (adipose)
40 L
Due to their higher fat content and skeletal muscle mass
Intracellular fluid (ICF): 2/3 total body fluid... Extracellular…
What tissue is the least hydrated?
Subcutaneous tissue (adipose)
What is an adult's total water weight?
40 L
42 terms
Chapter 26 A&P 2
Electrolytes
Nonelectrolytes
thirst mechanism
dehydration
ionic compounds that dissociate (separate) in water. Includes…
Covalent compounds that do not dissociate in water. Includes…
driving force for water intake
negative fluid balance in the body. water output exceeds wate…
Electrolytes
ionic compounds that dissociate (separate) in water. Includes…
Nonelectrolytes
Covalent compounds that do not dissociate in water. Includes…
A&P 2: Chapter 26 (Digestive System)
Which is not a function of the digesti…
Which organ is not part of the gastroi…
Which organ is not considered an acces…
An organ that helps break down food bu…
d
e
e
b
Which is not a function of the digesti…
d
Which organ is not part of the gastroi…
e
A&P Chapter 26
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
plasma
interstitial fluid
fluid within cells; aka cytoplasm
fluid outside the cells; ex: plasma in the blood, interstitia…
the fluid portion of the blood
fluid between the cells in tissues other than blood (solid ti…
intracellular fluid
fluid within cells; aka cytoplasm
extracellular fluid
fluid outside the cells; ex: plasma in the blood, interstitia…
80 terms
A&P Chapter 26
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
180-200L
urinary system
ionic composition, pH, volume, pressur…
organs of the urinary system
how much blood is filtered through the urinary system daily?
regulate blood chemistry, aid in regulating blood glucose lev…
what does the urinary system regulate with regard to blood ch…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
organs of the urinary system
180-200L
how much blood is filtered through the urinary system daily?
A&P 2: Chapter 26 Vocab
Urinary system
Kidneys
Nephron
Renal corpuscle
System that consists of two kidneys, two ureters, a urinary b…
Major excretory organs of the body that are bean-shaped and a…
The histological and functional unit of the kidney that consi…
Area in the kidneys where filtration occurs, and this filtrat…
Urinary system
System that consists of two kidneys, two ureters, a urinary b…
Kidneys
Major excretory organs of the body that are bean-shaped and a…
227 terms
A&P 2: Chapter 26-29
Kidney
Kidneys
Renal Capsule
Adipose Capsule
is located behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.
organs surrounded by the 3 tissue layers: renal capsule, adip…
a tissue layer surrounding the kidneys, composed of connectiv…
a tissue layer surrounding the kidneys, composed of fatty tis…
Kidney
is located behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity.
Kidneys
organs surrounded by the 3 tissue layers: renal capsule, adip…
22 terms
A&P 2 - Endocrine System - Chapter 26
Endocrine system
Nervous & Endocrine Systems
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Is a diverse group of ductless glands that produces hormones…
Act together to coordinate functions of all body systems
APs/Neurotransmitters... Faster responses, briefer effects, acts…
Hormone - mediator molecule released in 1 part of the body bu…
Endocrine system
Is a diverse group of ductless glands that produces hormones…
Nervous & Endocrine Systems
Act together to coordinate functions of all body systems
A&P 2 - Chapter 26
The urinary system does all of the fol…
Functions of the urinary system includ…
A glomerulus is ... A) the expanded end…
The kidneys not only remove waste prod…
A
E
B
E
The urinary system does all of the fol…
A
Functions of the urinary system includ…
E
13 terms
A&p chapter 26
cryptorchidism
interstitial cells
gubernaculum
spermatozoa
failure of one or both testes to descend into scrotum
produce testosterone
teste pass from abdominal cavity through inguinal canal guide…
produced in the seminiferous tubules
cryptorchidism
failure of one or both testes to descend into scrotum
interstitial cells
produce testosterone
24 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26 Urinary System
Removal of organic wastes from body fl…
Discharge of wastes into the environme…
Internal cavity within the kidne
Superficial portion of the kidney in c…
Function of the urinary system
Function of the urinary system
Renal Sinus
Renal Cortex
Removal of organic wastes from body fl…
Function of the urinary system
Discharge of wastes into the environme…
Function of the urinary system
a & p 2...chapter 26, urinary system
nephrons are responsible for..
glomerular filtration is governed by
everyday the glomeruli generate
goal of autoregulation at the local le…
• production of filtrate ... • reabsorption of useful organic ma…
the balance between the hydrostatic and colloid osmotic press…
about 180 liters (50 gal) of filtrate; about 99% is reabsorbed
to maintain an adequate GFR despite changes in local blood pr…
nephrons are responsible for..
• production of filtrate ... • reabsorption of useful organic ma…
glomerular filtration is governed by
the balance between the hydrostatic and colloid osmotic press…
A&P 2 Chapter 26
Total Body Volume
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Electrolytes
40L/ 60% of body weight
40% of body weight / 25L
20% of body weight / 15L... 1) Plasma: 3L/ 20%... 2) Interstitial F…
Chemical compounds that DO dissociate ions in water
Total Body Volume
40L/ 60% of body weight
Intracellular fluid
40% of body weight / 25L
24 terms
A and P 2 chapter 26
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
Plasma
interstitial fluid
fluid inside the cell
fluid outside the cell
cellular fluid in the blood
cellular fluid in the CT
intracellular fluid
fluid inside the cell
extracellular fluid
fluid outside the cell
A&P Chapter 26
Mitosis produces cells that are ______…
The primary sex organs are also called…
Synapsis and crossing over takes place…
Two identical copies of the same chrom…
diploid; haploid
gonads
prophase I of meiosis
sister chromatids
Mitosis produces cells that are ______…
diploid; haploid
The primary sex organs are also called…
gonads
131 terms
A&P II Chapter 26 - Nutrition and Metabolism
Nutrition
Nutrients
Metabolism
Aerobic Organism
•The starting point and the basis for all human form and func…
-Provide the chemicals to make ATP
The CHEMICAL CHANGES that lie at the foundation of form and f…
-Can only survive and grow in an oxygenated environment... -It n…
Nutrition
•The starting point and the basis for all human form and func…
Nutrients
-Provide the chemicals to make ATP
A&P Chapter 26
watery solutions
osmosis
normal function
Chemical reactions of life happen in
Water moves through semi-permeable membranes by
An appropriate balance of water and solutes is needed to main…
watery solutions
Chemical reactions of life happen in
osmosis
Water moves through semi-permeable membranes by
78 terms
A&P 2 Ch 26
Which of the following is the only log…
Hypersecretion of aldosterone results…
Which of the following abnormalities w…
A patient is discovered to have a stra…
Low plasma calcium ion concentration increases the permeabili…
the need for a stronger than normal stimulus in order to trig…
hypertension
anemia
Which of the following is the only log…
Low plasma calcium ion concentration increases the permeabili…
Hypersecretion of aldosterone results…
the need for a stronger than normal stimulus in order to trig…
19 terms
A & P 2 Chapter 26
Functions of Kidneys
Regulating Blood Volume and Blood Pres…
Regulating Plasma Contractions of Ions
Stabilize Blood pH
Regulating blood volume and blood pressure... Regulating plasma…
Controls the amount of water lost in urine
Controls the amount of sodium, potassium, and calcium
Controls amount of hydrogen ions and bicarbonate ions
Functions of Kidneys
Regulating blood volume and blood pressure... Regulating plasma…
Regulating Blood Volume and Blood Pres…
Controls the amount of water lost in urine
61 terms
Chapter 26 A&P
what is the major energy of the blood?
what is the storage from of this molec…
what are the two sites of storage for…
what is the normal value for blood sug…
glucose
glycogen
liver and muscle
80-120
what is the major energy of the blood?
glucose
what is the storage from of this molec…
glycogen
71 terms
A & P Chapter 26
The urinary system does all of the fol…
Functions of the urinary system include
A glomerulus is
How is the kidney involved with normal…
excreting excess albumin molecules
all of the answers are correct
a knot of capillaries within the renal corpuscle
the kidney produces calcitriol
The urinary system does all of the fol…
excreting excess albumin molecules
Functions of the urinary system include
all of the answers are correct
A&P2 Chapter 26
1) The term hypotonic hydration refe…
2) When antidiuretic hormone (ADH) lev…
3) Which of the following hormones is…
4) Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is…
A) a condition that may result from renal insufficiency or dr…
C) most of the water reaching the collecting ducts is not rea…
D) aldosterone
B) reduce blood pressure and blood volume by inhibiting sodiu…
1) The term hypotonic hydration refe…
A) a condition that may result from renal insufficiency or dr…
2) When antidiuretic hormone (ADH) lev…
C) most of the water reaching the collecting ducts is not rea…
A&P Chapter 26
Urinary system
Kidneys functions
Hilus
Layers surrounding the kidney
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 bladder, 1 urethra
Regulation of blood composition, blood pH, osmolarity, glucos…
Concave center of the kidney where the ureter leaves and bloo…
Renal capsule(innermost), adipose capsule, and the renal fasc…
Urinary system
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 bladder, 1 urethra
Kidneys functions
Regulation of blood composition, blood pH, osmolarity, glucos…
30 terms
A&P Chapter 26
blood supply
nephron
glomerular filtration
tubular resorption
renal artery delivers 20-25% of the resting cardiac output (1…
unit that filters, drains, and produces urine, several millio…
water and solutes move from the blood to the nephron, only oc…
water and solutes move from nephron to blood
blood supply
renal artery delivers 20-25% of the resting cardiac output (1…
nephron
unit that filters, drains, and produces urine, several millio…
41 terms
A&P chapter 26
intergumentary
the skin makes up __% of the total bod…
five main functions of the skin
epidermis
external covering, skin
15%
protection, perception, temperature control, absorption, and…
outermost layer of skin, new cells are formed deep in this la…
intergumentary
external covering, skin
the skin makes up __% of the total bod…
15%
35 terms
chapter 26 a&p
excretion
elimination
7.4
kidneys
the removal of organic waste products from body fluids
the discharge of waste products into the environment (urinate)
the bloods pH must be at ...
these produce urine
excretion
the removal of organic waste products from body fluids
elimination
the discharge of waste products into the environment (urinate)
Chapter 26 A&P
Fluids in the body
Electrolytes
Sodium
Reabsorption
Water accounts for approximately 45-75% of body weight... •2/3 o…
Concentration of electrolytes is primarily maintained by the…
Atrial Naturetic Peptide, (ANP), is released in response to a…
Of sodium happens in the proximal tubules of the nephrons
Fluids in the body
Water accounts for approximately 45-75% of body weight... •2/3 o…
Electrolytes
Concentration of electrolytes is primarily maintained by the…
A&P2 Chapter 26: Study Guide
What tissue is the least hydrated?
What is an adult's total water weight?
Why do females have a lower body water…
What are the two main fluid compartmen…
Subcutaneous tissue (adipose)
40 L
Due to their higher fat content and skeletal muscle mass
Intracellular fluid (ICF): 2/3 total body fluid... Extracellular…
What tissue is the least hydrated?
Subcutaneous tissue (adipose)
What is an adult's total water weight?
40 L
A&P Chapter 26
nephrons are responsible for..
Glomerular filtration is governed by .…
Everyday the glomeruli generate ......
goal of autoregulation at the local le…
• production of filtrate-protein-free solution... • reabsorption…
the balance between the hydrostatic and colloid osmotic press…
about 180 liters (50 gal) of filtrate; about 99% is reabsorbed
changes the diameters of the afferent arterioles (blood goes…
nephrons are responsible for..
• production of filtrate-protein-free solution... • reabsorption…
Glomerular filtration is governed by .…
the balance between the hydrostatic and colloid osmotic press…
26 terms
A&P Chapter 26
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
plasma
interstitial fluid
fluid within cells
fluid outside the cells
the fluid portion of the blood
fluid between the cells
intracellular fluid
fluid within cells
extracellular fluid
fluid outside the cells
64 terms
A/P-Chapter 26
Nonelectrolytes
Electrolytes
Na, Ca, HCO3, Cl, A-in blood plasma no…
K+, HPO4, A-(proteins)
usually molecules with covalent bonds ... -large molecules... -make…
chemical compounds which dissociate in water and are ions ... -m…
Substances greater in ECF
Substances greater in ICF
Nonelectrolytes
usually molecules with covalent bonds ... -large molecules... -make…
Electrolytes
chemical compounds which dissociate in water and are ions ... -m…
A&P Chapter 26
gut-brain peptides
ghrelin
peptide YY (PYY)
ileal brake
act as chemical signals from the gastrointestinal tract to th…
Secreted by parietal cells in the gastric fundus, especially…
secreted by enteroendocrine cells in the ileum and colon sens…
prevents the stomach from emptying too quickly and prolongs s…
gut-brain peptides
act as chemical signals from the gastrointestinal tract to th…
ghrelin
Secreted by parietal cells in the gastric fundus, especially…
A&P Chapter 26
Urinary System
Filtering blood
Homeostatic Kidney Functions
Location of kidneys
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra... Maintains homeostasis…
filtration, reabsorption, secretion --> excrete wastes
regulation of blood ionic composition... Regulation of blood pH…
lie behind peritoneum on posterior abdominal wall on either s…
Urinary System
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra... Maintains homeostasis…
Filtering blood
filtration, reabsorption, secretion --> excrete wastes
67 terms
A&P 2 Chapter 26
How much of the extracelluar fluid is…
Which has greater osmotic power, non e…
What has the greatest ability to cause…
What is the major Cation in the extrac…
3L
Electrolytes
Electrolytes
Na+
How much of the extracelluar fluid is…
3L
Which has greater osmotic power, non e…
Electrolytes
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